Moran Mor Ignatius Peter IV
or Ignatius Pathros IV
(also called Peter III without counting St. Peter the first Patriarch), was the 116th Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and the head of the Syriac Orthodox Church
The Syriac Orthodox Church; is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church based in the Eastern Mediterranean, with members spread throughout the world. The Syriac Orthodox Church claims to derive its origin from one of the first Christian communities, established in Antioch by the Apostle St....
. Little is known on the early life of this Patriarch, who is regarded by many as the architect of the modern Syriac Orthodox Church.
Early days and ordination
Born in a well known Christian family of Tur Abdin
Tur Abdin is a hilly region of south east Turkey incorporating the eastern half of Mardin Province, and Şırnak Province west of the Tigris, on the border with Syria. The name 'Tur Abdin' is from the Syriac language meaning 'mountain of the servants '. Tur Abdin is of great importance to Syriac...
in southeast Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...
, he spent his childhood days at the Mor Hananyo Monastery (Deir al-Za`faran Monastery) which was the main centers of the Syrian Church for many centuries. In 1846 Patriarch Ignatius Elias II ordained Pathros or Peter as the Metropolitan of Syria by name 'Mor Yulius'.
Enthronement as Patriarch
On 16 June 1872, he was enthroned as the 116th Patriarch of Antioch
Patriarch of Antioch is a traditional title held by the Bishop of Antioch. As the traditional "overseer" of the first gentile Christian community, the position has been of prime importance in the church from its earliest period...
at Dayro d-Mor Marqos (Monastery of St. Mark) in Jerusalem.
Visit to Malankara (India)
He received a letter from Pulikkottil Mor Divannasios of Malankara seeking help of the Patriarch of Antioch. The Syriac Orthodox Church in India was facing problems from Mor Athanasius, who was preaching Protestant faith in the church. After repeated requests the Patriarch visited the church in India via England and got support from the British monarchy. He then convened the famous First Mulanthuruthy Synod in Malankara. In India, the patriarch was assisted by Chathuruthil Geevarghese Ramban or later popularly known as Parumala Thirumeni
First Mulanthuruthy Synod
At the synod, the patriarch made many organizational and administrative arrangements. The major arrangements were:
- Formation of 'Malankara Jacobite Syrian Christian Association Committee' a representative body for the Malankara Edavaka (Archdiocese) and consisting of 24 elected members thus introducing a democratic set up of administration.
- New title called "Malankara Metropolitan" which was then given to Pulikkottil Mor Divannasios.
- Division of Malankara Church
The Malankara Church is the church of the Saint Thomas Christians of Kerala, India, with particular emphasis on the part of the community that joined Archdeacon Mar Thoma in swearing to resist the authority of the Portuguese Padroado in 1653...
into six archdioceses and ordination of a metropolitan for each archdiocese.
On Monday, 8 October 1894, Moran Mor Ignatius Pathros IV died. He was then 96. The mortal remains of the Patriarch were interred at the Mor Hananyo Monastery (also known as the Kurkkumo Dayro or Deir al-Za`faran Monastery).