Kolomna

Kolomna

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Kolomna is an ancient city and the administrative center of Kolomensky District of Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast , or Podmoskovye , is a federal subject of Russia . Its area, at , is relatively small compared to other federal subjects, but it is one of the most densely populated regions in the country and, with the 2010 population of 7,092,941, is the second most populous federal subject...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, situated at the confluence
Confluence
Confluence, in geography, describes the meeting of two or more bodies of water.Confluence may also refer to:* Confluence , a property of term rewriting systems...

 of the Moskva
Moskva River
The Moskva River is a river that flows through the Moscow and Smolensk Oblasts in Russia, and is a tributary of the Oka River.-Etymology:...

 and Oka River
Oka River
Oka is a river in central Russia, the largest right tributary of the Volga. It flows through the regions of Oryol, Tula, Kaluga, Moscow, Ryazan, Vladimir, and Nizhny Novgorod and is navigable over a large part of its total length, as far upstream as to the town of Kaluga. Its length exceeds...

s, 114 kilometres (70.8 mi) (by rail) southeast of Moscow. The area of the city is about 6510 acres (26.3 km²). The city was founded in 1177. Population:

Like some other ancient Russian cities, Kolomna has a kremlin
Kolomna Kremlin
Kolomna Kremlin is a very large fortress in Kolomna, Russia. The stone Kolomna Kremlin was built from 1525—1531 under the Russian Tsar Vasily III. Before its reconstruction in 1531, the Kolomna Kremlin was made of wood...

, which is a citadel
Citadel
A citadel is a fortress for protecting a town, sometimes incorporating a castle. The term derives from the same Latin root as the word "city", civis, meaning citizen....

 similar to the more famous one in Moscow (it is also built from red brick). Kolomna citadel was a part of the Great Abatis Border
Great Abatis Border
Zasechnaya cherta is a chain of fortification lines, created by Grand Duchy of Moscow and later the Tsardom of Russia to protect it from the raids of the Crimean Tatars who, rapidly moving along the Muravsky Trail, ravaged the southern provinces of Russia during a series of the Russo-Crimean Wars....

. have been preserved and are held in good shape; a museum is located inside.

Transport



Railroad
Kolomna is located on the Ryazan line of the Moscow railroad 116 km from Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

. In Kolomna there are one railroad terminal named Golutvin and five railroad stations named Kolomna , Shchurovo , Bochmanovo , 6 km, and Sychevo .

Public transport
Two bus terminals are located in the city. One bus terminal is in an urban area Golutvin, and the other one is in an urban area "Old Kolomna".

Water
Kolomna is placed on three big rivers, and has passenger and transport berths. Most known one is the Bochmanovo berth.

Demographics

Historical populations of Kolomna (figures in thousands)
Year 1897 1926 1939 1959 1962 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979
Рopulation 20.9 35 85 118 125 131 136 140 145 146.5
Year 1982 1986 1989 1992 1996 1998 2000 2001 2003 2006
Рopulation 151 158 162 163.7 153.6 152.1 150.7 149.6 150.1 148.0

People from Kolomna

  • Sergey Gorshkov
    Sergey Gorshkov
    Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Sergey Georgiyevich Gorshkov was a Soviet naval officer during the Cold War who oversaw the expansion of the Soviet Navy into a global force....

    , Soviet Admiral
  • Filaret
    Filaret, Metropolitan of Moscow
    Filaret , Metropolitan of Moscow was the most influential figure in the Russian Orthodox Church for more than 40 years, from 1821 to 1867. He was canonized on 13 October 1994 and his feast day is celebrated on November 19.-Life:He was born in Kolomna as Vasily Drozdov...

    , Metropolitan of Moscow
  • Dmitry Dorofeev
    Dmitry Dorofeev
    Dmitry Anatolyevich Dorofeyev is a speed skater. Dmitry Dorofeyev won a silver medal in the 500 m at the 2006 Winter Olympics. His second place finish was Russia's first Olympic speed skating medal since 1994. He placed tenth in the 1,000 m event...

    , speed skater
  • Nikolay Epshtein
    Nikolay Epshtein
    Nikolay Semenovich Epshtein was a Soviet ice hockey coach.-Ice hockey coaching career:He coached from 1953 to 1975 in the Soviet National League, he was head coach of “Chimik” in Voskresensk, Russia....

     (born 1918), Soviet ice hockey coach
  • Mikhail Katukov
    Mikhail Katukov
    Marshal of the Armored Troops Mikhail Efimovich Katukov served as a commander of armored troops in the Red Army during and following World War II. He is viewed as one of the most talented Soviet armor commanders.-Pre-War:...

    , commander of armoured troops in the Red Army
  • Yekaterina Lobysheva
    Yekaterina Lobysheva
    Yekaterina Alexandrovna Lobysheva is a Russian speed skater who won a bronze medal in the Women's team pursuit at the 2006 Winter Olympics. She's specialized in the distances of 1000 m, 1500 m and Team Pursuit....

    , speed skater
  • Mikhail Tyurin
    Mikhail Tyurin
    Mikhail Vladislavovich Tyurin is a Russian cosmonaut.-Personal data:Michael Tyurin lives in Korolev, a small city outside of Moscow. He was born March 2, 1960, in Kolomna, USSR where his parents still reside. He is married to Tatiana Anatoleyvna Tyurina. They have a daughter, Alexandra, born in...

    , Russian cosmonaut

Other sights



  • Bobrenev cloister
  • Staro-Golutvin cloister
  • Novo-Golutvin cloister
  • Posad
    Posad
    A posad was a settlement, often surrounded by ramparts and a moat, adjoining a town or a kremlin, but outside of it, or adjoining a monastery in the 10th to 15th centuries. Usually it was inhabited by craftsmen and merchants, known as posadskiye lyudi .In the Russian Empire a posad was a small...

     with several beautiful churches in it
  • Church of John the Baptist, one of only three 14-century buildings preserved in Moscow Oblast.

Twin towns/sister cities


Kolomna is twinned
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

 with: Molodechno, Belarus
Belarus
Belarus , officially the Republic of Belarus, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered clockwise by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital is Minsk; other major cities include Brest, Grodno , Gomel ,...

 Bauska
Bauska
Bauska is a town in Bauska municipality, in the Zemgale region of southern Latvia. The town is situated at the confluence of the rivers Mūsa and Mēmele where they form the Lielupe River...

, Latvia
Latvia
Latvia , officially the Republic of Latvia , is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia , to the south by Lithuania , to the east by the Russian Federation , to the southeast by Belarus and shares maritime borders to the west with Sweden...

 Raleigh
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh is the capital and the second largest city in the state of North Carolina as well as the seat of Wake County. Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its many oak trees. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city's 2010 population was 403,892, over an area of , making Raleigh...

, North Carolina
North Carolina
North Carolina is a state located in the southeastern United States. The state borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west and Virginia to the north. North Carolina contains 100 counties. Its capital is Raleigh, and its largest city is Charlotte...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...