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Laval, Quebec

Laval, Quebec

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Laval is a Canadian city and a region in southwestern Quebec
Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

. It is the largest suburb of Montreal
Montreal
Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

, the third largest municipality in the province of Quebec, and the 14th largest city in Canada with a population of 368,709 in 2006
Canada 2006 Census
The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The next census following will be the 2011 Census. Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897...

. In 2011, the population of the suburb is estimated at 398,667.

Laval geographically is separated from the mainland to the north by the Rivière des Mille Îles
Rivière des Mille Îles
The Rivière des Mille Îles is a channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada and runs into the Rivière des Prairies....

, and from the Island of Montreal
Island of Montreal
The Island of Montreal , in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. It is separated from Île Jésus by the Rivière des Prairies....

 to the south by the Rivière des Prairies
Rivière des Prairies
The Rivière des Prairies is a delta channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada....

. Laval occupies all of Île Jésus
Île Jésus
Île Jésus is an island in southwestern Quebec, separated from the mainland to the north by the Rivière des Mille Îles, and from the Island of Montreal to the south by the Rivière des Prairies....

 as well as the Îles Laval
Îles Laval
The Îles Laval are an island grouping in the Rivière des Prairies in southwestern Quebec, part of the Hochelaga ArchipelagoFormerly an independent municipality , they became part of the city of Laval on August 6, 1965.- Geography :...

.

Laval constitutes region 13 of the 17 administrative regions of Quebec as well as a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) with geographical code 65. It also constitutes the judicial district
Judicial districts of Quebec
The province of Quebec is divided into 36 judicial districts by the , R.S.Q., chapter D-11. Each district has a seat where the courthouse is located, although some have more than one courthouse, service point, or itinerant court location....

 of Laval.

History


The first European Settlers were Jesuits in 1636 when they were granted a seigneury there. Agriculture first appeared in Laval in 1670. In 1675, François de Montmorency-Laval gained control of the seigneury. In 1702 a parish
Parish
A parish is a territorial unit historically under the pastoral care and clerical jurisdiction of one parish priest, who might be assisted in his pastoral duties by a curate or curates - also priests but not the parish priest - from a more or less central parish church with its associated organization...

 was founded, and dedicated to Saint-François de Sales
Saint-François, Quebec
Saint-François is the second largest neighbourhood of Laval, Quebec, Canada, after Duvernay. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.Agriculture occupies most of the land area....

. The first municipalities on the island were created in 1845, after nearly 200 years of a rural nature. The only built-up area on the island, Sainte-Rose
Sainte-Rose, Quebec
Sainte-Rose is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec. It was incorporated as a village in 1850, and was a separate town until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965 which amalgamated all the municipalities on Île Jésus into a single City of Laval....

, was incorporated as a village in 1850, and remained as the main community for the remainder of the century. With the dawn of the 20th century came urbanization
Urbanization
Urbanization, urbanisation or urban drift is the physical growth of urban areas as a result of global change. The United Nations projected that half of the world's population would live in urban areas at the end of 2008....

. Laval-des-Rapides
Laval-des-Rapides
Laval-des-Rapides is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec, Canada. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.- Geography :...

 became Laval's first city in 1912, followed by L'Abord-à-Plouffe being granted village status three years later. Laval-sur-le-Lac
Laval-sur-le-Lac
Laval-sur-le-Lac is a small neighbourhood on the western-end part of Laval and was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.- Geography :...

 was founded in the same year on its tourist-based economy from Montrealers. Laval began to grow throughout the following years, due to its proximity to Montreal that made it an ideal suburb.

To deal with problems caused by urbanization, amalgamations occurred; L'Abord-à-Plouffe amalgamated with Renaud and Saint-Martin
Saint-Martin, Quebec
Saint-Martin is a parish municipality in the Municipalité régionale de comté de Beauce-Sartigan in Quebec, Canada. It is part of the Chaudière-Appalaches region and the population is 2,596 as of 2009. It is named after Martin of Tours.-Sources:**...

 creating the city of Chomedey in 1961. The amalgamation turned out to be so successful for the municipalities involved that the Quebec government decided to amalgamate the whole island into a single city of Laval in 1965. Laval was named after the first owner of Île Jésus, François de Montmorency-Laval, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec. At the time, Laval had a population of 170,000. Laval became a Regional County Municipality
Regional county municipality
The term regional county municipality or RCM is used in Quebec to designate one of 86 county-like political and geographic units. In most cases, they are also census divisions. Regional County Municipalities are a supralocal type of "Regional Municipality" and are still commonly referred to as...

 in 1980. Prior to that, it was the County of Laval.

The 14 municipalities, which existed prior to the incorporation of the amalgamated City of Laval on August 6, 1965, were:

  • Auteuil
    Auteuil, Quebec
    Auteuil is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.- Geography :Auteuil is delimited north-west by the Rivière des Mille-Îles, north-east by Saint-François, south-east by Duvernay, south by Vimont and south-west by Sainte-Rose...

  • Chomedey
    Chomedey, Quebec
    Chomedey is a neighbourhood in the southwest of the city of Laval and was a separate municipality until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965. Named after Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, part of the neighbourhood had previously been known as L'Abord à Plouffe, and was once part of the seigneurie...

  • Duvernay
    Duvernay, Quebec
    Duvernay is a neighbourhood in the eastern part of Laval and was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.-Geography:It is located south-west of Saint-Francois, south-east of Auteuil, east of Vimont and Pont-Viau and around Sant-Vincent-de-Paul. The Rivière des Prairies passes...

  • Fabreville
    Fabreville, Quebec
    Fabreville is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.- Geography :Fabreville is delimited north-west by the Rivière des Mille-Îles, north-east by Sainte-Rose, south-east by Chomedey, south by Sainte-Dorothée and west by Laval-Ouest.The...

  • Îles-Laval

  • Laval-des-Rapides
    Laval-des-Rapides
    Laval-des-Rapides is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec, Canada. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.- Geography :...

  • Laval-Ouest
    Laval-Ouest, Quebec
    Laval-Ouest is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.- Geography :Laval-Ouest is delimited north and north-west by the Rivière des Mille-Îles, south-west by Laval-sur-le-Lac, east by Fabreville and south by Sainte-Dorothée.-External...

