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later called Sombo Amba Ileo, was a politician in the Republic of the Congo
The Republic of the Congo was an independent republic established following the independence granted to the former colony of the Belgian Congo in 1960...
and was prime minister for two periods.
In 1956, he was one of the authors of Manifeste de la Conscience Africaine
, which demanded the right of Africans to self-rule. In 1958, he was one of the founders of the Mouvement National Congolais
The Mouvement National Congolais is a political party in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.-History:The party was founded in 1958 as a nationalist, pro-independence group in the Belgian Congo...
. When the movement split a year later, he joined the camp led by Albert Kalonji
Albert Kalonji is a Congolese politician best known for leading the short-lived secessionist state of South Kasai during the Congo Crisis...
Iléo was voted into the Senate and then voted its president on June 1960. Upon the assassination of then-Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba
Patrice Émery Lumumba was a Congolese independence leader and the first legally elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo after he helped win its independence from Belgium in June 1960. Only ten weeks later, Lumumba's government was deposed in a coup during the Congo Crisis...
, Iléo was declared prime minister by Congolese president, Joseph Kasavubu, on 5 September 1960. He held the post until 20 September 1960. Under his successor, Albert Ndele, he served as Minister of Information. He was again declared prime minister on 9 February 1961. He remained in this post until 2 August 1961.
From March to December 1979 Iléo served as President of the Legislative Council (national assembly).
In April 1990, he founded the PDSC
The Democratic Social Christian Party is a political party in Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is headed by former Mobutu-era prime minister André Bo-Boliko Lokonga, and was co-founded by Lokonga and Joseph Ileo in 1990....
, and was chairman of the party until his death in 1994.