Karlin (Hasidic Dynasty)

Karlin (Hasidic Dynasty)

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Karlin-Stolin is a Hasidic dynasty
Dynasty
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers considered members of the same family. Historians traditionally consider many sovereign states' history within a framework of successive dynasties, e.g., China, Ancient Egypt and the Persian Empire...

 originating with Rebbe
Rebbe
Rebbe , which means master, teacher, or mentor, is a Yiddish word derived from the Hebrew word Rabbi. It often refers to the leader of a Hasidic Jewish movement...

 Aaron the Great of Karlin
Karlin (Pinsk)
Karlin is the name of a suburb of the city of Pinsk, Belarus. It was originally founded as an independent town in 1690 and was named after the village's founder, Jan Karol Dolski. By 1695 Dolski had built a church and a fortified manor on the spot...

 in present-day Belarus
Belarus
Belarus , officially the Republic of Belarus, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered clockwise by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital is Minsk; other major cities include Brest, Grodno , Gomel ,...

. Karlin was one of the first centres of Hasidim to be set up in Lithuania
Lithuanian Jews
Lithuanian Jews or Litvaks are Jews with roots in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania:...

.

Today the Karliner dynasty is thriving once again after being decimated by the Holocaust
The Holocaust
The Holocaust , also known as the Shoah , was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews and millions of others during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored murder by Nazi...

. Karlin-Stolin Hassidim can be found all over the world: Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

, America
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

, Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

 and Ukraine
Ukraine
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

.

The Karliner Hasidim are especially known for their custom to cry out in a strong and loud voice to God when praying. They are also known for their hospitality.

Karlin-Stolin Hasidim arrived in historic Palestine
Palestine
Palestine is a conventional name, among others, used to describe the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, and various adjoining lands....

 in the mid-19th century, settling in Tiberias, Hebron
Hebron
Hebron , is located in the southern West Bank, south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judean Mountains, it lies 930 meters above sea level. It is the largest city in the West Bank and home to around 165,000 Palestinians, and over 500 Jewish settlers concentrated in and around the old quarter...

 and Safed
Safed
Safed , is a city in the Northern District of Israel. Located at an elevation of , Safed is the highest city in the Galilee and of Israel. Due to its high elevation, Safed experiences warm summers and cold, often snowy, winters...

. In 1869 they redeemed the site of a former synagogue
Synagogue
A synagogue is a Jewish house of prayer. This use of the Greek term synagogue originates in the Septuagint where it sometimes translates the Hebrew word for assembly, kahal...

 in Tiberias which had been built in 1786 by Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk
Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk
Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk , also known as Menachem Mendel of Horodok, was an early leader of Hasidic Judaism. Part of the third generation of Hasidic leaders, he was the primary disciple of the Maggid of Mezeritch...

 but was destroyed in the Galilee earthquake of 1837
Galilee earthquake of 1837
The Galilee earthquake of 1837, often called the Safed earthquake, was a devastating earthquake that shook the Galilee on January 1, 1837.-Impact:...

. Construction of the new synagogue started in 1870 and was possible by collection of funds from the diaspora
Diaspora
A diaspora is "the movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established or ancestral homeland" or "people dispersed by whatever cause to more than one location", or "people settled far from their ancestral homelands".The word has come to refer to historical mass-dispersions of...

. This synagogue, still in use today, stands in the cluster of Ancient synagogues of Tiberias. It was during this time that Karlin-Stolin Hasidim settled in Jerusalem, and by 1874 they had established the Beth Aaron Synagogue in the old city.