  • Laval-sur-le-Lac
    Laval-sur-le-Lac
    Laval-sur-le-Lac is a small neighbourhood on the western-end part of Laval and was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.- Geography :...

  • Pont-Viau
    Pont-Viau, Quebec
    Pont-Viau, Quebec is a neighbourhood in the southern part of Laval, Quebec, Canada. It was a town before August 6, 1965. It was named after Viau bridge, which links it to Ahuntsic-Cartierville in Montreal, Quebec.- Geography :...

  • Sainte-Dorothée
    Sainte-Dorothée, Quebec
    Sainte-Dorothée is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.The Sainte-Dorothée that was known for forest and farmlands is no longer what it used to be. It took a giant transformation during the last decade with the arrival of...


  • Sainte-Rose
    Sainte-Rose, Quebec
    Sainte-Rose is a neighbourhood in Laval, Quebec. It was incorporated as a village in 1850, and was a separate town until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965 which amalgamated all the municipalities on Île Jésus into a single City of Laval....

  • Saint-François
    Saint-François, Quebec
    Saint-François is the second largest neighbourhood of Laval, Quebec, Canada, after Duvernay. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.Agriculture occupies most of the land area....

  • Saint-Vincent-de-Paul
    Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Quebec
    Saint-Vincent-de-Paul is a neighbourhood in the eastern part of Laval, Quebec, Canada. Saint-Vincent-de-Paul was a town before August 6, 1965. Saint-Vincent-de-Paul is named after Vincent de Paul.- Geography :...

  • Vimont
    Vimont, Quebec
    Vimont is a neighbourhood in the centre of Laval, Quebec. It was a separate city until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965.-Geography:Vimont is delimited north-west by Sainte-Rose, north-east by Auteuil, east by Duvernay, south-west by Chomedey and south-east by Pont-Viau.-Features:The Cité de...



Geography


The island has developed over time, with most of the urban area in the central region and along the south and west river banks.

Laval is bordered on the south by Montreal
Montreal
Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

 across the Rivière des Prairies
Rivière des Prairies
The Rivière des Prairies is a delta channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada....

, on the north by MRC des Moulins
Les Moulins Regional County Municipality, Quebec
Les Moulins is a regional county municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec.The census division, immediately north of Laval on the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles, comprises the municipalities of Terrebonne and Mascouche...

 and by MRC de Thérèse-de-Blainville and on the west by MRC de Deux-Montagnes
Deux-Montagnes Regional County Municipality, Quebec
Deux-Montagnes is a regional county municipality in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is located immediately north of Laval on the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and on the north shore of the Lake of Two Mountains. The Regional County Municipality seat is Deux-Montagnes...

 across the Rivière des Mille Îles
Rivière des Mille Îles
The Rivière des Mille Îles is a channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada and runs into the Rivière des Prairies....

.

Demographics



Laval is the fifth-largest suburb in North America after Hempstead, New York; Mississauga, Ontario
Ontario
Ontario is a province of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province and second largest in total area. It is home to the nation's most populous city, Toronto, and the nation's capital, Ottawa....

; Mesa, Arizona
Mesa, Arizona
According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Mesa was as follows:* White: 77.1% * Hispanic or Latino : 26.54%* Black or African American: 3.5%* Two or more races: 3.4%* Native American: 2.4%...

 and Surrey, British Columbia
Surrey, British Columbia
Surrey is a city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It is a member municipality of Metro Vancouver, the governing body of the Greater Vancouver Regional District...

.
Ethnic Origin in Laval (2006)
Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 168,090 46.1%
French
French people
The French are a nation that share a common French culture and speak the French language as a mother tongue. Historically, the French population are descended from peoples of Celtic, Latin and Germanic origin, and are today a mixture of several ethnic groups...

88,210 24.2%
Italian
Italian people
The Italian people are an ethnic group that share a common Italian culture, ancestry and speak the Italian language as a mother tongue. Within Italy, Italians are defined by citizenship, regardless of ancestry or country of residence , and are distinguished from people...

34,500 9.5%
Greek 18,760 5.1%
Irish
Irish people
The Irish people are an ethnic group who originate in Ireland, an island in northwestern Europe. Ireland has been populated for around 9,000 years , with the Irish people's earliest ancestors recorded having legends of being descended from groups such as the Nemedians, Fomorians, Fir Bolg, Tuatha...

15,555 4.3%
Haiti
Haiti
Haiti , officially the Republic of Haiti , is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island...

an
12,250 3.4%
Lebanese
Lebanon
Lebanon , officially the Republic of LebanonRepublic of Lebanon is the most common term used by Lebanese government agencies. The term Lebanese Republic, a literal translation of the official Arabic and French names that is not used in today's world. Arabic is the most common language spoken among...

10,725 2.9%
Québécois
French-speaking Quebecer
French-speaking Quebecers are francophone residents of the Canadian province of Quebec....

8,055 2.2%
English
English people
The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak English. The English identity is of early mediaeval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Anglecynn. England is now a country of the United Kingdom, and the majority of English people in England are British Citizens...

7,655 2.1%
Armenian 7,640 2.1%
Portuguese
Portuguese people
The Portuguese are a nation and ethnic group native to the country of Portugal, in the west of the Iberian peninsula of south-west Europe. Their language is Portuguese, and Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion....

7,370 2%
Scottish
Scottish people
The Scottish people , or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically they emerged from an amalgamation of the Picts and Gaels, incorporating neighbouring Britons to the south as well as invading Germanic peoples such as the Anglo-Saxons and the Norse.In modern use,...

6,535 1.8%
First Nations
First Nations
First Nations is a term that collectively refers to various Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis. There are currently over 630 recognised First Nations governments or bands spread across Canada, roughly half of which are in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia. The...

6,415 1.8%
German 6,090 1.7%
Spanish
Spanish people
The Spanish are citizens of the Kingdom of Spain. Within Spain, there are also a number of vigorous nationalisms and regionalisms, reflecting the country's complex history....

5,070 1.4%
Romanian 3,885 1.1%
Moroccan
Moroccan people
The Moroccan people are a people that share a common Moroccan culture, ancestry and speak the Moroccan variant of the Arabic language or a Berber language as a mother tongue....

