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(b. 12 May 1805; d. 9 February 1873), was a Jewish German orientalist
Oriental studies is the academic field of study that embraces Near Eastern and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages, peoples, history and archaeology; in recent years the subject has often been turned into the newer terms of Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies...
Fürst was a distinguished scholar of Semitic languages
The Semitic languages are a group of related languages whose living representatives are spoken by more than 270 million people across much of the Middle East, North Africa and the Horn of Africa...
and literature. During his years as chairman of the department of Oriental languages and literature at the University of Leipzig
The University of Leipzig , located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the oldest universities in the world and the second-oldest university in Germany...
(1864–1873), he wrote major works on literary history and linguistics
Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields of study: language form, language meaning, and language in context....
His most important scholarly works include the Bibliotheca Judaica (Leipzig, 1849-1863), Kultur and Literaturgeschichte der Juden in Asien
(Cultural and literary history of Jews in Asia, 1849), several dictionaries as well as numerous contributions to the periodical "Der Orient" (Leipzig 1840-1851), whose chief editor he was. "Der Orient
" was mainly devoted to scientific study of the language, literature and history of the Jews.