Külliye

Külliye

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Külliye, deriving from the Arabic
Arabic language
Arabic is a name applied to the descendants of the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century AD, used most prominently in the Quran, the Islamic Holy Book...

 word "kull" (meaning the whole, all) is a term which designates a complex of buildings, centered around a mosque
Mosque
A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The word is likely to have entered the English language through French , from Portuguese , from Spanish , and from Berber , ultimately originating in — . The Arabic word masjid literally means a place of prostration...

 and managed within a single institution, often based on a vakıf (foundation), and composed of a medrese, a darüşşifa, kitchens, bakery, hammam
Hammam
A Turkish bath is the Turkish variant of a steam bath, sauna or Russian Bath, distinguished by a focus on water, as distinct from ambient steam....

, other buildings for various benevolent services for the community and further annexed constructions. The tradition of külliye is particularly marked in Turkish architecture within Seljuk, particularly Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

 and also Timurid
Timurid Dynasty
The Timurids , self-designated Gurkānī , were a Persianate, Central Asian Sunni Muslim dynasty of Turko-Mongol descent whose empire included the whole of Iran, modern Afghanistan, and modern Uzbekistan, as well as large parts of contemporary Pakistan, North India, Mesopotamia, Anatolia and the...

 architectural legacies.

Notable külliye include;
  • Battal Gazi Külliye, dedicated to Battal Gazi
    Battal Gazi
    Battal Gazi or Seyyid Battal Ghazi was an Arab Muslim, saintly figure and warrior based in Anatolia during the late Umayyad period whose attributed legends, which also form the bulk of the information available on the historic personality, later became an important part in Turkish...

    , in Seyitgazi
    Seyitgazi
    Seyitgazi is a town and district of Eskişehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. The central town of Seyitgazi lies at a distance of towards the south from the province capital of Eskişehir. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 16,222 of which 2,890 live in the...

    , Eskişehir
    Eskisehir
    Eskişehir is a city in northwestern Turkey and the capital of the Eskişehir Province. According to the 2009 census, the population of the city is 631,905. The city is located on the banks of the Porsuk River, 792 m above sea level, where it overlooks the fertile Phrygian Valley. In the nearby...

    , built in 1208 by Ümmühan Hatun, wife of the Anatolian Seljuk sultan Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev I and extended in 1511 by the Ottoman
    Ottoman Empire
    The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

     sultan Bayezid II
    Bayezid II
    Bayezid II or Sultân Bayezid-î Velî was the oldest son and successor of Mehmed II, ruling as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512...

    ,
  • Orhan Gazi Külliye in Bursa, built in 1339 by the Ottoman sultan Orhan Gazi,
  • Hüdavendigar Külliye in Bursa, built between 1365-1385 by the Ottoman sultan Murad I
    Murad I
    Murad I was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1361 to 1389...

    ,
  • Bayezid I Mosque and Külliye in Bursa, built between 1390-1395 by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I
    Bayezid I
    Bayezid I was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1389 to 1402. He was the son of Murad I and Valide Sultan Gülçiçek Hatun.-Biography:Bayezid was born in Edirne and spent his youth in Bursa, where he received a high-level education...

    ,
  • Emir Sultan Mosque
    Emir Sultan Mosque
    Emir Sultan Mosque is a mosque in Bursa, Turkey. First built in the 14th century, it was rebuilt in 1804 upon the orders of the Ottoman Sultan Selim III, and re-built again in 1868, along slightly varying plans each time....

     and Külliye in Bursa, dedicated to the dervish
    Dervish
    A Dervish or Darvesh is someone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path or "Tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity, similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus.-Etymology:The Persian word darvīsh is of ancient origin and descends from a Proto-Iranian...

     and scholar Emir Sultan, built for the first time in the 14th century, and re-built in 1804 following the destruction caused by 1766 Bursa earthquake, rebuilt again in 1868 following the destruction caused by 1855 Bursa earthquake
    1855 Bursa earthquake
    The 1855 Bursa earthquake occurred on 28 February, with an officially recorded magnitude of 7.5 . A devastating precursor quake that took place in Kemalpaşa, a town of Bursa, Turkey caused severe destruction all over Bursa and other neighboring cities...

