Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem

Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem

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The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem is the title possessed by the Latin Rite Catholic
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

 Archbishop
Archbishop
An archbishop is a bishop of higher rank, but not of higher sacramental order above that of the three orders of deacon, priest , and bishop...

 of Jerusalem. The Archdiocese of Jerusalem has jurisdiction for all Latin Rite Catholics in Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

, the Palestinian Territories
Palestinian territories
The Palestinian territories comprise the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Since the Palestinian Declaration of Independence in 1988, the region is today recognized by three-quarters of the world's countries as the State of Palestine or simply Palestine, although this status is not recognized by the...

, Jordan
Jordan
Jordan , officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan , Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing...

 and Cyprus
Cyprus
Cyprus , officially the Republic of Cyprus , is a Eurasian island country, member of the European Union, in the Eastern Mediterranean, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and north of Egypt. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.The earliest known human activity on the...

. In Jerusalem, the Catholic community is the largest Christian community, with some 4,500 people out of an estimated Christian population of about 11,000. Since June 2008, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem has been Fouad Twal
Fouad Twal
Fouad Twal is the Roman Catholic archbishop and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem since June 2008.He was ordained to the priesthood on 29 June 1966. After his ordination he was the vicar of Ramallah. In 1972 he entered the Pontifical Lateran University where he studied for a doctorate in canon law. ...

. The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem also holds the office of Grand Prior of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre
Order of the Holy Sepulchre
The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the pope. It traces its roots to Duke Godfrey of Bouillon, principal leader of the First Crusade...

.

In the Catholic Church, the title Patriarch
Patriarch
Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. The system of such rule of families by senior males is called patriarchy. This is a Greek word, a compound of πατριά , "lineage, descent", esp...

 is customarily reserved to the highest ranking bishops of the Eastern Catholic Churches. The Patriarch of Jerusalem is one of four bishops of the Latin Rite to be called a patriarch, the others being the Patriarchs of Venice
Patriarch of Venice
The Patriarch of Venice is the ordinary bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice. The bishop is one of the few Patriarchs in the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church...

, Lisbon
Patriarch of Lisbon
The Patriarch of Lisbon is an honorary title possessed by the archbishop of the Archdiocese of Lisbon.The first patriarch of Lisbon was D. Tomás de Almeida, who was appointed in 1716 by Pope Clement XI...

 and the East Indies
Patriarch of the East Indies
The Titular Patriarch of the East Indies in the Catholic hierarchy is the title of the Archbishop of Goa and Damão in India; another title of his is that of the Primate of the East. Unlike the patriarchs of the Eastern Catholic Churches sui juris, the Patriarch of the East Indies enjoys a purely...

 (Goa, India). These 'minor patriarchs' are bishops whose see has as a permanent privilege the honorific title of patriarch. The honorary patriarchal titles Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
The Latin Patriarch of Constantinople was an office established as a result of Crusader activity in the Near East. The title should not be confused with that of the Patriarch of Constantinople, an office which existed before and after....

, Alexandria
Latin Patriarch of Alexandria
This is a list of The Latin Patriarchs of Alexandria established in 1215 during the pontificate of Pope Innocent III. This titular office was abolished in 1964. His patriachal seat in Rome was the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls....

 and Antioch
Latin Patriarch of Antioch
The Latin Patriarch of Antioch was an office created in 1098 by Bohemund, founder of the Principality of Antioch, one of the crusader states....

 were abolished in 1964. The title of Patriarch of Jerusalem is also used by the Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem
Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem
The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem is the head bishop of the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, ranking fourth of nine Patriarchs in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Since 2005, the Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem has been Theophilos III...

 and the Armenian Patriarch of Jerusalem.

Crusader patriarchate



In 1054, the Great Schism
East–West Schism
The East–West Schism of 1054, sometimes known as the Great Schism, formally divided the State church of the Roman Empire into Eastern and Western branches, which later became known as the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, respectively...

 split Christianity into the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
The Orthodox Church, officially called the Orthodox Catholic Church and commonly referred to as the Eastern Orthodox Church, is the second largest Christian denomination in the world, with an estimated 300 million adherents mainly in the countries of Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece,...

