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Indian Police Service

Indian Police Service

Overview


The Indian Police Service (Devanāgarī
Devanagari
Devanagari |deva]]" and "nāgarī" ), also called Nagari , is an abugida alphabet of India and Nepal...

: भारतीय पुलिस सेवा, Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā), simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services
All India Services
The All India Services are the three all India civil services of India namely the Indian Administrative Service , the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service ....

 of the Government of India
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

. In 1948, a year after India gained independence from Britain
British Raj
British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947; The term can also refer to the period of dominion...

, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service.

The IPS is not a law enforcement agency; rather it is a civil service
Civil service
The term civil service has two distinct meanings:* A branch of governmental service in which individuals are employed on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations....

 in which officers are selected on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations, and to which all police officers are professionally identified.
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Indian Police Service

Official seal of the Indian Police Service
Service overview
Abbreviation I.P.S.
Formed 1948
Country  India
Training ground
Police academy
A police academy is a training school for new police recruits, also known as a law enforcement academy.-Australia:Larger police departments usually run their own academies. States often run a centralised academy for training of personnel of law enforcement agencies within the state.Police...

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy is the Indian national institute for training of Indian Police Service officers before they are sent to their respective Indian state cadres for carrying out their duties...

, Hyderabad
Controlling authority Ministry of Home Affairs
Ministry of Home Affairs (India)
Ministry of Home Affairs , known as the Home Ministry or MHA, is an Indian government ministry. It is an interior ministry mainly responsible for the maintenance of Internal security and domestic policy.-Ministerial Team:...

Legal personality Government service
General nature Federal law enforcement
Preceding service Imperial Police Service (1893–1948)
Cadre size 3899 (2009) post
Military base
A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. In general, a military base provides accommodations for one or more units, but it may also be used as a...

s
Service colour Dark blue and red
Uniform colour Khaki
Website Official site
Service Chief
Director Intelligence Bureau (IB)
Director of Intelligence Bureau (India)
The director of Intelligence Bureau simply known as DIB is the senior most post in Intelligence Bureau and the only four-star Indian Police Service rank in the country. The current director of Intelligence Bureau is Mr...


Current: Nehchal Sandhu
Head of the Civil Services
Cabinet Secretary
Cabinet Secretary (India)
The head of executive officers of civil services of India is the Cabinet Secretary. The Cabinet Secretary is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister...


Current: A.K. Seth


The Indian Police Service (Devanāgarī
Devanagari
Devanagari |deva]]" and "nāgarī" ), also called Nagari , is an abugida alphabet of India and Nepal...

: भारतीय पुलिस सेवा, Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā), simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services
All India Services
The All India Services are the three all India civil services of India namely the Indian Administrative Service , the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service ....

 of the Government of India
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

. In 1948, a year after India gained independence from Britain
British Raj
British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947; The term can also refer to the period of dominion...

, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service.

The IPS is not a law enforcement agency; rather it is a civil service
Civil service
The term civil service has two distinct meanings:* A branch of governmental service in which individuals are employed on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations....

 in which officers are selected on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations, and to which all police officers are professionally identified. Police officers are employed by the police departments
Law enforcement in India
Law enforcement in India by numerous law enforcement agencies. Like many federal structures, the nature of the Constitution of India mandates law and order as a subject of the state, therefore the bulk of the policing lies with the respective states and territories of India.At the federal level,...

 of respective states
States and territories of India
India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

 of India.

Objectives


The First Police Commission, appointed on 17 August 1865, contained detailed guidelines for the desired system of police
Police
The police is a personification of the state designated to put in practice the enforced law, protect property and reduce civil disorder in civilian matters. Their powers include the legitimized use of force...

 in India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

 and defined police as a governmental department
Ministry (government department)
A ministry is a specialised organisation responsible for a sector of government public administration, sometimes led by a minister or a senior public servant, that can have responsibility for one or more departments, agencies, bureaus, commissions or other smaller executive, advisory, managerial or...

 to maintain order, enforce the law
Law enforcement organisation
A law enforcement organisation is an organisation of parties, either individuals or other organisations or both, associated with law enforcement, typically with some common interest....

