was a Finnish-language
Finnish is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland Primarily for use by restaurant menus and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. It is one of the two official languages of Finland and an official minority language in Sweden. In Sweden, both standard Finnish and Meänkieli, a...
newspaper published from Duluth, Minnesota
Duluth is a port city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and is the county seat of Saint Louis County. The fourth largest city in Minnesota, Duluth had a total population of 86,265 in the 2010 census. Duluth is also the second largest city that is located on Lake Superior after Thunder Bay, Ontario,...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. Founded in 1914 under the same Sosialisti
, the newspaper was politically linked to the Industrial Workers of the World
The Industrial Workers of the World is an international union. At its peak in 1923, the organization claimed some 100,000 members in good standing, and could marshal the support of perhaps 300,000 workers. Its membership declined dramatically after a 1924 split brought on by internal conflict...
. It was published daily, but was converted into a fortnigthly in its later years.
had emerged in the back-drop of the 1913 copper and ore-dock strike. The 1913 strike had caused division amongst the Finnish socialists in Minnesota. They were now divided between a 'political' wing who wanted to focus on electoral struggles (through the Socialist Party of America
The Socialist Party of America was a multi-tendency democratic-socialist political party in the United States, formed in 1901 by a merger between the three-year-old Social Democratic Party of America and disaffected elements of the Socialist Labor Party which had split from the main organization...
) and those who favoured direct action
Direct action is activity undertaken by individuals, groups, or governments to achieve political, economic, or social goals outside of normal social/political channels. This can include nonviolent and violent activities which target persons, groups, or property deemed offensive to the direct action...
. The split culminated at the annual conference of the socialist Työmies Publishing Company in the summer of 1914. At the conference, an heterogeneous coalition of political radicals and pro-direct action/pro-IWW unionists broke away and set up the publishing company behind Sosialisti
In 1916 the name of the newspaper was changed to Teollisuustyoläinen
. In 1917 a lawsuit was levelled against the newspaper. It would re-appear under the new name Industrialisti
. By this time, the paper was completely under the control of the IWW faction. The newspaper was strongly opposed to the U.S. participation in the First World War. For example the first issue of the refounded Industrialisti
in March 1917 carried a strong anti-war message. Leo Laukki was the Industrialisti
editor at the time.
At the time of its foundation, Sosialisti
had a circulation of around 4,000. As of 1919 Industrialisti
had around 10,000 subscribers. The newspaper had a sizeable readership across the border in Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...
was published by a publishing corporative, the Workers' Publishing Company (which also published Finnish-language IWW literature). It began as Socialist Publishing Company in 1914. After the 1917 lawsuit, it re-appeared as the Workers' Socialist Publishing Company, changing its name to Workers' Publishing Company in 1954.
was shut down in 1975. When it was closed down, it was one of the last non-English publications of the IWW.