Intelligence agency

Intelligence agency

Encyclopedia
An intelligence agency is a government
Government
Government refers to the legislators, administrators, and arbitrators in the administrative bureaucracy who control a state at a given time, and to the system of government by which they are organized...

al agency
Government agency
A government or state agency is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency. There is a notable variety of agency types...

 that is devoted to information gathering (known in the context as "intelligence assessment") for purposes of national security
National security
National security is the requirement to maintain the survival of the state through the use of economic, diplomacy, power projection and political power. The concept developed mostly in the United States of America after World War II...

 and defence. Means of information gathering may include espionage
Espionage
Espionage or spying involves an individual obtaining information that is considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information. Espionage is inherently clandestine, lest the legitimate holder of the information change plans or take other countermeasures once it...

, communication interception, cryptanalysis
Cryptanalysis
Cryptanalysis is the study of methods for obtaining the meaning of encrypted information, without access to the secret information that is normally required to do so. Typically, this involves knowing how the system works and finding a secret key...

, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. The assembly and propagation of this information is known as intelligence analysis
Intelligence analysis
Intelligence analysis is the process of taking known information about situations and entities of strategic, operational, or tactical importance, characterizing the known, and, with appropriate statements of probability, the future actions in those situations and by those entities...

.

Intelligence agencies can provide the following services for their national governments.
  • provide analysis in areas relevant to national security
    National security
    National security is the requirement to maintain the survival of the state through the use of economic, diplomacy, power projection and political power. The concept developed mostly in the United States of America after World War II...

    ;
  • give early warning of impending crises;
  • serve national and international crisis management
    Crisis management
    Crisis management is the process by which an organization deals with a major event that threatens to harm the organization, its stakeholders, or the general public. The study of crisis management originated with the large scale industrial and environmental disasters in the 1980's.Shrivastava, P....

     by helping to discern the intentions of current or potential opponents;
  • inform national defence planning and military operation
    Military operation
    Military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state in response to a developing situation. These actions are designed as a military plan to resolve the situation in the state's favor. Operations may be of combat or non-combat types, and are referred to by a code name for the purpose...

    s;
  • protect secrets, both of their own sources and activities, and those of other state agencies; and
  • may act covertly to influence the outcome of events in favour of national interest
    National interest
    The national interest, often referred to by the French expression raison d'État , is a country's goals and ambitions whether economic, military, or cultural. The concept is an important one in international relations where pursuit of the national interest is the foundation of the realist...

    s, or influence international security
    International security
    International security consists of the measures taken by nations and international organizations, such as the United Nations, to ensure mutual survival and safety. These measures include military action and diplomatic agreements such as treaties and conventions. International and national security...

    .


Intelligence agencies are also involved in defensive activities such as counter-intelligence
Counter-intelligence
Counterintelligence or counter-intelligence refers to efforts made by intelligence organizations to prevent hostile or enemy intelligence organizations from successfully gathering and collecting intelligence against them. National intelligence programs, and, by extension, the overall defenses of...

 and counter-terrorism
Counter-terrorism
Counter-terrorism is the practices, tactics, techniques, and strategies that governments, militaries, police departments and corporations adopt to prevent or in response to terrorist threats and/or acts, both real and imputed.The tactic of terrorism is available to insurgents and governments...

.

There is a distinction between "security intelligence" and "foreign intelligence". Security intelligence pertains to national security threats (e.g. terrorism, espionage). Foreign intelligence involves information collection relating to the political, or economic activities of foreign states.

Some agencies have been involved in assassination
Assassination
To carry out an assassination is "to murder by a sudden and/or secret attack, often for political reasons." Alternatively, assassination may be defined as "the act of deliberately killing someone, especially a public figure, usually for hire or for political reasons."An assassination may be...

, arms trafficking, coups d'état
Coup d'état
A coup d'état state, literally: strike/blow of state)—also known as a coup, putsch, and overthrow—is the sudden, extrajudicial deposition of a government, usually by a small group of the existing state establishment—typically the military—to replace the deposed government with another body; either...

, and the placement of misinformation (propaganda
Propaganda
Propaganda is a form of communication that is aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position so as to benefit oneself or one's group....

) as well as other covert operations, in order to support their own or their governments' interests.

List of major intelligence agencies (by country)


Argentina
Argentina
Argentina , officially the Argentine Republic , is the second largest country in South America by land area, after Brazil. It is constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires...

  • Coordinación de Informaciones de Estado
    Coordinación de Informaciones de Estado
    Coordinación de Informaciones de Estado was the first Argentine civilian intelligence agency created in 1946 by Juan Perón...

     (CIDE)


Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

  • Australian Secret Intelligence Service
    Australian Secret Intelligence Service
    The Australian Secret Intelligence Service is the Australian government intelligence agency responsible for collecting foreign intelligence, undertaking counter-intelligence activities and cooperation with other intelligence agencies overseas...

     (ASIS)
  • Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
    Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
    The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation is Australia's national security service, which is responsible for the protection of the country and its citizens from espionage, sabotage, acts of foreign interference, politically-motivated violence, attacks on the Australian defence system, and...

     (ASIO)
  • Australian Army Intelligence Corps
    Australian Army Intelligence Corps
    The Australian Intelligence Corps is a corps within the Australian Army. It was formed on 6 December 1907 and provides intelligence personnel in every formation headquarters in the Army. The corps currently consists of 169 officers and 232 other ranks....

     (AUSTINT)
  • Australian Federal Police
    Australian Federal Police
    The Australian Federal Police is the federal police agency of the Commonwealth of Australia. Although the AFP was created by the amalgamation in 1979 of three Commonwealth law enforcement agencies, it traces its history from Commonwealth law enforcement agencies dating back to the federation of...

     (AFP) Intelligence
  • Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation
    Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation
    The Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation is an Australian government intelligence agency responsible for the tasking , exploitation , and dissemination of geospatial intelligence...