Today, the Karlin-Stoliner Rebbe Boruch Meir Yaakov Shochet resides in Givat Ze'ev, a Jerusalem-affiliated Israeli settlement
Israeli settlement
An Israeli settlement is a Jewish civilian community built on land that was captured by Israel from Jordan, Egypt, and Syria during the 1967 Six-Day War and is considered occupied territory by the international community. Such settlements currently exist in the West Bank...

 northwest of Jerusalem. Most of the Karlin-Stolin Hasidim reside in and near Jerusalem, there are also Synagogue
Synagogue
A synagogue is a Jewish house of prayer. This use of the Greek term synagogue originates in the Septuagint where it sometimes translates the Hebrew word for assembly, kahal...

s in Beitar Illit, Bnei Brak, Kiryat Sefer
Modi'in Illit
Modi'in Illit is a Haredi Israeli settlement and a city in the West Bank, situated midway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. Modi'in Illit was granted city status by the Israeli government in 2008. It is located six kilometres northeast of Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut and is often referred to as Kiryat...

, Brachfeld
Modi'in Illit
Modi'in Illit is a Haredi Israeli settlement and a city in the West Bank, situated midway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. Modi'in Illit was granted city status by the Israeli government in 2008. It is located six kilometres northeast of Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut and is often referred to as Kiryat...

, Safed
Safed
Safed , is a city in the Northern District of Israel. Located at an elevation of , Safed is the highest city in the Galilee and of Israel. Due to its high elevation, Safed experiences warm summers and cold, often snowy, winters...

, and Tiberias — as well as in the USA, in Boro Park
Borough Park, Brooklyn
Borough Park , is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City in the United States....

, Monsey, New York
Monsey, New York
Monsey is a hamlet , in the Town of Ramapo, Rockland County, New York, United States located north of the state of New Jersey; east of Suffern; south of Airmont and west of Nanuet...

, and Lakewood
Lakewood Township, New Jersey
-Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 60,352 people, 19,876 households, and 13,356 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,431.8 people per square mile . There were 21,214 housing units at an average density of 854.8 per square mile...

, New Jersey
New Jersey
New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. , its population was 8,791,894. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania and on the southwest by Delaware...

; and in London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

, England, and in Ukraine.

The Rebbe's younger brother also lives in Jerusalem and is known as the Lutsker Rebbe. The Lutsker Rebbe established a hasidic court only with the permission of his brother, the Karlin-Stoliner Rebbe.

In Jerusalem, some of the Karliner Hasidim wear the traditional garb of Jerusalem Haredim on Shabbat
Shabbat
Shabbat is the seventh day of the Jewish week and a day of rest in Judaism. Shabbat is observed from a few minutes before sunset on Friday evening until a few minutes after when one would expect to be able to see three stars in the sky on Saturday night. The exact times, therefore, differ from...

, the golden caftan
Bekishe
A bekishe, or beketshe , is a long coat, usually made of black silk or polyester worn by Hasidic Jews, and by some non-Hasidic Haredi Jews. Most Hasidim only wear them on Shabbos, Jewish holidays, or at weddings and other such events. During the week, most Hasidim wear a rekel, which is made of...

.

Outline of Lineage of Karliner Dynasty


The founder of the dynasty, Rebbe Aharon the Great, was a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch
Dovber of Mezeritch
Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch was a disciple of Rabbi Yisrael Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidic Judaism, and was chosen as his successor to lead the early movement...

, who was a disciple of the Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidism.
  • Rebbe Aaron HaGadol (The Great) of Karlin
    Karlin (Pinsk)
    Karlin is the name of a suburb of the city of Pinsk, Belarus. It was originally founded as an independent town in 1690 and was named after the village's founder, Jan Karol Dolski. By 1695 Dolski had built a church and a fortified manor on the spot...

    (1736–1772) - author of the Sabbath hymn Kah Ekhsof
    • (Rebbe Shlomo HaLevi of Karlin
      Karlin (Pinsk)
      Karlin is the name of a suburb of the city of Pinsk, Belarus. It was originally founded as an independent town in 1690 and was named after the village's founder, Jan Karol Dolski. By 1695 Dolski had built a church and a fortified manor on the spot...

