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Iranian destroyer Jamaran

Iranian destroyer Jamaran

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Jamaran is the name of a domestically produced Mowj class guided missile frigate launched in early 2010 in Bandar-e-Abbas, Iran. Iran said that the design and building of Jamaran and the missile boat
Missile boat
A Missile Boat is a small craft armed with anti-ship missiles. Being a small craft, missile boats are popular with nations interested in forming an inexpensive navy...

  were among the greatest achievements of the Iranian Navy and the ship's launch marks a major technological leap for Iran's naval industries. It is the first ship from four in its class. More ships in its class are under construction to be added to the Iranian Naval fleets in the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf soon. The ship is designed for a crew of 140. The Jamaran class combines anti-submarine assets with other systems of weapons capable of dealing with surface and air threats as well.

Weapons systems


The primary weapon deployed by Jamaran-class vessels is the Bell 212, which acts in concert with shipboard sensors to seek out and destroy submarines at long range. The Jamaran-class also carries a close-in anti-submarine torpedo system, the 324 mm light torpedo with 30 km range, mounted in triple torpedo launchers on either side of the stern.
To deal with surface forces, the vessel is equipped with four Noor
Noor (missile)
Noor is a long-range anti-ship cruise missile manufactured by Iran, based on the Chinese C-802.Noor has a range of 200km and is powered by Toloue-4, an Iranian version of the French Microturbo TRI 60 engine...

 / C-802
C-802
The Yingji-82 or YJ-82 is a Chinese anti-ship missile first unveiled in 1989 by the China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy , also known as the Third Academy...

 surface-to-surface anti-ship cruise missiles, mounted in box launchers on the roof of the upper deck level between the radar and the main mast pointing towards either sides. The single shot hit probability of the Noor, with a range of 170 km, is estimated to be as high as 98%.
For anti-aircraft self-defense the Jamaran-class has four medium range Fajr Surface to Air Missiles (reverse engineering of RIM-66/SM-1 standard missile) with 74 km range, and 24.4 km flight ceiling, mounted in box launchers at the deck above the main deck level in front of the helicopter landing pad. The Jamaran-class also carries two 20 mm manned Oerlikon cannons and a 40 mm Fateh-40 autocannon (reverse engineering of Bofors L/70) with 12.5 km aerial range, to provide a shipboard point-defense against incoming anti-ship missiles and aircraft.
The main gun on the forecastle is a 76 mm Fajr-27
Fajr-27
The Fajr 27 system is a domestically manufactured Iranian rapid fire naval artillery system based on the Italian OTO Melara 76mm dual purpose. The system was publicly unveiled for the first time in September 2006. -See also:*Military of Iran...

 gun. The gun is capable of firing at a rate of 85 rounds per minute at a range of more than 17 kilometers towards surface targets and 12 kilometers towards aerial targets. The Fajr-27 is a multi-purpose weapon, capable of dealing with surface, air, and onshore targets.
The Jamaran has room on the roof of the upper deck level for installing 2 × 0.50 cal machine guns in the future.

Sensors & Equipment


The ship is equipped with one Plessey AWS-1 long range air and surface search and tracking radar, installed on the roof of forward of the funnel. The ship is also fitted with two navigation radars on the main mast. The ship is also equipped with one fire control radar. The ship's equipment in detail are: S and X band radars, Tactical aviation radar, Radar processor and Fire control systems,Subsurface Sonar and Echo Sounder,Surface and subsurface communication & Internal communication and computer network systems, ECM, ECCM, and navigation systems, Electroptical and stabilizer and synchronizer systems, Alert system against chemical-microbial attacks and doors and aircondition system with impenetrability and ressistance capability during these attacks, Automated navigation system and some other systems.

Propulsion


The Jamaran-class vessels are powered by two 10,000 hp engines, possibly French manufactured diesels, and also use four diesel generators which each generate 550 kW. The Jamaran-class can reach a maximum speed of 30 knots.

Landing Platform Helicopter


The Jamaran can accommodate a medium size helicopter and can also run a helicopter in-flight refueling (HIFR) operation when a helicopter approaches on the landing platform, which is not necessarily suited for landing operations.

Classification


While the Jamaran has been described by the press as a guided missile destroyer
Guided missile destroyer
A guided missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. In the U.S...

, within some western military analysis circles such as Jane's Information Group
Jane's Information Group
Jane's Information Group is a publishing company specializing in transportation and military topics.-History:It was founded by Fred T...

 and Globalsecurity.org
GlobalSecurity.org
GlobalSecurity.org, launched in 2000, is a public policy organization focusing on the fields of defense, space exploration, intelligence, weapons of mass destruction and homeland security...

 it has instead been designated a frigate
Frigate
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.In the 17th century, the term was used for any warship built for speed and maneuverability, the description often used being "frigate-built"...

 based on its displacement; the latter acknowledged that there are no "rules in these matters". Furthermore Globalsecurity.org
GlobalSecurity.org
GlobalSecurity.org, launched in 2000, is a public policy organization focusing on the fields of defense, space exploration, intelligence, weapons of mass destruction and homeland security...

 states: 'Iran calls these ships "destroyers" but they would be classed as a light Frigate by the reckoning of all other countries.' PressTV and Iranian military are themselves describing Jamaran as a "frigate class ship" in the same article where they claim it as a "destroyer".

See also

  • Iranian frigate Velayat
  • Alvand class frigate
    Alvand class frigate
    The Alvand class comprise four Iranian light patrol frigates. Only three are currently in service....

  • Joshan Missile Boat
    Joshan
    Joshan has been the name of a number of Iranian naval vessels.The latest Joshan is P225, an Iranian fast attack/patrol missile boat claimed by the Iranian government as one of the best PT boats in the world...

  • Paykan Missile Boat
    Iranian missile boat Paykan
    For the Automobile see Paykan.For the Iranian football club based in Tehran, see Paykan Tehran F.C.The Iranian missile boat Paykan is an Iranian-made Sina class missile boat...

  • Mowj Class Corvette
  • Moudge I Corvette / light frigate
  • Moudge II Corvette / light frigate
  • Iran Shipbuilding & Offshore Industries Complex
    ISOICO
    Iran Shipbuilding & Offshore Industries Complex Co is an Iranian ship yard, located in the Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz lat/lon: 27°03' N , 57°58' E , active as shipbuilder and ship-repairer of different types of vessels and offshore structures...

  • Iran Marine Industrial Company
    SADRA
    SADRA also known as "Iran Marine Industrial Company" was founded in 1968 as a small ship repair yard in Bushehr. Since then, SADRA has established itself as the leading shipbuilding and shiprepairing company in Iran. SADRA is also active in offshore oil & gas development. SADRA specializes in...

  • MEKO 140 corvette / light frigate
    MEKO 140
    The MEKO 140 is a frigate design by the German Blohm + Voss shipyard as part of the MEKO family of vessels.- Concept and development :MEKO is a concept in modern naval shipbuilding based on modularity of armament, electronics and other equipment, aiming at ease of maintenance and cost reduction...

  • Espora class corvette

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