 - which consisted of the four Orthodox Christian Patriarchs of Antioch
Patriarch of Antioch
Patriarch of Antioch is a traditional title held by the Bishop of Antioch. As the traditional "overseer" of the first gentile Christian community, the position has been of prime importance in the church from its earliest period...

, Jerusalem
Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem
The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem is the head bishop of the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, ranking fourth of nine Patriarchs in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Since 2005, the Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem has been Theophilos III...

, Constantinople
Patriarch of Constantinople
The Ecumenical Patriarch is the Archbishop of Constantinople – New Rome – ranking as primus inter pares in the Eastern Orthodox communion, which is seen by followers as the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church....

 and Alexandria
Patriarch of Alexandria
The Patriarch of Alexandria is the Archbishop of Alexandria and Cairo, Egypt. Historically, this office has included the designation of Pope , and did so earlier than that of the Bishop of Rome...

 - under the jurisdiction of Constantinople
Constantinople
Constantinople was the capital of the Roman, Eastern Roman, Byzantine, Latin, and Ottoman Empires. Throughout most of the Middle Ages, Constantinople was Europe's largest and wealthiest city.-Names:...

 and the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

 - which consisted of the Pope
Pope
The Pope is the Bishop of Rome, a position that makes him the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church . In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle...

 of Rome. All Christians in the Holy Land came under the jurisdiction of the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem
Orthodox Church of Jerusalem
The Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem , also known as the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, is an autocephalous Orthodox Church within the wider communion of Orthodox Christianity. Headed by the Patriarch of Jerusalem, it is regarded by Orthodox Christians as the mother church of all of...

.

In 1099, the Crusaders captured Jerusalem, set up the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Kingdom of Jerusalem
The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Catholic kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 after the First Crusade. The kingdom lasted nearly two hundred years, from 1099 until 1291 when the last remaining possession, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks, but its history is divided into two distinct periods....

 and established a Latin hierarchy under a Latin Patriarch, and expelled the Orthodox Patriarch. The Latin Patriarchate was divided into four archdioceses - their heads bearing the titles of Archbishop of Tyre
Archbishop of Tyre
The Archbishop of Tyre was one of the major suffragans of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem during the Crusades and was established to serve the Roman Catholic members of the diocese....

, Archbishop of Caesarea
Archbishop of Caesarea
The Archbishop of Caesarea was one of the major suffragans of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem during the Crusades. The Bishop of Caesarea became metropolitan of Palestine in the early 3rd century but after the Council of Chalcedon in 451 he was subordinate to the Patriarch of Jerusalem...

, Archbishop of Nazareth
Archbishop of Nazareth
The Archbishop of Nazareth was one of the major suffragans of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem during the crusades.The ancient diocese was located at Scythopolis, known as Bethsan to the crusaders. It was the metropolis of Palaestina Secunda. After Nazareth was captured following the First Crusade,...

, and Archbishop of Petra
Archbishop of Petra
The Archbishop of Petra was established during the Crusader era and served the diocese of Palaestrina III, the Oultrejordain area, and traditionally included St...

 - and a number of suffragan diocese
Suffragan Diocese
A suffragan diocese is a diocese in the Catholic Church that is overseen not only by its own diocesan bishop but also by a metropolitan bishop. The metropolitan is always an archbishop who governs his own archdiocese...

s. The Latin Patriarch took over control of the Latin quarter of the city of Jerusalem (the Holy Sepulchre and the immediate surroundings), and had as his direct suffragans the bishops of Lydda-Ramla
Lydda (titular see)
Lydda is a Catholic titular see. The city of Lydda was in Palestina Prima in the Patriarchate of Jerusalem.-History:It was the Biblical Lod, founded by Samad of the tribe of Benjamin...

, Bethlehem
Bethlehem
Bethlehem is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank of the Jordan River, near Israel and approximately south of Jerusalem, with a population of about 30,000 people. It is the capital of the Bethlehem Governorate of the Palestinian National Authority and a hub of Palestinian culture and tourism...