      (1738–1792) - son of Rabbi Meir HaLevi - disciple of the Maggid and of Rebbe Aaron HaGadol)
      • Rebbe Asher Perlow (the first) of Stolin
        Stolin
        Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

        (1760–1826) - son of Rebbe Aaron HaGadol and disciple of Rebbe Shlomo of Karlin.
        • Rebbe Aaron
          Aaron ben Asher of Karlin
          Aaron Ben Asher of Karlin , known as Rabbi Aaron II of Karlin, was one of the most famous rabbis of the Ḥasidim in northwestern Russia....

          (the second) Perlow of Karlin
          Karlin (Pinsk)
          Karlin is the name of a suburb of the city of Pinsk, Belarus. It was originally founded as an independent town in 1690 and was named after the village's founder, Jan Karol Dolski. By 1695 Dolski had built a church and a fortified manor on the spot...

          (1802–1872) - author of Beis Aharon - son of Rebbe Asher, he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Mordechai of Kremnitz
          Kremenets
          Kremenets is a city in the Ternopil Oblast of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Kremenets Raion , and rests 18 km north-east of the great Pochayiv Monastery...

          .
          • Rebbe Asher (the second) Perlow of Stolin
            Stolin
            Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

            (d. 1873) - son of the Beis Aharon; by his third marriage he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Elimelech of Grodzhisk
            Grodzhisk (Hasidic dynasty)
            Grodzhisk is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by Rebbe Elimelech Szapira, author of Imrei Elimelech.Grodzhisk is the Yiddish name of Grodzisk Mazowiecki, a town in present-day Poland.- Lineage :...

            .
            • Rebbe Yisrael Perlow of Stolin
              Stolin
              Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

              , "The Frankfurter" (because he is buried in Frankfurt) a.k.a. the Yenuka of Stolin
              Stolin
              Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

              (1868–1921) - son of Rebbe Asher the second; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Dovid of Zlatipola
              Chernobyl (Hasidic dynasty)
              Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the "Meor Einayim Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the "Meor Einayim Chernobyl is a...

              .
              • Rebbe Moshe Perlow of Stolin
                Stolin
                Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

                (d. 1942) - son of the Yenuka; son-in-law of Rabbi Pinchos of Kantikuziva.
              • Rebbe Avrohom Elimelech Perlow of Karlin
                Karlin (Pinsk)
                Karlin is the name of a suburb of the city of Pinsk, Belarus. It was originally founded as an independent town in 1690 and was named after the village's founder, Jan Karol Dolski. By 1695 Dolski had built a church and a fortified manor on the spot...

                (was rebbe in Israel and went back to Europe) (killed 1942) - son of the Yenuka; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Mordechai Yoseph of Zlatipola
                Chernobyl (Hasidic dynasty)
                Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the "Meor Einayim Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the "Meor Einayim Chernobyl is a...

                .
              • Rebbe Yaakov Chaim Perlow of Stolin
                Stolin
                Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

                ("The Detroiter") (d. 1946) - rebbe in New York and would frequent the Stoliner community in Detroit; buried in Detroit - son of the Yenuka; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Avrohom Yehoshua Heshel Of Chernobyl Tchidonov
                Chernobyl (Hasidic dynasty)
                Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the "Meor Einayim Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the "Meor Einayim Chernobyl is a...

                .
              • Rabbi Aaron Perlow of Stolin
                Stolin
                Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

                (d. 1942) - son of the Yenuka; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Nosson Dovid Rabbinowitz of Partzev.
              • Rabbi Asher Perlow of Stolin
                Stolin
                Stolin is a town in the Brest Voblast of Belarus. Nowadays, Stolin is the center of the largest district in Brest voblast. The population of Stolin is 12,500 people . The Belarusian-Ukrainian border is about away, so Stolin is now a border city that hosts many Ukrainians on the market days...

