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Hynix Semiconductor Inc. ( is a South Korean memory semiconductor
A semiconductor is a material with electrical conductivity due to electron flow intermediate in magnitude between that of a conductor and an insulator. This means a conductivity roughly in the range of 103 to 10−8 siemens per centimeter...

 supplier of dynamic random access memory
Dynamic random access memory
Dynamic random-access memory is a type of random-access memory that stores each bit of data in a separate capacitor within an integrated circuit. The capacitor can be either charged or discharged; these two states are taken to represent the two values of a bit, conventionally called 0 and 1...

 ('DRAM') chips and flash memory
Flash memory
Flash memory is a non-volatile computer storage chip that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. It was developed from EEPROM and must be erased in fairly large blocks before these can be rewritten with new data...

 chips. Founded in 1983, Hynix is the world's second-largest memory chipmaker, the largest being Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics is a South Korean multinational electronics and information technology company headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul...

. Formerly known as Hyundai Electronics, the company has manufacturing sites in Korea, the U.S., China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

  and Taiwan. The company's shares are traded on the Korea Stock Exchange, and the Global Depository shares are listed on the Luxemburg Stock Exchange. Hynix memory is used by Apple Inc. in some of their MacBook
The MacBook was a brand of Macintosh notebook computers built by Apple Inc. First introduced in May 2006, it replaced the iBook and 12-inch PowerBook series of notebooks as a part of the Apple–Intel transition. Positioned as the low end of the MacBook family, the Apple MacBook was aimed at the...

 and Macbook Pro
MacBook Pro
The MacBook Pro is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006 by Apple. It replaced the PowerBook G4 and was the second model, after the iMac, to be announced in the Apple–Intel transition...

 computers, is an OEM provider for IBM System x
IBM System x
The IBM System x computers form a sub-brand of International Business Machines System brand servers...

 servers, and is used in PC desktops as well as the ASUS Eee PC. In 2011, Hynix is due to release an 84-nm pitch memory project for the production of 1-Gbit phase-change memories and beyond.


  • The world's sixth largest semiconductor company
  • The world's second-largest maker of memory chips
  • The largest share in Chinese market

  • In January 2010, Hynix Semiconductor Inc was put up for sale in an auction valued at close to $3 billion. A committee of nine creditors-turned-shareholders, including Shinhan Bank and Woori Bank, has unanimously agreed to restart the sale in a public auction, Korea Exchange Bank (KEB), Hynix's largest shareholder, said on November 25. "It is not the time to discuss a block sale," KEB said in a statement. The sale will be advertised to domestic companies around December 20 and KEB expects to receive letters of intent by the end of January.


  • 1949 Originally incorporated under the laws of the Republic of Korea

  • 1985 Started mass production of 256K DRAM
  • 1993 Took over Maxtor
    Maxtor Corporation, founded in 1982 and acquired by Seagate Technology in 2006, was an American manufacturer of computer hard disk drives, the third largest in the world immediately prior to acquisition...

     (US HDD main factory)
  • 1996 Initial public offering on the Korea Stock Exchange
  • 1999 Merged with LG Semiconductor
    A semiconductor is a material with electrical conductivity due to electron flow intermediate in magnitude between that of a conductor and an insulator. This means a conductivity roughly in the range of 103 to 10−8 siemens per centimeter...

     Co., Ltd.
  • 2000 Spun off Hyundai Image Quest, Hyundai Autonet
  • 2001 Changed the Company name to "Hynix Semiconductor Inc."; spun off Hyundai Syscomm, Hyundai CuriTel, and Hyundai Networks; Completed spin-off from Hyundai Group
    Hyundai Group
    Hyundai Group is a South Korean conglomerate founded by Chung Ju-yung. The first company in the group was founded in 1947 as a construction company. With government assistance, Chung and his family members rapidly expanded into various industries, eventually becoming South Korea's second biggest...

  • 2002 Sold HYDIS, TFT-LCD Business Unit
  • 2004 Signed System IC Business Transfer Agreement with System Semiconductor
  • 2005 Emerged from Corporate Restructuring Promotion Act ahead of schedule
  • 2006 Posted record the highest revenues since foundation
    Established global manufacturing network with complete construction of Hynix-ST Semiconductor Inc.
    Hynix's wholly owned manufacturing subsidiary in China
  • 2007 Appointed Mr. Jong-Kap Kim as the new chairman & CEO
  • 2009 Company put up for sale by its lenders after it defaulted on loans and a subsequent debt-equity swap
  • 2010 Fine of 51.47 million euro for illegally fixing prices with 8 other memory chip makers.
  • 2010 On 31 August 2010, HP announced collaboration with Hynix to bring memristor
    Memristor is a passive two-terminal electrical component envisioned by Leon Chua as a fundamental non-linear circuit element relating charge and magnetic flux linkage...

     to high volume manufacturing step (targeted for 2013). Memristor is going to be the next-generation of non-volatile memories and has also shown computational capability.


Hynix produces a variety of semiconductor memories.
  • Computing Memory
  • Consumer & Network Memory
  • Graphics Memory
  • Mobile Memory
  • NAND Flash
  • CMOS Image Sensor
  • EOL Products

External links