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Lambayeque Region

Lambayeque Region

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{{about|the Peruvian region|other uses|Lambayeque (disambiguation)}} {{unreferenced|date=March 2008}} '''Lambayeque''' is a [[Political division of Peru|region]] in northwestern [[Peru]] known for its rich [[Moche]] and [[Chimú]] historical past. The region's name originates from the ancient pre-[[Inca]] civilization of the ''[[Sican culture|Lambayeque]]''. ==Etymology== The name ''Lambayeque'' is a Spanish derivation of the god ''Yampellec'', said to have been worshipped by the first Lambayeque king, ''Naymlap''. The Spanish gave the name to the early people. ==Geography== The territory of the Lambayeque Region is made up of wide plains irrigated by rivers from the Andes; in most of the arid area, irrigation is needed to support any farming. The fertile river valleys produce half of the sugar cane crop of Peru. In addition, Lambayeque and the [[Piura Region]] provide most of the rice crops consumed in Peru. Increased agricultural harvest is expected with completion of the [[Olmos Transandino Project]]. The water supply project will transfer up to 2 billion m3 annually of water from the [[Huancabamba River]] in the [[Cajamarca]] region east of Lambayeque. In the smaller scale farming of earlier centuries, the Olmos [[Carob]] Tree Forest supported goat herds that fed on carobs. The fine goatskins were tanned to create the fine, pale, leather known as "cordoban" or "cordovan", from the Spanish town of [[Córdoba, Spain|Cordoba]], where the process was developed. Goat fat was used to make soap. There are two small islands off the [[Pacific Ocean|Pacific]] coast of the Lambayeque Region: Lobos de Afuera, and Lobos de Tierra; there was a dispute with the [[Piura Region]] over ownership of the latter island. The region is bordered by the [[Piura Region]] on the north, the [[Cajamarca Region]] on the southeast, the [[La Libertad Region]] on the south and the [[Pacific Ocean]] on the west. ==Political division== The region is divided into 3 [[Provinces of Peru|provinces]] (''provincias'', singular: ''provincia''), which are composed of 38 [[Districts of Peru|districts]] (''distritos'', singular: ''distrito''). The provinces, with their capitals in parentheses, are: * [[Chiclayo Province|Chiclayo]] ([[Chiclayo]]) * [[Ferreñafe Province|Ferreñafe]] ([[Ferreñafe]]) * [[Lambayeque Province|Lambayeque]] ([[Lambayeque, Peru|Lambayeque]]) [[Image:Provinces of Lambayeque.PNG|thumb|left|Map of the Lambayeque region showing its provinces]] ==History== [[Legend]] tells that in ancient times, a great float of [[balsa]] rafts arrived at the [[beach]]es of the existing [[San José District, Lambayeque|San José cove]]. Formed by a brilliant cortege of nine foreign [[warrior]]s, this float was led by a man of great talent and courage, named [[Naymlap]], the mythical founder of the first northwest [[civilization]]. Among the descendants of Naylmlap were the [[Moche]] and the [[Chimú]], the latter builders of a great civilization forged in Lambayeque before being conquered by the later [[Inca Empire]]. The Chimú grew to acquire a notable state parallel to the Inca. The Chimú moved their capital to the northern area, establishing great urban centers there. They were great [[farming|farmers]], [[textile]] experts and, wonderful goldsmiths, with extraordinary works in [[gold]]. The Inca conquest of what today is Lambayeque, lasted almost four [[decade]]s. [[Pachacuti]], [[Tupac Inca Yupanqui]] and [[Huayna Capac|Huayna Cápac]], successively, ruled during the process. In the 16th century, the Spaniard leader [[Francisco Pizarro]] took his conquistadors across the region on the way to [[Cajamarca]] to conclude the defeat of the Inca empire. He was amazed by the gold exposed in vases and utensils. During Colonial times, a rivalry started between the people of the towns of Lambayeque and Santiago de Miraflores de Saña. The reason of the conflict was the opulence in which the latter lived, even provoking the greed of [[pirates]]. A [[flood]] in 1720, however, destroyed Saña and marked the end of a flourishing city. The people of Lambayeque followed Juan Manuel Iturregui as their leader in the struggles for emancipation and independence from [[Spain]]. He spread the libertarian ideas and helped get arms for the cause. == Music from Lambayeque == The most famous composer from Lambayeque was Luis Abelardo Nuñez, born in [[Ferreñafe, Lambayeque]] on the 22.11.1926. His songs are among the most popular ones in Peruvian music. These included the following: * [http://www.lostroveroscriollos.com/video.php?contentID=238 "Marinera norteña"], Los Troveros Criollos * [http://www.lostroveroscriollos.com/video.php?contentID=96 Waltz: "Porqué no volverás?"] * [http://www.lostroveroscriollos.com/video.php?contentID=228 Waltz: "Embrujo"] ==External links== *[http://www.portalagrario.gob.pe/azucar_prod.shtml Sugar Production in Peru (Spanish)] *[http://arroz.com/americalatina/peru/index.shtml Rice Production in Peru (Spanish) ] *[http://www.proinversion.gob.pe/oportunidades/SA/sa014.htm Olmos Project Information ] *[http://www.inkanatura.com/mapnorth.asp Chiclayo map] *[http://www.tumbasreales.org Museo Sipan - Spanish] {{Regions of Peru}} {{coord missing|Peru}}