3,645 1%


In 2001, the population of Laval was an estimated 343,005, a 3.8 percent increase from the earlier census in 1996. Women constitute 51.44% of the total population. Children under 14 years of age total 18.6%, while those of retirement age (65 years of age and older) number 13.2% resulting in a median age of 38.7 years.

In 2001, 15.48% of Laval's population was born outside of Canada, a lower percentage than the national average, but higher than that for Quebec. Many immigrants have come to the city from the French-speaking Caribbean, the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe. Those of indigenous origin constitute 0.22%, while those who are visible minorities (non-white/European) number 8.68%, and are chiefly Black Canadian
Black Canadian
'Black Canadians is a designation used for people of Black African descent, who are citizens or permanent residents of Canada. The term specifically refers to Canadians with Sub-Saharan African ancestry. The majority of Black Canadians are of Caribbean origin...

, Arab
Arab
Arab people, also known as Arabs , are a panethnicity primarily living in the Arab world, which is located in Western Asia and North Africa. They are identified as such on one or more of genealogical, linguistic, or cultural grounds, with tribal affiliations, and intra-tribal relationships playing...

, and Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic is a term that originally denoted a relationship to Hispania, which is to say the Iberian Peninsula: Andorra, Gibraltar, Portugal and Spain. During the Modern Era, Hispanic sometimes takes on a more limited meaning, particularly in the United States, where the term means a person of ...

. Like Quebec
Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

 as a whole, the city is overwhemingly Christian (90.71%), particularly Roman Catholic (81.09%), while Protestant and Orthodox groups constitute the remainder of the population. Religions such as Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and others total less than 5% of the population combined.

As of March 2009, Laval was the main destination for immigrants to Canada, according to a study released by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM). The report says that between 2001 and 2006, the immigrant population grew by 40% in Laval, while the national average stood at 15% http://www.fcm.ca//CMFiles/QofL%20Report%205%20En1JPA-3192009-2422.pdf.
  • Just over 10% of immigrants arriving in Laval speak neither English nor French at home.
  • Immigrants from Eastern Europe are most likely to live in Laval.
  • 20% of Laval residents were born abroad in 2006.

Source: Radio-Canada.

Laval is not quite as linguistically diverse as neighbouring Montreal
Montreal
Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

. The 2006 census found that, counting both single and multiple responses, French
French language
French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...

 was spoken as a mother tongue by 68.4% of the population, and was spoken most often at home by 73.8% of Laval residents. Counting single responses only, the next most common mother tongues were English (6.9%), Italian (4.4%), Greek and Arabic (3.9% each), Spanish (2.2%) and Armenian (1.8%).
Mother tongue Population Percentage
French 242,155 66.41%
English 25,270 6.93%
English and French 2,375 0.65%
French and a non-official language 4,025 1.10%
English and a non-official language 1,695 0.46%
English, French and a non-official language 685 0.19%
Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...

16,025 4.39%
Arabic
Arabic language
Arabic is a name applied to the descendants of the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century AD, used most prominently in the Quran, the Islamic Holy Book...

14,070 3.86%
Greek
Greek language
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the majority of its history;...

14,070 3.86%
Spanish 8,065 2.21%
Armenian
Armenian language
The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian people. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia as well as in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The language is also widely spoken by Armenian communities in the Armenian diaspora...

6,420 1.76%
Creole 5,120 1.40%
Portuguese
Portuguese language
Portuguese is a Romance language that arose in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia, nowadays Galicia and Northern Portugal. The southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia became independent as the County of Portugal in 1095...

4,670 1.28%
Berber
Berber people
Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. They are continuously distributed from the Atlantic to the Siwa oasis, in Egypt, and from the Mediterranean to the Niger River. Historically they spoke the Berber language or varieties of it, which together form a branch...

3,970 1.01%
Vietnamese
Vietnamese language
Vietnamese is the national and official language of Vietnam. It is the mother tongue of 86% of Vietnam's population, and of about three million overseas Vietnamese. It is also spoken as a second language by many ethnic minorities of Vietnam...

1,900 0.52%
Khmer (Cambodian)
Khmer language
Khmer , or Cambodian, is the language of the Khmer people and the official language of Cambodia. It is the second most widely spoken Austroasiatic language , with speakers in the tens of millions. Khmer has been considerably influenced by Sanskrit and Pali, especially in the royal and religious...

1,415 0.39%
Chinese languages 1,365 0.37%

Mother tongue Population Percentage
Persian
Persian language
Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and countries which historically came under Persian influence...

1,260 0.35%
Lao
Lao language
Lao or Laotian is a tonal language of the Tai–Kadai language family. It is the official language of Laos, and also spoken in the northeast of Thailand, where it is usually referred to as the Isan language. Being the primary language of the Lao people, Lao is also an important second language for...

1,035 0.28%
German
German language
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....

955 0.26%
Russian
Russian language
Russian is a Slavic language used primarily in Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Turkmenistan and Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics...

935 0.26%
Polish
Polish language
Polish is a language of the Lechitic subgroup of West Slavic languages, used throughout Poland and by Polish minorities in other countries...

875 0.24%
Hungarian
Hungarian language
Hungarian is a Uralic language, part of the Ugric group. With some 14 million speakers, it is one of the most widely spoken non-Indo-European languages in Europe....

785 0.22%
Panjabi (Punjabi)
Punjabi language
Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by inhabitants of the historical Punjab region . For Sikhs, the Punjabi language stands as the official language in which all ceremonies take place. In Pakistan, Punjabi is the most widely spoken language...

775 0.21%
Tamil
Tamil language
Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of the Indian subcontinent. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and in the Indian union territory of Pondicherry. Tamil is also an official language of Sri Lanka and Singapore...

545 0.15%
Urdu
Urdu
Urdu is a register of the Hindustani language that is identified with Muslims in South Asia. It belongs to the Indo-European family. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also widely spoken in some regions of India, where it is one of the 22 scheduled languages and an...

485 0.13%
Croatian
Croatian language
Croatian is the collective name for the standard language and dialects spoken by Croats, principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and other neighbouring countries...

430 0.12%
Turkish
Turkish language
Turkish is a language spoken as a native language by over 83 million people worldwide, making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. Its speakers are located predominantly in Turkey and Northern Cyprus with smaller groups in Iraq, Greece, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo,...

