IPCC list of greenhouse gases

IPCC list of greenhouse gases

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Encyclopedia
This is a list of LLGHG (long-lived greenhouse gases) greenhouse gas
Greenhouse gas
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone...

es as used by the IPCC
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is a scientific intergovernmental body which provides comprehensive assessments of current scientific, technical and socio-economic information worldwide about the risk of climate change caused by human activity, its potential environmental and...

 TAR.

Gases relevant to radiative forcing only (per IPCC documentation)


The following table has its sources in Chapter 2, pg 141, Table 2.1. of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, 2007.

Mole fractions: μmol/mol = ppm = parts per million (106); nmol/mol = ppb = parts per billion (109); pmol/mol = ppt = parts per trillion (1012).
Mole fractions and their changes Radiative Forcing
Species 2005 Change since 1998 2005 (W m–2) 1998 (%)
CO2 379 ± 0.65 μmol/mol +13 μmol/mol 1.66 +13
CH4 1,774 ± 1.8 nmol/mol +11 nmol/mol 0.48 -
N2O 319 ± 0.12 nmol/mol +5 nmol/mol 0.16 +11
CFC-11 251 ± 0.36 pmol/mol –13 0.063 –5
CFC-12 538 ± 0.18 pmol/mol +4 0.17 +1
CFC-113 79 ± 0.064 pmol/mol –4 0.024 –5
HCFC-22 169 ± 1.0 pmol/mol +38 0.033 +29
HCFC-141b 18 ± 0.068 pmol/mol +9 0.0025 +93
HCFC-142b 15 ± 0.13 pmol/mol +6 0.0031 +57
CH3CCl3 19 ± 0.47 pmol/mol –47 0.0011 –72
CCl4 93 ± 0.17 pmol/mol –7 0.012 –7
HFC-125 3.7 ± 0.10 pmol/mol +2.6 0.0009 +234
HFC-134a 35 ± 0.73 pmol/mol +27 0.0055 +349
HFC-152a 3.9 ± 0.11 pmol/mol +2.4 0.0004 +151
HFC-23 18 ± 0.12 pmol/mol +4 0.0033 +29
SF6 5.6 ± 0.038 pmol/mol +1.5 0.0029 +36
CF4 (PFC-14) 74 ± 1.6 pmol/mol - 0.0034 -
C2F6 (PFC-116) 2.9 ± 0.025 pmol/mol +0.5 0.0008 +22


The older data from 1998 has been left for reference.
Gas Alternate Name Formula 1998 Level Increase since 1750 Radiative forcing
Radiative forcing
In climate science, radiative forcing is generally defined as the change in net irradiance between different layers of the atmosphere. Typically, radiative forcing is quantified at the tropopause in units of watts per square meter. A positive forcing tends to warm the system, while a negative...

 (Wm−2)
Specific heat at STP
(J kg−1)
Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide is a naturally occurring chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms covalently bonded to a single carbon atom...

 
Carbonic anhydride (CO2) 365 μmol/mol 87 μmol/mol 1.46 0.819
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide , also called carbonous oxide, is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly lighter than air. It is highly toxic to humans and animals in higher quantities, although it is also produced in normal animal metabolism in low quantities, and is thought to have some normal...

 
Carbonic Oxide (CO) 11.1 μmol/mol 46 nmol/mol 0.89 1.013
Methane
Methane
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula . It is the simplest alkane, the principal component of natural gas, and probably the most abundant organic compound on earth. The relative abundance of methane makes it an attractive fuel...

 
Marsh gas (CH4) 1,745 nmol/mol 1,045 nmol/mol 0.48 2.191
Nitrous oxide
Nitrous oxide
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or sweet air, is a chemical compound with the formula . It is an oxide of nitrogen. At room temperature, it is a colorless non-flammable gas, with a slightly sweet odor and taste. It is used in surgery and dentistry for its anesthetic and analgesic...

 
Laughing gas (N2O) 314 nmol/mol 44 nmol/mol 0.15 0.88
Tetrafluoromethane
Tetrafluoromethane
Tetrafluoromethane, also known as carbon tetrafluoride, is the simplest fluorocarbon . It has a very high bond strength due to the nature of the carbon–fluorine bond. It can also be classified as a haloalkane or halomethane...

 
Carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) 80 pmol/mol 40 pmol/mol 0.003 1.33
Hexafluoroethane
Hexafluoroethane
Hexafluoroethane is a fluorocarbon counterpart to the hydrocarbon ethane. It is a non-flammable gas negligibly soluble in water and slightly soluble in alcohol.-Physical properties:...

 
Perfluoroethane (C2F6) 3 pmol/mol 3 pmol/mol 0.001 0.067
Sulfur hexafluoride
Sulfur hexafluoride
Sulfur hexafluoride is an inorganic, colorless, odorless, and non-flammable greenhouse gas. has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, it is poorly soluble in water but soluble in...

