Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting

Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting

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Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcaster, or IRIB, , formerly called the National Iranian Radio and Television until the Islamic revolution of 1979, is a giant Iranian corporation in control of radio
Radio
Radio is the transmission of signals through free space by modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible light. Electromagnetic radiation travels by means of oscillating electromagnetic fields that pass through the air and the vacuum of space...

 and television
Television
Television is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochrome or colored, with accompanying sound...

 which is among the largest media organizations in Asia
Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

 and Pacific region, and a regular member of Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union
Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union
The Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union , formed in 1964, is a non-profit, professional association of broadcasting organisations. It currently has 200 members in 57 countries and regions, reaching a potential audience of about 3 billion people....

.

IRIB's place in Iran's civil code


According to Article 175 of the Iranian constitution,

  1. The freedom of expression and dissemination of thoughts in the Radio and Television of the Islamic Republic of Iran must be guaranteed in keeping with the Islamic criteria and the best interests of the country.
  2. The appointment and dismissal of the head of the Radio and Television of the Islamic Republic of Iran rests with the Leader. A council consisting of two representatives each of the President, the head of the judiciary branch, and the Islamic Consultative Assembly shall supervise the functioning of this organization.
  3. The policies and the manner of managing the organization and its supervision will be determined by law.


Prior to the 1979 Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
The Iranian Revolution refers to events involving the overthrow of Iran's monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the...

, IRIB was known as National Iranian Radio & Television
National Iranian Radio & Television
National Iranian Radio and Television or NIRT was the first Iranian Radio & Television Organization which started its work on October 26, 1966, and operated up until the Iranian Revolution in 1979, after which NIRT became the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting .-Background and History:In the...

 (NIRT).

The constitution further specifies that the director of the organization is chosen directly by the Supreme Leader
Supreme Leader of Iran
The Supreme Leader of Iran is the highest ranking political and religious authority in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The post was established by the constitution in accordance with the concept of Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists...

 for five years, and two representatives each from the judiciary, the president, and the parliament oversee the organization. The first director after 1979 Revolution was Sadeq Qotbzadeh. The current director is Ezzatollah Zarghami
Ezzatollah Zarghami
Ezzatollah Zarghami has been the head of IRIB, the media corporation in charge of controlling Iranian national radio and television broadcasting, since 2004. His predecessor was Ali Larijani....

. The previous directors included Ali Larijani
Ali Larijani
Ali Ardashir Larijani is an Iranian philosopher, politician and the chairman of the Iranian parliament. Larijani was the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from August 15, 2005 to October 20, 2007, appointed to the position by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad,replacing Hassan Rowhani...

 and Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani
Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani
Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani is an Iranian politician who has been a member of the Expediency Discernment Council since 1997. Before that he served as vice president in charge of executive affairs during the presidency of his older brother, Hojatoleslam Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, and later...

.
Sima Festival is the biggest and most important TV productions contest sponsoring annually by IRIB organization. Winners are the best producers, directors, actors and directors in various categories honored by organization's head and receive valuable prizes.

Facts about IRIB

  • IRIB has branches in 45 countries worldwide, including France
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

    , Belgium
    Belgium
    Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

    , Malaysia, UK, the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    , and broadcasts in more than 25 languages.
  • IRIB broadcasts 8 national television channels, 4 international news television channel, six satellite television channels for international viewers, and 30 provincial television channel all around Iran. Fifty percent of those 30 provincial channels use the local accent or dialect. The IRIB provides twelve major radio stations as well, and an international service
    IRIB World Service
    IRIB World Service is the official international broadcasting station of Iran.The voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran started work in 1956 with the aim of familiarizing different world nations with Iran’s history and culture as well as its different regions and historical sites...

    . IRIB has 27 world service channels.
  • IRIB also has an English channel.
  • IRIB produces 5000 hours of TV shows, 300 movies and 20,000 minutes of animated movies are made in Iran annually.

Affiliates

  • Soroush Press, a publisher of some magazines including Soroush Weekly, Soroush Koodakan, Soroush Nojavan, Soroush Javan, Soroush Banovan and publishes books, too. It was founded at 1975.
  • Jamejam Daily is the official organ of the IRIB organization.
  • IRIB News Department is a news agency
    News agency
    A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to news organizations: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. Such an agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire or news service.-History:The oldest news agency is Agence...

    affiliated to the IRIB Organization.
  • IRIB has a movie production company, called Sima Film.
  • IRIB also outsources media production to numerous privately owned domestic media companies.

External links