305 0.08%
Tagalog
Tagalog language
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a third of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by most of the rest. It is the first language of the Philippine region IV and of Metro Manila...

190 0.05%
Yiddish 175 0.05%
Hebrew 150 0.04%
Dutch
Dutch language
Dutch is a West Germanic language and the native language of the majority of the population of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Suriname, the three member states of the Dutch Language Union. Most speakers live in the European Union, where it is a first language for about 23 million and a second...

140 0.04%
Serbian
Serbian language
Serbian is a form of Serbo-Croatian, a South Slavic language, spoken by Serbs in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia and neighbouring countries....

140 0.04%
Bengali
Bengali language
Bengali or Bangla is an eastern Indo-Aryan language. It is native to the region of eastern South Asia known as Bengal, which comprises present day Bangladesh, the Indian state of West Bengal, and parts of the Indian states of Tripura and Assam. It is written with the Bengali script...

125 0.03%



Knowledge of official Languages (2006
Canada 2006 Census
The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The next census following will be the 2011 Census. Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897...

)
Language Population Pct (%)
French only 144,085 39.51%
English only 15,900 4.36%
English and French 198,980 54.57%
Neither English or French 5,650 1.54%

Municipal politics



As of 2009, Gilles Vaillancourt
Gilles Vaillancourt
Gilles Vaillancourt became mayor of the city of Laval, Quebec, Canada in 1989 and president of the "Union des municipalités du Québec" ....

 is the mayor of the city of Laval. He has been in office since 1989. Vaillancourt's party, the Parti PRO des Lavallois, was born in 1980. Vaillancourt took over as head of the party just before the 1989 municipal elections.

Past mayors have been:
  • Jean-Noël Lavoie
    Jean-Noël Lavoie
    Jean-Noël Lavoie is a notary and former political figure in Quebec. He represented Laval in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec and then the National Assembly of Quebec from 1960 to 1981 as a Liberal....

     (founding mayor), 1965
  • Jacques Tétreault
    Jacques Tétreault
    Jacques Tétreault was a member of the Canadian House of Commons from 1988 to 1993. His background was in law....

    , 1965–1973
  • Dr. Lucien Paiement
    Lucien Paiement
    Lucien Paiement was a doctor, municipal politician and owner of racehorses in the Canadian province of Quebec. He served as mayor of Laval from 1973 to 1981...

    , 1973–1981
  • Claude U. Lefebvre
    Claude U. Lefebvre
    Claude Ulysse Lefebvre was a Canadian municipal politician. He was mayor of the city of Laval, Quebec, Canada from 1981 until 1989.In 1984 while Lefebvre was mayor, Laval and the French commune of Laval en Mayenne became twinned sister cities....

    , 1981–1989

Flag, seal and motto


On a white-yellow background, the emblem of Laval illustrates the modernism of a city in full expansion. The sign of the city symbolizes the "L" of Laval.

The colours also have a significant meaning :
  • Dark red represents usually the affluence and represents here the great economic potential of Laval.
  • Blue symbolizes the quality of life and the installation of a human city.


The "L" of Laval is made of cubes that represent the development of Laval.

The letters of the Laval signature are related one to the other to point out the merger of the 14 municipalities of Jesus island in 1965.

The logo (that is on the flag) has existed since the 1980s and the flag since the 1990s.

Federal and provincial politics


Politically, Laval is a battleground area between the Quebec separatist parties (the Bloc Québécois
Bloc Québécois
The Bloc Québécois is a federal political party in Canada devoted to the protection of Quebec's interests in the House of Commons of Canada, and the promotion of Quebec sovereignty. The Bloc was originally a party made of Quebec nationalists who defected from the federal Progressive Conservative...

federally and the Parti Québécois
Parti Québécois
The Parti Québécois is a centre-left political party that advocates national sovereignty for the province of Quebec and secession from Canada. The Party traditionally has support from the labour movement. Unlike many other social-democratic parties, its ties with the labour movement are informal...

provincially) and the federalist parties (the Liberal Party of Canada
Liberal Party of Canada
The Liberal Party of Canada , colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federally registered party in Canada. In the conventional political spectrum, the party sits between the centre and the centre-left. Historically the Liberal Party has positioned itself to the left of the Conservative...

 and the Quebec Liberal Party). The only exception is Chomedey
Chomedey, Quebec
Chomedey is a neighbourhood in the southwest of the city of Laval and was a separate municipality until the municipal mergers on August 6, 1965. Named after Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, part of the neighbourhood had previously been known as L'Abord à Plouffe, and was once part of the seigneurie...

 in the south, which voted overwhelmingly to not separate in the 1995 Quebec referendum
1995 Quebec referendum
The 1995 Quebec referendum was the second referendum to ask voters in the Canadian province of Quebec whether Quebec should secede from Canada and become an independent state, through the question:...

. The other parts of Laval were narrowly split.

Economy



Laval's diverse economy is centred around the technology, pharmaceutical, industrial and retail sectors. It has many pharmaceutical laboratories but also stone quarries and a persistent agricultural sector. Long seen as a bedroom community, Laval has diversified its economy, especially in the retail sector, developing numerous shopping malls, warehouses and various retail stores. Laval has four different industrial park
Industrial park
An industrial park is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development...

s.

The first is Industrial Park Centre, in the heart of Laval at the corner of St. Martin West and Industriel Blvd. It is One of the largest municipal industrial parks in Quebec
Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

, the Industrial Park Centre boasts the highest concentration of manufacturing companies in Laval; 1,024 at last count, and 22,378 employees. The park still has 1,300,643 m² of space available.

The second, the Autoroute 25
Quebec Autoroute 25
Autoroute 25 is an Autoroute in the Lanaudière region of Quebec. It is currently long....

 Industrial Park is at the crossroads of the metropolitan road network. Inaugurated in 2001, this new industrial municipal space has been a tremendous success, boasting an 80% occupancy rate. Laval is studying the possibility of expanding this park in the next few years.

The third, known as Industrial Park East, is in the neighbourhood of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul
Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Quebec
Saint-Vincent-de-Paul is a neighbourhood in the eastern part of Laval, Quebec, Canada. Saint-Vincent-de-Paul was a town before August 6, 1965. Saint-Vincent-de-Paul is named after Vincent de Paul.- Geography :...