, and prevent and detect crime. The Indian Police Service is not a force itself but a service providing leaders and commanders to staff the state police and all-India Para-Military Forces. Its members, who are all at least university graduates
Graduation
Graduation is the action of receiving or conferring an academic degree or the ceremony that is sometimes associated, where students become Graduates. Before the graduation, candidates are referred to as Graduands. The date of graduation is often called degree day. The graduation itself is also...

, are the senior officers of the police. With the passage of time Indian Police Service's objectives were updated and redefined, the roles and functions of an Indian Police Service Officer are as follows:
  • To fulfill duties based on broader responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP
    Very Important Person
    A Very Important Person, or VIP is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance.Examples include celebrities, heads of state/heads of government, major employers, high rollers, politicians, high-level corporate officers, wealthy individuals, or any other...

     security
    Protective security units
    Protective security units typically provide policing, security, intelligence and bodyguard services for Sovereigns and Politicians. They can be contrasted with security services which provide protective security intelligence such as Protective security units typically provide policing, security,...

    , counter-terrorism
    Counter-terrorism
    Counter-terrorism is the practices, tactics, techniques, and strategies that governments, militaries, police departments and corporations adopt to prevent or in response to terrorist threats and/or acts, both real and imputed.The tactic of terrorism is available to insurgents and governments...

    , border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling
    Smuggling
    Smuggling is the clandestine transportation of goods or persons, such as out of a building, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations.There are various motivations to smuggle...

    , drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption
    Political corruption
    Political corruption is the use of legislated powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain. Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents and general police brutality, is not considered political corruption. Neither are illegal acts by...

     in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation
    Legislation
    Legislation is law which has been promulgated by a legislature or other governing body, or the process of making it...

    , bio-diversity and protection of environmental law
    Environmental law
    Environmental law is a complex and interlocking body of treaties, conventions, statutes, regulations, and common law that operates to regulate the interaction of humanity and the natural environment, toward the purpose of reducing the impacts of human activity...

    s etc.


  • Leading and commanding the Indian Intelligence Agencies like Research and Analysis Wing
    Research and Analysis Wing
    The Research and Analysis Wing is India's external intelligence agency. It was formed in September 1968 after the poor performance of the Intelligence Bureau in the Sino-Indian war of 1962 and the India-Pakistani war of 1965 convinced the then government of India that a specialized, independent...

     (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau
    Intelligence Bureau (India)
    The Intelligence Bureau also known as IB is India's internal intelligence agency and reputedly the world's oldest intelligence agency. It was recast as the Central Intelligence Bureau in 1947 under the Ministry of Home Affairs...

     (IB), Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), Crime Investigation Department (CID) etc., Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the states and union territories.

  • Leading and commanding the Para-Military Forces of India (PMF) which include the Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) such as Border Security Force
    Border Security Force
    The Border Security Force is a border patrol agency of the Government of India. Established on December 1, 1965, it is one of the Central Armed Police Forces. Its primary role is to guard India's international borders during peacetime and also prevent transnational crime...

     (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force
    Central Reserve Police Force
    The Central Reserve Police Force also known as CRPF is the largest of India's Central Armed Police Forces. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. The CRPF's primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain...

     (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police
    Indo-Tibetan Border Police
    The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is an Indian force conceived on October 24, 1962 for security along the India's border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, border covering 2115  kilometres...

     (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force
    Central Industrial Security Force
    The Central Industrial Security Force is a Central Armed Police Force in India.It was set up under an Act of the Parliament of India on March 10, 1969 with a strength of 2,800. CISF was subsequently made an armed force of the Union of India by another Act of Parliament passed on June 15, 1983. Its...

     (CISF), Vigilance Organisations, Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.

