||(Soviet census, 1989) 47,339
(Official Azerbaijani data by January 1, 2009) 72,000
is a rayon
Politically, Azerbaijan is divided into:*59 districts ,*11 cities ,*1 autonomous republic , which itself contains:**7 districts**1 city...
Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to...
. The capital is the city of Lachin
Lachin is a town in Azerbaijan and the regional center of the Lachin Rayon. Since 1992 the area has been under the control of the de facto independent unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, which has renamed the town Berdzor . The town and its surrounding region serve as the strategic Lachin...
. The region has been controlled by the breakway Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic , or Artsakh Republic is a de facto independent republic located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia...
, as part of its Qashatagh Province
Qashatagh Province is one of the eight provinces of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and the largest by area . Its population in 2005 was 9,800. Its capital is Berdzor City .- Geography :...
, since the Nagorno-Karabakh War
The Nagorno-Karabakh War was an armed conflict that took place from February 1988 to May 1994, in the small enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in southwestern Azerbaijan, between the majority ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh backed by the Republic of Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan...
Upon the capture of Lachin rayon, Armenian forces forcefully displaced its entire Azeri and Kurdish population and resettled the region with Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan, settlers from Armenia and ethnic Armenians from other countries apparently with promises of land, livestock and social benefits. The main land-link between Armenia
Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...
and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, known as the Lachin corridor
The Lachin corridor is a mountain pass within de-jure borders of Azerbaijan, it is the shortest route which connects Armenia with Nagorno-Karabakh Republic...
, crosses its territory. The Lachin Kurdish Republic
The Lachin Kurdish Republic was proclaimed on May 20, 1992, in Lachin, just two days after this area of Azerbaijan had been 'captured and burned' by Armenian forces and largely emptied of its population as part of the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh War...
was briefly proclaimed in 1992 during the Nagorno-Karabakh War for Kurd
Kürd or Kyurd or Kyurt may refer to:*Kürd Eldarbəyli, Azerbaijan*Kürd Mahrızlı, Azerbaijan*Kürd, Goychay, Azerbaijan*Kürd, Jalilabad, Azerbaijan*Kürd, Qabala, Azerbaijan*Qurdbayram, Azerbaijan...
In the first half of 2011, 300 Armenian families were settled in Lachin
Kurdish autonomous district
Between 1923 to 1929, Lachin was established as the Kurdistan Uyezd, an autonomous Soviet district.