    ,
  • Timurtaş Pasha Mosque and Külliye in Bursa, built between 1404-1420 by the Ottoman commander Kara Timurtaş Pasha,
  • Mehmed I Mosque in Bursa, built between 1419-1421 by the Ottoman sultan Mehmed I
    Mehmed I
    Mehmed I Çelebi was a Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1413 to 1421. He was one of the sons of Bayezid I and Valide Sultan Devlet Hatun Mehmed I Çelebi (Ottoman: چلبی محمد, Mehmed I or Mehmed Çelebi) (1382, Bursa – May 26, 1421, Edirne, Ottoman Empire) was a Sultan of the Ottoman Empire...

    ,
  • Muradiye Külliye in Bursa, built in 1426-1428 by the Ottoman sultan Murad II
    Murad II
    Murad II Kodja was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1451 ....

    ,
  • Fatih Mosque
    Fatih Mosque
    The Fatih Mosque or Conqueror's Mosque in English) is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in the Fatih district of Istanbul, Turkey. It was one of the largest examples of Turkish-Islamic architecture in Istanbul and represented an important stage in the development of classic Turkish...

     and Külliye in Istanbul
    Istanbul
    Istanbul , historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople , is the largest city of Turkey. Istanbul metropolitan province had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey's population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe after London and...

    , built between 1463-1470 by the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II
    Mehmed II
    Mehmed II , was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to September 1446, and later from...

     the Conqueror,
  • Bayezid II Külliye in Amasya
    Amasya
    - History :Its location in this steep valley makes the city a mountain stronghold, easy to defend, and thus Amasya has had a long and prominent history.-Antiquity:...

    , built by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid II
    Bayezid II
    Bayezid II or Sultân Bayezid-î Velî was the oldest son and successor of Mehmed II, ruling as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512...

     in 1485-1486,
  • Bayezid II Külliye in Edirne
    Edirne
    Edirne is a city in Eastern Thrace, the northwestern part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1365 to 1453, before Constantinople became the empire's new capital. At present, Edirne is the capital of the Edirne...

    , built in 1488 by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid II,
  • Selimiye Külliye in Edirne
    Edirne
    Edirne is a city in Eastern Thrace, the northwestern part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1365 to 1453, before Constantinople became the empire's new capital. At present, Edirne is the capital of the Edirne...

    , built by the Ottoman sultan Selim I
    Selim I
    Selim I, Yavuz Sultân Selim Khan, Hâdim-ül Haramain-ish Sharifain , nicknamed Yavuz "the Stern" or "the Steadfast", but often rendered in English as "the Grim" , was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to...

     in 1522,
  • Abd al-Qadir Geylani Külliye in Baghdad
    Baghdad
    Baghdad is the capital of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Governorate. The population of Baghdad in 2011 is approximately 7,216,040...

    , built by the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent in 1534,
  • Ulu Camii Külliye, in Adana
    Adana
    Adana is a city in southern Turkey and a major agricultural and commercial center. The city is situated on the Seyhan River, 30 kilometres inland from the Mediterranean, in south-central Anatolia...

    , completed by Ramazanoğlu Piri Mehmet Paşa in 1540,
  • Şehzade Mosque
    Sehzade Mosque
    The Şehzade Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in the district of Fatih, on the third hill of Istanbul, Turkey. It is sometimes referred to as the “Prince's Mosque” in English.-History:...

     and Külliye in Istanbul
    Istanbul
    Istanbul , historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople , is the largest city of Turkey. Istanbul metropolitan province had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey's population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe after London and...

    , built by the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent in 1548,
  • Süleymaniye Mosque and Külliye in Istanbul
    Istanbul
    Istanbul , historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople , is the largest city of Turkey. Istanbul metropolitan province had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey's population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe after London and...

    , built by the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent in the 1550s,
  • Muradiye Mosque and Külliye in Manisa
    Manisa
    Manisa is a large city in Turkey's Aegean Region and the administrative seat of Manisa Province.Modern Manisa is a booming center of industry and services, advantaged by its closeness to the international port city and the regional metropolitan center of İzmir and by its fertile hinterland rich in...

    , built by the Ottoman sultan Murad III
    Murad III
    Murad III was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death.-Biography:...

    between 1583–1592,