     (DIGO)
  • Defence Intelligence Organisation
    Defence Intelligence Organisation
    The Defence Intelligence Organisation is an Australian government intelligence agency responsible for assessing intelligence obtained from or provided by other Australian and foreign intelligence agencies, supporting Defence and Government decision-making and the planning and conduct of Australian...

     (DIO)
  • Defence Signals Directorate
    Defence Signals Directorate
    Defence Signals Directorate is an Australian government intelligence agency responsible for signals intelligence and information security .-Overview:According to its website, DSD has two principal functions:...

     (DSD)
  • Office of National Assessments
    Office of National Assessments
    The Office of National Assessments is an Australian intelligence agency. ONA was established by the Office of National Assessments Act 1977 as an independent body directly accountable to the Prime Minister of Australia...

     (ONA)


Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bangladesh , officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south...

  • Special Branch
    Special Branch (Bangladesh)
    The Special Branch or SB is the prime intelligence agency of Bangladesh, being an important agency in the Bangladeshi intelligence community. The chief of the SB has the rank of Additional Inspector General who comes from Bangladesh Police, and directly reports to the Prime Minister of Bangladesh...

     (SB)
  • National Security Intelligence
    National Security Intelligence
    The National Security Intelligence, commonly known as the NSI is the leading civilian intelligence agency of Bangladesh, directly responsible to the office of the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. The agency has 64 branch offices across the 64 districts in Bangladesh...

     (NSI)
  • Directorate General of Forces Intelligence
    Directorate General of Forces Intelligence
    The Directorate General of Forces Intelligence is the main Military Intelligence agency of Bangladesh. Along with the National Security Intelligence and Special Branch , these three agencies are presumably the main components of the country's intelligence community.-History:It was reformed by...

     (DGFI)


Belgium
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

  • Staatsveiligheid / Sûreté de l'État
    Belgian State Security Service
    The Belgian State Security Service, known in Dutch as Veiligheid van de Staat, or Staatsveiligheid , and in French as Sûreté de l'État , is a Belgian intelligence agency...

     (SV/SE) State Security Service


Brazil
Brazil
Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

  • Agência Brasileira de Inteligência (ABIN) Brazilian Intelligence Agency


Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

  • Canadian Security Intelligence Service / Service Canadien du renseignement de sécurité
    Canadian Security Intelligence Service
    The Canadian Security Intelligence Service is Canada's national intelligence service. It is responsible for collecting, analyzing, reporting and disseminating intelligence on threats to Canada's national security, and conducting operations, covert and overt, within Canada and abroad.Its...

     (CSIS/SCRS)
  • Communications Security Establishment (CSE)
  • Canadian Forces Intelligence Branch


Chile
Chile
Chile ,officially the Republic of Chile , is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far...

  • Agencia Nacional de Inteligencia
    Agencia Nacional de Inteligencia
    The National Intelligence Agency ANI is the Chilean government agency. Created in 2004 and it mission is coordinate and advise the President on intelligence. Attached administratively to the Ministry of the Interior.Its current director is Gonzalo Yuseff Quiroz...

     (ANI) National Intelligence Agency


People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

  • Ministry of State Security (MSS)


Colombia
Colombia
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia , is a unitary constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. The country is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the...

  • Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (DAS) Administrative Department of Security (of Colombia)


Cuba
Cuba
The Republic of Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city...

  • Intelligence Directorate


Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

  • Bezpečnostní informační služba (BIS) Security Information Service
  • Úřad pro zahraniční styky a informace (ÚZSI) Office for Foreign Relations and Information
  • Vojenské zpravodajství (VZ) Military Intelligence


Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

  • Politiets Efterretningstjeneste
    Politiets Efterretningstjeneste
    Politiets Efterretningstjeneste is the national security intelligence agency of Denmark...

     (PET) Danish Security and Intelligence Service
  • Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste
    Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste
    The Danish Defence Intelligence Service , is a Danish intelligence agency, responsible for Denmark’s foreign intelligence, as well as being the Danish military intelligence service...

     (FE) Danish Defence Intelligence Service


Egypt
Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

  • Al-Mukhabarat al-'Ammah
    Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate
    The General Intelligence Services , often called the Mukhabarat , is an Egyptian intelligence agency responsible for providing national security intelligence, both domestically and transnationally, with a counter-terrorism focus....

      Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate
  • Mabahith Amn al-Dawla al-'Ulya
    State Security Intelligence
    The Egyptian State Security Investigations Service was the highest national investigating authority in Egypt. Estimated to employ 100,000 people, the SSI was the main security apparatus of Egypt's Ministry of Interior and had the role of controlling opposition groups, both armed groups and those...

      State Security Investigation Bureau (replaced by National Security Sector)
  • Al-Mukhabarat al-Harbeya (Military Intelligence)


Estonia
Estonia
Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...

  • Kaitsepolitseiamet - Estonian Security Police


Finland
Finland
Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

  • Suojelupoliisi (SUPO) Security Intelligence Service


France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

  • Minister of Defence
    Minister of Defence (France)
    The Minister of Defense and Veterans Affairs is the French government cabinet member charged with running the military of France....

    • Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure
      Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure
      The General Directorate for External Security is France's external intelligence agency. Operating under the direction of the French ministry of defence, the agency works alongside the DCRI in providing intelligence and national security, notably by performing paramilitary and counterintelligence...

       (DGSE) General Directorate of External Security
    • Direction du Renseignement Militaire
      Direction du renseignement militaire
      The Direction du renseignement militaire is a French intelligence agency that has the task of collecting and centralizing information for the French Armed Forces. Created in 1992, its role is similar to that of the US DIA, the UK DIS or the Russian GRU...