, Hebron
Hebron (titular see)
Hebron is a Catholic titular see; it was a medieval episcopal see during the Crusader period.-History:Eusebius calls Hebron merely as a large hamlet. It contains the tomb of the patriarchs, mentioned by Josephus, by Eusebius, and by the Pilgrim of Bordeaux in 333...

, and Gaza
Gaza
Gaza , also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of about 450,000, making it the largest city in the Palestinian territories.Inhabited since at least the 15th century BC,...

, and the abbots of the Temple
Temple Mount
The Temple Mount, known in Hebrew as , and in Arabic as the Haram Ash-Sharif , is one of the most important religious sites in the Old City of Jerusalem. It has been used as a religious site for thousands of years...

, Mount Sion
Mount Sion
Mount Sion is a Gaelic Athletic Association club located in Waterford City, County Waterford, Ireland, founded by Brs O'Connor and Malone, teachers in the above school...

, and the Mount of Olives
Mount of Olives
The Mount of Olives is a mountain ridge in East Jerusalem with three peaks running from north to south. The highest, at-Tur, rises to 818 meters . It is named for the olive groves that once covered its slopes...

.

The Latin Patriarch resided in Jerusalem from 1099 to 1187, while Orthodox Patriarchs continued to be appointed, but resided in Constantinople
Constantinople
Constantinople was the capital of the Roman, Eastern Roman, Byzantine, Latin, and Ottoman Empires. Throughout most of the Middle Ages, Constantinople was Europe's largest and wealthiest city.-Names:...

. In 1187, the Crusaders were forced to flee Jerusalem, and the Latin Patriarchy moved to Acre
Acre, Israel
Acre , is a city in the Western Galilee region of northern Israel at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay. Acre is one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the country....

, while the Orthodox Patriarch returned to Jerusalem. The Catholic Church continued to appoint Latin Patriarchs. The Crusader Kingdom endured almost 200 years until the last vestiges of the Kingdom were conquered by the Mamluks in 1291, and the Latin hierarchy was effectively eliminated in the Levant. With the fall of Acre, the Latin Patriarch moved to Cyprus
Cyprus
Cyprus , officially the Republic of Cyprus , is a Eurasian island country, member of the European Union, in the Eastern Mediterranean, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and north of Egypt. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.The earliest known human activity on the...

 in 1291. From 1374, the Catholic Church continued to appoint titular
Titular bishop
A titular bishop in various churches is a bishop who is not in charge of a diocese.By definition a bishop is an "overseer" of a community of the faithful, so when a priest is ordained a bishop the tradition of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches is that he be ordained for a specific place...

 Patriarchs of Jerusalem, who were based at the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura in Rome
Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

.

In 1342, Pope Clement VI
Pope Clement VI
Pope Clement VI , bornPierre Roger, the fourth of the Avignon Popes, was pope from May 1342 until his death in December of 1352...

 officially committed the care of the Holy Land to the Franciscans and the Franciscan
Franciscan
Most Franciscans are members of Roman Catholic religious orders founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. Besides Roman Catholic communities, there are also Old Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, ecumenical and Non-denominational Franciscan communities....

 Custos of the Holy Lands (The Grand Masters of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre
Order of the Holy Sepulchre
The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the pope. It traces its roots to Duke Godfrey of Bouillon, principal leader of the First Crusade...

) held the title ex officio under the Papal bull
Papal bull
A Papal bull is a particular type of letters patent or charter issued by a Pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the bulla that was appended to the end in order to authenticate it....

 Gratiam agimus by Pope Clement VI
Pope Clement VI
Pope Clement VI , bornPierre Roger, the fourth of the Avignon Popes, was pope from May 1342 until his death in December of 1352...

, unless someone was specifically appointed to the honorary office.

