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is a term applied to literary, musical or artistic works produced by an author during his or her youth. The term often has a retrospective
Retrospective generally means to take a look back at events that already have taken place. For example, the term is used in medicine, describing a look back at a patient's medical history or lifestyle.-Music:...
sense. For example, written juvenilia, if published at all, usually appear some time after the author has become well-known for later works.
The term was first recorded in 1622 in George Wither
George Wither was an English poet, pamphleteer, and satirist. He was a prolific writer who adopted a deliberate plainness of style; he was several times imprisoned. C. V...
's poetry collection Ivvenilia
. Later, other notable poets, such as John Dryden
John Dryden was an influential English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles as the Age of Dryden.Walter Scott called him "Glorious John." He was made Poet...
and Alfred Lord Tennyson came to use the term for collections of their early poetry. Jane Austen
Jane Austen was an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature, her realism and biting social commentary cementing her historical importance among scholars and critics.Austen lived...
's earlier literary works are also known by the name of Juvenilia.
An exception to retrospective publication is Leigh Hunt's collection Juvenilia
Juvenilia; or, a Collection of Poems Written between the ages of Twelve and Sixteen by J. H. L. Hunt, Late of the Grammar School of Christ's Hospital, commonly known as Juvenilia, was a collection of poems written by James Henry Leigh Hunt at a young age and published in March 1801...
, first published when he was still in his teens.