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An oven is a thermally insulated chamber used for the heating, baking or drying of a substance. It is most commonly used for cooking. Kilns, and furnaces are special-purpose ovens...
s for high-forced volume thermal convection applications. These ovens generally provide uniform temperatures throughout. Process applications for laboratory ovens can be for annealing
Annealing, in metallurgy and materials science, is a heat treatment wherein a material is altered, causing changes in its properties such as strength and hardness. It is a process that produces conditions by heating to above the recrystallization temperature, maintaining a suitable temperature, and...
, die-bond curing, drying, Polyimide
Polyimide is a polymer of imide monomers. The structure of imide is as shown. Polyimides have been in mass production since 1955...
Sterilization is a term referring to any process that eliminates or kills all forms of microbial life, including transmissible agents present on a surface, contained in a fluid, in medication, or in a compound such as biological culture media...
, and other industrial
Industry refers to the production of an economic good or service within an economy.-Industrial sectors:There are four key industrial economic sectors: the primary sector, largely raw material extraction industries such as mining and farming; the secondary sector, involving refining, construction,...
laboratory functions. Typical sizes are from one cubic foot to 32 cubic foot (0.906139104 m³) with temperatures that can be over 650 degrees fahrenheit (340 degrees celsius).
Laboratory ovens can be used in numerous different applications and configurations, including clean rooms, forced convection
Forced convection is a mechanism, or type of heat transport in which fluid motion is generated by an external source...
, horizontal airflow, inert atmosphere, natural convection
Natural convection is a mechanism, or type of heat transport, in which the fluid motion is not generated by any external source but only by density differences in the fluid occurring due to temperature gradients. In natural convection, fluid surrounding a heat source receives heat, becomes less...
, and pass through.
Some of the types of industries that typically use these laboratory ovens are the healthcare industry, technology industry, and transportation industry.