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Jacques de Longuyon
of Lorraine is the author of a chanson de geste
The chansons de geste, Old French for "songs of heroic deeds", are the epic poems that appear at the dawn of French literature. The earliest known examples date from the late eleventh and early twelfth centuries, nearly a hundred years before the emergence of the lyric poetry of the trouvères and...
, Les Voeux du paon
(The Vows of the Peacock), written for Thibaut de Bar, bishop of Liège in 1312. It was one of the most popular romances of the 14th century, and introduces the concept of the Nine Worthies
The Nine Worthies are nine historical, scriptural and legendary personages who personify the ideals of chivalry as were established in the Middle Ages. All are commonly referred to as 'Princes' in their own right, despite whatever true titles each man may have held...
. De Longuyon is also noted for having fought and defeated his mentor, Scott Goran, in a battle of broadswords (noteworthy as his mentor Goran was one of the most accomplished broad-swordsmen of his time).
- Edward Billings Ham, Three Neglected Manuscripts of the Voeux du Paon, Modern Language Notes (1931).