is a municipality
Communes , also known as municipalities, are the smallest government division in Switzerland, numbering 2,596 . While many have a population of a few hundred citizens, the largest cities such as Zürich or Geneva also have the legal status of municipalities...
in the district of Landquart
Landquart District is an administrative district in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. It has an area of and has a population of .It consists of two Kreise and ten municipalities:...
in the Swiss
Switzerland name of one of the Swiss cantons. ; ; ; or ), in its full name the Swiss Confederation , is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe,Or Central Europe depending on the definition....
The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the member states of the federal state of Switzerland. Each canton was a fully sovereign state with its own borders, army and currency from the Treaty of Westphalia until the establishment of the Swiss federal state in 1848...
Graubünden or Grisons is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. The canton shares borders with the cantons of Ticino, Uri, Glarus and St. Gallen and international borders with Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein...
. Far more known than its proper name Igis is its hamlet Landquart
, for its Rail Station
Landquart is a major railway station on the SBB-CFF-FFS main line from Zürich to Chur as well as a Rhaetian Railway station.Intercity, Regio Express and Regional SBB services stop at the station alongside Regio Express and Regional services operated by the Rhaetian Railway.There are trains to...
and motorway exit.
Igis is first mentioned about 840 as Ovinae/Aviuns
. In 1149 it was mentioned as Auuine
, in 1225 as Huiuns
and in 1253 as Yges
Igis has an area, , of 10.9 km² (4.2 sq mi). Of this area, 44.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 20.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located in the Fünf Dörfer sub-district of the Landquart district. It is a transportation hub
A transport hub is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes. Public transport hubs include train stations, rapid transit stations, bus stops, tram stop, airports and ferry slips. Freight hubs include classification yards, seaports and truck...
for the Rheintal-Prättigau region and is the third largest municipality (by population) in Graubünden. It consists of the village of Igis and the section of Landquart and (until 2004) Landquart Fabriken.
Igis has a population (as of ) of . , 15.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 3.8%. Most of the population speaks German (83.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 3.8%) and Italian being third ( 2.8%).
, the gender distribution of the population was 49.4% male and 50.6% female. The age distribution, , in Igis is; 849 children or 11.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 625 teenagers or 8.6% are 10 to 14, and 527 teenagers or 7.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 851 people or 11.8% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 1,168 people or 16.2% are 30 to 39, 1,186 people or 16.4% are 40 to 49, and 832 people or 11.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 571 people or 7.9% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 407 people or 5.6% are 70 to 79, there are 189 people or 2.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 23 people or 0.3% who are 90 to 99.
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Igis about 67% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule
A Fachhochschule or University of Applied Sciences is a German type of tertiary education institution, sometimes specialized in certain topical areas . Fachhochschulen were founded in Germany and later adopted by Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Greece...
Igis has an unemployment rate of 1.82%. , there were 144 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 26 businesses involved in this sector. 1,535 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 80 businesses in this sector. 2,184 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 257 businesses in this sector.
From the , 2,735 or 37.8% are Roman Catholic, while 3,046 or 42.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church
The Reformed branch of Protestantism in Switzerland was started in Zürich by Huldrych Zwingli and spread within a few years to Basel , Bern , St...
. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Christian Catholic
The Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland is the Swiss member church of the Union of Utrecht, also known as Old Catholic Church, originally founded by the jansenists, with a later influx of discontented Catholics following their disappointment with the First Vatican Council. It has 14,000...
faith, there are 162 individuals (or about 2.24% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 166 individuals (or about 2.30% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are less than 5 individuals who are Jewish
Judaism ) is the "religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people...
, and 562 (or about 7.78% of the population) who are Islam
Islam . The most common are and . : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...
ic. There are 83 individuals (or about 1.15% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 335 (or about 4.63% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic
Agnosticism is the view that the truth value of certain claims—especially claims about the existence or non-existence of any deity, but also other religious and metaphysical claims—is unknown or unknowable....
Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities. In a narrower sense, atheism is specifically the position that there are no deities...
, and 139 individuals (or about 1.92% of the population) did not answer the question.
The historical population is given in the following table:
The leadership of the municipality is elected every four years and consists of a president and six members.
|Town council (2009–2012)
The Swiss People's Party , also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre , is a conservative political party in Switzerland. Chaired by Toni Brunner, but spearheaded by Christoph Blocher, the party is the largest party in the Federal Assembly, with 58 members of the National Council and 6 of...
The Free Democratic Party was a classical liberal political party in Switzerland. It was one of the major parties in Switzerland until its merger with the smaller classical liberal Liberal Party, to form FDP.The Liberals on 1 January 2009....
||Culture and Recreation
The Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland is a Christian democratic political party in Switzerland. It is the fourth-largest party in the National Council, with 31 seats, and the largest in the Council of States, with 15 seats. It has one seat, that of Doris Leuthard, on the Swiss...
The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland is the largest centre-left political party in Switzerland....
||Police and Safety
In the 2007 federal election
Elections to the Swiss Federal Assembly, the federal parliament of Switzerland, were held on Sunday, 21 October 2007. In a few cantons, a second round of the elections to the Council of States was held on 11 November, 18 November, and 25 November 2007...
the most popular party was the SVP which received 35.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (27.8%), the FDP (17.1%) and the CVP (15.8%).
Heritage sites of national significance
Schloss Marschlins and the surrounding grounds are listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance
The Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance is a register of some 8,300 items of cultural property in Switzerland...
. The castle is the family castle of the noble family of Salis-Marschlins.
In addition to the Schloss Marschlins, Igis is also home to the ruins of Burg Falkenstein.
- The Roman Catholic Church of St. Fidelis was built in 1908 in Landquart.
- The current Reformed church in Igis was built to its current appearance in 1486. At that time, the nave
In Romanesque and Gothic Christian abbey, cathedral basilica and church architecture, the nave is the central approach to the high altar, the main body of the church. "Nave" was probably suggested by the keel shape of its vaulting...
was extended to the south and the choir was expanded. The main portal was also built in 1486, as this date is carved into the stone. The paintings on the north-east wall date from before the 1486 renovation. It is believed that this wall is part of St. Damian's Church in Ovine that was mentioned in 841, though this identification is debated. Part of the identification rests on the fact that the bell of the church contains an inscription that indicates that it was dedicated to Cosmas and Damian. Regardless, the current church is clearly mentioned about 1300 in the records of Pfäfers Abbey
Pfäfers Abbey , also known as St. Pirminsberg from its position on a mountain, was a Benedictine monastery in Pfäfers near Bad Ragaz, in the canton of St...
- The Church in Landquart was built in the 20th Century as the village section grew. The land was acquired in 1914, though construction began only in 1925. Construction finished on 11 January 1926.
Arriving at Landquart railway station you may also want to continue by foot in a multiday hike towards Klosters on the Prättigauer Höhenweg
instead of using the Rhetian Railway.