Modern patriarchate


A resident Latin Patriarch was re-established in 1847 by Pius IX, with Bishop Joseph Valerga being appointed to the office. Though officially superseding the Franciscans, Valerga was also the Grand Master of the Order. On Valerga's death in 1872, Vincent Braco was appointed, and following his death in 1889, the Ottoman Sultan authorised the re-establishment of a Latin hierarchy. The Grand Masters of the Order continued to be named as Latin Patriarchs until 1905.

In 1987, Michel Sabbah
Michel Sabbah
Michel Sabbah was the Archbishop and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1987 to 2008.Sabbah began his priestly studies at the Latin Patriarchal Seminary of Beit Jala in October 1949 and was ordained a priest for the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem in June 1955. He was a parish priest for a few...

 became the first native Palestinian
Palestinian people
The Palestinian people, also referred to as Palestinians or Palestinian Arabs , are an Arabic-speaking people with origins in Palestine. Despite various wars and exoduses, roughly one third of the world's Palestinian population continues to reside in the area encompassing the West Bank, the Gaza...

 to be appointed Latin Patriarch. The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem is now the diocesan bishop
Diocesan bishop
A diocesan bishop — in general — is a bishop in charge of a diocese. These are to be distinguished from suffragan bishops, assistant bishops, coadjutor bishops, auxiliary bishops, metropolitans, and primates....

 of Latin Catholics of the Archdiocese of Jerusalem and has jurisdiction for all Latin Rite Catholics in Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

, the Occupied Palestinian territories, Jordan
Jordan
Jordan , officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan , Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing...

 and Cyprus
Cyprus
Cyprus , officially the Republic of Cyprus , is a Eurasian island country, member of the European Union, in the Eastern Mediterranean, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and north of Egypt. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.The earliest known human activity on the...

. Since 2008, the Patriarch has been Fouad Twal
Fouad Twal
Fouad Twal is the Roman Catholic archbishop and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem since June 2008.He was ordained to the priesthood on 29 June 1966. After his ordination he was the vicar of Ramallah. In 1972 he entered the Pontifical Lateran University where he studied for a doctorate in canon law. ...

 from Jordan.

The Co-Cathedral
Co-cathedral
A co-cathedral is a cathedral church which shares the function of being a bishop's seat, or cathedra, with another cathedral. Instances of this occurred in England before the Protestant Reformation in the dioceses of Bath and Wells, and of Coventry and Lichfield, hence the names of these dioceses...

 Church of the Holy Name of Jesus is the principal, or "mother" Church of the Latin Patriarchate, the church in which the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem has his official chair (cathedra). However, the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre has the title of cathedral
Cathedral
A cathedral is a Christian church that contains the seat of a bishop...

 of the patriarchate. The residence of the Patriarch is in the Old City of Jerusalem, near the Co-Cathedral, while the seminary
Seminary
A seminary, theological college, or divinity school is an institution of secondary or post-secondary education for educating students in theology, generally to prepare them for ordination as clergy or for other ministry...

, which is responsible for the liturgical
Liturgy
Liturgy is either the customary public worship done by a specific religious group, according to its particular traditions or a more precise term that distinguishes between those religious groups who believe their ritual requires the "people" to do the "work" of responding to the priest, and those...

 education, is in Beit Jala
Beit Jala
Beit Jala is an Arab Christian town in the Bethlehem Governorate of the West Bank. Beit Jala is located 10 km south of Jerusalem, on the western side of the Hebron road, opposite Bethlehem, at altitude...

, a town 10 km south of Jerusalem, where it has been since 1936.

The prerogatives of the Patriarch in his relation with government authorities overlap with the prerogatives of the Vatican
Holy See
The Holy See is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, in which its Bishop is commonly known as the Pope. It is the preeminent episcopal see of the Catholic Church, forming the central government of the Church. As such, diplomatically, and in other spheres the Holy See acts and...

 Apostolic Nuncio to Israel
Apostolic Nuncio to Israel
The Apostolic Nuncio to Israel is the holder of a diplomatic position within the Vatican, who acts as nuncio of the Holy See to the State of Israel.-History:...

