Jerusalem Central Bus Station

Jerusalem Central Bus Station

Overview
The Jerusalem Central Bus Station is the main bus depot
Bus station
A bus station is a structure where city or intercity buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers. It is larger than a bus stop, which is usually simply a place on the roadside, where buses can stop...

 in Jerusalem, Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

 and one of the busiest bus stations in the country. Located on Jaffa Road
Jaffa Road
Jaffa Road is one of the longest and oldest streets in Jerusalem. It crosses the city from east to west, from the Old City walls to downtown Jerusalem, the western portal of Jerusalem and the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway. It is lined with shops, businesses and restaurants...

 near the entrance to the city, it serves Egged
Egged Bus Cooperative
Egged Israel Transport Cooperative Society Ltd , a cooperative owned by its members is the largest transit bus company in Israel. It provides about 55 % of public transport services throughout the country, employs 6,227 workers and has 2,861 buses for more than 928 service routes and 3,103...

, Superbus
Superbus
Superbus is an Israeli bus company, which provides intercity and intracity service in Lod, Ramla, Tzrifin, Modi'in Illit, Beit Shemesh and Shoham....

 and Dan
Dan Bus Company
Dan Bus Company is an Israeli bus company based in Tel Aviv. It operates local bus service in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area as well as some intercity bus services between the Gush Dan area and nearby regions such as Samaria, and a connection between Bne Brak and Jerusalem. Dan operates 1,200...

 intercity bus routes. City buses pick up and discharge passengers across the street on Jaffa Road and on Zalman Shazar
Zalman Shazar
Zalman Shazar was an Israeli politician, author. and poet. Shazar served as the third President of Israel from 1963 to 1973.-Biography:...

 Boulevard, which can be accessed via an underground pedestrian passageway.

The Central Bus Station opened in September 2001 on the site of the old Jerusalem Bus Station, built in the 1960s.
Discussion
Ask a question about 'Jerusalem Central Bus Station'
Start a new discussion about 'Jerusalem Central Bus Station'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
The Jerusalem Central Bus Station is the main bus depot
Bus station
A bus station is a structure where city or intercity buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers. It is larger than a bus stop, which is usually simply a place on the roadside, where buses can stop...

 in Jerusalem, Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

 and one of the busiest bus stations in the country. Located on Jaffa Road
Jaffa Road
Jaffa Road is one of the longest and oldest streets in Jerusalem. It crosses the city from east to west, from the Old City walls to downtown Jerusalem, the western portal of Jerusalem and the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway. It is lined with shops, businesses and restaurants...

 near the entrance to the city, it serves Egged
Egged Bus Cooperative
Egged Israel Transport Cooperative Society Ltd , a cooperative owned by its members is the largest transit bus company in Israel. It provides about 55 % of public transport services throughout the country, employs 6,227 workers and has 2,861 buses for more than 928 service routes and 3,103...

, Superbus
Superbus
Superbus is an Israeli bus company, which provides intercity and intracity service in Lod, Ramla, Tzrifin, Modi'in Illit, Beit Shemesh and Shoham....

 and Dan
Dan Bus Company
Dan Bus Company is an Israeli bus company based in Tel Aviv. It operates local bus service in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area as well as some intercity bus services between the Gush Dan area and nearby regions such as Samaria, and a connection between Bne Brak and Jerusalem. Dan operates 1,200...

 intercity bus routes. City buses pick up and discharge passengers across the street on Jaffa Road and on Zalman Shazar
Zalman Shazar
Zalman Shazar was an Israeli politician, author. and poet. Shazar served as the third President of Israel from 1963 to 1973.-Biography:...

 Boulevard, which can be accessed via an underground pedestrian passageway.

History


The Central Bus Station opened in September 2001 on the site of the old Jerusalem Bus Station, built in the 1960s. The old station was a long, single-story building with an open-air bus depot behind it. Passengers embarked and disembarked at curbside on an outdoor platform. In the 1950s, the main bus station was located in the heart of downtown Jerusalem, behind the Pillar Building ("Binyan Ha'amudim") on Jaffa Road.

Jerusalem's new bus station was commissioned in order to accommodate the increasing flow of bus traffic as well as to implement security protocols for screening incoming and outgoing passengers. During construction of the new bus station, operations were moved to a large, two-level parking lot several blocks east on Jaffa Road.

Interior design



The new Central Bus Station has two levels of underground parking, three main levels, and five upper floors of office space. The first main level is a shopping concourse and food court. The second main level serves as both a shopping concourse and the arrivals hall for incoming bus passengers. Since the building is constructed on the side of a hill, the first and second main levels both have a ground-level entrance/exit to Jaffa Road. Besides retail stores, the concourse includes bakery outlets, a video game parlor, and free-standing gift sellers.

