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Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

 is the world's second largest religion
Major religious groups
The world's principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups, although this is by no means a uniform practice...

 after Christianity
Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings...

. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up 23% of the world population.

Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle East
Middle East
The Middle East is a region that encompasses Western Asia and Northern Africa. It is often used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East...

, in the Horn of africa
Horn of Africa
The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. It is the easternmost projection of the African continent...

, in northern Africa
Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area...

, and in some parts of Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

. Large communities of Muslims are also found in China
Islam in China
Throughout the history of Islam in China, Chinese Muslims have influenced the course of Chinese history. Chinese Muslims have been in China for the last 1,400 years of continuous interaction with Chinese society...

, the Balkans
The Balkans is a geopolitical and cultural region of southeastern Europe...

, and Russia
Islam in Russia
Islam is the second most widely professed religion in the Russian Federation. According to a poll by the Russian Public Opinion Research Center, 6% of respondents considered themselves Muslims. According to Reuters, Muslim minorities make up a seventh of Russia's population...

. Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe
Western Europe
Western Europe is a loose term for the collection of countries in the western most region of the European continents, though this definition is context-dependent and carries cultural and political connotations. One definition describes Western Europe as a geographic entity—the region lying in the...

, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, though it represents less than 5% of the total population.

Approximately 50 countries are Muslim-majority. Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

, with over 683 million adherents. The largest Muslim country is Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

 home to 12.9% of the world's Muslims) followed by Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

, India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

, and Bangladesh
Bangladesh , officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south...

About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries
Arab world
The Arab world refers to Arabic-speaking states, territories and populations in North Africa, Western Asia and elsewhere.The standard definition of the Arab world comprises the 22 states and territories of the Arab League stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the...

. In the Middle East
Middle East
The Middle East is a region that encompasses Western Asia and Northern Africa. It is often used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East...

, the non-Arab countries of Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

 and Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

 are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa
Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area...

, Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

 and Nigeria
Nigeria , officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in...

 have the most populous Muslim communities.

A demographic study conducted by the Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
The Pew Research Center is an American think tank organization based in Washington, D.C. that provides information on issues, attitudes and trends shaping the United States and the world. The Center and its projects receive funding from The Pew Charitable Trusts. In 1990, Donald S...

in October 2009 found that there are 1.57 billion Muslims around the world, accounting for roughly 1 in 4 people. The study found more Muslims in Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 than in Lebanon
Lebanon , officially the Republic of LebanonRepublic of Lebanon is the most common term used by Lebanese government agencies. The term Lebanese Republic, a literal translation of the official Arabic and French names that is not used in today's world. Arabic is the most common language spoken among...

 and more in China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

 than in Syria
Syria , officially the Syrian Arab Republic , is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest....



Figures indicated in the first three columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of Mapping the Global Muslim Population, as of 8 October 2009.

Country/Region Muslim population
2009 Pew Report
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2009 Pew Report
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2009 Pew Report
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
Islam in Afghanistan
Islam is the official state religion of Afghanistan, with approximately 99.7% of the Afghan population being Muslim. About 80-89% practice Sunni Islam and belong to the Hanafi Islamic law school while 10-19% are Shi'a, majority of whom follow the Twelver branch with smaller numbers of Ismailis...

28,072,000 99.7 1.8
Islam in Albania
During the Ottoman rule, according to Ottoman data, the majority of Albanians were of Muslim affiliation . However, decades of state atheism which ended in 1991 brought a decline in religious practice in all traditions....

2,522,000 79.9 0.2 70%
Islam in Algeria
Islam, the religion of almost all of the Algerian people, pervades most aspects of life. The vast majority of citizens are Sunni Muslims. Islam provides the society with its central social and cultural identity and gives most individuals their basic ethical and attitudinal orientation. Orthodox...

34,199,000 98.0 2.2
Islam in Angola
Islam in Angola is a minority religion with 80,000-90,000 adherents, composed largely of migrants from West Africa and families of Lebanese origin. The Association of the Development of Islam in Angola is the primary proselytizing organization. Muslim Angolans are represented by the Supreme Council...

190,000 1 < 0.1
Islam in Argentina
Islam in Argentina is represented by one of Latin America's largest Muslim minorities. Although accurate statistics on religion are not available the actual size of Argentina's Muslim community is estimated around 1% of the total population according to the International Religious Freedom Report...

784,000 1.9 0.1
Islam in Armenia
Islam in Armenia consists mostly of temporary residents from Iran and other countries. There is no native population reported as Muslim.In 2009, the Pew Research Center estimated that less than 0.1% of the population, or about 1,000 people, were Muslims....

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Aruba
According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, Muslims constitute approximately 0.2% of the population in Aruba....

- < 0.2 < 0.1
Islam in Australia
Islam in Australia is a small minority religious grouping, but fourth largest after all forms of Christianity , irreligion and Buddhism , excluding 11.2% who failed to answer at the last census...

365,000 1.7 < 0.1
Islam in Austria
Islam is a minority religion in Austria with 4.22 % of the population in the 2001 census. In 2010, it is estimated to be around 400,000 to 500,000 Muslims in Austria, or up to about 6% of the total population...

353,000 4.2 < 0.1 400-500,000 ~6.0%
Islam in Azerbaijan
Approximately 99.2 percent of the population of Azerbaijan is Muslim according to a 2009 Pew Research center report. The rest of the population adheres to other faiths or are non-religious, although they are not officially represented...

8,765,000 99.2 0.6
Islam in Bahrain
Islam is the state religion in Bahrain where nearly all citizens are Muslims, However, due to an influx of immigrants and guest workers from non-Muslim countries, such as India, the Philippines and Sri Lanka, the overall percentage of Muslims in the country has declined since the late 20th century...

642,000 81.2 < 0.1
Islam in Bangladesh
Islam is the largest religion of Bangladesh, the Muslim population is approximately 148.6 million, which is the third largest Muslim population in the world, constituting 90.4% of the total population as of 2010. Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different...

145,312,000 89.6 9.3
Islam in Belarus
Islam in Belarus has long history. It was introduced into the lands which now constitute Belarus by Lipka Tatars in the 14th -16th centuries. Today Muslim immigrants contribute to Islam in the country.-History:...

19,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Belgium
The practise of Islam in Belgium is relatively new, and is mostly observed in the Belgian immigrant communities. It is the largest minority religion in Belgium.-Population:...