 
Sulfur fluoride (SF6) 4.2 pmol/mol 4.2 pmol/mol 0.002 0.074
(BJ69>/sub> 3.2 pmol/mol 8.66 pmol/mol 0.002 0.005 0.097
HFC-23
Fluoroform
Fluoroform is the chemical compound with the formula CHF3. It is one of the "haloforms", a class of compounds with the formula CHX3 . Fluoroform is used in diverse niche applications and is produced as a by-product of the manufacture of Teflon...

*
Trifluoromethane (CHF3) 14 pmol/mol 14 pmol/mol 0.002 0.064
HFC-134a
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, R-134a, Genetron 134a, Suva 134a or HFC-134a, is a haloalkane refrigerant with thermodynamic properties similar to R-12 , but with less ozone depletion potential...

*
1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane 0.001(C2H2F4) 7.5 pmol/mol 7.5 pmol/mol 0.001 0.007
HFC-152a* 1,1-Difluoroethane (C2H4F2) 0.5 pmol/mol 0.5 pmol/mol 0.000 0.04

Gases relevant to radiative forcing and ozone depletion (per IPCC documentation)

Gas Alternate Name Formula 1998 Level Increase since 1750 Radiative forcing (Wm−2)
CFC-11§
Trichlorofluoromethane
Trichlorofluoromethane, also called freon-11, CFC-11, or R-11, is a chlorofluorocarbon. It is a colorless, nearly odorless liquid that boils at about room temperature.- Uses :It was the first widely used refrigerant...

 
Trichlorofluoromethane (CFCl3) 268 pmol/mol 268 pmol/mol 0.07
CFC-12§
Dichlorodifluoromethane
Dichlorodifluoromethane , is a colorless gas, and usually sold under the brand name Freon-12, is a chlorofluorocarbon halomethane , used as a refrigerant and aerosol spray propellant. Complying with the Montreal Protocol, its manufacture was banned in the United States along with many other...

 
Dichlorodifluoromethane (CF2Cl2) 533 pmol/mol 533 pmol/mol 0.17
CFC-13§
Chlorotrifluoromethane
Chlorotrifluoromethane, R-13, CFC-13, or Freon 13, is a non-flammable, non-corrosive chlorofluorocarbon and also a mixed halomethane. It is used as a refrigerant, however, due to concerns about its ozone-depleting potential, its use has been phased out due to the Montreal Protocol.-Physical...

 
Chlorotrifluoromethane (CClF3) 4 pmol/mol 4 pmol/mol 0.001
CFC-113  1,1,1-Trichlorotrifluoroethane (C2F3Cl3) 84 pmol/mol 84 pmol/mol 0.03
CFC-114
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane, or R-114, is a chlorofluorocarbon with the molecular formula ClF2CCF2Cl. Its primary use has been as a refrigerant. It is a non-flammable gas with a sweetish, chloroform-like odor with critical point at 145.6 °C and 3.26 MPa. When pressurized or cooled,...

 
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane (C2F4Cl2) 15 pmol/mol 15 pmol/mol 0.005
CFC-115  Chloropentafluoroethane (C2F5Cl) 7 pmol/mol 7 pmol/mol 0.001
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names is the organic compound with the formula CCl4. It was formerly widely used in fire extinguishers, as a precursor to refrigerants, and as a cleaning agent...

 
Tetrachloromethane (CCl4) 102 pmol/mol 102 pmol/mol 0.01
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
The organic compound 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as methyl chloroform, is a chloroalkane. This colourless, sweet-smelling liquid was once produced industrially in large quantities for use as a solvent...

 
Methyl chloroform (CH3CCl3) 69 pmol/mol 69 pmol/mol 0.004
HCFC-141b  1,1-Dichloro-1-Fluoroethane (C2H3FCl2) 10 pmol/mol 10 pmol/mol 0.001
HCFC-142b  1-Chloro-1,1-Difluoroethane (C2H3F2Cl) 11 pmol/mol 11 pmol/mol 0.002
Halon-1211
Bromochlorodifluoromethane
Bromochlorodifluoromethane, also known by the trade name Halon 1211, or BCF, or Halon 1211 BCF, or Freon 12B1, is a haloalkane with the chemical formula CF2ClBr....

 
Bromochlorodifluoromethane (CClF2Br) 3.8 pmol/mol 3.8 pmol/mol 0.001
Halon-1301
Bromotrifluoromethane
Bromotrifluoromethane is an organic halide with the chemical formula CBrF3. Alternative names are Halon 1301, R13B1, Halon 13B1 and BTM.- Table of physical properties :- Uses :...

 
Bromotrifluoromethane (CF3Br) 2.5 pmol/mol 2.5 pmol/mol 0.001

See also


(Source: IPCC
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is a scientific intergovernmental body which provides comprehensive assessments of current scientific, technical and socio-economic information worldwide about the risk of climate change caused by human activity, its potential environmental and...

 radiative forcing report 1994 updated (to 1998) by IPCC TAR table 6.1 http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/221.htm. See also http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/pns/current_ghg.html.