, following the Fundamental Agreement between Israel and the Vatican signed on 30 December 1993, and Apostolic delegate to the Palestinian Authority.

List of Latin Patriarchs of Jerusalem

  • Arnulf of Chocques
    Arnulf of Chocques
    Arnulf Malecorne of Chocques was a leader among the clergy during the First Crusade, and was Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1099 and from 1112 to 1118....

     (1099)
  • Dagobert of Pisa
    Dagobert of Pisa
    Dagobert was the first Archbishop of Pisa and the second Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem after it was captured in the First Crusade.-Early life:...

     (1099–1102)
  • Ehremar
    Ehremar
    Ehremar or Ebramar or Evremar was Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1102 to 1105 or 1107, and then Archbishop of Caesarea.Ehremar was a priest from Thérouanne in France who in old age went east with the First Crusade...

     (1102–1105)
  • Dagobert of Pisa
    Dagobert of Pisa
    Dagobert was the first Archbishop of Pisa and the second Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem after it was captured in the First Crusade.-Early life:...

     (restored) (1105)
  • Ghibbelin of Arles
    Ghibbelin of Arles
    Ghibbelin of Sabran was Archbishop of Arles , papal legate , and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem ....

     (1107–1112)
  • Arnulf of Chocques
    Arnulf of Chocques
    Arnulf Malecorne of Chocques was a leader among the clergy during the First Crusade, and was Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1099 and from 1112 to 1118....

     (re-appointed) (1112–1118)
  • Garmond of Picquigny (1119–1128)
  • Stephen of La Ferté
    Stephen of La Ferté
    Stephen of La Ferté was Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1128 until his death in 1130. He was a French priest, abbot of Saint-Jean-en-Vallée at Chartres, and related to Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem....

     (1128–1130)
  • William of Malines
    William of Malines
    William of Malines or Messines was the first medieval Archbishop of Tyre from 1128 to 1130 and thereafter Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem until his death...

     (1130–1145)
  • Fulk of Angoulême
    Patriarch Fulk of Jerusalem
    Fulk or Fulcher of Angoulême was the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1146 to his death in 1157.Fulk came from Angoulême. According to William of Tyre, he was "religious and God-fearing, possessed of little learning, but a faithful man and a lover of discipline." In France he had been abbot of...

     (1146–1157)
  • Amalric of Nesle
    Patriarch Amalric of Jerusalem
    Amalric of Nesle was a French prelate from Nesle in Picardy. He was Prior of the Holy Sepulcher by 1151. He was Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem by 1158 to 1180. He died October 6, 1180 in Palestine.-References:...

     (1157–1180)
  • Heraclius
    Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem
    Heraclius or Eraclius , was archbishop of Caesarea and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem.Heraclius was from the Gévaudan in Auvergne, France. Like his later rival William of Tyre he studied law at the University of Bologna: his contemporaries and friends included Stephen of Tournai and Gratian...

     (1180–1191)


Jerusalem lost in 1187; seat of the Patriarch moved to Acre.
    • vacant (1191–1194)
  • Aimaro Monaco dei Corbizzi (1194–1202)
  • Soffredo Errico Gaetani (1202–1204)
  • Albert Avogadro
    Albert Avogadro
    Saint Albert Avogadro was a canon lawyer who served as Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1204 until his death.Born in Parma, Albert was educated in theology and law and served as Bishop of Bobbio until 1184, when he was appointed Bishop of Vercelli. He served the Papacy as a mediator and diplomat...

     (1204–1214)
  • Raoul of Merencourt
    Raoul of Merencourt
    Raoul of Merencourt was Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1214 to 1225. He succeeded the assassinated Albert Avogadro....

     (1214–1225)
  • Gerald of Lausanne (1225–1238)
    • vacant (1238–1240); Jacques de Vitry
      Jacques de Vitry
      Jacques de Vitry was a theologian chronicler and cardinal from 1229 – 40.He was born in central France and studied at the University of Paris, becoming a regular canon in 1210 at the church of Saint-Nicolas d'Oignies in the Diocese of Liège, a post he maintained until 1216...

       appointed but never served
  • Robert of Nantes (1240–1254)
  • Jacques Pantaléon
    Pope Urban IV
    Pope Urban IV , born Jacques Pantaléon, was Pope, from 1261 to 1264. He was not a cardinal, and there have been several Popes since him who have not been Cardinals, including Urban V and Urban VI.-Biography:...