       (DRM) Directorate of Military Intelligence
    • Direction de la Protection et de la Sécurité de la Défense (DPSD) Directorate for the Protection and the Security of the Defence
  • Minister of the Interior
    Minister of the Interior (France)
    The Minister of the Interior in France is one of the most important governmental cabinet positions, responsible for the following:* The general interior security of the country, with respect to criminal acts or natural catastrophes...

    • Direction Centrale du Renseignement Intérieur
      Direction centrale du renseignement intérieur
      The Direction Centrale du Renseignement Intérieur is a French intelligence agency which reports directly to the Ministry of the Interior...

       (DCRI) Central Directorate of Interior Intelligence
    • Unité de Coordination de la Lutte Antiterroriste (UCLA) Co-ordination Unit of the Fight Against Terrorism
    • Direction du Renseignement de la Préfecture de Police (DRPP) Directorate of the Prefecture of Police
      Prefecture of Police
      The Prefecture of Police , headed by the Prefect of Police , is an agency of the Government of France which provides the police force for the city of Paris and the surrounding three suburban départements of Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, and Val-de-Marne...

       Intelligence
  • Minister of the Economy, Industry and Employment
    • Traitement du Renseignement et Action Contre les Circuits Financiers Clandestins
      Tracfin
      Tracfin is a service of the French Ministry of Finances. It fights money laundering....

       (TRACFIN) Intelligence Treatment and Action Against Underground Financial Circuits
    • Direction Nationale du Renseignement et des Enquêtes Douanières
      Direction Nationale du Renseignement et des Enquêtes Douanières
      The Direction Nationale du Renseignement et des Enquêtes Douanières is a French intelligence agency that has the task to carry out investigations on smuggling, counterfeit money, and any customs fraud, for the Direction Générale des Douanes et Droits Indirects...

       (DNRED) National Directorate of the Intelligence and Customs Investigations


Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

  • Bundesnachrichtendienst
    Bundesnachrichtendienst
    The Bundesnachrichtendienst [ˌbʊndəsˈnaːχʁɪçtnˌdiːnst] is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Chancellor's Office. Its headquarters are in Pullach near Munich, and Berlin . The BND has 300 locations in Germany and foreign countries...

     (BND) Federal Intelligence Service
  • Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV) Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution
  • Militärischer Abschirmdienst
    Militärischer Abschirmdienst
    The Militärischer Abschirmdienst or more officially Amt für den Militärischen Abschirmdienst , is one of the three federal intelligence agencies in Germany, responsible for military counterintelligence...

     (MAD) Military Counterintelligence Service


Greece
Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

  • Ethniki Ypiresia Pliroforion
    Hellenic National Intelligence Service
    The National Intelligence Service is the national intelligence agency of Greece. Its headquarters are located in Athens.-Mission:...

     (NIS) Hellenic National Intelligence Service


India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...


  • Internal Security
    Internal security
    Internal security, or IS, is the act of keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories. generally by upholding the national law and defending against internal security threats...

    • Intelligence Bureau
      Intelligence Bureau (India)
      The Intelligence Bureau also known as IB is India's internal intelligence agency and reputedly the world's oldest intelligence agency. It was recast as the Central Intelligence Bureau in 1947 under the Ministry of Home Affairs...

    • Joint Intelligence Committee
      National Security Council (India)
      The National Security Council of India is the apex agency looking into the political, economic, energy and strategic security concerns of India...

    • Central Bureau of Investigation
      Central Bureau of Investigation
      The Central Bureau of Investigation is a government agency of India that serves as a criminal investigation body, national security agency and intelligence agency. It was established on 1 April 1963 and evolved from the Special Police Establishment founded in 1941...

    • Criminal Investigation Department
      Criminal Investigation Department
      The Crime Investigation Department is the branch of all Territorial police forces within the British Police and many other Commonwealth police forces, to which plain clothes detectives belong. It is thus distinct from the Uniformed Branch and the Special Branch.The Metropolitan Police Service CID,...

    • All India Radio Monitoring Service
  • External Intelligence
    Espionage
    Espionage or spying involves an individual obtaining information that is considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information. Espionage is inherently clandestine, lest the legitimate holder of the information change plans or take other countermeasures once it...

    • Research and Analysis Wing
      Research and Analysis Wing
      The Research and Analysis Wing is India's external intelligence agency. It was formed in September 1968 after the poor performance of the Intelligence Bureau in the Sino-Indian war of 1962 and the India-Pakistani war of 1965 convinced the then government of India that a specialized, independent...

    • Aviation Research Centre
      Aviation Research Centre
      The Aviation Research Centre is a part of the Research and Analysis Wing of the Cabinet Secretariat, India. The first head of the ARC was R. N. Kao, the legendary founding chief of R&AW...

    • National Technical Research Organisation
      National Technical Research Organisation
      The National Technical Research Organisation is a premier apex scientific organization under the National Security Advisor in the Prime Minister's Office, India. It was set up in 2004. It also includes National Institute of Cryptology Research and Development , which is first of its kind in Asia...

    • Radio Research Center
      Radio Research Center
      The Radio Research Center is an agency under Research and Analysis Wing. RRC deals withSIGINT and allied works. Most of its work is classified....

    • Electronics and Technical Services
      Electronics and Technical Services
      Electronics and Technical Services is the ELNIT arm of R&AW, India's premier external intelligence organisation.Established in the mid 1980s by then Prime minister of India Rajiv Gandhi, the organisation is housed in the CGO complex in New Delhi...

  • Defence Intelligence
    Defense (military)
    Defense has several uses in the sphere of military application.Personal defense implies measures taken by individual soldiers in protecting themselves whether by use of protective materials such as armor, or field construction of trenches or a bunker, or by using weapons that prevent the enemy...

    • Directorate of Military Intelligence
      Indian Army
      The Indian Army is the land based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. With about 1,100,000 soldiers in active service and about 1,150,000 reserve troops, the Indian Army is the world's largest standing volunteer army...

