is a city in central Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...
. It is a suburb
The word suburb mostly refers to a residential area, either existing as part of a city or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city . Some suburbs have a degree of administrative autonomy, and most have lower population density than inner city neighborhoods...
of and an enclave within Quebec City
Quebec , also Québec, Quebec City or Québec City is the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec and is located within the Capitale-Nationale region. It is the second most populous city in Quebec after Montreal, which is about to the southwest...
. It was merged with Quebec City from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2005, but was re-established as a separate city on January 1, 2006.
Its history dates back to 1674 when a group of Hurons fleeing war with the Iroquois
The Iroquois , also known as the Haudenosaunee or the "People of the Longhouse", are an association of several tribes of indigenous people of North America...
settled here under the protection of the French. They left after a few decades and French settlers took over the land.
Its history starts with the colony started by Jesuit Pierre Chaumonot
Pierre-Joseph-Marie Chaumonot was a French priest and missionary. A variety of circumstances led to his pursuing a religious path...
(1611-1693) in 1674 when he built a chapel for Hurons. Following his third and final trip to the shrine of Loreto in Italy, Chaumonot was cured of a terrible headache and in gratitute, the colony was placed under the patronage of Our Lady of the Annunciation
The Annunciation, also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary or Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to Virgin Mary, that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus the Son of God. Gabriel told Mary to name her...
, but commonly called Lorette.
In 1697, the Hurons left in search of better land for hunting and fishing. Thereafter the place became known as Vieille-Lorette ("Old Loreto") or Ancienne-Lorette ("Former Loreto"), because they christened the new place where they settled as Nouvelle-Lorette ("New Loreto") or Jeune-Lorette ("Young Loreto"), which roughly corresponds to Loretteville today. A year later in 1698, the Parish of Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation was established.
In 1948, the place was incorporated as the Village Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. In 1967, it gained town status and was renamed to the original name L'Ancienne-Lorette in order to distinguish it from a namesake village in the Lac-Saint-Jean region
Notre-Dame-de-Lorette is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located within the regional county municipality of Maria-Chapdelaine...
Until 1971, L'Ancienne-Lorette was the gateway to Quebec's International Airport (and therefore used to be known as L'Ancienne-Lorette Airport), but that year the rural section of the town (including the airport) were annexed by Sainte-Foy.
On January 1, 2002, L'Ancienne-Lorette was merged with Quebec City in a province-wide municipal restructuring
The most recent episode of municipal reorganization in Quebec, Canada, was undertaken in 2002 by the Parti Québécois Government of Quebec, headed by Premier Lucien Bouchard and his successor Bernard Landry....
. As part of the Liberal election promise, a referendum was held on June 20, 2004, and its citizens voted to re-establish the municipality, taking effect on January 1, 2006.
According to the Canada 2006 Census:
- Population: 16,516
- % Change (2001-2006): +3.7
- Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 6727 (total dwellings: 6818)
- Area (km²): 7.63 km²
- Density (persons per km²): 2,163.7
- Mother tongue:
- English as first language: 1.5 %
- French as first language: 97.4 %
- English and French as first language: 0.2 %
- Other as first language: 0.9 %
- Population in 2006: 16,516
- Population in 2001: 15,929
- Population in 1996: 15,895
- Population in 1991: 15,242
In 2006, L'Ancienne-Lorette was 98.9% White, 0.3% Aboriginal, and 0.8% Visible Minorities.
Notable people born in L'Ancienne-Lorette
- Antoine Plamondon
Antoine-Sébastien Plamondon was a Canadian artist who painted mainly portraits and religious images in 19th-century Quebec.- Life :Plamondon was born in 1804 at L'Ancienne-Lorette, Quebec, the son of the village grocer...
(ca. 1804-1895), artist
- Patrice Bergeron
Patrice Bergeron is a Canadian professional ice hockey centre and alternate captain currently playing for the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League...
, NHL hockey center