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Latin is an Italic language originally spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. It, along with most European languages, is a descendant of the ancient Proto-Indo-European language. Although it is considered a dead language, a number of scholars and members of the Christian clergy speak it fluently, and...
for "singular law". It was special law for certain groups of people, things, or legal relations (because of which it is an exception from the general principles of the legal system). An example of this is the law about wills written by people in the military during a campaign, which are exempt of the solemnities generally required for citizens when writing wills in normal circumstances.
It contrasts with the ius commune
, the general, ordinary law. As Roman law evolved into modern legal systems, the concept of ius singulare
was abandoned and ius commune
was applied to all cases.