                (d. 1942) - son of the Yenuka.
              • Rebbe Yochanan Perlow (1900–1956) of Stolin Lutsk - later the Grand Rebbe of Karlin-Stolin in America - author of the Karliner Prayer Book Siddur Beis Aharon V'Yisrael - youngest son of the Yenuka; he was the son in law of Rabbi Shimon Shloima of Olyka, he was survived by his daughter Rebitzen Feiga who was married to Rabbi Ezra Shochet, they were the parents of the present day Rebbe.
                • Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov Shochet (born 1955) - grandson of Rebbe Yochanan Perlow - present Karlin-Stolin Rebbe in Givat Ze'ev. Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov Shochet is the son-in-law of Rabbi Moshe David Steinwutzel - Rosh Yeshiva of the Bobover Yeshiva in N.Y.
                • Rebbe Yochanan Shochet
                  Yochanan Shochet
                  Grand Rabbi Yochanan Shochet, is the Lutsker Rebbe. He is the rebbe of a chasidic community in Jerusalem, Israel. He is a brother of the rebbe of Stolin. His maternal grandfather and namesake, Grand Rabbi Yochonon Perlow was the Karliner Rebbe in Lutsk, and later , in Williamsburg,...

                  - grandson of Rebbe Yochanan - present Lutsker Rebbe in Jerusalem, son-in-law of Rabbi Yisrael Yair Danziger of Aleksander
                  Aleksander (Hasidic dynasty)
                  The Aleksander chasidic movement flourished in Poland from 1880 until it was largely destroyed by Nazi Germany during World War II.Now nearly extinct, the Aleksander Hasidim were the second largest Hasidic group in pre-Holocaust Poland.Between the world wars, Hasidic Jews from all over flocked to...

                  .

Children of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov Shochet

                  • Rabbi Duvid Yeshia - son of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov; married in 1996 to the daughter of the Cleveland
                    Cleveland (Hasidic dynasty)
                    There are two Hasidic Jewish dynasties known as Cleveland and both are considered to be a part of the Nadvorna dynasty.- History of the Clevelander New York dynasty:...

                    er Rebbe of N.Y.
                  • Rabbi Shraga Rosenbaum - son-in-law of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov; married in 1996
                  • Rabbi Moshe Wuliger - son-in-law of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov and son of Rabbi Leib Wuliger, Rosh kollel of Yeshiva Torah Vodaas
                    Yeshiva Torah Vodaas
                    Yeshiva Torah Vodaas is a yeshiva located in the Kensington neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York.- History :...

                    ; married in 1998
                  • Rabbi Yochanan - son of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov; married in 2000 to the daughter of Rabbi Yisroel Lezar Adler, rabbi of Vizhnitz
                    Vizhnitz (Hasidic dynasty)
                    Vizhnitz is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by Rebbe Menachem Mendel Hager. Vizhnitz is the Yiddish name of Vyzhnytsia, a village in present-day Ukraine.Followers of the rebbes of Vizhnitz are called Vizhnitzer chasidim....

                     in Rechovot
                    Rehovot
                    Rehovot is a city in the Center District of Israel, about south of Tel Aviv. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics , at the end of 2009 the city had a total population of 112,700. Rehovot's official website estimates the population at 114,000.Rehovot was built on the site of Doron,...

                    .
                  • Rabbi Yitzchock Kurtz - son-in-law of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov; married in 2004
                  • Rabbi Usher Eichenstien - son-in-law of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov and son of the Trisker Rebbe; married in 2005
                  • Another son of Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov was married in 2007 to the daughter of Rabbi Avrohom Pinter of the London
                    London
                    London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

                    -Stamford Hill
                    Stamford Hill
                    Stamford Hill is a place in the north of the London Borough of Hackney, England, near the border with Haringey. It is home to Europe's largest Hasidic Jewish and Adeni Jewish community.Stamford Hill is NNE of Charing Cross.-History:...

                    community.

Main books of the Karliner chasidim


The main Hasidic book of the Karliner chasidim is Beis Aharon, composed by the Chassidim (followers) of the Rebbe Aharon II of Karlin from his talks.

The current version of the prayer-book used by Karliner Hasidim is called Beis Aharon V'Yisrael published by the Rebbe Reb Yochanan Perlow of Karlin-Stolin.

External links