281,000 3 < 0.1 628,751 6.0%
Islam in Belize
The statistics for Islam in Belize estimate a total Muslim population of 2,794, representing 1 percent of the total population. The Muslim community is led by the Islamic Mission of Belize headquartered in Belize City.-Sources:...

1,400 0.1 < 0.1
  Benin 2,182,000 24.4 0.1
Islam in Bhutan
According to Muslims constitute over 5% of the population However the CIA factbook claims that Muslims are less than 1% in Bhutan. In 2009, the Pew Research Center estimated that 1% of the population, or 7,000 people, were Muslim....

7,000 1.0 < 0.1
Islam in Bolivia
Statistics for Islam in Bolivia estimate a Muslim population of around two thousand, representing less than .1% of the total population.There are many Islamic organizations spread throughout the country, including Centro Islámico Boliviano in Santa Cruz, Centro Islámico Boliviano in Sucre led by...

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina are a little under two million in number and constitute 40 percent of the country's population . The modern Bosniaks, often referred to as Bosnian Muslims, descend from Slavic speakers who converted to Islam in the 15th and 16th centuries. Bosniaks are...

1,522,000 40 0.1 45%
Islam in Botswana
Islam is the third largest religion in Botswana, following Christianity and indigenous beliefs. Islam came to the country through Muslim immigrants from South Asia, who settled in the area during the British colonial rule. Muslims comprise less than 1 percent of the population...

8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Islam in Brazil
Islam in Brazil was first practiced by African slaves. The early Brazilian Muslims led the largest slave revolt in Brazil, which then had the largest slave population of the world. The next significant migration of Muslims was by Arabs from Syria and Lebanon...

191,000 0.1 < 0.1 2%
Islam in Brunei
Islam is Brunei's official religion, 64 percent of the population is Muslim. mostly Sunnis of Malay origin who follow the Shafi school of Islamic law. Most of the other Muslim groups are Kedayans and Chinese converts....

269,000 67.2 < 0.1
Islam in Bulgaria
Islam is the largest minority religion in Bulgaria. According to the 2001 Census, the total number of Muslims in the country stood at 577,139, corresponding to 10 % of the population...

920,000 12.2 0.1
  Burkina Faso
Islam in Burkina Faso
Islam in Burkina Faso has a long and varied history. According to the 2006 census, the population of the country is 60.53 percent Muslim....

9,292,000 59.0 0.6
Islam in Burundi
About 5 percent of the population of Burundi are Muslim. Burundi is by constitution a secular state, although Eid ul-Fitr is among several national holidays....

180,000 2 < 0.1
Islam in Cambodia
Islam is the religion of a majority of the Cham and Malay minorities in Cambodia. According to Po Dharma, there were 150,000 to 200,000 Muslims in Cambodia as late as 1975. Persecution under the Khmer Rouge eroded their numbers, however, and by the late 1980s they probably had not regained their...

236,000 1.6 < 0.1
Islam in Cameroon
Muslims comprise roughly 24 percent of the 21 million inhabitants in the African country of Cameroon. The Fulani, a pastoral nomadic group, spread Islam in early 19th century West Africa largely through commercial activity and Sufi brotherhoods . In the northern provinces, the locally dominant...

3,498,000 17.9 0.2 20.9%
Islam in Canada
According to Canada's 2001 census, there were 579,740 Muslims in Canada, just under 2% of the population. In 2006, the Muslim population was estimated to be 0.8 million or about 2.6%. In 2010, the Pew Research Center estimates there were about 0.9 million Muslims in Canada. About 65% were Sunni,...

657,000 2.0 < 0.1 1.9%
  Cape Verde
Islam in Cape Verde
Islam in Cape Verde is a minority religion with a small but growing community. Most Muslims are immigrants from Senegal and other neighboring countries, and are active in small-scale commerce and souvenir trade....

1,000 < 0.1 < 1
  Central African Republic 395,000 8.9 < 0.1 15%
Islam in Chad
The earliest presence of Islam in Chad can be traced back to the legendary Uqba ibn Nafi, whose descendants can be found settled in the Lake Chad region to this day. By the time Arab migrants began arriving from the east in the fourteenth century in sizeable numbers, the creed was already well...

6,257,000 55.8 0.4
Islam in Chile
The statistics for Islam in Chile estimate a total Muslim population of approximately 4,000, representing less than 0.1% of the population. There are a number of Islamic organizations in Chile, including the "Muslim Society of Chile and As-Salam Mosque" in Santiago, Chile, "Bilal Mosque" in...

4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 2,894 0.03% (over 15+ pop.)
Islam in China
Throughout the history of Islam in China, Chinese Muslims have influenced the course of Chinese history. Chinese Muslims have been in China for the last 1,400 years of continuous interaction with Chinese society...

21,667,000 1.6 1.4 50,000,000
Islam in Colombia
The statistics for Islam in Colombia estimate a total Muslim population of 14,000 according to a Pew Research Center report. There are a number of Islamic organizations in Colombia, including Islamic centers in San Andrés, Bogotá, Guajira, Nariño, and Santa Marta. There are also primary and...

14,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Comoros
According to the 2006 estimate by the U.S. Department of State, roughly 98% of the population in the Comoros are Muslim. Islam and its institutions have helped to integrate Comorian society and provide identification with a world beyond the islands' shores...

664,000 98.3 < 0.1
  Costa Rica
Islam in Costa Rica
The statistics for Islam in Costa Rica is around 500 families, or 0.01% of the population. There are a number of Islamic organizations in San José including the Islamic Association of Costa Rica led by Secretary General Dr. Abdul Fatah Sasa , and the Centro Cultural Musulmán de Costa Rica in...

- < 0.1 < 0.1
  Democratic Republic of Congo
Islam in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Islam in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been present within the area since the 18th century, when Arab traders from East Africa pushed into the interior for ivory and slave trading purposes. Today, Muslims constitute approximately 1.5% of the Congolese population.According to the CIA...

943,000 1.4 0.1
Islam in Croatia
Islam in Croatia was introduced by the Ottoman Empire. Muslims constitute about 1.3% of the population of Croatia. The Islamic Community of Croatia is officially recognized by the state....

18,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Cuba
According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, there are 9,000 Muslims in Cuba who constitute 0.1% of the population.At a certain point there were many Muslim students entering the nation of Cuba interested in studying at Cuba's prestigious schools. The amount of students was approximately...