  • Serve at head of the departments in policy making in the Ministries
    Ministry (government department)
    A ministry is a specialised organisation responsible for a sector of government public administration, sometimes led by a minister or a senior public servant, that can have responsibility for one or more departments, agencies, bureaus, commissions or other smaller executive, advisory, managerial or...

     and Departments
    Ministry (government department)
    A ministry is a specialised organisation responsible for a sector of government public administration, sometimes led by a minister or a senior public servant, that can have responsibility for one or more departments, agencies, bureaus, commissions or other smaller executive, advisory, managerial or...

     of Central
    Government of India
    The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

     and State Governments
    State government
    A state government is the government of a subnational entity in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government. A state government may have some level of political autonomy, or be subject to the direct control of the federal government...

     and public sector
    Public sector
    The public sector, sometimes referred to as the state sector, is a part of the state that deals with either the production, delivery and allocation of goods and services by and for the government or its citizens, whether national, regional or local/municipal.Examples of public sector activity range...

     undertakings both at centre and states, Government of India
    Government of India
    The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

    .

  • To interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services
    All India Services
    The All India Services are the three all India civil services of India namely the Indian Administrative Service , the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service ....

     and Central Civil Services
    All India Services
    The All India Services are the three all India civil services of India namely the Indian Administrative Service , the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service ....

     and also with the Indian Armed Forces
    Indian Armed Forces
    The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of the Republic of India. They consist of the Army, Navy and Air Force, supported by three paramilitary forces and various inter-service institutions such as the Strategic Forces Command.The President of India is...

     primarily with the elite Indian Army
    Indian Army
    The Indian Army is the land based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. With about 1,100,000 soldiers in active service and about 1,150,000 reserve troops, the Indian Army is the world's largest standing volunteer army...

    .

  • Last but not the least, to lead and command
    Command (military formation)
    A command in military terminology is an organisational unit that the individual in Military command has responsibility for. A Commander will normally be specifically appointed into the role in order to provide a legal framework for the authority bestowed...

     the force with courage
    Courage
    Courage is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation...

    , uprightness, dedication and a strong sense of service
    Public services
    Public services is a term usually used to mean services provided by government to its citizens, either directly or by financing private provision of services. The term is associated with a social consensus that certain services should be available to all, regardless of income...

     to the people
    People
    People is a plurality of human beings or other beings possessing enough qualities constituting personhood. It has two usages:* as the plural of person or a group of people People is a plurality of human beings or other beings possessing enough qualities constituting personhood. It has two usages:*...

    .

  • Endeavour to inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve
    Public services
    Public services is a term usually used to mean services provided by government to its citizens, either directly or by financing private provision of services. The term is associated with a social consensus that certain services should be available to all, regardless of income...

     the people better.

  • Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights
    Human rights
    Human rights are "commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Human rights are thus conceived as universal and egalitarian . These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national...

    , broad liberal perspective of law
    Law
    Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior, wherever possible. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a social mediator of relations between people. Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus...

     and justice
    Justice
    Justice is a concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion, or equity, along with the punishment of the breach of said ethics; justice is the act of being just and/or fair.-Concept of justice:...

     and high standard of professionalism.

History


Much before the Independence, superior police officers belonging to the Imperial Police (IP) were appointed by the Secretary of State on the basis of competitive examination. The very first open civil service examination for the service was held in England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

 in June, 1893 and the top ten candidates were appointed as probationers of the Indian (Imperial) Police. However, it is not possible to pinpoint a date on which it could positively be claimed that the Indian Police came into being. In around 1907, the Secretary of State’s officers were directed to wear the letters "IP" on their epaulettes to distinguish them from the other officers not recruited by the Secretary of State. In this sense, 1907 could be regarded as the starting point for the Indian Police.

Reforms ordered by the Supreme Court (1996-2006)


Prakash Singh, one of the former Director Generals of Police
Director General of Police
In India the director general of police or inspector general of police is a three-star rank and the highest ranking police officer in Indian States & Union Territories. All DGPs/IGPs are Indian Police Service officers. The DGP/IGP is usually the head of the state police force in every Indian state...

 of the states of Assam
Assam
Assam , also, rarely, Assam Valley and formerly the Assam Province , is a northeastern state of India and is one of the most culturally and geographically distinct regions of the country...

 and subsequently Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh abbreviation U.P. , is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 200 million people, it is India's most populous state, as well as the world's most populous sub-national entity...

 and finally Director General of the Border Security Force
Border Security Force
The Border Security Force is a border patrol agency of the Government of India. Established on December 1, 1965, it is one of the Central Armed Police Forces. Its primary role is to guard India's international borders during peacetime and also prevent transnational crime...

