Jowzjan Province

Jowzjan Province

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Encyclopedia
Jowzjān or Jōzjān or Jawzjan (Persian
Persian language
Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and countries which historically came under Persian influence...

: جوزجان) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan
Provinces of Afghanistan
The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions of Afghanistan. As of 2004, there are thirty-four provinces in the country. Each province is further divided into smaller districts....

. It is in the north of the country. Its capital is Sheberghan
Sheberghan
Sheberghān or Shaburghān , also spelled Shebirghan and Shibarghan, is the capital city of the Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan.-Location:...

.

Demographics


The population of the province was around 485.300 people. The major ethnic groups living in Jowzjan are Uzbeks
Uzbeks
The Uzbeks are a Turkic ethnic group in Central Asia. They comprise the majority population of Uzbekistan, and large populations can also be found in Afghanistan, Tajikstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Pakistan, Mongolia and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China...

 and Turkmens
Turkmen people
The Turkmen are a Turkic people located primarily in the Central Asian states of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and northeastern Iran. They speak the Turkmen language, which is classified as a part of the Western Oghuz branch of the Turkic languages family together with Turkish, Azerbaijani, Qashqai,...

 followed by Tajiks, Pashtuns and Arabs. Uzbeki
Uzbek language
Uzbek is a Turkic language and the official language of Uzbekistan. It has about 25.5 million native speakers, and it is spoken by the Uzbeks in Uzbekistan and elsewhere in Central Asia...

 is spoken by the largest proportion of population (39.5%). Turkmeni
Turkmen language
Turkmen is the national language of Turkmenistan...

 comes second with 28.7% of population. Pashto and Persian
Persian language
Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and countries which historically came under Persian influence...

 are spoken respectively by 17.2% and 12.1% of the total population. The Arabs of Jowzjan do not speak Arabic but either Pashto or Dari Persian as their mother tongue.

Geography


Jowzjan Province is situated in the Northern part of Afghanistan, bordering Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan , formerly also known as Turkmenia is one of the Turkic states in Central Asia. Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic . Turkmenistan is one of the six independent Turkic states...

 in the north, Balkh Province
Balkh Province
Balkh is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the north of the country and its name derives from the ancient city of Balkh, near the modern town...

 in the east, Sar-e Pol Province
Sar-e Pol Province
Sar-e Pol, also spelled Sari Pul , is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the north of the country. Sar-e-Pul Province is situated between the central highlands and the northern Turkmen plains. Sar-e-Pul borders Ghor and Baniyan provinces to the south, Faryab, Jawzjan and...

 in the south and Faryab Province
Faryab Province
Fāryāb is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the north of the country. Its capital is Maymana. The majority of the population is Uzbek.-History:...

 in the west. The province covers an area of 10326 km2. More than one quarter of the province is mountainous or semi mountainous terrain (29.4%) while more than two thirds of the area is made up of flat land (68.9%).

Politics


Jowzjan's current governor is Mohammed Aleem Sayee. A former member of Afghan Parliament from northern Takhar province
Takhar Province
Takhār is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It was established in 1964 when Qataghan Province was divided into three provinces: Baghlan, Kunduz and Takhar. It is in the north-east of the country. Its capital is Taloqan. Its salt mines are one of Afghanistan's major mineral resources...

, he stepped into office on 9 May 2010. He studied theology and then took his master's degree
Master's degree
A master's is an academic degree granted to individuals who have undergone study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice...

 in the field of history in Turkey
Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

.

Districts



style="text-align:center; background:#bfd7ff;"| Districts of Jowzjan Province
District Capital Population Area Notes
Aqcha
Aqcha District
Aqcha District is situated in the central part of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan. It borders Mardyan and Mingajik districts to the north, Sheberghan District to the West, Sar-e Pol Province to the south and Fayzabad District to the east. The population is more than 50,000 people...

 
Sub-divided in 2005
Darzab
Darzab District
Darzab District is the southwesternmost district in Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan. It borders Sheberghan District to northeast, Sar-e Pol Province to the west and Faryab Province to the south and west. The population is 43,300 . The district center is Darzab.- District Map :*...