9,000 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Cyprus
Islam in Cyprus was introduced when Uthman the 3rd Caliph conquered Cyprus in 649. Muslims lived throughout Cyprus but prior to 1974, and since have been concentrated in Northern Cyprus....

198,000 22.7 < 0.1
  Czech Republic 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Denmark
Islam is the largest minority religion in Denmark. According to the U.S. Department of State, approximately 3.7% of the population in Denmark is Muslim...

88,000 2 < 0.1 210,000 3.7%
Islam in Djibouti
Islam in Djibouti has a long history, first appearing in East Africa during the lifetime of Muhammad. Today, 94 percent of Djibouti's 490,000 people are Sunni Muslims adhering largely to the Shafi legal tradition. In addition, many belong to the Qadiri, Ahmadi, and Salihi Sufi orders...

838,000 96.9 0.1
  Dominican Republic
Islam in the Dominican Republic
Statistics for Islam in the Dominican Republic estimate that 0.02 percent of the population are Muslim, but accurate statistics of religious affiliation are difficult to calculate and there is a wide variation concerning the actual numerical amount...

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  East Timor 43,000 3.8 < 0.1
Islam in Ecuador
The statistics for Islam in Ecuador estimate a total Muslim population of about 275. The first Muslim settlers in Ecuador were primarily Arabs who immigrated from Lebanon, the Palestinian territories, Syria, and Egypt following the two World Wars and the destruction of the Ottoman Empire...

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Egypt
The republic of Egypt has recognized Islam as the state religion since 1980. Egypt is predominantly Muslim, with around 80 million Muslims, comprising 94.7% of the population, as of 2010...

78,513,000 94.6 5.0 91%
  El Salvador
Islam in El Salvador
There is a small Muslim community in El Salvador, largely consisting of Salvadoran nationals and converts. However, the majority of the Arab population in the country are Christian mainly Lebanese and Palestinian....

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Eritrea 1,854,000 36.5 0.1 50%
Islam in Estonia
In the most recent census, performed in the year 2000, the number of people in Estonia who reported themselves to be Muslims was 1,387. However some sources claim that the number of Muslims is much higher, with estimates given of 10,000 or even 20,000...

2,000 0.1 < 0.1 1,400
Islam in Ethiopia
According to the latest 2007 national census, Islam is the second most widely practised religion in Ethiopia after Christianity, with over 25 million of Ethiopians adhering to Islam according to the 2007 national census, having arrived in Ethiopia in 615...

28,063,000 33.9 1.8
  Falkland Islands - < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Fiji
The Muslims of Fiji comprise around 7% of the population . The Islamic community is made up of people of Indian origin, who were brought to the islands in the late 19th century by the British colonial power. The majority of the Indian community is however, Hindu. Around 16% of the Fiji's Indian...

53,000 6.3 < 0.1
Islam in Finland
Islam is a minority religion in Finland. The first Muslims were Tatars who immigrated mainly between 1870 and 1920. After that there were decades with generally a small number of immigration in Finland. Since the late 20th century the number of Muslims in Finland has increased rapidly due to...

24,000 0.2 < 0.1
Islam in France
Islam is the second most widely practiced religion in France by number of worshippers, with an estimated total of 5 to 10 percent of the national population.-Statistics:...

3,554,000 6 0.2 8%-10%
Islam in Gabon
Approximately 12% of the population of Gabon practice Islam .Islamic, Catholic,and Protestant denominations operate primary and secondary schools in Gabon. These schools are required to register with the Ministry of Education, which is charged with ensuring that these religious schools meet the...

140,000 9.5 < 0.1
Islam in the Gambia
Islam is the majority religion of The Gambia, with around 90% of the population being Muslims and most have a Catholic relative/relation. The other religious societies being Christians, Catholics, Methodist, Baptist and Pagans. Islam in The Gambia is unique in its unity with other religions and...

1,625,000 95 0.1
  Georgia 423,000 9.9 < 0.1
Islam in Germany
Owing to labour migration in the 1960s and several waves of political refugees since the 1970s, Islam has become a visible religion in Germany., there are 4.3 million Muslims .Of these, 1.9 million are German citizens...

4,026,000 4 0.3 4,300,000 5,4%
Islam in Ghana
The spread of Islam into West Africa, beginning with ancient Ghana in the ninth century, was mainly the result of the commercial activities of North African Muslims. The empires of both Mali and Songhai that followed ancient Ghana in the Western Sudan adopted the religion. Islam made its entry into...

3,787,000 15.9 0.2
Islam in Greece
Islam in Greece is represented by a number of autochthonous and immigrant communities.-Autochthonous Muslims in Greece:The indigenous Muslim population in Greece is not homogeneous, since it consists of different ethnic, linguistic and social backgrounds which often overlap...

310,000 3 < 0.1
Islam in Grenada
There are over 200 Muslims in Grenada. They make up 0.30% of the population....

- 0.3 < 0.1
Islam in Guatemala
The Muslim population of Guatemala is approximately 1,200. Of this population, 95% are Palestinian Arab immigrants. There is a mosque in the outskirts of Guatemala City called the Islamic Da'wah Mosque of Guatemala which is available for the five daily prayers and offers classes in Islamic...

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Guinea
2005 official statistics for Islam in Guinea estimate that 85% of Guinea's 7.8 million people are Muslim. Most are Sunnis who follow the Maliki legal tradition and Qadiri and Tijani Sufi orders. Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is also present. Although the French established a colony in 1891, their...

8,502,000 84.4 0.5
Islam in Guinea-Bissau
Islam is the predominant religion of Guinea-Bissau, numbering an estimated 50% of the roughly 1.4 million nationals as followers making it the largest religion of the country....

680,000 42.2 < 0.1 50%
Islam in Guyana
About 7.2 percent of Guyana's population is Muslim, representing 54,050 individuals, many of whom are descended from indentured labourers from India.The largest Islamic organization in the country is the Guyana Islamic Trust....

55,000 7.2 < 0.1
Islam in Haiti
The estimated population of Haitian Muslims is about 3000, representing approximately 0.04 percent of the population, although local Muslims claim the actual number is larger, nearing 5000 due to many Muslims that supposedly aren't counted due to inaccessibility or unavailability.Islamic...

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Honduras
The statistics for Islam in Honduras estimate a total Muslim population of 11,000 representing 0.1 percent of the population. Although there are no official statistics, it is estimated that between 100,000 and 200,000 of the country's seven million inhabitants are of Arab descent, and of these, the...