, initiated a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India...

, asking the court to investigate measures to reform the police forces across India to ensure the proper rule of law and improve security across India.

Several measures were identified as necessary to professionalize the police in India:
  • A mid or high ranking police officer must not be transferred more frequently than every two years.
  • The state government cannot ask the police force to hire someone, nor can they choose the Chief Commissioner.
  • There must be separate departments and staff for investigation and patrolling.


Three new authorities will be created in each state, to prevent political interference in the police and also to make the police accountable for their heavy-handedness, which will include the creation of:
  • A State Security Commission for policies and direction
  • A Police Establishment Board, which will decide the selection, promotions and transfers of police officers and other staff
  • A Police Complaints Authority, to inquire into allegations of police misconduct.


In 2006, due to a lack of action by all the state governments in India, the Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India...

 ordered the state governments to report to it why the reform measures outlined were not implemented. After being questioned in front of the judge
Judge
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and in an open...

s of the Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India...

, the state governments are finally starting to reform the police forces and give them the operational independence they need for fearless and proper law enforcement.Tamil Nadu Police
Tamil Nadu Police
The Tamil Nadu Police Force is the law enforcing agency / department of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is over 150 years old and is the fifth largest state police force in India. Tamil Nadu has a Police population ratio of 1 : 632.-Administration:...

 has been in the forefront of application of the new referendum.

Cadre strength


The authorized cadre strength of Indian Police Service is 4720. (3270 Direct Recruitment Posts and 1450 Promotional Posts).

Examination and Training



To serve in the IPS one has to be elevated from the state cadre or top the rigorous Civil Services Examination
Civil Services Examination
The Civil Services Examination is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to the various Civil Services of the Government of India, including Indian Administrative Service , Indian Foreign Service , Indian Police Service and...

 conducted by Union Public Service Commission
Union Public Service Commission
The Union Public Service Commission is the central agency authorized to conduct the Civil Services Examination for entry-level appointments to the various Civil Services of India. The agency's charter is granted by the Constitution of India...

 every year which is a common examination for selection to All India Services
All India Services
The All India Services are the three all India civil services of India namely the Indian Administrative Service , the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service ....

, including various other Group A and Group B services of Central Government
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

.

Civil Services Examination has a three stage competitive selection process. At stage one, there is an objective type examination called the preliminary exam. This is a qualifying examination. It consists of General Studies
General Studies
General Studies may refer to:* Bachelor of General Studies, a degree offered in some Western Universities* A GCSE and A-level examination offered to 16-18 year olds in the United Kingdom and some other countries...

 & aptitude test. Only the candidates who clear this, can appear for the next stage called the Main examination which consists of nine papers. Each candidate has to select two optional subjects, apart from which all candidates have to take a General Studies, Essay and compulsory language paper and English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 paper. This is followed by an interview
Interview
An interview is a conversation between two people where questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information from the interviewee.- Interview as a Method for Qualitative Research:"Definition" -...

.

After selection for the IPS, candidates are allocated their Cadres. There is one cadre in each Indian state, except for three joint cadres: Assam
Assam
Assam , also, rarely, Assam Valley and formerly the Assam Province , is a northeastern state of India and is one of the most culturally and geographically distinct regions of the country...

-Meghalaya
Meghalaya
Meghalaya is a state in north-eastern India. The word "Meghalaya" literally means the Abode of Clouds in Sanskrit and other Indic languages. Meghalaya is a hilly strip in the eastern part of the country about 300 km long and 100 km wide, with a total area of about 8,700 sq mi . The...

, Manipur
Manipur
Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. Manipur is bounded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south and Assam to the west; it also borders Burma to the east. It covers an area of...

-Tripura
Tripura
Tripura is a state in North-East India, with an area of . It is the third smallest state of India, according to area. Tripura is surrounded by Bangladesh on the north, south, and west. The Indian states of Assam and Mizoram lie to the east. The capital is Agartala and the main languages spoken are...

, and Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India, located in the far northeast. It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Burma in the east, Bhutan in the west, and the People's Republic of China in the north. The majority of the territory is claimed by...

-Goa
Goa
Goa , a former Portuguese colony, is India's smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Located in South West India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its...