 
Fayzabad
Fayzabad District, Jowzjan
See also: Faizabad Fayzabad District is situated in the eastern part of Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan. It borders Aqcha District to the west, Mardyan District to the north, Balkh Province to the east and Sar-e Pol Province to the south. The population is 36,800 . The district center is the village...

 
Khamyab
Khamyab District
Khamyab District is a frontier district in the province of Jozjan in Afghanistan. It shares borders with Turkmenistan to the north and west, Khwaja du koh District to the south and the Mingajik and Qarqin districts to the east. As of 2006, the population is 12,400. The district center is the...

 
Khaniqa
Khaniqa District
Khaniqa District is a district of Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan....

 
Created in 2005 within Aqcha District
Aqcha District
Aqcha District is situated in the central part of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan. It borders Mardyan and Mingajik districts to the north, Sheberghan District to the West, Sar-e Pol Province to the south and Fayzabad District to the east. The population is more than 50,000 people...

Khwaja Du Koh
Khwaja du koh District
Khwaja du koh District is a district of Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan, situated in the Karakum Desert. It borders Faryab Province to the west, Khamyab District to the north, Mangajik District to the east and Sheberghan District to the south. The population is 23,900 . The district capital is Khwaja...

 
Mardyan
Mardyan District
Mardyan District is situated in the central eastern part of the Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan. It borders Mingajik District to the west, Qarqin District to north, Balkh Province and Fayzabad District to the east and Aqcha District to the south. The population is 34,200...

 
Mingajik
Mingajik District
Mangajik District is situated in the central part of Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan. It borders Khwaja du koh and Khamyab districts to the west, Qarqin District to the north, Mardyan District to the east and Aqcha District to the south. The population is 38,100...

 
Qarqin
Qarqin District
Qarqin District is a small boundary district in the northern part of Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan. It borders Turkmenistan to the north along the Amu Darya River, Khamyab District to the west, Mingajik and Mardyan districts to the aouth, and Balkh Province to the east. The population is 21,400...

 
Qush Tepa
Qush Tepa District
Qush Tepa District is a district of Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan....

 
Created in 2005 within Sheberghan District
Sheberghan  Sub-divided in 2005

Security Situation


Security situation in the province has rapidly deteriorated in 2009 and 2010 and seems likely to continue in that direction. Although it can be regarded as a relatively secure place compared to those in the southern provinces of Afghanistan, there is an increasing number of incidents particularly in Darzab
Darzab District
Darzab District is the southwesternmost district in Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan. It borders Sheberghan District to northeast, Sar-e Pol Province to the west and Faryab Province to the south and west. The population is 43,300 . The district center is Darzab.- District Map :*...

, Kushtapa and Fayzabad districts. Especially, the Mazar-i-Sharif-Sheberghan highway (called Aqyol) has turned into a safe haven for militants carrying out attacks against ISAF forces, ANA and ANP and Afghan citizens working for foreign NGO's as well.

ISAF Presence


Swedish led Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) which is based in Mazar-e Sharif and responsible for four provinces including Jowzjan (others are Sar-e Pol, Samangan and Balkh) has an office and some troops in Jowzjan.
The new Turkish PRT has also been established in the province in summer of 2010, working area of which also covers Sar-e Pol province
Sar-e Pol Province
Sar-e Pol, also spelled Sari Pul , is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the north of the country. Sar-e-Pul Province is situated between the central highlands and the northern Turkmen plains. Sar-e-Pul borders Ghor and Baniyan provinces to the south, Faryab, Jawzjan and...

.

Notable people

  • Abu Ubaid al-Juzjani
    Juzjani, Abu Ubaid
    Abū 'Ubayd al-Jūzjānī was a Persian physician from Juzjan in modern Afghanistan.He was the famous pupil of Avicenna, whom he first met in Gorgan.He spent many years with his master in Isfahan, becoming his lifetime companion....

    , the famous pupil of Avicenna
    Avicenna
    Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā , commonly known as Ibn Sīnā or by his Latinized name Avicenna, was a Persian polymath, who wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived...

    , was from Jōzjān.
  • Abdul Rashid Dostum, a former mujaheeden and current full-general, is from Hodja Dukhu village of Jowzjan.

External links