11,000 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Hungary
Islam in Hungary has a long history that dates back to at least the twelfth century, predating the Ottoman Empire. The influence of Muslims was especially pronounced in the 16th century during the time of Ottoman Hungary....

24,000 0.2 < 0.1
Islam in Iceland
The Nordic country Iceland has 644 Muslims, 404 members of "The Association of Muslims in Iceland" and 274 members of "The Muslim Culter Center of Iceland"...

- < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in India
Islam is the second-most practiced religion in the Republic of India after Hinduism, with more than 13.4% of the country's population ....

160,945,000 13.4 10.3 14.6
Islam in Indonesia
Islam is the dominant religion in Indonesia, which also has a larger Muslim population than any other country in the world, with approximately 202.9 million identified as Muslim as of 2009....

202,867,000 88.2 12.9
  Isle of Man
Islam in the Isle of Man
Islam is practised by approximately 70 people on the Isle of Man, a British Crown Dependency located in the Irish Sea.There is a small mosque in the island's capital, Douglas with a capacity variously given as 40 or 70. Attempts to obtain a larger mosque have met anti-Islamic opposition....

- < 0.2 < 0.1
Islam in Iran
The Islamic conquest of Persia led to the end of the Sassanid Empire and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Persia. However, the achievements of the previous Persian civilizations were not lost, but were to a great extent absorbed by the new Islamic polity...

73,777,000 99.4 4.7
Islam in Iraq
The history of Islam in Iraq goes back almost 1,400 years to the lifetime of Muhammad .-Islam in Iraq:Iraq's Muslims follow two distinct traditions, Shia and Sunni Islam. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Iraq is 97% Muslim: 65% Shi'a, 35% Sunni. Iraq is home to many religious sites...

30,428,000 99 2
Islam in Ireland
The documented history of Islam in Ireland dates to the 1950s. The number of Muslims in the Republic of Ireland has increased since the 1990s. although most of those are not Irish nationals.-History:...

22,000 0.5 < 0.1 84,064 2%
  Israel 1,194,000 16.7 0.1
Islam in Italy
The history of Islam in Italy dates back to the 9th century, when wars of expansion by North African states brought Sicily and some regions in Peninsular Italy into the Ummah. There was Muslim presence in these parts of Italy from 828 to 1300...

36,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 825,000 1.4%
  Ivory Coast
Islam in Côte d'Ivoire
Muslims make up about 35-45% of the population of Côte d'Ivoire.In Côte d'Ivoire, Muslims pray, fast, and give alms as required by tenets of Islam, and many perform the hajj being made compulsory. Most Ivoirian Muslims are Sunni, following the Maliki version of Islamic law...

7,745,000 36.7 0.5 40%
Islam in Jamaica
The statistics for Islam in Jamaica estimate a total Muslim population of about 5,000. There are several Islamic organizations and mosques in Jamaica, including the Islamic Council of Jamaica and the Islamic Education and Dawah Center, both located in Kingston and offering classes in Islamic...

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Japan
The history of Islam in Japan is relatively brief in relation to the religion's longstanding presence in other countries around the world.- Early history :...

183,000 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Jordan
More than 90 percent of population in Jordan adhered to Sunni Islam in the late 1980s. Although observance was not always orthodox, devotion to and identification with the faith was high. Islam was the established religion, and as such its institutions received government support. The 1952...

6,202,000 98.2 0.4
Islam in Kazakhstan
Islam is the largest religion practiced in Kazakhstan, as 70% of the country's population is Muslim according to a 2009 national census. Ethnic Kazakhs are predominantly Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi school. From its Geography, Kazakhstan is the northernmost Muslim-majority country in the world...

8,822,000 56.4 0.6 65%
Islam in Kenya
Islam is the religion of approximately 11.2% of the Kenyan population, or approximately 4.3 million people. The Kenyan coast is mostly populated by Muslims. Nairobi has several mosques and a notable Muslim population....

2,793,000 7.0 0.2 10%
Islam in Kosovo
Islam in Kosovo has a long standing tradition dating back to the Ottoman conquest of the Balkans, including Kosovo. Before the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, the entire Balkan region had been Christianized by both the Roman and Byzantine Empires. From 1389 until 1912, Kosovo was officially governed by...

1,999,000 89.6 0.1 1,584,000
Islam in Kuwait
Islam is the main religion of the citizens of Kuwait. Sunni Islam is dominant in Kuwait, with 55% of the total population. The Shias have a representation of about 35%, and is therefore a large minority...

2,824,000 95 0.2
Islam in Kyrgyzstan
The vast majority of people in Kyrgyzstan are Muslims, as 86.3% of the country's population are followers of Islam. Muslims in Kyrgyzstan are of the Sunni branch, which entered the region during the 8th century. However, years of Soviet authority have suppressed long accustomed Islamic thinking to...

4,734,000 86.3 0.3
Islam in Laos
Muslims are a small minority in this Buddhist majority country and constitute about 0.01% of the population. Muslims are visible in the capital, Vientiane, that also has a Jama Masjid....

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Latvia
The presence of Muslims in Latvia was first recorded in the early 19th century. The Muslims had mainly Tatar and Turkic backgrounds, and most had been brought to Latvia against their will. These included Turkish prisoners of war from the Crimean War and the Russo-Turkish War of 1877...

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Lebanon
Islam in Lebanon is divided between four Muslim sects; Shias, Sunnis, Alawites, and Ismailis including the Druze.Muslims account for 59.7% of the total population of Lebanon, where 39% are Christians. About 25% of the Lebanese population is Sunni, concentrated largely in coastal cities...

2,504,000 59.3 0.2
Islam in Lesotho
According to, the Muslim population of Lesotho in 2000 was 1000, or 0.05% of the total population. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community claims 350 members in the country....

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Liberia
Islam in Liberia is practiced by an estimated 12% of the population. The vast majority of Liberian Muslims are Sunni, with only a few Shi'ites. The primary Muslim ethnic groups are the Vai and Mandingo but also Gbandi, Kpelle and other ethnic groups...

483,000 12.2 < 0.1
Islam in Libya
Most Libyans adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam, which provides both a spiritual guide for individuals and a keystone for government policy. Its tenets stress a unity of religion and state rather than a separation or distinction between the two, and even those Muslims who have ceased to believe...