     (1255–1261), future Pope Urban IV of Rome
  • William II of Agen
    William II of Agen
    William II of Agen was the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1261-1270. Among other things, he was tasked by Pope Urban IV in 1263 by the papal bull Exultavit cor nostrum to investigate the legitimacy of an alleged ambassador with the Mongol Empire, John the Hungarian.-References:* Peter Jackson,...

     (1261–1270)
  • Thomas Agni of Cosenza (1271–1277)
  • John of Versailles (1278–1279)
  • Elijah (1279–1287)
  • Nicholas of Hanapes (1288–1294)


Acre lost in 1291; moved to Cyprus then Rome after 1374; only honorary patriarchs until 1847.
  • unknown
  • Antony Bek (1306–1311), also Prince-Bishop of Durham in England from 1284 to 1310
  • unknown


The Franciscan
Franciscan
Most Franciscans are members of Roman Catholic religious orders founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. Besides Roman Catholic communities, there are also Old Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, ecumenical and Non-denominational Franciscan communities....

 Custodian of the Holy Land
Custodian of the Holy Land
The Custodian of the Holy Land is an officer of the Franciscan order, appointed by the General Definitorium of the Franciscan Order of Friars Minor, with the approval of the Vatican. The Custodian, or Custos, is the head of all Franciscans in the Holy Land...

 held the title from 1342 to 1830 under the Papal bull
Papal bull
A Papal bull is a particular type of letters patent or charter issued by a Pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the bulla that was appended to the end in order to authenticate it....

 Gratiam agimus by Pope Clement VI
Pope Clement VI
Pope Clement VI , bornPierre Roger, the fourth of the Avignon Popes, was pope from May 1342 until his death in December of 1352...

. The bull declared the Franciscans as the official custodians of the Holy Places in the name of the Catholic Church, "unless someone was specifically appointed in the honorary office".
  • Peter Paludanus
    Peter Paludanus
    Peter Paludanus was a French theologian and archbishop....

     (1329–1342)
  • Elie de Nabinal (1342–1348)
  • Philippe de Cabassole (died 1372)
  • Philippe d'Alençon (died 1397)
  • Bertrande de Chanac (?-1401?)
    • unknown
  • Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio
    Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio
    Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio was an Italian canon lawyer and Cardinal. He has been called one of the ‘last two great commentators on feudal law’....

     (1500–1503)
  • Rodrigo de Carvajal (1523–1539)
    • unknown
  • Gian Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce
    Pope Innocent IX
    Pope Innocent IX , born Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti, was Pope from 29 October 1591 to his death on 30 December of the same year...

     (1572–1585), future Pope Innocent IX of Rome
  • Scipione Gonzaga
    Scipione Gonzaga
    Scipione Gonzaga was an Italian Cardinal.Born in Mantua, he belonged to the family of the Dukes of Sabbioneta, passed his youth under the care of Cardinal Ercole Gonzaga, and made rapid progress in Greek and Latin studies...

     (1585?-?)
  • Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri
    Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri
    Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.Cennini de' Salamandri was born 21 November 1566 in Sarteano into a noble family of Marquises of Castiglioncello del Trinoro...

     (1618–1645)
    • vacant or unknown
  • Camillo Massimo
    Camillo Massimo
    Camillo Massimo was an Italian cardinal in 17th century Rome, best remembered as a major patron of Baroque artists such as Pouissin, Lorrain, Velázquez, Duquesnoy, Algardi, Francesco Fontana and Cosimo Fancelli....

     (1653–1677)
  • Bandino Panciatici (1689-1698?)
  • Francesco Martelli
    Francesco Martelli
    Francesco Martelli was an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal.-Biography:Martelli was born in Florence of a patrician family....