. This park has reached full capacity with a 100% occupancy rate. Industrial Park East is currently part of a municipal program to revitalize municipal services and public utilities. Laval is working with a private developer on an expansion project for the park that should be announced in the near future.

The fourth industrial park, the Laval Science and High Technology Park is located along Rivière des Prairies
Rivière des Prairies
The Rivière des Prairies is a delta channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada....

 and Autoroute 15
Quebec Autoroute 15
Autoroute 15 is a highway in western Quebec, Canada...

. It is an internationally renowned science campus that houses the Biotech City and the Information Technology Development Centre (ITDC). The Laval Science and High Technology Park is a beacon of the metropolitan
Metropolitan area
The term metropolitan area refers to a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing. A metropolitan area usually encompasses multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, townships,...

 economy, in an environment befitting the best technopolises in the world. Nearly 500000 square metres (5,381,955.2 sq ft) of space are available for development. The Biotech City spans the entire territory of the Laval Science and High Technology Park and is a unique concept in Canada in that its residents comprise both universities and companies.

Created in 1995, Laval Technopole is a nonprofit organization that has the objective to promote the economic growth of Laval by attracting and supporting new business and investments located in its 5 territory poles: Biopole, e-Pol, Agropole, industrial pole and Leisure/tourism.

Alimentation Couche-Tard
Alimentation Couche-Tard
Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc. or simply Couche-Tard is one of the largest company-owned convenience store operators in the world with up to 6,000 stores across Canada, the United States, Mexico, Japan, China, Indonesia and Guam....

 has its headquarters in Laval.
Poles in figures (excluding Leisure and tourism)
Agropole Industrial Pole Biopole E-Pole
1,750 companies 624 companies More than 80 firms 264 businesses
15,800 jobs 16,000 jobs Over one billion $ invested since 2001 4,370 jobs
Main sectors:
  • Transformation
  • Food production
  • Agriculture
  • Restaurant industry
  • Wholesale and retail
Main sectors:
  • Metal products
  • Printing
  • Machinery
  • furnitures
  • Clothing
  • Rubber
  • Plastic
  • Main sectors:
  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Medical Technology
  • Main sectors:
  • Software
  • Manufacture
  • Service

  • Sport




    Club
    Sport
    League
    Stadium/Arena


    Laval Arctic
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...


    Quebec Junior AAA Hockey League
    Quebec Junior AAA Hockey League
    The Ligue de Hockey Junior AAA Quebec or Quebec Junior AAA Hockey League is a Hockey Quebec Junior "AAA" ice hockey league and is a member of Hockey Canada and the Canadian Junior Hockey League...


    Colisée de Laval
    Colisée de Laval
    The Colisée de Laval is a 3,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Laval, Quebec, Canada built in 1954.-Function:Colisée de Laval has primarily been used as the home arena for several hockey teams in the Laval Area....





    Regents
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...


    Midget AAA
    Colisée de Laval
    Colisée de Laval
    The Colisée de Laval is a 3,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Laval, Quebec, Canada built in 1954.-Function:Colisée de Laval has primarily been used as the home arena for several hockey teams in the Laval Area....





    Laval Comets
    Laval Comets
    The Laval Comets is a Canadian women’s soccer team established in 2006 in the city of Laval, Quebec, a northern suburb of Montreal. The team is a member of the W-League, the second tier of women’s soccer in the United States and Canada...


    Women's soccer
    Women's football (soccer)
    Women's association football has been played for many decades, but was associated with charity games and physical exercise in the past before the breakthrough of organized women's association football came in the 1970s. Before the 1970s, football was basically seen as a men's game...


    W-League
    W-League
    The USL W-League is a national women's soccer league in the United States on the 2nd level of women's soccer in the United States soccer pyramid, alongside the Women's Premier Soccer League and below Women's Professional Soccer....


    Bois-de-Boulogne Sports Centre



    Les Associés de Laval
    Baseball
    Baseball
    Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot diamond...


    Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec
    Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec
    The Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec is the top-level amateur summer baseball league in the Canadian province of Quebec. It is composed entirely of junior elite players - the best baseball players in the province under 22 years of age.-History:...


    Montmorency Park



    Vikings de Laval Nord
    Canadian football
    Canadian football
    Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played exclusively in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area...


    Midget AAA
    Parc Roi du Nord



    Les Bulldogs de Laval
    Canadian football
    Canadian football
    Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played exclusively in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area...


    Midget AAA
    Parc Cartier



    Les Loups de CAL
    Canadian football
    Canadian football
    Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played exclusively in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area...


    Juvenile AAA
    Parc Roi du Nord





    Sabercats rive-nord
    Canadian football
    Canadian football
    Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played exclusively in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area...


    Quebec Junior Football League
    Quebec Junior Football League
    The Quebec Junior Football League operated from 1970 to the present, as a successor to the Quebec Juvenile Football League. It began competition as a conference of the Canadian Junior Football League from which it eventually withdrew. Upon withdrawal from the CJFL, the QJFL incorporated teams from...


    Parc Cartier



    See also: Le réseau des sports for detailed coverage.

    Laval was also host-city of the "Jeux du Québec" held in summer 1991.

    Highways


    • A-13 (Chomedey Highway)
      Quebec Autoroute 13
      Autoroute 13 , is a freeway in the urban region of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Its southern end is at the junction of A-20 on the Island of Montreal near Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport. Its northern terminus is at the junction of A-640 near Boisbriand...

       - Montreal
      Montreal
      Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

       to Boisbriand
      Boisbriand, Quebec
      Boisbriand is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada on the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles in the Regional County Municipality of Thérèse-de-Blainville.The Hasidic community of Kiryas Tosh is located within the city limits...

    • A-15 (Laurentian Highway)
      Quebec Autoroute 15
      Autoroute 15 is a highway in western Quebec, Canada...

       - New York state
      New York
      New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

       to Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts
      Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec
      Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts is a town in the province of Quebec in the regional county municipality of Les Laurentides, in the administrative region of Laurentides, also known as the "Laurentians" or the Laurentian Mountains...