6,203,000 96.6 0.4
Islam in Lithuania
In Lithuania, unlike many other northern and western European countries, Islam came long ago. It was so because the medieval Grand Duchy of Lithuania of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, stretching from Baltic to Black seas, included some Muslim lands in the south, inhabited by Crimean Tatars...

3,000 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Luxembourg
Muslims in Luxembourg are a super-minority together with: Protestants, Orthodox Christians, and Jews. Since 2008, Islam is legally recognized in the country....

13,000 3 < 0.1
Islam in the Republic of Macedonia
Muslims in the Republic of Macedonia form roughly one-third of the nation's total population. It has the fifth largest Muslim population in Europe by percentage after Turkey , Kosovo , Albania , and Bosnia-Herzegovina . Some northwestern and western regions of the country have Muslim majorities...

680,000 33 < 0.1
Islam in Madagascar
Islam has been well-established in what is now known as Madagascar for centuries and today Muslims represent 7 percent of the population. Muslims mainly consist of Sunni Muslims.-Settlement of Arabs:...

215,000 1.1 < 0.1
Islam in Malawi
Islam is the second largest religion in Malawi after Christianity; nearly all of Malawi's Muslims adhere to Sunni Islam. According to the CIA Factbook, 12.8% of the country's population is Muslim. Recently, Muslim groups have engaged in missionary work in Malawi. Much of this is performed by the...

1,955,000 12.8 0.1
Islam in Malaysia
Malaysia is a multiracial country with Islam being the largest practiced religion, comprising approximately 61.4% Muslim adherents, or around 17 million people, as of 2010. Islam is declared as the "religion of the federation". Though there has been much debate on whether Malaysia is a secular...

16,581,000 60.4 1.1
  Maldives 304,000 98.4 < 0.1
Islam in Mali
Muslims currently make up approximately 90 percent of the population of Mali, the largest country in West Africa. The majority of Muslims in Mali are Sunni.-History:...

12,040,000 92.5 0.8
Islam in Malta
Islam is believed to have been introduced to Malta when the Muslims captured Sicily from the Byzantines in 870. Malta returned to a Christian European power with the Norman Conquest in 1091. Muslims were allowed to practise their religion freely until the 13th century.The present-day Muslim...

1,000 < 0.2 < 0.1
Islam in Mauritania
Virtually all Mauritanians are Sunni Muslims. They adhere to the Maliki madhab, one of the four Sunni schools of law. Since independence in 1960, Mauritania has been an Islamic republic...

3,261,000 99.1 0.2
Islam in Mauritius
Muslims consitiute over 16.6% of Mauritius population. Nearly all Muslims of Mauritius are South Asians.The 1968 constitution of Mauritius recognized four religious categories: Hindus, Muslims, Sino-Mauritians, and the general population. According to a 1989 estimate of a total population of...

214,000 16.6 < 0.1
Islam in Mexico
There is very little information about the origins of Islam in Mexico, but most sources claim it arrived with either Lebanese or Syrian immigrants and some other Middle Easterners like Egyptians, Iranians, and Turks. According to a World Values Survey conducted in 1996 and used by the Pew Forum on...

110,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Moldova
According to the US Department of State, there is a small community of Muslims in Moldova, numbering a few thousand.In 2005 the Spiritual Organisation of Muslims in Moldova headed by Talgat Masaev was denied registration despite of the appeal of the Mission to Moldova of the Organisation for...

17,000 0.5 < 0.1
Islam in Mongolia
Islam in Mongolia is practiced by approximately 5% of the population. It is practised by the ethnic Kazakhs of Bayan-Ölgii Province and Khovd Province aimag in western Mongolia...

133,000 5.0 < 0.1
Islam in Montenegro
Muslims in Montenegro form the largest minority religion in the country. According to the 2011 census, Montenegro's 118,477 Muslims make up c. 19.1% of the total population. They are divided into these main groups: Slavic Muslims split among Bosnian-speaking Bosniaks, Slavic Muslims,...

111,000 17.7 < 0.1
Islam in Morocco
Islam is the largest religion in Morocco, with roughly 98.7% of the population adhering to it.-History:Islam was first brought to Morocco in 680 by an Arab invasion under Uqba ibn Nafi, who was a general serving under the Umayyads of Damascus. In 788, The Idrisids ruled Morocco, being the first...

31,993,000 99 2
Islam in Mozambique
Islam in Mozambique is the religion of approximately four million Mozambicans, or about 17.9% of the total population. The vast majority of Mozambican Muslims are Sunni, although some Ismaili Shiite Muslims are also registered...

5,224,000 22.8 0.3
  Myanmar 1,889,000 3.8 0.1
Islam in Namibia
Islam is the third largest religion in Namibia after Christianity and indigenous beliefs.-Number of Muslims:In 1999, a Namibian Muslim leader estimated that there were approximately 1,500 Muslims in the country. In 2009, leaders estimated that there were between 3,000 and 5,000 Namibian Muslims...

8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Islam in Nepal
Islam is a minority religion in Nepal. According to the 2001 Nepal census, 4.27% of the population are Muslim.Islam is thought to have been introduced by Indian Muslims settling in Nepal....

1,231,000 4.2 0.1
Islam in the Netherlands
The history of Islam in the Netherlands started in the 19th century when the Netherlands experienced sporadic Muslim migration from the Dutch East Indies when it was a colony from the Netherlands...

946,000 5.7 0.1 5.8%
  New Caledonia
Islam in New Caledonia
Islam in New Caledonia is a minority faith . The first Muslims in New Caledonia were the Berber and Arabs who were brought there by the French forces took them there during the colonisation in the Maghreb. These original Muslims came from Algeria and Morocco, and more Muslims later came to New...

7,000 2.8 < 0.1
  New Zealand
Islam in New Zealand
Islam in New Zealand began with the arrival of Muslim Chinese gold prospectors in the 1870s. Small numbers of Muslim immigrants from India and eastern Europe settled from the early 1900s until the 1960s. Large-scale Muslim immigration began in the 1970s with the arrival of Fiji Indians, followed in...

37,000 0.9 < 0.1
Islam in Nicaragua
According to 2007 statistics released by the U.S. Department of State concerning Islam in Nicaragua, there are approximately 1,200 to 1,500 Muslims, mostly Sunnis who are resident aliens or naturalized citizens from Palestine, Libya, and Iran or natural-born Nicaraguan citizens born to both of the...