The third main level serves as the departures hall, with 22 bus platforms. Passengers wait at numbered doors for the bus to pull into its slot in the indoor parking lot, then go through the door into the parking lot to board. Large digital display boards post upcoming departure times.

While most platforms accommodate more than one bus route, popular routes, such as Jerusalem-Tel Aviv, have their own designated platform and run more frequently.

Passengers and their baggage are screened by security personnel every time they enter the Central Bus Station building. That is, departing passengers must go through security clearance when they enter the building from Jaffa Road and may then board buses without additional security checks. Riders returning to Jerusalem are dropped off in the garage on the other side of the building. They may choose to exit out to the street—in which case they do not need to pass through security—or to go into the bus station building—in which case they must go through a security check. People wishing to visit only the shopping concourses must also clear security. As is the case for most commercial security checkpoints in Israel, gun owners are exempt from security searches, it being presumed that anyone who has been vetted by the government to carry a loaded firearm in public has no criminal or terrorist intentions. In addition to building security, Egged has its own team of uniformed security personnel patrolling the indoor bus parking lots.

Train stations



A station of the Jerusalem Light Rail
Jerusalem Light Rail
The Jerusalem Light Rail is a light rail line, the first of several rapid transit lines planned by Israel for Jerusalem, Israel's capital city. Construction began in 2002 and ended in 2010, when the testing phase began. It was built by the CityPass consortium, which has a 30-year concession to...

 system is behind the bus stops in front of the Central Bus Station building. A new Heavy rail station, Jerusalem Binyanei HaUma Railway Station
Jerusalem Binyanei HaUma Railway Station
Jerusalem Binyanei HaUma Railway Station is a future railway station on the future high-speed railway to Jerusalem near Binyanei HaUma in Jerusalem, Israel. The station is currently under construction and will be mostly underground, 60–80 m deep...

, of the planned high-speed Israel Railways line
High-speed railway to Jerusalem
The high-speed railway to Jerusalem is a railway line from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, Israel, under construction since 2001. It is set to be completed in 2017...

  from Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv , officially Tel Aviv-Yafo , is the second most populous city in Israel, with a population of 404,400 on a land area of . The city is located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline in west-central Israel. It is the largest and most populous city in the metropolitan area of Gush Dan, with...

 to Jerusalem, is being constructed in the outdoor square between the Central Bus Station on Jaffa Road and Shazar Boulevard, it will be an underground terminus, scheduled to open in 2015.

There are future plans to extend the high-speed train line from the Central Bus Station to the Jerusalem Malha Train Station, the terminus of the current old railroad.

Intercity Platform list

Plat № Lines Destination
1 142, 143, 179. Samaria
2,3 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 415, 416, 420. Westly from Jerusalem
4 180, 181, 444, Westly from Jerusalem, Eilat
5 421, 486, 487 Dead Sea Settlements
6 148, 465, 468, 477 Samaria
7 147, 160, 165, 166, 440,
8 161, 164, 167 Gush Etzion
9 170, 948, 949 Samaria, Beit shean
10 443, 446, 470, Be'er Sheba
11 436, 437 Ashkelon
12 438, 448 Ashdod
13 403, 404, 406 Ramla, Holon
14 434, 435, 439, 447 Rehovot, Yavne
15 431, 432, 433, 456 Rishon Le Zion
16 421, 480 Tel Aviv - 2000 Terminal
17 405 Tel Aviv
18 930, 947, 950 Haifa, Netanya
19 940, 942, 944, 960 Haifa, Hadera
Hadera
Hadera is a city located in the Haifa District of Israel approximately from the major cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa. The city is located along of the Israeli Mediterranean Coastal Plain...

, Herzliya
20 953, 962, 963, 964, 968 Afula, Tiberias, Kiryat Shmona, Karmiel
21 955, 961, 966 Nazareth Illit, Beit Shean, Katzrin
22 400 Bnei Barak
53 154, 155, 157, 158, 277, 402, 407, 417, 426, 492, 494, 952, 982, 996, 997, 999 Mevaseret Zion, Elad, Bnei Barak, Bit Shemesh, Netivot, Migdal HaEmek, Rechasim, Kiryat Ata
54 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 159, 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 271, 371 Ma'ale Adumim, Mevaseret Zion, Givat Zeev

Buses


The following bus services access the Jerusalem Central Bus Station:

Local:
1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 15, 18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, 32, 34a, 39, 41, 45, 50, 60, 67, 68, 70, 74, 75.

Intercity:

122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 142, 143, 147, 148, 150, 151, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 170, 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 400, 402, 404, 405, 406, 407, 416, 417, 423, 430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 465, 468, 470, 477, 480, 486, 487, 930, 940, 942, 944, 947, 948, 949, 950, 952, 955, 960, 961, 962, 963, 964, 966, 968, 972, 982, 996, 997, 999.

