Ask a question about 'Inositol triphosphate receptor'
Start a new discussion about 'Inositol triphosphate receptor'
Answer questions from other users
Inositol trisphosphate receptor
) is a membrane glycoprotein
Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains covalently attached to polypeptide side-chains. The carbohydrate is attached to the protein in a cotranslational or posttranslational modification. This process is known as glycosylation. In proteins that have segments extending...
complex acting as Ca2+ channel
A Calcium channel is an ion channel which displays selective permeability to calcium ions. It is sometimes synonymous as voltage-dependent calcium channel, although there are also ligand-gated calcium channels.-Comparison tables:...
activated by inositol trisphosphate (InsP3). InsP3R is very diverse among organisms, and is necessary for the control of cellular and physiological processes including cell division, cell proliferation, apoptosis, fertilization, development, behavior, learning and memory. Inositol triphosphate receptor represents a dominant second messenger leading to the release of Ca2+ from intracellular store sites. There is strong evidence suggesting that the InsP3R plays an important role in the conversion of external stimuli to intracellular Ca2+ signals characterized by complex patterns relative to both space and time. For example, Ca2+ waves and oscillations. The InsP3 receptor was first purified from rat cerebellum.
It has a broad tissue distribution but is especially abundant in the cerebellum
The cerebellum is a region of the brain that plays an important role in motor control. It may also be involved in some cognitive functions such as attention and language, and in regulating fear and pleasure responses, but its movement-related functions are the most solidly established...
. Most of the InsP3Rs are found in the cell integrated into the endoplasmic reticulum
The endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle of cells in eukaryotic organisms that forms an interconnected network of tubules, vesicles, and cisternae...
The asymmetric structure consists of an N-terminal beta-trefoil domain and a C-terminal alpha helical domain with a folding pattern similar to an armadillo repeat fold. The split formed by the two terminals contains multiple arginine and lysine residues that coordinate the three phosphoryl groups of InsP3R. The InsP3R complex is formed of four 313 kDa subunits. In amphibians, fish and mammals there are 3 paralogs and these can form homo- or hetero-oligomers. InsP3R-1 is the most widely expressed of these three and is found in all tissue types and all developmental stages of life. It is additionally the means for further InsP3 receptor diversity in that it has as many as four splice sites with as many as 9 different optional exons or exon variants. Combinations of these can be introduced into a given transcript in order to modulate its pharmacological activity.
Inositol or cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol is a chemical compound with formula 6126 or 6, a sixfold alcohol of cyclohexane. It exists in nine possible stereoisomers, of which the most prominent form, widely occurring in nature, is cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol, or myo-inositol...
- inositol phosphate
Inositol phosphates are a group of mono- to polyphosphorylated inositols. They play crucial roles in diverse cellular functions, such as cell growth, apoptosis, cell migration, endocytosis, and cell differentiation.The group comprises:...
- inositol monophosphate
- inositol trisphosphate
- inositol pentakisphosphate
Inositol pentakisphosphate is a molecule derived from inositol tetrakisphosphate by adding a phosphate group with the help of inositol polyphosphate multikinase . It is believed to be one of the many second messengers in the inositol phosphate family...
- inositol hexaphosphate
Protein MRVI1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MRVI1 gene.-Interactions:MRVI1 has been shown to interact with ITPR1 and PRKG1.-Further reading:...
associated through complex formation.