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Niger
Islam in Niger accounts for the vast majority of the nation's religious adherents. The faith is practiced by more than 90% of the population, although this figure varies by source and percentage of population who are classified as Animist...

15,075,000 98.6 1.0
Islam in Nigeria
Fifty percent of the population of Nigeria adheres to Islam, compared to Christianity which represents 40% of the population. Islam came to Northern Nigeria as early as the 9th century CE, and was well established in the Kanem-Bornu Empire during the reign of Humme Jilmi...

78,056,000 50.4 5.0
  North Korea
Islam in Korea
In South Korea, the Muslim population has been steadily increasing since the introduction of the Islamic faith shortly after the Korean War. The Muslim community is centered around Seoul, where the first large 20th-century mosque was built in 1976 using the funds of the Malaysian Islamic Mission...

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Norway
Islam is the largest minority religion in Norway, which consist between 2.0% and 3.4% of the population. In 2007, government statistics registered 79,068 members of Islamic congregations in Norway, about 10% more than in 2006. 56% lived in the counties of Oslo and Akershus...

65,000 1 < 0.1 163,180 in 2008
Islam in Oman
The majority of Omanis are Ibadhi Muslims, followers of Abd Allah ibn Ibad. This sector is closely followed by Sunni Muslims. The Shi'a minority live along Al Batinah and Muscat coasts...

2,494,000 87.7 0.2
Islam in Pakistan
Islam is the official religion of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, which has a population of about 174,578,558. The overwhelming majority of the Pakistani people are Muslims while the remaining 3-5% are Christian, Hindu, and others. Pakistan has the second largest Muslim population in the world...

174,082,000 96.3 11.1
  Palestine 4,173,000 98 < 0.1 99.3% (Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
thumb|Gaza city skylineThe Gaza Strip lies on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The Strip borders Egypt on the southwest and Israel on the south, east and north. It is about long, and between 6 and 12 kilometres wide, with a total area of...

), 75% (West Bank
West Bank
The West Bank ) of the Jordan River is the landlocked geographical eastern part of the Palestinian territories located in Western Asia. To the west, north, and south, the West Bank shares borders with the state of Israel. To the east, across the Jordan River, lies the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan...

Islam in Panama
Islam in Panama has a long and unique history. According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, there are 24,000 Muslims in Panama who constitute 0.7 percent of the population.-Early history:...

24,000 0.7 < 0.1
  Papua New Guinea
Islam in Papua New Guinea
Islam in Papua New Guinea is a minority religion; the US department of state estimates that there are about 2,000 Muslims in the country.-History:...

2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Paraguay
The latest statistics for Islam in Paraguay estimate a total Muslim population of 507, representing 0.008 percent of the population. Most of the Muslims are descendants of immigrants from Syria, Lebanon and Palestine. The major Islamic organization in Paraguay is the Centro Benéfico Cultural...

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Peru
The statistics for Islam in Peru estimate a total Muslim population of 5,000, largely based in the capital of Lima, Peru; a number which has remained static since 1980....

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Philippines 4,654,000 5.1 0.3
Islam in Poland
The first ever written account of Poland was recorded by the Muslim Caliphate of Córdoba's 10th-century envoy, Ibrahim ibn Jakub. A continuous presence of Islam in Poland began in the 14th century. From this time it was primarily associated with the Tatars, many of whom settled in the...

48,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Portugal
According to the Instituto Nacional de Estatística , there were, according to the 1991 census, 9,134 Muslims in Portugal, about 0.1% of the total population, even though the Islamic Community of Lisbon presently points to a number of about 40,000...

15,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Puerto Rico
Islam in Puerto Rico
Islam in Puerto Rico: In 2007, there were over 5,000 Muslims residing in Puerto Rico, representing about 0.10% of the population. The early Muslim community largely consisted mainly of Palestinian immigrants who arrived between 1958 and 1962...

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Qatar
Qatar is a Muslim-majority country with Islam as the state religion. The local population, made up of Qataris, are all Muslims although there are high numbers of foreign workers in Qatar which varies the Muslim population. In the CIA World Factbook it says 77.5% are Muslims, with 8.5% Christians...

1,092,000 77.5 0.1
Islam in the Republic of the Congo
Islam spread to the Republic of the Congo from North Africa in the mid-19th century.The Muslim community in the country is estimated at 1.3 percent of the population. In 2005 a large new mosque was constructed in Brazzaville. Most workers in the urban centers were immigrants from West Africa and...

59,000 1.6 < 0.1
Islam in Romania
Islam in Romania is followed by only 0.3 percent of population, but has 700 years of tradition in Northern Dobruja, a region on the Black Sea coast which was part of the Ottoman Empire for almost five centuries . In present-day Romania, most adherents to Islam belong to the Tatar and Turkish ethnic...

66,000 0.3 < 0.1
Islam in Russia
Islam is the second most widely professed religion in the Russian Federation. According to a poll by the Russian Public Opinion Research Center, 6% of respondents considered themselves Muslims. According to Reuters, Muslim minorities make up a seventh of Russia's population...

16,482,000 11.7 1.0 15%
Islam in Rwanda
Islam was first introduced into Rwanda by Muslim traders from the East Coast of Africa in the 18th century. Since its introduction, Muslims have been a minority in the territory, while the Roman Catholic Church, introduced to Rwandans during the colonial period in the late 19th century is the...

182,000 1.8 < 0.1
  Saudi Arabia
Islam in Saudi Arabia
Islam in Saudi Arabia is the sole official religion of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, whose territory was the birthplace of the Muslim religion. Arabian trader Muhammad, resident of the city of Mecca in the Hejaz region, is the prophet of Islam. He unified the diverse tribes of the Arabian peninsula...

24,949,000 97 2
Islam in Senegal
Islam is the predominant religion in Senegal. Ninety-four percent of the country's population is estimated to be Muslim. Most Muslims in Senegal are members of one of the Sufi brotherhoods. Islam has existed in Senegal for more than a millennium...

12,028,000 96.0 0.8
Islam in Serbia
The Muslims in Serbia are mostly ethnic Bosniaks and Albanians, but also members of the smaller ethnic groups like Muslims by nationality, Ashkali, Egyptians, Gorani, Roma, and Turks.-Number of believers and distribution:...