-Mizoram
Mizoram
Mizoram is one of the Seven Sister States in North Eastern India, sharing borders with the states of Tripura, Assam, Manipur and with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Burma. Mizoram became the 23rd state of India on 20 February 1987. Its capital is Aizawl. Mizoram is located in the...

-Union Territories (AGMUT).
As per Indian Constitution 2/3 of the strength of every cadre is filled by direct IPS officers and rest 1/3 is elevated from respectve state cadre officers.
Each state and union territory of India has a state police force, headed by the Commissioner of Police (State) or Director General of Police (DGP)
Director General of Police
In India the director general of police or inspector general of police is a three-star rank and the highest ranking police officer in Indian States & Union Territories. All DGPs/IGPs are Indian Police Service officers. The DGP/IGP is usually the head of the state police force in every Indian state...

. It is controlled by the Chief Minister and Home Minister of the state/union territory
States and territories of India
India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

. The state police is responsible for maintaining law and order in townships of the state and the rural areas. States such as Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Pondicherry, and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...

 and Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Maharashtra is a state located in India. It is the second most populous after Uttar Pradesh and third largest state by area in India...

 have taken steps to get their police force trained by advanced police training schools notably the Atlanta City Police of the USA. The Tamil Nadu state police
Tamil Nadu Police
The Tamil Nadu Police Force is the law enforcing agency / department of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is over 150 years old and is the fifth largest state police force in India. Tamil Nadu has a Police population ratio of 1 : 632.-Administration:...

 is at the forefront of advancement with the Tamil Nadu Police Academy, which now seeks university status. The advanced training that the Tamil Nadu Police undergo vary from fraud investigation to advanced patrol training. This training when completed will make the Tamil Nadu Police one of the most advanced police forces in India. City Police Services on the other hand are known for their one lesson fits all attitude. The Indian Police Forces have been trying to secure better training and capabilities for their personnel, but with indifferent success due to a cumbrous bureaucracy.

Designations & Pay scales


IPS officers pay scales, according to the Sixth Central Pay Commission
Sixth Central Pay Commission
The Sixth Central Pay commission was set up by Union Cabinet of India on 5 October 2006 for revising the salaries of central government's employees. The commission was set up under Justice B.N.Srikrishna with a time-frame of 18 months. Other members were Prof. Ravindra Dholakia, Mr. J.S.Mathur and...

:
Grade Position In The State Government(s) Equivalent Position or Designation In the State Government(s) or Government Of India
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

 (GOI)
Above Super Time Scale (Apex Scale) Commissioner of Police (State
States and territories of India
India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

)
80,0000 (fixed) plus grade pay-Nil Director General of Police - Only one cadre post, all other DGPs are in HAG + scale of Rs 75,500-80,000, Director (GOI), Director General (GOI), Secretary
Secretary
A secretary, or administrative assistant, is a person whose work consists of supporting management, including executives, using a variety of project management, communication & organizational skills. These functions may be entirely carried out to assist one other employee or may be for the benefit...

 (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Above Super Time Scale (HAG)(Pay-Band-4) Special Commissioner of Police 67,000-79,000 Additional Director General of Police
Additional Director General of Police
In India the additional director general of police is a 3 star rank, the high ranking police officer in Indian States & Union Territories. All ADGPs are Indian Police Service officers and are in above super time scale grade...

, Commissioner of Police (City), Special or Additional Director (GOI)
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

, Special or Additional Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

Super Time Scale (Senior Administrative Grade)(Pay-Band-4) Joint Commissioner of Police 37,400-67,000 plus grade pay of 10,000 Inspector General of Police, Commissioner of Police (City), Joint Secretary if empanelled as such (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Government of India
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

Super Time Scale (DIG/Conservator Grade)(Pay-Band-4) Additional Commissioner of Police 37,400-67,000 plus grade pay of 8900 Deputy Inspector General of Police
Deputy Inspector General of Police
A deputy inspector general of police is a high ranking senior police officer in several countries.- India :Deputy inspector general of police or additional commissioner of police is a one-star rank in the Indian Police Service...

