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Kurdish cuisine

Kurdish cuisine

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Kurdish cuisine consists of a wide variety of foods prepared by the Kurdish people
Kurdish people
The Kurdish people, or Kurds , are an Iranian people native to the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan, which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey...

 that have got many traditions from their homeland, Kurdistan.

Culinary customs


The Kurdish diet includes a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. Cucumbers are especially common. Lamb and chicken are the primary meats. Breakfast is typically flat bread, honey, sheep or buffalo yoghurt, and a glass of black tea. Savoury dishes are usually served with rice or flat bread. Lamb and vegetables are simmered in a tomato sauce to make a stew usually served with rice. Kurdistan has a climate and soil suited to grapes, pomegranates, figs, and walnuts. Kurdish honey has a clear light taste and is often sold with the honeycomb. Kurdistan also produces dairy products from sheep and buffalo milk. Kurds make many types of kofta
Kofta
Kofta is a Middle Eastern and South Asian meatball or meatloaf.In the simplest form, koftas consist of balls of minced or ground meat—usually beef or lamb—mixed with spices and/or onions...

 and kubba
Kibbeh
Kibbeh or kibbe is an Arab dish made of bulgur or rice and chopped meat. The best-known variety is a torpedo-shaped fried croquette stuffed with minced beef or lamb. Other types of kibbeh may be shaped into balls or patties, and baked or cooked in broth.Kibbeh is a popular dish in Levantine...

, dumplings filled with meat.

Kurdish cuisine makes abundant use of fresh herbs.

Sweetened black tea is a very common drink, along with bitter strong coffee. Annother favourite kurdish drink is "mastow" (sorani
Soranî
Soranî is the name of a Kurdish language that is spoken in Iran and Iraq. Soranî is one of the main Kurdish languages, which are a branch of the Iranian languages.- Name :...

) or "Ava Mast", which is yougurt and salt mixed with water. (kurmancî
Kurmancî
Kurmancî can refer to:Peoples:* Kurmancî , an Iranian language group spoken in Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria.* Kurmanc , Kurds who speak the Kurmanc dialect or group of dialects.Names:...

).

Staples of Kurdish cuisine are Kutilk, Berbesel, kellane, kullerenaske, dokliw, biryani
Biryani
Biryani, biriani, or beriani is a set of rice-based foods made with spices, rice and meat, fish, eggs or vegetables. The name is derived from the Persian word beryā which means "fried" or "roasted"....

, parêv Tobouli, kuki
Kuki
Kuki can refer to:* Kuki, Saitama, a city in Japan* one of the Kuki peoples who live in northeastern India * one of the Kukish languages spoken by the Kuki and related peoples...

 (meat and/or vegetable pies), birinç (white rice alone or with meat and/or vegetables and herbs), and a variety of salads, pastries, and drinks specific to different parts of Kurdistan. Other popular dishes are makluba, kofta
Kofta
Kofta is a Middle Eastern and South Asian meatball or meatloaf.In the simplest form, koftas consist of balls of minced or ground meat—usually beef or lamb—mixed with spices and/or onions...

, shifta
Shifta
Shifta is term used in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia for rebel, outlaw, or bandit. The word is derived from shúfto. Historically, shifta served as local militia in the lawless rural mountainous regions on the Horn of Africa...

, maraga, spinach with eggs, wheat & lentil soup, beet & meat soup, sweet turnip, cardamon cookies, burgul pilaf, melemen, ûr û rûvî, mehîr, yaprakh, chichma, tefti, niskene and nane niskan.

Savar, a traditional dish among Kurdish farmers, is made of wheat grain that is boiled, sun dried and pounded in a mortar (curn) to get rid of the husk. The wheat is then crushed in a mill (destar). The resulting grain food can be boiled and served.

Tapsi is a dish of aubergines, green peppers, courgettes and potatoes in a slightly spicy tomato sauce. Tashreeb consists of layers of naan in a sauce of green pepper, tomato, onions and chillies.

Breakfast
A typical Kurkish breakfast consists of cheese , butter, olives, eggs, tomatoes, cucumbers, green peppers, reçel (jam/marmalade; a preserve of whole fruits) and honey usually consumed on top of kaymak. sausage, baked goods and even soups can be taken as a morning meal in Kurdistan. Perhaps more so than traditional breads such as pide, a crusty white loaf is widely consumed. A common Kurkish speciality for breakfast is called menemen, which is prepared with roasted tomatoes, peppers, olive oil and eggs. Invariably, black tea is served at breakfast.

Kurd's are usually known for eating a lot of pirinc and afik which is mainly rice and soup. Kurdish Cuisine is known as #6 in the most Tasty and Healthy recipes and is written in a lot of famous books.

Festival of Newroz



During the festival of Nawroz, Kurds enjoy picnics in the countryside, often taking a large pot of Dolma, Dolma is a dish of freshly picked vine leaves stuffed with rice, meat, herbs and garlic.

External sources