     (1698-1717?)
    • unknown
  • Vincent Louis Gotti
    Vincent Louis Gotti
    Vincenzo Ludovico Gotti was a Cardinal and theologian of the Roman Catholic Church.Gotti was born in Bologna. Educated by Jesuits, he entered the Dominican Order at the age of sixteen. After studies in Salamanca in Spain, he was assigned to various posts teaching theology and philosophy first in...

     (1728–1729)
  • Pompeo Aldrovandi
    Pompeo Aldrovandi
    Not to be confused with the Baroque painter Pompeo AldrovandiniPompeo Aldrovandi was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.-Biography:...

     (1729–1734)
  • Thomas Cervini (1734–1751)
  • Thomas de Moncada (1751–1762)
  • Georgius Maria Lascaris (1762–1795)
    • vacant (1795–1800)
  • Michele di Pietro
    Michele di Pietro
    Michele di Pietro J.U.D. was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary, Prefect of the Congregation of Propaganda Fide. He was an uncle of Cardinal Camillo di Pietro.-Biography:Michele di Pietro was born in Albano Laziale,...

     (1800–1821)
  • Francesco Maria Fenzi (1816–1829)
  • Augustus Foscolo (1830–1847), later Latin Patriarch of Alexandria
    Latin Patriarch of Alexandria
    This is a list of The Latin Patriarchs of Alexandria established in 1215 during the pontificate of Pope Innocent III. This titular office was abolished in 1964. His patriachal seat in Rome was the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls....

    , 1847–1860


Restoration of resident Latin Patriarchs of Jerusalem in 1847.
  • Joseph Valerga (1847–1872)
  • Vincent Braco (1872–1889)


Latin patriarchate hierarchy re-established in 1889.
  • Luigi Piavi (1889–1905)
    • vacant (1905–1906)
  • Filippo Camassei
    Filippo Camassei
    Filippo Camassei was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1906 to 1919, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1919.-Biography:...

     (1906–1919)
  • Luigi Barlassina (1920–1947)
    • vacant (1947–1949)
  • Alberto Gori (1949–1970)
  • Giacomo Giuseppe Beltritti
    Giacomo Giuseppe Beltritti
    Jordyn Bellitto was an Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1970 to 1987....

     (1970–1987)
  • Michel Sabbah
    Michel Sabbah
    Michel Sabbah was the Archbishop and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1987 to 2008.Sabbah began his priestly studies at the Latin Patriarchal Seminary of Beit Jala in October 1949 and was ordained a priest for the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem in June 1955. He was a parish priest for a few...

     (1987–2008)
  • Fouad Twal
    Fouad Twal
    Fouad Twal is the Roman Catholic archbishop and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem since June 2008.He was ordained to the priesthood on 29 June 1966. After his ordination he was the vicar of Ramallah. In 1972 he entered the Pontifical Lateran University where he studied for a doctorate in canon law. ...

     (2008- )

See also

  • Custodian of the Holy Land
    Custodian of the Holy Land
    The Custodian of the Holy Land is an officer of the Franciscan order, appointed by the General Definitorium of the Franciscan Order of Friars Minor, with the approval of the Vatican. The Custodian, or Custos, is the head of all Franciscans in the Holy Land...

  • Holy See – Israel relations
  • Patriarchs
  • Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem
  • Lutheran Church of the Redeemer, Jerusalem
    Lutheran Church of the Redeemer, Jerusalem
    The Lutheran Church of the Redeemer is the second Protestant church in the Old City of Jerusalem . It is a property of the Evangelical Jerusalem Foundation, one of the three foundations of the Evangelical Church in Germany in the Holy Land...

  • Palestinian Christians
    Palestinian Christians
    Palestinian Christians are Arabic-speaking Christians descended from the people of the geographical area of Palestine. Within Palestine, there are churches and believers from many Christian denominations, including Oriental Orthodoxy, Eastern Orthodoxy, Catholic , Protestant, and others...


External links