, Commissioner of Police (City), Director (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Selection Grade(Pay-Band-4) Deputy Commissioner of Police if in the Selection Grade 15,600-39,100 plus grade Pay of 8700 Senior Superintendent of Police, Director (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Junior Administrative Grade(Pay-Band-3) Deputy Commissioner of Police, also designated as Senior Superintendent in certain States such as UP and Punjab
Superintendent (police)
Superintendent , often shortened to "super", is a rank in British police services and in most English-speaking Commonwealth nations. In many Commonwealth countries the full version is superintendent of police...

15,600-39,100 plus grade pay of 7600 Superintendent of Police, Deputy Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Senior Time Scale (Pay-Band-3) Deputy Commissioner of Police / Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police 15,600-39,100 plus grade pay of 6600 Additional Superintendent of Police - if placed as such
Junior Time Scale(Pay-Band-3) Assistant Commissioner of Police 15,600-39,100 plus grade pay of 5400 Deputy Superintendent of Police, Circle Officer
Circle Officer
A circle officer is a police officer of the rank of deputy superintendent of police or assistant commissioner of police heading an independent police sub-division in the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in India. In other states the officer of the same rank is also designated simply as...

, Senior Field Officer (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)

Ranks of the IPS


All State Police Services
State Police Services (India)
The State Police Services , simply known as State Police or SPS are police services under the control of respective state governments of the States and territories of India....

officers of and above the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) or Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) in State Police and Metropolitan Police
Metropolitan police
Metropolitan Police is a generic title for the municipal police force for a major metropolitan area, and it may be part of the official title of the force...

 forces respectively.
  • National Emblem
    Emblem of India
    The emblem of India is an adaptation of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.- History :Emperor Ashoka the Great erected the capital atop an Ashoka Pillar to mark the spot where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma and where the Buddhist Sangha was founded...

     above One star
    Five-pointed star
    A five-pointed star is a very common ideogram throughout the world. If the colinear edges are joined together a pentagram is produced, which is the simplest of the unicursal star polygons, and a symbol of mystical and magical significance....

     above Crossed Sword and Baton
    Baton (symbol)
    The ceremonial baton is a short, thick stick, carried by select high-ranking military officers as a uniform article. The baton is distinguished from the swagger stick in being thicker and less functional . Unlike a staff of office, a baton is not rested on the ground...

     (same insignia as a General
    General
    A general officer is an officer of high military rank, usually in the army, and in some nations, the air force. The term is widely used by many nations of the world, and when a country uses a different term, there is an equivalent title given....

     in the Indian Army)
  • Director, Intelligence Bureau
    Director of Intelligence Bureau (India)
    The director of Intelligence Bureau simply known as DIB is the senior most post in Intelligence Bureau and the only four-star Indian Police Service rank in the country. The current director of Intelligence Bureau is Mr...

     (Government of India
    Government of India
    The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India...

    )


  • National Emblem above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Lieutenant-General in the Indian Army)
  • Commissioners of Police (State) or Director Generals of Police
    Director General of Police
    In India the director general of police or inspector general of police is a three-star rank and the highest ranking police officer in Indian States & Union Territories. All DGPs/IGPs are Indian Police Service officers. The DGP/IGP is usually the head of the state police force in every Indian state...

    , States and territories of India
    States and territories of India
    India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

  • Director Generals
    Director-general
    The term director-general is a title given the highest executive officer within a governmental, statutory, NGO, third sector or not-for-profit institution.-European Union:...

    , Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)
  • Director Generals
    Director-general
    The term director-general is a title given the highest executive officer within a governmental, statutory, NGO, third sector or not-for-profit institution.-European Union:...

    , Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)
  • Director Generals
    Director-general
    The term director-general is a title given the highest executive officer within a governmental, statutory, NGO, third sector or not-for-profit institution.-European Union:...

    , Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)
  • Secretary(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat
    Cabinet Secretariat
    The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India. It functions from the Secretariat Building, New Delhi, where most of Cabinet of India sits...

    , (Government of India)
  • Special Commissioners of Police or Additional Director Generals of Police, States and territories of India
    States and territories of India
    India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

  • Special or Additional Director Generals, Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)
  • Special or Additional Director Generals, Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)
  • Special or Additional Director Generals, Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)
  • Special or Additional Secretar(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat
    Cabinet Secretariat
    The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India. It functions from the Secretariat Building, New Delhi, where most of Cabinet of India sits...