    • A-19 (Papineau Highway)
      Quebec Autoroute 19
      Autoroute 19, also known as Autoroute Papineau , is an autoroute in Quebec. It crosses the Rivière des Prairies via the Papineau-Leblanc Bridge, connecting the borough of Ahuntsic-Cartierville in Montreal and the Duvernay neighbourhood in Laval.There are plans to widen Route 335 to four lanes,...

       - Montreal
      Montreal
      Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

       to Boulevard Dagenais, continues as Route 335
      Quebec route 335
      Route 335 is a north-south route from Montreal north into the Lanaudière region of Quebec.South of The Metropolitan 335 runs on Rue Saint-Denis to its southern terminus. Northwards until the Rivière des Prairies, 335 runs on Rue Berri south and Rue Lajeunesse north, then it runs over the Pont Viau...

       to Bois-des-Filion
      Bois-des-Filion, Quebec
      Bois-des-Filion is an off-island suburb of Montreal, located in Quebec, Canada, to the north of Montreal.Historically, hundreds of families annually traveled to this region seasonally to experience the magnificent maple forests; however the tourist industry is currently a minor source of income for...

       and beyond
    • A-25
      Quebec Autoroute 25
      Autoroute 25 is an Autoroute in the Lanaudière region of Quebec. It is currently long....

       - Boucherville to Saint-Esprit
      Saint-Esprit, Quebec
      Saint-Esprit is a municipality in the Lanaudière region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Montcalm Regional County Municipality. It is located on both banks of the Saint-Esprit River, a tributary of the L'Assomption River.-History:...

       via Montreal
      Montreal
      Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

       and the A-440 (Laval)
    • A-440 (Laval Freeway)
      Quebec Autoroute 440 (Laval)
      Autoroute 440 is a provincial highway that runs across the city of Laval, Quebec from Autoroute 13 to Autoroute 25. It is currently long, proceeding across Île Jésus on an east-west axis...

       - Laval

    Provincial routes

    • Route 117
      Quebec route 117
      Route 117 is a provincial highway within the Canadian province of Quebec, running between Montreal and the Quebec/Ontario border where it continues as Highway 66 east of Kearns, Ontario...

       - Montreal to Ontario Highway 66 past Rouyn-Noranda
      Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
      Rouyn-Noranda is a city on Osisko Lake in northwestern Quebec, Canada.The city of Rouyn-Noranda is coextensive with a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality and census division of Quebec of the same name...

    • Route 125
      Quebec route 125
      Route 125 is a Quebec highway running from Montreal to Saint-Donat, Quebec in the Laurentians. The southern section of Route 125 runs parallel to Autoroute 25 in Laval, Mascouche, and Terrebonne...

       - Montreal to Saint-Donat
    • Route 148
      Quebec route 148
      Route 148 is a major east-west highway in Quebec, Canada. It runs from Autoroute 25 in Laval in the Montreal region to the Ontario-Quebec border in L'Isle-aux-Allumettes in western Quebec. For most of its length, Route 148 follows the north shore of the Ottawa River where it acts as the principal...

       - Laval to Pembroke, Ontario
      Pembroke, Ontario
      Pembroke is a city in the province of Ontario, Canada, at the confluence of the Muskrat River and the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley...

    • Route 335
      Quebec route 335
      Route 335 is a north-south route from Montreal north into the Lanaudière region of Quebec.South of The Metropolitan 335 runs on Rue Saint-Denis to its southern terminus. Northwards until the Rivière des Prairies, 335 runs on Rue Berri south and Rue Lajeunesse north, then it runs over the Pont Viau...

       - Montreal to the Lanaudière
      Lanaudière
      Lanaudière is one of the seventeen administrative regions of Quebec, Canada, situated immediately to the northeast of Montreal. It has a total population of 429,053 inhabitants.-Geography:...

       region past Saint-Calixte
      Saint-Calixte, Quebec
      Saint-Calixte is a municipality and town in the Lanaudière region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Montcalm Regional County Municipality.-History:...


    Incidents

    • On June 18, 2000, during renovations to the Souvenir Boulevard overpass over Highway 15, the southern section collapsed onto the highway, causing the death of one person.
    • On September 30, 2006, the De la Concorde overpass over Autoroute 19 suddenly collapsed killing five people. See also: De la Concorde Overpass collapse
      De la Concorde overpass collapse
      On September 30, 2006, part of an overpass collapsed in Laval, a suburb of Montreal, on Boulevard de la Concorde running over Autoroute 19. The collapse crushed two vehicles under it, killing five people and seriously injuring six others who went over the edge while travelling on the overpass...

      .

    Metro


    • In April 2007, the Montreal Metro
      Montreal Metro
      The Montreal Metro is a rubber-tired metro system, and the main form of public transportation underground in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada....

       was extended to Laval with three stations. The long-awaited stations were begun in 2003 and completed in April 2007, two months ahead of the revised schedule, at a cost of $803 million, funded entirely by the Quebec government. The stations are Cartier
      Cartier (Montreal Metro)
      Cartier is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in Pont-Viau, Laval, Quebec, Canada . It is part of an extension of the line into Laval and opened on April 28, 2007.- Architecture :It is a normal...

      , De La Concorde
      De La Concorde (Montreal Metro)
      De la Concorde is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Laval-des-Rapides area of Laval, Quebec, Canada...

      , and Montmorency
      Montmorency (Montreal Metro)
      Montmorency is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Laval-des-Rapides area of Laval, Quebec, Canada . The station is part of an extension to the line to Laval and opened on April 28, 2007,...

      . The arrival of the metro in Laval was long awaited as it was first promised in the 1960s.

    • Public transit users must purchase the $111 per month (2010) TRAM-3 card to access the metro from Laval's three new stations or pay $3 per trip (as of 2011) towards Montreal since regular Montreal tickets and the CAM pass are not valid at the three new stations.

    • On July 22, 2007, the mayor of Laval, Gilles Vaillancourt
      Gilles Vaillancourt
      Gilles Vaillancourt became mayor of the city of Laval, Quebec, Canada in 1989 and president of the "Union des municipalités du Québec" ....