244,000 3.2 < 0.1
Islam in Seychelles
Islam in the Indian Ocean was established by Muslim sea merchants well before the European discovery of Seychelles. However, unlike in other island states including the Comoros and Maldives, there were no permanent inhabitants in Seychelles until the French settlement in 1770. Today, the Muslim...

1,000 1.1 < 0.1
  Sierra Leone
Islam in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone last conducted a census in 2008 and estimates there are 4,059,000 Muslims in Sierra Leone . This suggests 71% of the country's total population is muslim. There are 18 ethnic groups in the country, the two largest being the Temne and Mende. The Temnes are the main tribe in the north...

4,059,000 71.3 0.3
Islam in Singapore
About 15% of Singapore's population are Muslims. A majority of Malays are Sunni Muslims. Other adherents include Indian and Pakistani communities as well as a small number of Chinese, Myanmar Muslims, Arabs and Eurasians. 17 per cent of Muslims in Singapore are of Indian origin...

706,000 14.9 < 0.1
Islam in Slovakia
The number of Muslims in Slovakia according to the 2001 census is negligible...

- < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Slovenia
The Muslims in Slovenia are ethnically Bosnian Muslims and Albanians. The Muslims constitute 2.4% of Slovenian population. The Islamic Centre of Ljubljana is headed by Nevzet Porić, general secretary of the Muslim community of Slovenia...

49,000 2.4 < 0.1
Islam in Somalia
Nearly all Somalis are Sunni Muslims. Practicing Islam reinforces distinctions that further set Somalis apart from their immediate African neighbors, many of whom are either Christians or adherents of indigenous faiths....

8,995,000 98.5 0.6
  South Africa
Islam in South Africa
Islam in South Africa pre-dates the colonial period, and consisted of isolated contact with Arab and East Africa traders. Many South African Muslims are described as Coloureds, notably in the Western Cape, including those whose ancestors came as slaves from the Indonesian archipelago...

731,000 1.5 < 0.1
  South Korea 71,000 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Spain
Islam in Spain has had a fundamental presence in the culture and history of the nation. The religion was present in modern Spanish soil from 711 until 1492 under the rule of the Arabs and Moors of al-Andalus. For key historical dates, see Timeline of the Muslim presence in the Iberian peninsula...

650,000 1 < 0.1 1,000,000 2.3%
  Sri Lanka
Islam in Sri Lanka
Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced by a group of minorities who make up approximately 10% of the population.on the 2001 census of GOSL shows there are 1,711,000 Muslims The Muslim community is divided into three main ethnic groups: the Sri Lankan Moors, the Indian Muslims, and the Malays, each with...

1,711,000 8.5 0.1
Islam in Sudan
Islam is the largest religion in Sudan, and Muslims have dominated national government institutions since independence in 1956. Statistics indicate that the Muslim population is approximately 75%-80%, including numerous Arab and non-Arab groups. The remaining 20% ascribe to either Christianity or...

30,121,000 71.3 1.9
Islam in Suriname
According to the most recent census , the Muslim population of Suriname is 66,307, representing about 13.5 percent of the country's total population, giving the country the highest percentages of Muslims on the American continent....

83,000 15.9 < 0.1 19.6%
Islam in Swaziland
The nation of Swaziland is home to over 1 million people, of which approximately 0.95% are identified as Muslims. Islam in Swaziland probably dates to the colonial period, when, as in Swaziland's much larger neighbor South Africa, many Muslims settled in the country from other countries under the...

2,000 0.2 < 0.1
Islam in Sweden
Islam in Sweden is the religion of around 450,000 to 500,000 citizens and residents, as of 2009, around 5% of the total population.-History:Islam begins to have a noticeable presence in Sweden with immigration from the Middle East beginning in the 1970s....

149,000 2 < 0.1 450-500,000 ~5%
Islam in Switzerland
According to the Confederate census of 2001, a total number of 310,807 Muslims were living in Switzerland which made up 4.26% of the total population. In 2009 there were an estimated 400,000 Muslims in Switzerland, accounting to around 5% of the total population....

323,000 4.3 < 0.1 400,000 5%
Islam in Syria
Islam in Syria comprises 87% of the total population. Sunnis make up 74% of the total, mostly of Arab, Kurdish and Turkish ethnicities. Shia's make up the remaining 13%: Alawites, Ismailis, and Twelvers. Alawites are the pre-dominant Shia group, followed by Twelvers and Ismailis. Sunnis are mainly...

20,196,000 92.2 1.3
Islam in Taiwan
Islam in Taiwan is a slowly growing religion with an estimated 100 converts annually. There are about 45,000 registered Muslims in Taiwan, as of 2007. There are 88,500 Indonesian Muslims working in Taiwan...

23,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Tajikistan
Sunni Islam is, by far, the most widely practiced religion in Tajikistan. Sunni Islam of the Hanafi school is the official religion of Tajikistan since 2009. Tajikistan is the only former Soviet state with Islam as its official religion. According to a 2009 U.S...

5,848,000 84.1 0.4
Islam in Tanzania
Islam is, as of 2007, the religion in Tanzania with 35% of the population of the mainland and more than 99% of the population in Zanzibar being Muslim.-History:...

13,218,000 30.2 0.8 35%
Islam in Thailand
Islam is a minority faith in Thailand with statistics suggesting a population of anywhere from 500,000 to 1.2 million Most Thai Muslims belong to the Sunni sect, although Thailand has a very diverse and developing population which includes immigrants from around the world.-Demographics &...

3,930,000 5.8 0.3
Islam in Togo
Muslims in Togo represent between 13.7 and 55% of the national population. Islam came to Togo about the same time as it did much of West Africa.-History:...

809,000 12.2 0.1 20%
  Trinidad and Tobago
Islam in Trinidad and Tobago
Muslims constitute 6 percent of the population on Trinidad and Tobago, representing 65,318 individuals. The majority live in Trinidad but there are a handful in Tobago as well. The first Muslims to arrive in the country arrived from Africa brought as slaves by the colonists...

78,000 5.8 < 0.1
Islam in Tunisia
Islam is the official state religion in Tunisia. Approximately 98 percent of the population of Tunisia is nominally Muslim. Most of them are Sunni belonging to the Malikite madhhab, but a small number of Ibadhi Muslims still exist among the Berber-speakers of Jerba Island. There is no reliable...