     (Government of India)


  • One Star above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Major-General in the Indian Army)
  • Joint Commissioners of Police or Inspector-Generals of Police
    Inspector-General of Police
    An inspector-general of police is a high-ranking police officer.-Ghana:In Ghana, inspector general of police is the title of the head of the Ghana Police Service.-India:...

    , States and territories of India
    States and territories of India
    India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

  • Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals, Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)
  • Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals, Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)
  • Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals, Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)
  • Joint Secretar(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat
    Cabinet Secretariat
    The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India. It functions from the Secretariat Building, New Delhi, where most of Cabinet of India sits...

    , (Government of India)


  • National Emblem above three stars in a triangle (same insignia as a Brigadier
    Brigadier
    Brigadier is a senior military rank, the meaning of which is somewhat different in different military services. The brigadier rank is generally superior to the rank of colonel, and subordinate to major general....

     in the Indian Army)
  • Additional Commissioners of Police or Deputy Inspector Generals of Police
    Deputy Inspector General of Police
    A deputy inspector general of police is a high ranking senior police officer in several countries.- India :Deputy inspector general of police or additional commissioner of police is a one-star rank in the Indian Police Service...

    , States and territories of India
    States and territories of India
    India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

  • Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals, Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)
  • Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals, Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)
  • Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals, Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)
  • Director(s) (R), Cabinet Secretariat
    Cabinet Secretariat
    The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India. It functions from the Secretariat Building, New Delhi, where most of Cabinet of India sits...

    , (Government of India)


  • National Emblem above two stars (same insignia as a Colonel
    Colonel
    Colonel , abbreviated Col or COL, is a military rank of a senior commissioned officer. It or a corresponding rank exists in most armies and in many air forces; the naval equivalent rank is generally "Captain". It is also used in some police forces and other paramilitary rank structures...

     in the Indian Army)
  • Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection grade) or Senior Superintendent of Police in selection grade with 13+ years of service (IPS officers posted in insurgency infested states such as J&K also wear this rank before 13 years of service to facilitate coordination and interaction with Commanding Officers of paramilitary and the Indian Army though technically it is illegal)http://www.indianmilitary.info/2011/01/illegal-police-badges-of-rank-in-j-k.html
  • Deputy Secretary(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat, (Government of India)
  • Other officers above selection grade


  • National Emblem above one-star (same insignia as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army)
  • Deputy Commissioner of Police or Superintendent of Police
  • Under Secretary(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat, (Government of India)
  • Commandant of Battalion
    Battalion
    A battalion is a military unit of around 300–1,200 soldiers usually consisting of between two and seven companies and typically commanded by either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Colonel...

  • Other officer on Junior Administrative Grade with between 9 and 13 years service


  • National Emblem (same insignia as a Major
    Major
    Major is a rank of commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every military in the world.When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicator of rank, the term refers to the rank just senior to that of an Army captain and just below the rank of lieutenant colonel. ...

     in the Indian Army)
  • Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police or Additional Superintendent of Police
    Additional Superintendent of Police
    -India:Additional superintendent of police or additional deputy commissioner of police is still in use in India where the officer holding this rank can be from Indian Police Service or from Indian States Police Services. Officers holding this rank is above deputy superintendent of police and below...

  • Other officers on senior time scale with 9 years service or less


  • Three stars (same insignia as a Captain in the Indian Army)
  • Assistant Commissioner of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • Circle Officer
    Circle Officer
    A circle officer is a police officer of the rank of deputy superintendent of police or assistant commissioner of police heading an independent police sub-division in the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in India. In other states the officer of the same rank is also designated simply as...

     (CO) in the states of Rajasthan
    Rajasthan
    Rājasthān the land of Rajasthanis, , is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert , which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with...

     and Uttar Pradesh
    Uttar Pradesh
    Uttar Pradesh abbreviation U.P. , is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 200 million people, it is India's most populous state, as well as the world's most populous sub-national entity...

  • Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO)


  • Two stars (same insignia as a Lieutenant
    Lieutenant
    A lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer in many nations' armed forces. Typically, the rank of lieutenant in naval usage, while still a junior officer rank, is senior to the army rank...

     in the Indian Army)
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • Indian Police Service officer probationary rank with 2 years of service


  • One-star (same insignia as a Second Lieutenant
    Second Lieutenant
    Second lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces.- United Kingdom and Commonwealth :The rank second lieutenant was introduced throughout the British Army in 1871 to replace the rank of ensign , although it had long been used in the Royal Artillery, Royal...

    in the Indian Army)
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • Indian Police Service officer probationary rank with 1 year of service

Insignia of the IPS


The Indian Police Service (IPS) uses military insignia on its shoulder flashes, similar to United Kingdom police forces.

Misconduct


As on March 31, 2010 a total number of 33 IPS officers were facing trial on criminal charges in Central Bureau of Investigation
Central Bureau of Investigation
The Central Bureau of Investigation is a government agency of India that serves as a criminal investigation body, national security agency and intelligence agency. It was established on 1 April 1963 and evolved from the Special Police Establishment founded in 1941...

 cases. The misconduct
Police misconduct
Police misconduct refers to inappropriate actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties. Police misconduct can lead to a miscarriage of justice and sometimes involves discrimination...

 and corruption among the IPS goes up to the top brass. It has been seen and felt that some upright IPS officers resist corruption and political influence over them, but they cannot alone change a system which victimizes them through harassment and pressures from local politicians, frequent punitive transfers and threats to their families. In an instance, an IPS officer of 1985 batch of Maharashtra cadre dealt with high-profile cases like the US-64 scam and the Panna-Mukta oilfield deal uncovering uncomfortable facts, which he was not willing to conceal, at any cost. However, to prevent him from disturbing the status quo, he was shunted to insignificant postings while his contemporaries received accolades, medals and promotions.

In recent years, a number of tainted corrupt IPS officers have got serious top plum positions whereas a number of upright IPS officers have felt coerced to resign from their post before completing their retirement age and tenure of office. In past years, IPS officers have been accused, prosecuted and jailed in various cases, scams and scandals like murder, sexual harassment, sex-on-tape scandal, dowry harassment, fraud and fake killing encounter.

See also


  • Indian State Police Services
    State Police Services (India)
    The State Police Services , simply known as State Police or SPS are police services under the control of respective state governments of the States and territories of India....

  • Bureau of Police Research and Development
    Bureau of Police Research and Development
    The Bureau of Police Research and Development , was set up on 28 August 1970 in furtherance of the objective of the Government of India for the modernisation of police forces. It has evolved as a multifaceted, consultancy organization...

  • Indian Penal Code
    Indian Penal Code
    Indian Penal Code is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code, intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. It was drafted in 1860 and came into force in colonial India during the British Raj in 1862...

  • Law enforcement in India
    Law enforcement in India
    Law enforcement in India by numerous law enforcement agencies. Like many federal structures, the nature of the Constitution of India mandates law and order as a subject of the state, therefore the bulk of the policing lies with the respective states and territories of India.At the federal level,...

  • Civil Services of India
    Civil Services of India
    The Civil Services of India refer to the civil service and the permanent bureaucracy of the Government of India...

  • All India Service

External links




Further reading

  • History of services of Indian police service, as on 1 July 1966, by Ministry of Home Affairs, India. Published by Govt. of India, 1969.
  • The peace keepers: Indian Police Service (IPS)‎, by S. R. Arun, IPS, DGP Uttar Pradesh. Published by Berghahn Books, 2000. ISBN 9788170491071.
  • The Indian Police Journal (IPJ), by Bureau of Police Research and Development
    Bureau of Police Research and Development
    The Bureau of Police Research and Development , was set up on 28 August 1970 in furtherance of the objective of the Government of India for the modernisation of police forces. It has evolved as a multifaceted, consultancy organization...

    , Ministry of Home Affairs. Published by Govt. of India, October–December 2009 Vol.LVI-No.4. .
  • History of services of Indian police service, as on 1 July 1966, by Ministry of Home Affairs, India. Published by Govt. of India, 1969.
  • Writings of Amitabh Thakur,an officer of Indian Police Service