      , announced his wish to loop the Orange line
      Line 2 Orange (Montreal Metro)
      The Orange line is the longest, most congested, and first-planned of the four lines of the Montreal Metro, in Montreal, Canada. It formed part of the initial network, and was extended between 1980 and 1986...

       from Montmorency
      Montmorency (Montreal Metro)
      Montmorency is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Laval-des-Rapides area of Laval, Quebec, Canada . The station is part of an extension to the line to Laval and opened on April 28, 2007,...

       to Côte-Vertu
      Côte-Vertu (Montreal Metro)
      Côte-Vertu is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the borough of Saint-Laurent in Montreal, Quebec, Canada ....

       stations with the addition of six new stations (three in Laval and another three in Montreal). He proposes that Transports Quebec
      Transports Québec
      Le ministère des Transports du Québec , known by its short form name Transports Québec, is a Quebec government ministry responsible for transport infrastructure and law in Quebec, Canada....

      , the provincial transport department, set aside $100M annually to fund the project, which is expected to cost upwards of $1.5 billion http://www.courrierlaval.com/article-123701-Montreal-a-bien-dautres-priorites.html.

    Commuter railway


    The Agence métropolitaine de transport
    Agence métropolitaine de transport
    The Agence métropolitaine de transport is the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across Canada's Greater Montreal Region, including the Island of Montreal, Laval , and communities along both the North Shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles...

     (AMT) operates two commuter train
    Commuter rail in North America
    Commuter rail services in the United States, Canada, and Mexico provide common carrier passenger transportation along railway tracks, with scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis primarily for short-distance travel between a central business district and adjacent suburbs and...

     lines on the island. The Deux-Montagnes and Blainville-Saint-Jerome lines connect Laval to downtown Montreal in as little as 30 minutes. Including De la Concorde
    De La Concorde (Montreal Metro)
    De la Concorde is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Laval-des-Rapides area of Laval, Quebec, Canada...

    , there are currently five train stations.

    Buses




    The STL's network consists of 35 regular lines, two rush hour lines, two trainbus lines, three express lines, one community circuit and several taxi lines.
    • There are reserved lanes
      Bus lane
      A bus lane or bus only lane is a lane restricted to buses, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion...

       for buses and taxis on Chomedey Blvd between Le Carrefour Blvd and the Des Prairies River
      Rivière des Prairies
      The Rivière des Prairies is a delta channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada....

       (Lachapelle Bridge
      Lachapelle Bridge
      'Lachapelle Bridge', in French Pont Lachapelle, Also known as Cartierville Bridge.This bridge spans the Rivière des Prairies between the Montreal borough of Ahuntsic-Cartierville and the Laval neighbourhood of Chomedey.Actually there are two bridges, side by side and parallel:The older three...

      ) and beyond as well as along boulevard des Laurentides between rue Proulx and boulevard Cartier (the reserved lane, in this case for buses only, continues onto the Pont Viau bridge into Montreal until the Terminus Laval
      Henri-Bourassa Terminus Nord (AMT)
      Henri-Bourassa Terminus Nord, also known as Terminus Laval, is a bus terminus close to, but separate from, the Terminus Henri-Bourassa Sud to which it is connected by a tunnel under Henri Bourassa Boulevard and which is close to the Henri-Bourassa Metro station...

       at the Henri-Bourassa
      Henri-Bourassa (Montreal Metro)
      Henri-Bourassa is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Ahuntsic district in the borough of Ahuntsic-Cartierville in Montreal, Quebec, Canada...

       metro station
      Montreal Metro
      The Montreal Metro is a rubber-tired metro system, and the main form of public transportation underground in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada....

      ). Most buses that use the reserved lane end their journey at the Cartier
      Cartier (Montreal Metro)
      Cartier is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in Pont-Viau, Laval, Quebec, Canada . It is part of an extension of the line into Laval and opened on April 28, 2007.- Architecture :It is a normal...

       metro station.
    • The AMT and the City of Laval have developed a reserved bus and taxi lane
      Bus lane
      A bus lane or bus only lane is a lane restricted to buses, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion...

       on Notre-Dame Boulevard between Vincent Massey Street and Place Alton-Goldbloom and another on De la Concorde Blvd between De l'Avenir and Laval Blvds, as well as between Ampere Ave and Roanne St. These reserved lanes (Notre-Dame and De la Concorde are the same boulevard but change name where they meet under Autoroute 15
      Quebec Autoroute 15
      Autoroute 15 is a highway in western Quebec, Canada...

      ) opened shortly after October 31, 2007.


    A Google Map of the subway system, including the three new Laval stations can be viewed at Montreal-Laval Subway Map Mashup.





















    Blainville-Saint-Jerome Line Deux-Montagnes Line Line 2 Orange (Montreal Metro)
    Line 2 Orange (Montreal Metro)
    The Orange line is the longest, most congested, and first-planned of the four lines of the Montreal Metro, in Montreal, Canada. It formed part of the initial network, and was extended between 1980 and 1986...

    Sainte-Rose
    Sainte-Rose (AMT)
    Sainte-Rose is an commuter train station in Laval, Quebec, Canada on the Blainville-Saint-Jerome Line of the Agence métropolitaine de transport , the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area...

    Sainte-Dorothée
    Sainte-Dorothée (AMT)
    Sainte-Dorothée is a commuter rail station on the AMT Deux-Montagnes Line in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area.-Origin of name:Sainte-Dorothée takes its name from the Sainte-Dorothée district of Laval, Quebec....

    Montmorency
    Montmorency (Montreal Metro)
    Montmorency is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Laval-des-Rapides area of Laval, Quebec, Canada . The station is part of an extension to the line to Laval and opened on April 28, 2007,...

     
    Vimont
    Vimont (AMT)
    Vimont is an commuter train station in Laval, Quebec, Canada on the Blainville-Saint-Jerome Line of the Agence métropolitaine de transport , the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area...

    Île-Bigras De la Concorde
    De La Concorde (Montreal Metro)
    De la Concorde is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Laval-des-Rapides area of Laval, Quebec, Canada...

     
    De la Concorde
    De La Concorde (Montreal Metro)
    De la Concorde is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in the Laval-des-Rapides area of Laval, Quebec, Canada...