    • Defense Intelligence Agency
    • Directorate of Naval Intelligence
    • Directorate of Air Intelligence
    • Image Processing and Analysis Centre
    • Directorate of Signals Intelligence
    • Joint Cipher Bureau
      Joint Cipher Bureau
      The Joint Cipher Bureau is an agency of the Indian armed forces responsible for signals intelligence and cryptanalysis and co-ordinating similar activities and operations of military intelligence agencies....

  • Economic Intelligence
    Economic warfare
    Economic warfare is the term for economic policies followed as a part of military operations during wartime.The purpose of economic warfare is to capture critical economic resources so that the military can operate at full efficiency and/or deprive the enemy forces of those resources so that they...

    • Directorate of Revenue Intelligence
      Directorate of Revenue Intelligence
      The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence is an Indian intelligence agency.Even today, the organisation runs on skeleton staff even when compared to other intelligence agencies such as IB or state Police organisations.It comproses of officers of the Indian Revenue Service.However, its track record...

    • Economic Intelligence Council
      Ministry of Finance (India)
      The Ministry of Finance is an important ministry within the Government of India. It concerns itself with taxation, financial legislation, financial institutions, capital markets, center and state finances, and the Union Budget....

    • Directorate of Income Tax Investigation
      Income tax in India
      The government of India imposes an income tax on taxable income of individuals, Hindu Undivided Families , companies, firms, co-operative societies and trusts and any other artificial person. Levy of tax is separate on each of the persons. The levy is governed by the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961...

    • Narcotics Control Bureau
    • Central Economic Intelligence Bureau
    • Directorate of Economic Enforcement
    • Directorate of Anti-Evasion


Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

  • Badan Intelijen Negara (BIN)
  • Badan Intelijen Strategis (BAIS)
  • Badan Intelijen Keamanan (BAINTELKAM)


Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

  • Ministry of Intelligence and National Security (VEVAK)
  • NAJA
    Law enforcement in Iran
    Law enforcement in Iran has 60,000 police personnel served under the Ministry of Interior and Justice, including border patrol personnel.The Police-110 unit specializes in rapid-response activities in urban areas and dispersing gatherings deemed dangerous to public order. Marine police have 100...

  • Intelligence and security organization of Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (SASA)
  • SAVAK
    SAVAK
    SAVAK was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran's Mohammad Reza Shah on the recommendation of the British Government and with the help of the United States' Central Intelligence Agency SAVAK (Persian: ساواک, short for سازمان اطلاعات و امنیت کشور...

     Defunct secret police,replacement by VEVAK


Iraq
Iraq
Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

  • Iraqi National Intelligence Service
    Iraqi National Intelligence Service
    The Iraqi National Intelligence Service is an intelligence agency of the Iraqi government that was created in April 2004 on the authority of the Coalition Provisional Authority.-Background:...

     (INIS)


Ireland
Republic of Ireland
Ireland , described as the Republic of Ireland , is a sovereign state in Europe occupying approximately five-sixths of the island of the same name. Its capital is Dublin. Ireland, which had a population of 4.58 million in 2011, is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy,...

  • G2 Army Intelligence
    G2 (Republic of Ireland)
    G2 or G-2 is the national intelligence agency of Ireland. It is the military intelligence branch of the Irish Defence Forces, and also helps protect Ireland's national security. G2 is used in several western and NATO forces to refer to the Intelligence and Security branch of the staff function...

     (G2)
  • Garda National Surveillance Unit
    Garda National Surveillance Unit
    The Garda National Surveillance Unit is the covert, intelligence gathering and surveillance operations unit of An Garda Síochána, the national police force of Ireland. The unit operates out of the Crime and Security section based at Garda Headquarters in the Phoenix Park, Dublin...

     (NSU)
  • Irish Secret Service  (ISS)


Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

  • ha-Mossad le-Modiin u-le-Tafkidim Myukhadim
    Mossad
    The Mossad , short for HaMossad leModi'in uleTafkidim Meyuchadim , is the national intelligence agency of Israel....

     (Mossad) Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations
  • Shirut Bitahon Klali (ISA) Israel Security Agency
  • Aman  Military Intelligence Directorate


Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

  • Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Interna
    Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Interna
    The Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Interna , commonly known as AISI, is the domestic intelligence agency of Italy...

     (AISI) Agency for Internal Information and Security
  • Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Esterna
    Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Esterna
    The Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Esterna , commonly known as AISE and formerly known as SISMI, is the external intelligence agency of Italy. Operating outside of Italy, the organisation protects Italy's regional interests mainly through the use of HUMINT.-External links:*...

     (AISE) Agency for External Information and Security


Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

  • Cabinet Intelligence and Research Office
  • Defense Intelligence Headquarters
    Defense Intelligence Headquarters
    The is the official signals intelligence agency of the Japanese government, under the jurisdiction of the Japanese Ministry of Defense. It is currently one of the biggest Japanese intelligence agencies with its creation and structure modeled after the American Defense Intelligence...

  • Public Security Intelligence Agency
    Public Security Intelligence Agency
    The is the national intelligence agency of Japan. It is administered by the Ministry of Justice in the government of Japan, and is tasked with internal security and espionage against threats to Japanese national security based on the Subversive Activities Prevention Act.As the national agency with...



Jordan
Jordan
Jordan , officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan , Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing...

  • Dairat al-Mukhabarat al-Ammah
    Dairat al-Mukhabarat al-Ammah
    Dairat al-Mukhabarat al-Ammah is the intelligence agency of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and a branch of the Jordanian Armed Forces...



Lithuania
Lithuania
Lithuania , officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, the biggest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, whereby to the west lie Sweden and Denmark...