Controversy



The decision to include a shopping concourse within the bus station (and through which passengers must pass on their way to the departures level) met with vocal criticism from rabbis and leaders in the local Haredi
Haredi Judaism
Haredi or Charedi/Chareidi Judaism is the most conservative form of Orthodox Judaism, often referred to as ultra-Orthodox. A follower of Haredi Judaism is called a Haredi ....

 community. Although the bus station/shopping mall design was already commonplace in other cities, the old Jerusalem bus station—as well as the temporary bus station erected during construction—only contained a small coffee shop and cigarette and magazine stands. To the Haredim, the prospect of a multi-level shopping mall would create an atmosphere of “levity” diametrically opposed to their lifestyle.

Haredi activists had already begun operating a so called "mehadrin" (religiously-conscious) bus line between Bnei Brak and Jerusalem in order to pressure Egged to open a similar line. "Mehadrin" bus lines are characterized by separate seating of men and women and no radio being played by the driver. After Haredi activists petitioned the Ministry of Transportation to allow Egged to open a departure point for buses traveling to Haredi destinations that would board outside the Central Bus Station, Egged opened a special platform (#22) in the Central Bus Station which is located far from the other platforms, where passengers boarding its Route 400 to Bnei Brak sit in relative privacy. In addition, the bus company also agreed to launch a new, "mehadrin" Route 402 between Jerusalem and Bnei Brak. This route departs from Egged's city bus terminus at Har Hotzvim
Har Hotzvim
Har Hotzvim , also Campus of Science-Rich Industries is a high-tech industrial park located in northwest Jerusalem, Israel. It is the city's main zone for science-based and technology industries, among them Intel, Teva, Amdocs, NDS, Ophir Optronics, Sandvine, Radware and IDT Global Israel...

 in northern Jerusalem, accommodating Haredi riders who wish to avoid the Central Bus Station altogether. The Har Hotzvim terminus has since expanded to include "mehadrin" bus departures to other Haredi destinations such as Safed
Safed
Safed , is a city in the Northern District of Israel. Located at an elevation of , Safed is the highest city in the Galilee and of Israel. Due to its high elevation, Safed experiences warm summers and cold, often snowy, winters...

, Ashdod, Haifa
Haifa
Haifa is the largest city in northern Israel, and the third-largest city in the country, with a population of over 268,000. Another 300,000 people live in towns directly adjacent to the city including the cities of the Krayot, as well as, Tirat Carmel, Daliyat al-Karmel and Nesher...

, Arad, Kiryat Ata and more. In a ruling of January 2011, the Israeli High Court of Justice stated the unlawfulness of gender segregation and abolished the “mehadrin” public buses. However, the court rule allows the continuation of the gender segregation in public buses on a strictly voluntary basis for a one-year experimental period.

A second bone of contention was the opening of a McDonald's
McDonald's
McDonald's Corporation is the world's largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving around 64 million customers daily in 119 countries. Headquartered in the United States, the company began in 1940 as a barbecue restaurant operated by the eponymous Richard and Maurice McDonald; in 1948...

 franchise in the food court. Most McDonald's restaurants, including the one in the Jerusalem city center, do not have kashrut
Kashrut
Kashrut is the set of Jewish dietary laws. Food in accord with halakha is termed kosher in English, from the Ashkenazi pronunciation of the Hebrew term kashér , meaning "fit" Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is the set of Jewish dietary laws. Food in accord with halakha (Jewish law) is termed...

certification from the rabbinate. Although this McDonald's franchise was in the process of applying for a kashrut certificate, and even completed its construction accordingly, the rabbinate conditioned its certification on McDonald's making all its other current and future outlets in the city kosher. McDonald's rejected this and announced the branch would follow kashrut demands and open without a certificate, whereupon Haredi activists threatened a mass boycott of the Central Bus Station by Haredi bus passengers if the McDonald's did open. The Natzba real-estate firm which owns the bus station responded by canceling McDonald's contract. McDonald's took it to court and won; Natzba was forced to pay it 100,000 shekels in trial expenses. McDonald's opened its franchise in the Central Bus Station, following halachic obligations, but without rabbinical supervision or approval. The Haredi boycott never materialized. In January 2010, McDonalds reopened with a kosher certificate from the Jerusalem rabbinate, after the company agreed to make changes to satisfy the rabbis. The signs are blue, instead of the traditional red, with "kosher" written in English and Hebrew in big letters. The disposable cartons, bags, wraps, and place mats, are also blue and bear no golden arches, and the staff wears special uniforms.

External links