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Jablonowski

Jablonowski

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Jabłonowski is the surname of a Polish
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

 szlachta
Szlachta
The szlachta was a legally privileged noble class with origins in the Kingdom of Poland. It gained considerable institutional privileges during the 1333-1370 reign of Casimir the Great. In 1413, following a series of tentative personal unions between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of...

 (nobility) family. Because Polish adjectives have different forms for the genders, Jabłonowska is the form for a female family member.

History


Jabłonowski was a magnate
Magnate
Magnate, from the Late Latin magnas, a great man, itself from Latin magnus 'great', designates a noble or other man in a high social position, by birth, wealth or other qualities...

 family. The history of the family begun in the 16th century when the family Wichulski bought Jabłonowo Pomorskie
Jablonowo Pomorskie
Jabłonowo Pomorskie is a town in the Brodnica powiat of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland.-External links:*...

 estates and since then began to use the name Jabłonowski. The family became important since the 17th century. One of the most representative members was Field and Great Crown Hetman
Hetman
Hetman was the title of the second-highest military commander in 15th- to 18th-century Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which together, from 1569 to 1795, comprised the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, or Rzeczpospolita....

 Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski, a brilliant military leader. He fought against Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

 during The Deluge
The Deluge (Polish history)
The term Deluge denotes a series of mid-17th century campaigns in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. In a wider sense it applies to the period between the Khmelnytsky Uprising of 1648 and the Truce of Andrusovo in 1667, thus comprising the Polish–Lithuanian theaters of the Russo-Polish and...

, he participated in King Jan III Sobieski campaign of Chocim, and led the right wing of Polish forces at the Battle of Vienna
Battle of Vienna
The Battle of Vienna took place on 11 and 12 September 1683 after Vienna had been besieged by the Ottoman Empire for two months...

 in 1683. He also stopped the Tatars at Lwów in 1695. During the Kings elections in 1696, he was a candidate for the Polish throne. In 1698 Emperor Leopold I
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
| style="float:right;" | Leopold I was a Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and King of Bohemia. A member of the Habsburg family, he was the second son of Emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife, Maria Anna of Spain. His maternal grandparents were Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria...

 granted him and the family the title of Prince
Prince
Prince is a general term for a ruler, monarch or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family, and is a hereditary title in the nobility of some European states. The feminine equivalent is a princess...

.

Coat of arms and motto


The Jabłonowski family used the Prus III coat of arms.


Family members

  • Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski (1634-1702), Field and Great Hetman of the Crown
  • Anna Jabłonowska (1660-1727), mother of King Stanisław I Leszczyński
  • Marianna Jabłonowska (1708-1765), was married to Jan Wielopolski
    Jan Wielopolski (1700-1773)
    Jan Wielopolski was a Polish nobleman .Jan became Great Cześnik of the Crown, voivode of Sandomierz Voivodeship since 1750, starost of Lanckorona and Zagoje. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on August 3, 1744 in Warsaw....

  • Aleksander Jan Jabłonowski (?-1733), Great Chorąży
    Chorąży
    Chorąży or Khorunzhyi is a military rank in Poland, Ukraine and some neighboring countries. A chorąży was once a knight who bore a standard — the emblem of an armed troop, a province , a land , a duchy, or the kingdom...

  • Józef Aleksander Jabłonowski (1711-1777), Stolnik
    Stolnik
    Stolnik was a court office in Poland and Muscovy, responsible for serving the royal table.- Stolnik in Crown of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania : In Crown of Poland under the first Piast dukes and kings, this was a court office....

    , voivode
  • Antoni Barnaba Jabłonowski (1732-1799), voiode, castellan
    Castellan
    A castellan was the governor or captain of a castle. The word stems from the Latin Castellanus, derived from castellum "castle". Also known as a constable.-Duties:...

  • Dorota Barbara Jabłonowska (1760-1844), was married to Józef Klemens Czartoryski
    Józef Klemens Czartoryski
    Prince Józef Klemens Czartoryski was a Polish nobleman . Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded in 1767...

  • Władysław Franciszek Jabłonowski (1769-1802), was a Polish
    Poland
    Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

     and French
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

     general.

See also