  • Valstybės Saugumo Departamentas (VSD) State Security Department
  • Antrasis operatyvinių tarnybų departamentas prie Krašto apsaugos ministerijos (AOTD) II-nd Investigation Department


Malaysia
  • Kor Risik DiRaja
    Kor Risik DiRaja
    Kor Risik DiRaja is a Malaysian intelligence agency specializing in intelligence gathering, intelligence analysis, psychological warfare , surveillance, espionage, reconnaissance and counter-intelligence operations...

      Royal Intelligence Corps
  • Malaysian Special Branch
    Malaysian Special Branch
    The Special Branch or SB is an intelligence agency attached to the Royal Malaysian Police. The SB is empowered to acquire and develop intelligence on internal and external threats to the nation, subversive activities, extremist activities and activities of sabotage and spying...

     of the Royal Malaysian Police
    Royal Malaysian Police
    The Royal Malaysia Police is a part of the security forces structure in Malaysia. The force is a centralised organization with responsibilities ranging from traffic control to intelligence gathering. Its headquarters is located at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur. The police force is led by an...

  • National Security Council (Malaysia)
    National Security Council (Malaysia)
    The Malaysian National Security Council is the national security council of the Malaysian Government.-History:The 13 May 1969 racial riot incident raised the awareness of various parties on the importance of in managing the difference and sensitivity that exists in a multi-racial community like...

  • National Security Division (BKN)
    National Security Division (BKN)
    National Security Division or Bahagian Keselamatan Negara or BKN is a department under Prime Minister's Department which acts as Secretariate for National Security Council . It is headed by a Director General, who is also the Secretary of the National Security Council...

  • Defence Staff Intelligence Division
    Defence Staff Intelligence Division
    Defence Staff Intelligence Division is the military intelligence agency of Malaysia Armed Forces. Its role is said to be equivalent to the US Defense Intelligence Agency...

  • Public Safety & Security Division


Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

  • Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional
    Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional
    Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional is a Mexican intelligence agency controlled by the Office of Coordination of the Presidency. CISEN was established in 1989 after its predecessors ceased to operate...

     (CISEN) National Security and Investigation Center
  • Agencia Federal de Investigacion (AFI) Federal Investigation Agency


Morocco
Morocco
Morocco , officially the Kingdom of Morocco , is a country located in North Africa. It has a population of more than 32 million and an area of 710,850 km², and also primarily administers the disputed region of the Western Sahara...

  • Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire
    Direction de la surveillance du territoire
    The Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire was a directorate of the French National Police operating as a domestic intelligence agency. It was responsible for counterespionage, counterterrorism and more generally the security of France against foreign threats and interference...

     (DST) Directorate of Territorial Surveillance
  • Direction Generale des Etudes et la Documentation (DGED)


Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

  • Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst
    General Intelligence and Security Service
    Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst , formerly known as the BVD is the General Intelligence and Security Service or The Secret service of the Netherlands. The office is in Zoetermeer...

     (AIVD) General Intelligence and Security Service
  • Militaire Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (MIVD) Military Intelligence and Security Service
  • Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding
    NCTb
    The Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding is the Dutch official counter-terrorism unit established in January 2005. It is, amongst other responsibilities, responsible for civil aviation...

     (NCTb) Domestic Counter-Terrorist Unit
  • 'Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst
    FIOD-ECD
    The Fiscal Information and Investigation Service, in Dutch "Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst" is the Dutch Anti-Fraud agency.- History :The FIOD-ECD was formed when the FIOD and the ECD were merged in 1999.In 2010 the name changed into FIOD....

     (FIOD-ECD) Fiscal Information and Investigation Service


New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses and numerous smaller islands. The country is situated some east of Australia across the Tasman Sea, and roughly south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga...

  • New Zealand Security Intelligence Service
    New Zealand Security Intelligence Service
    The New Zealand Security Intelligence Service is an intelligence agency of the New Zealand government.-Purpose:As a civilian organisation, the Security Intelligence Service takes no part in the enforcement of security...

     (NZSIS)
  • Government Communications Security Bureau
    Government Communications Security Bureau
    The Government Communications Security Bureau is an intelligence agency of the New Zealand government.The mission statement is given as:To contribute to the national security of New Zealand through:...

     (GCSB)


Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

  • National Security Authority (NSM)
  • Norwegian Police Security Service (PST)
  • Norwegian Intelligence Service
    Norwegian Intelligence Service
    Etterretningstjenesten or the Norwegian Intelligence Service is a Norwegian military intelligence agency under the Chief of Defence and the Ministry of Defence....

     (E-tjenesten)


Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

  • Inter-Services Intelligence
    Inter-Services Intelligence
    The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence , is Pakistan's premier intelligence agency, responsible for providing critical national security intelligence assessment to the Government of Pakistan...

     (ISI)
  • Military Intelligence
    Military Intelligence of Pakistan
    In Pakistan Defence Forces, the Directorate-General for the Military Intelligence , is a Pakistan Defence Forces intelligence agency and that is responsible for the military counter-intelligence. It also refers specifically to the intelligence components of the Pakistan Armed Forces. Unlike the...

     (MI)
  • Intelligence Bureau (IB)
  • Federal Investigation Agency
    Federal Investigation Agency
    The Federal Investigation Agency is an agency of Pakistan, under the Ministry of Interior, that serves as a federal criminal investigative body with one of the Directorate dealing as Pakistani body of Interpol. It has a wide role in anti-terrorism, anti-fascism, anti-corruption, human smuggling...

     (FIA)
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)


Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

  • National Intelligence Coordinating Agency
    National Intelligence Coordinating Agency
    The National Intelligence Coordinating Agency is the primary intelligence gathering and analysis arm of the Philippine government, in charge of carrying out overt, covert, and clandestine intelligence programs...