     
    Cartier
    Cartier (Montreal Metro)
    Cartier is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal . It is located in Pont-Viau, Laval, Quebec, Canada . It is part of an extension of the line into Laval and opened on April 28, 2007.- Architecture :It is a normal...

     

    Education


    Laval is home to a variety of vocational/technical centres, colleges and universities, including:

    • College Montmorency
    • CDI College
      CDI College
      CDI College is a for-profit college in Canada. It offers programs in the business, technology and health care fields. There are 15 campus locations; 5 in British Columbia, 5 in Alberta, 1 in Manitoba and 4 in Quebec....

    • Centre de formation Compétences-2000
    • Centre de formation en métallurgie de Laval
    • Chomedey Centre
    • Centre de formation horticole de Laval
    • Centre de formation Paul-Émile-Dufresne
    • Herzing College
      Herzing College
      Herzing University is a for-profit, career-focused institution of higher education that awards diplomas, associate degrees, bachelor's degrees and master's degrees in a variety of disciplines...



    • École hôtelière de Laval
    • École polymécanique de Laval
    • Centre de formation Le Chantier
    • Institut de protection contre les incendies du Québec
    • Université de Montréal
      Université de Montréal
      The Université de Montréal is a public francophone research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It comprises thirteen faculties, more than sixty departments and two affiliated schools: the École Polytechnique and HEC Montréal...

       (Laval campus)
    • Delta College
      Delta College
      Delta College is the name of several community colleges in the United States and Canada. Among them are:* Delta College , near Bay City* Delta College , Quebec* Louisiana Delta Community College...

    • Université du Québec à Montréal
      Université du Québec à Montréal
      The Université du Québec à Montréal is one of four universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.-Basic facts:The UQAM is the largest constituent element of the Université du Québec , a public university system with other branches in Gatineau , Rimouski, Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec City, Chicoutimi, and...

       (Laval campus)



    The city has two separate school boards, the Commission scolaire de Laval for French-speaking students and the Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board
    Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board
    The Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board officially came into existence in July 1998 when English language schools from eight former school boards were amalgamated...

     for English-speaking students

    Tourism



    Laval's main attractions are:

    • Centropolis
    • The Cosmodôme
      Cosmodome (Laval)
      The Cosmodome is the home to both Space Camp Canada and the Space Science Center . Space Camp Canada welcomed its first campers in July 1994 while the Space Science Center, opened its doors to the public in December 1994.-The Space Science Center:...

    • Mille-Îles River Park
    • Mondial Choral Loto-Québec
      Mondial Choral
      The Mondial Choral, or Mondial Choral Loto-Québec is a festival occurring in Laval, Quebec, Canada which takes place annually since the summer of 2005. The main sponsor of this occasion is Loto-Québec, Grégory Charles is the Art-Director and president this year . Annie Villeneuve is the...

    • The Carrefour Laval
      Carrefour Laval
      Carrefour Laval is a super regional mall located in Laval, Quebec, Canada at the intersection of the Laurentian Highway and Laval Freeway...

       shopping centre
    • Commercial directory INFO Laval Website
    • The Recreatheque
    • Moomba Supper Club
    • Armand-Frappier museum
    • Rivière-des-Prairies' hydroelectric plant
      Centrale de la Rivière des Prairies
      The Rivière des Prairies generating station is a run of river hydroelectric power station on the Rivière des Prairies between the islands of Jesus and Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Built in 1929, it is now managed and operated by Hydro-Québec...

       (3 dam
      Dam
      A dam is a barrier that impounds water or underground streams. Dams generally serve the primary purpose of retaining water, while other structures such as floodgates or levees are used to manage or prevent water flow into specific land regions. Hydropower and pumped-storage hydroelectricity are...

      s)
    • Old Sainte-Dorothée
    • Old Saint-Vincent-de-Paul
    • Sainte-Rose-de-Lima church
    • Saint-François-de-Sales church




    Source: Tourisme Laval.

    Media


    Laval is served by media from Montreal, however it does have some of its own regional media outlets.

    Laval has two radio stations on its territory: CFAV 1570 AM "Radio Boomer" and CFGL 105.7 FM
    CFGL-FM
    CFGL-FM is a French language Canadian radio station located in Laval, Quebec, near Montreal. While the station's city of licence is Laval and its studios are actually in that city, it operates as a de facto Montreal station...

     "Rythme FM".

    Additionally, there are three major newspapers in Laval. The bi-weekly English-language The Laval News, the bi-weekly French-language Le Courrier Laval and the weekly French-language L'Echo de Laval.

    One television network operates on Laval's territory, Télévision régionale de Laval, on the VOX network (only available on Videotron
    Vidéotron
    Vidéotron GP is a Canadian integrated telecommunications company active in cable television, interactive multimedia development, video on demand, cable telephony, wireless communication and Internet access services. Currently, the company primarily serves Quebec, as well as the francophone...

     cable).

    Sister cities


    Laval is twinned with two different cities:
    Laval (France)
    Laval, Mayenne
    Laval is a commune in the Mayenne department in north-western France.It lies on the threshold of Brittany and on the border between Normandy and Anjou. Its citizens are called Lavallois.-Geography:...

    , since 1984 Petah Tikva
    Petah Tikva
    Petah Tikva known as Em HaMoshavot , is a city in the Center District of Israel, east of Tel Aviv.According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, at the end of 2009, the city's population stood at 209,600. The population density is approximately...

    , Israel, since 1986

    It also shares about ten economic and cultural cooperation agreements with cities such as Markham, Ontario
    Markham, Ontario
    Markham is a town in the Regional Municipality of York, located within the Greater Toronto Area of Southern Ontario, Canada. The population was 261,573 at the 2006 Canadian census...

    ; Ribeira Grande, The Azores; Nice, France
    Nice
    Nice is the fifth most populous city in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon and Toulouse, with a population of 348,721 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of more than 955,000 on an area of...

    ; Grenoble, France
    Grenoble
    Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère. Located in the Rhône-Alpes region, Grenoble is the capital of the department of Isère...

    ; Mudanjiang, China and Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Chile
    Pedro Aguirre Cerda (municipality)
    Pedro Aguirre Cerda is a commune of Chile located in Santiago Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region. It is named after President Pedro Aguirre Cerda.-Demographics:...

    .

    Neighbouring municipalities



    See also



    External links