10,216,000 99.5 0.7
Islam in Turkey
The region secacomprising modern Turkey has a long and rich Islamic tradition stretching back to the dawn of the Seljuk period and Ottoman Empire. The country has many historical mosques present throughout the cities and towns, including many in Istanbul...

73,619,000 98 4.7
Islam in Turkmenistan
According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, 93.1% of Turkmenistan's population is Muslim. Traditionally, the Turkmen of Turkmenistan, like their kin in Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, are Sunni Muslims. Shia Muslims, the other main branch of Islam, are not numerous in Turkmenistan, and the Shia...

4,757,000 93.1 0.3
Islam in Uganda
According to the National Census 2002 Islam is practiced by 12.1 percent of the population.-History:Islam had arrived in Uganda from the north and through inland networks of the East African coastal trade by the mid-nineteenth century...

3,958,000 12.1 0.3
Islam in Ukraine
The majority of Muslims in Ukraine are ethnic Crimean Tatars and live in the Crimean peninsula. According to a Pew Forum study, the Muslim population in Ukraine is 393,000, while according to the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Ukraine there are 2 million Muslims in Ukraine.- History of...

456,000 1.0 < 0.1
  United Arab Emirates
Islam in the United Arab Emirates
More than 80% of the population of the United Arab Emirates are non-citizens. Nearly all of the country's citizens are Muslims; approximately 78% are Sunni, 22% are Shi'a, and a small Ahmadiyya Muslim Community...

3,504,000 76.2 0.2
  United Kingdom
Islam in the United Kingdom
Islam has been present in the United Kingdom since its formation in 1707, though it was not legally recognised until the Trinitarian Act in 1812. Today it is the second largest religion in the country with estimates suggesting that by 2010 the total Muslim population had reached 2.869 million.The...

1,647,000 2.7 0.1 2,422,000 2.4%
  United States
Islam in the United States
From the 1880s to 1914, several thousand Muslims immigrated to the United States from the Ottoman Empire, and from parts of South Asia; they did not form distinctive settlements, and probably most assimilated into the wider society....

2,454,000 0.8 0.2 7,000,000
Islam in Uruguay
The statistics for Islam in Uruguay estimate a total Muslim population of 300 to 400, representing 0.01 percent of the population. There are two Islamic centers, both of them in Montevideo:1) Egyptian Cultural Islamic Center....

1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Uzbekistan
Islam is by far the dominant religion in Uzbekistan, as Muslims constitute 90% of the population while 5% of the population follow Russian Orthodox Christianity according to a 2009 US State Department release. However, a 2009 Pew Research Center report stated that Uzbekistan's population is 96.3%...

26,469,000 96.3 1.7
Islam in Vanuatu
Islam in Vanuatu is practised by about 200 members of the small island nation of Vanuatu in Oceania.-History:One of the earliest known Muslims in Vanuatu was Hussein Nabanga, who converted in 1978. Hussein Nabanga was a member of the Mele people and other Mele people were the earliest to follow...

- < 0.1 < 0.1
  Vatican City - < 0.1 < 0.1
Islam in Venezuela
There are approximately 100,000 Muslims in Venezuela, 0.4 percent of the nation's population. Venezuela has a small but influential Muslim population, many of them Arabs of Lebanese, Palestinian, Syrian descent and Turkish....

94,000 0.3 < 0.1
Islam in Vietnam
Islam in Vietnam is primarily the religion of the Cham people, a minority ethnic group related to Malays; however, roughly one-third of the Muslims in Vietnam are of other ethnic groups...

157,000 .2 < 0.1 71,200
 Western Sahara
Islam in Western Sahara
According to the CIA World Factbook, Muslims make up nearly 100% of the population of the Western Sahara....

510,000 99.4 < 0.1
Islam in Yemen
Islam in Yemen go back to about 630 when it was introduced into the region by Ali ibn Abu Talib when Prophet Muhammad was still alive. It was during this period that the mosques in al Janad and the great mosque in San'a were built. Yemenis are divided into two principal Islamic religious groups:...

23,363,000 99.1 1.5
Islam in Zambia
The arrival of Islam in Zambia dates to the fourth Hijri century when Muslims established emirates on the coast of East Africa. During that period Muslim slave merchants extended their business to the interior regions reaching Zambia in the period of the Omani dynasty Al Bu Said. Arab slave traders...

58,000 0.4 < 0.1
Islam in Zimbabwe
The arrival of Islam in Zimbabwe dates to the fourth Hijri century when Muslims established emirates on the coast of East Africa. During that period Muslim slave merchants extended their business to the interior regions reaching Zimbabwe...

109,000 0.9 < 0.1
Islam in Asia
-Introduction:Islam began in Asia in the 7th century during the life of its prophet Muhammad number of adherents of Islam has lived in Asia and specially South and Middle-east Asia since the beginning of Islamic history...

972,537,000 24.1 61.9
Middle East
Middle East
The Middle East is a region that encompasses Western Asia and Northern Africa. It is often used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East...

-North Africa
North Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...

315,322,000 91.2 20.1
Sub-Saharan Africa
Islam in Africa
From its beginning, Islam has been a central feature in Africa. Africa was the first continent into which Islam expanded, and it has become an integral part of many African cultures and histories. According to World Book Encyclopedia, Islam is the largest religion in Africa, followed by Christianity...

240,632,000 30.1 15.3
Islam in Europe
This article deals with the history and evolution of the presence of Islam in Europe. According to the German , the total number of Muslims in Europe in 2007 was about 53 million , excluding Turkey. The total number of Muslims in the European Union in 2007 was about 16 million .-Early history:Islam...

38,112,000 5.2 2.4
Americas 4,596,000 0.5 0.3
World Total
World is a common name for the whole of human civilization, specifically human experience, history, or the human condition in general, worldwide, i.e. anywhere on Earth....

1,571,198,000 22.9 100

See also

  • List of Muslim majority countries
  • Muslim Peoples
  • Muslim world
    Muslim world
    The term Muslim world has several meanings. In a religious sense, it refers to those who adhere to the teachings of Islam, referred to as Muslims. In a cultural sense, it refers to Islamic civilization, inclusive of non-Muslims living in that civilization...

  • Muslim population growth
    Muslim population growth
    Muslim population growth refers to the topic of population growth of the global Muslim community. In 2006, countries with a Muslim majority had an average population growth rate of 1.8% per year . This compares with a world population growth rate of 1.12% per year...

  • Shi'a Muslims in the Arab world

External links