     (NICA)
  • National Bureau of Investigation (NBI)


Poland
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

  • Agencja Wywiadu
    Agencja Wywiadu
    Agencja Wywiadu or AW is a Polish intelligence agency, tasked with the gathering of public and secret information abroad for the Republic of Poland....

     (AW) Foreign Intelligence Agency
  • Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego
    Agencja Bezpieczenstwa Wewnetrznego
    The Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego is the Polish government counterintelligence state agency tasked with the collecting of domestic intelligence etc. Foreign operations counterpart is Agencja Wywiadu.-See also:...

     (ABW) Internal Security Agency
  • Służba Wywiadu Wojskowego (SWW) Military Intelligence Service
  • Służba Kontrwywiadu Wojskowego (SKW) Military Counterintelligence Service
  • Centralne Biuro Antykorupcyjne (CBA) Central Anticorruption Bureau


Portugal
Portugal
Portugal , officially the Portuguese Republic is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the...

  • Serviço de Informações de Segurança (SIS) Security Intelligence Service
  • Serviço de Informações Estratégicas de Defesa (SIED) Strategic Defense Intelligence Service
  • Sistema de Informações da República Portuguesa
    Sistema de Informações da República Portuguesa
    The SIRP - Sistema de Informações da República Portuguesa is the coordinating structure of Portuguese intelligence....

     (SIRP) Intelligence System of the Portuguese Republic


Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

  • Serviciul Roman de Informatii
    Serviciul Român de Informatii
    The Romanian Intelligence Service is the Romanian domestic intelligence service. It is considered the descendant of the former Departamentul Securităţii Statului , of the Socialist Republic of Romania. The official decree The Romanian Intelligence Service (', SRI) is the Romanian domestic...

     (SRI) Romanian Information Service


Russian Federation
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

  • Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti
    FSB (Russia)
    The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation is the main domestic security agency of the Russian Federation and the main successor agency of the Soviet Committee of State Security . Its main responsibilities are counter-intelligence, internal and border security, counter-terrorism, and...

     (FSB) Federal Security Service
  • Glavnoye Razvedyvatelnoye Upravlenie Genshtaba
    GRU
    GRU or Glavnoye Razvedyvatel'noye Upravleniye is the foreign military intelligence directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation...

     (GRU) Main Intelligence Directorate of General Staff
  • Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (SVR) Foreign Intelligence Service


Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , commonly known in British English as Saudi Arabia and in Arabic as as-Sa‘ūdiyyah , is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab World...

  • Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah
    Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah
    The Ri'āsat Al-Istikhbārāt Al-'Āmah , or the General Intelligence Presidency , is the primary intelligence agency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.- History :...

      General Intelligence Directorate


Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

  • Bezbednosno Informativna Agencija (BIA) Security Informative Agency
  • Vojnoobavestajna agencija
    Vojnoobaveštajna agencija
    VOA or Vojnoobaveštajna agencija is the military intelligence agency of the Ministry of Defence of Serbia....

     (VOA) Military Intelligence Agency


Singapore
Singapore
Singapore , officially the Republic of Singapore, is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the...

  • Security and Intelligence Division
    Security and Intelligence Division
    -Other Notes:...

     (SID)
  • Internal Security Department
    Internal Security Department
    The Internal Security Department is a domestic intelligence agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs of Singapore. It was formerly part of the Ministry of Interior and Defence until it was split on 11 August 1970...

     (ISD)


Slovakia
Slovakia
The Slovak Republic is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about . Slovakia is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south...

  • Slovenská informačná služba
    Slovenská informacná služba
    Slovenská informačná služba is an intelligence agency of the government of Slovakia.- History :Slovenská informačná služba was established on January 21, 1993 as a descendant of the Federálna bezpečnostná informačná služba FBIS...

     (SIS) Slovak Information Service
  • Vojenská spravodajská služba
    Vojenská spravodajská služba
    Vojenská spravodajská služba is a military intelligence agency for the government of Slovakia....

     (VSS) Military Intelligence Service
  • Národný bezpečnostný úrad
    Národný bezpecnostný úrad
    Národný bezpečnostný úrad is responsible for protection of confidential facts, electronic signature, cipher service in the Slovak republic....

     (NBS) National Security Agency


Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

  • Slovenska obveščevalno-varnostna agencija
    Slovenska Obvešcevalno-Varnostna Agencija
    The Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency is the main intelligence force in the Republic of Slovenia. The mission of SOVA as the central intelligence and security service in the Republic of Slovenia is to provide for national security....

     (SOVA) Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency


South Africa
South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

  • National Intelligence Agency (NIA)
  • South African Secret Service
    South African Secret Service
    The South African Secret Service is a South African intelligence agency. It is responsible for all non-military foreign intelligence and for counterintelligence within the Service itself. It is also responsible for gathering, correlating, evaluating and analyzing this intelligence...

     (SASS)


South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

  • National Intelligence Service
    National Intelligence Service (South Korea)
    The National Intelligence Service is the chief intelligence agency of South Korea. The agency was officially established in 1961 as the Korea Central Intelligence Agency , during the rule of President Park Chung-hee's military Supreme Council for National Reconstruction, which displaced the...

     (NIS)


Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

  • Centro Nacional de Inteligencia
    Centro Nacional de Inteligencia
    The National Intelligence Center is the Spanish official intelligence agency. Its headquarters are located in the A-6 motorway near Madrid. The CNI is the successor of the Centro Superior de Información de la Defensa, Higher Centre for Defense Intelligence. Its main target areas are North Africa...

     (CNI) National Intelligence Centre


Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

  • Säkerhetspolisen
    Swedish Security Service
    The Swedish Security Service , former name Rikspolisstyrelsens säkerhetsavdelning , is the security service of Sweden, belonging to the Swedish National Police Board....

     (SÄPO) Swedish Security Service
  • Kontoret för särskild inhämtning
    Office for Special Assignments
    Kontoret för särskild inhämtning , "The Office for Special Collection", is part of the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service and also one of the most secret parts of the Swedish Armed Forces...

     (KSI) Office for Special Acquisition
  • Underrättelsekontoret (UNDK) Intelligence Office


Republic of China
Republic of China
The Republic of China , commonly known as Taiwan , is a unitary sovereign state located in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China currently governs the island of Taiwan , which forms over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other minor...

 (Taiwan)
  • National Security Bureau
    National Security Bureau
    The National Security Bureau is the principal intelligence agency of the Republic of China , including military intelligence.-History:...

     (NSB)
  • Ministry of Justice Investigation Bureau
    Ministry of Justice Investigation Bureau
    The Ministry of Justice Investigation Bureau is a criminal-investigation and counter-intelligence agency of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of China. The agency is run by the Director General which is accountable to the cabinet level minister, Minister of Justice.- History :The Bureau of...

     (MJIB)
  • Bureau of Military Intelligence


Tunisia
Tunisia
Tunisia , officially the Tunisian RepublicThe long name of Tunisia in other languages used in the country is: , is the northernmost country in Africa. It is a Maghreb country and is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Its area...

  • Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST) – Directorate of Territorial Surveillance


Turkey
Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

  • Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı (MİT) National Intelligence Organization


Ukraine
Ukraine
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

  • Holovne Upravlinnya Rozvidky
    Chief directorate of intelligence of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine
    The Chief directorate of intelligence of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine or HUR , is Ukraine's military intelligence service. It is a subdivision of the country's Defence Ministry and is under direct subordination to the Ministry of Defense, not the General Staff...

     (HUR) Central Intelligence Directorate
  • Sluzhba Bezpeky Ukrayiny (SBU) Security Service of Ukraine
  • Sluzhba Zovnishnioyi Rozvidky Ukrayiny
    Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine
    The Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine is an independent state body, which carries out its intelligence activities in political, economic, military and technical, scientific and technical, information and ecological spheres and subordinates directly to the President of Ukraine.The...

     (SZR or SZRU) Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine


United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

  • Defence Intelligence
  • Secret Intelligence Service
    Secret Intelligence Service
    The Secret Intelligence Service is responsible for supplying the British Government with foreign intelligence. Alongside the internal Security Service , the Government Communications Headquarters and the Defence Intelligence , it operates under the formal direction of the Joint Intelligence...

     (SIS or MI6)
  • Special Branch
    Special Branch
    Special Branch is a label customarily used to identify units responsible for matters of national security in British and Commonwealth police forces, as well as in the Royal Thai Police...

  • Security Service
    MI5
    The Security Service, commonly known as MI5 , is the United Kingdom's internal counter-intelligence and security agency and is part of its core intelligence machinery alongside the Secret Intelligence Service focused on foreign threats, Government Communications Headquarters and the Defence...

     (colloquially MI5)
  • Government Communications Headquarters
    Government Communications Headquarters
    The Government Communications Headquarters is a British intelligence agency responsible for providing signals intelligence and information assurance to the UK government and armed forces...

     (GCHQ)


United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

  • Independent agencies
    Independent agencies of the United States government
    Independent agencies of the United States federal government are those agencies that exist outside of the federal executive departments...

    • Central Intelligence Agency
      Central Intelligence Agency
      The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government. It is an executive agency and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence, responsible for providing national security intelligence assessment to senior United States policymakers...

       (CIA)
  • United States Department of Defense
    United States Department of Defense
    The United States Department of Defense is the U.S...

    • Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency (AFISRA)
    • United States Army Intelligence and Security Command
      United States Army Intelligence and Security Command
      The United States Army Intelligence and Security Command is a direct reporting unit that conducts intelligence, security, and information operations for U.S. Army commanders and national decision makers. INSCOM is both an organization within the United States Army and the National Security Agency,...

       (MI)
    • Defense Intelligence Agency
      Defense Intelligence Agency
      The Defense Intelligence Agency is a member of the Intelligence Community of the United States, and is the central producer and manager of military intelligence for the United States Department of Defense, employing over 16,500 U.S. military and civilian employees worldwide...

       (DIA)
    • Marine Corps Intelligence Activity
      Marine Corps Intelligence Activity
      The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity , is a field activity of Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps and a member of both the Defense Intelligence Enterprise and the United States Intelligence Community...

       (MCIA)
    • National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
      National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
      The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency is an agency of the federal government of the United States with the primary mission of collecting, analyzing and distributing geospatial intelligence in support of national security. NGA was formerly known as the National Imagery and Mapping Agency ...

       (NGA)
    • National Reconnaissance Office
      National Reconnaissance Office
      The National Reconnaissance Office , located in Chantilly, Virginia, is one of the 16 U.S. intelligence agencies. It designs, builds, and operates the spy satellites of the United States government.-Mission:...

       (NRO)
    • National Security Agency
      National Security Agency
      The National Security Agency/Central Security Service is a cryptologic intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence, as well as protecting U.S...

       (NSA)
    • Office of Naval Intelligence
      Office of Naval Intelligence
      The Office of Naval Intelligence was established in the United States Navy in 1882. ONI was established to "seek out and report" on the advancements in other nations' navies. Its headquarters are at the National Maritime Intelligence Center in Suitland, Maryland...

       (ONI)
  • United States Department of Energy
    United States Department of Energy
    The United States Department of Energy is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material...

    • Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
      Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
      The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence is an office of the United States Department of Energy that focuses on gathering intelligence for the department. It provides information to the Secretary of Energy and senior federal policy makers. As a member of the Intelligence Community, it...

       (OICI)
  • United States Department of Homeland Security
    United States Department of Homeland Security
    The United States Department of Homeland Security is a cabinet department of the United States federal government, created in response to the September 11 attacks, and with the primary responsibilities of protecting the territory of the United States and protectorates from and responding to...

    • Office of Intelligence and Analysis
      Office of Intelligence and Analysis
      The Office of Intelligence and Analysis is a part of the Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, of the United States Department of the Treasury and is responsible for the receipt, analysis, collation, and dissemination of foreign intelligence and foreign counterintelligence information...

       (I&A)
    • Coast Guard Investigative Service
      Coast Guard Investigative Service
      The Coast Guard Investigative Service is a division of the United States Coast Guard that investigates crimes where the Coast Guard has an interest...

       (CGIS)
  • United States Department of Justice
    United States Department of Justice
    The United States Department of Justice , is the United States federal executive department responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries.The Department is led by the Attorney General, who is nominated...

    • Federal Bureau of Investigation
      Federal Bureau of Investigation
      The Federal Bureau of Investigation is an agency of the United States Department of Justice that serves as both a federal criminal investigative body and an internal intelligence agency . The FBI has investigative jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crime...

       (FBI)
    • Drug Enforcement Administration
      Drug Enforcement Administration
      The Drug Enforcement Administration is a federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States...

       (DEA)
  • United States Department of State
    United States Department of State
    The United States Department of State , is the United States federal executive department responsible for international relations of the United States, equivalent to the foreign ministries of other countries...

    • Bureau of Intelligence and Research
      Bureau of Intelligence and Research
      The Bureau of Intelligence and Research is an intelligence bureau in the U.S. State Department tasked with analyzing information. Originally founded as the Research and Analysis Branch of the Office of Strategic Services , it was transferred to the State Department at the end of World War II...

       (INR)
  • United States Department of the Treasury
    United States Department of the Treasury
    The Department of the Treasury is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government. It was established by an Act of Congress in 1789 to manage government revenue...

    • Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
      Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
      The Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence is a position within the United States Department of the Treasury responsible for directing the Treasury's efforts to cut the lines of financial support for terrorists, fight financial crime, enforce economic sanctions against rogue...



Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam – sometimes spelled Viet Nam , officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam – is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –...

  • Tổng cục 2(TC2)

See also

  • Intelligence (information gathering)
    Intelligence (information gathering)
    Intelligence assessment is the development of forecasts of behaviour or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organization, based on a wide range of available information sources both overt and covert. Assessments are developed in response to requirements declared by the leadership...

  • List of defunct intelligence agencies
  • List of intelligence gathering disciplines
    • HUMINT
      HUMINT
      HUMINT, a syllabic abbreviation of the words HUMan INTelligence, refers to intelligence gathering by means of interpersonal contact, as opposed to the more technical intelligence gathering disciplines such as SIGINT, IMINT and MASINT...

       or human intelligence
    • GEOINT
      GEOINT
      Geospatial intelligence, GEOINT , GeoIntel , or GSI has no universally accepted definition and it has been said that if you "ask 10 people to define 'geospatial intelligence,' and you are likely to get 10 different answers."-Official definition:The...

       or geospatial intelligence
    • IMINT
      IMINT
      Imagery Intelligence , is an intelligence gathering discipline which collects information via satellite and aerial photography. As a means of collecting intelligence, IMINT is a subset of intelligence collection management, which, in turn, is a subset of intelligence cycle management...

       or imagery intelligence
    • MASINT or measures and signatures intelligence
    • OSINT or open source intelligence
    • SIGINT
      SIGINT
      Signals intelligence is intelligence-gathering by interception of signals, whether between people , whether involving electronic signals not directly used in communication , or combinations of the two...

       or signals intelligence
      • COMINT or communications intelligence
      • ELINT or electronics intelligence
  • List of primary and secondary sources on the Cold War
  • Mukhabarat
    Mukhabarat
    Mukhābarāt is the Arabic term for intelligence, as in intelligence agency. In the West, the term is sometimes used negatively, connotating repression, often by means of secret police or state terror, in Arab countries...

  • Secret police
    Secret police
    Secret police are a police agency which operates in secrecy and beyond the law to protect the political power of an individual dictator or an authoritarian political regime....

  • Secret service
    Secret service
    A secret service describes a government agency, or the activities of a government agency, concerned with the gathering of intelligence data. The tasks and powers of a secret service can vary greatly from one country to another. For instance, a country may establish a secret service which has some...

  • Security agency
    Security agency
    A security agency is a governmental organization which conducts intelligence activities for the internal security of a nation. They are the domestic cousins of foreign intelligence agencies...

  • United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
    United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
    The United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court is a U.S. federal court authorized under , . It was established by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 . The FISC oversees requests for surveillance warrants against suspected foreign intelligence agents inside the United...

  • Chinese Intelligence Operations in the United States
    Chinese intelligence operations in the United States
    The People's Republic of China has and is currently using a widespread effort to acquire U.S. military technology and classified information. To fulfill its long-term military development goals, the PRC uses a variety of methods to obtain U.S. technology; including espionage, the exploitation of...


Further reading


Books
  • Christopher Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich and Wesley K. Wark (eds.) Secret Intelligence: A Reader, London: Routledge, 2008
  • Encyclopedia of espionage, intelligence, and security, hrg. von K. Lee Lerner und Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 3 Bände, Detroit [u.a.] : Gale [u.a.], 2004
  • Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, Cloak and Dollar: A History of American Secret Intelligence, Yale University Press, 2002
  • Richard C. S. Trahair, Encyclopedia of Cold War espionage, spies, and secret operations, Westport, Conn. [u.a.] : Greenwood Press, 2004
  • Amy B. Zegart, Flawed by design : the evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC, Stanford, Calif. : Stanford Univ. Press, 1999


Journals
  • The Journal of Intelligence History


Reports
  • Ruiz, Victor H., 2010. "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall’s Knowledge Taxonomy". Applied Research Projects. Texas State University Paper 331. http://ecommons.txstate.edu/arp/331

External links