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Hudson Valley

Hudson Valley

Overview
{{About|the region|the magazine|Hudson Valley (magazine)}} [[Image:Wpdms ev26188 hudson valley.jpg|thumb|right|250px|The Hudson Valley]] {{Regions of New York}} The '''Hudson Valley''' comprises the [[valley]] of the [[Hudson River]] and its adjacent communities in [[New York]] State, United States, from northern [[Westchester County, New York|Westchester County]] northward to the cities of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] and [[Troy, New York|Troy]]. ==History== At the time of the arrival of the first Europeans in the 17th century, the area of Hudson Valley was inhabited primarily by the [[Algonquian languages|Algonquian-speaking]] [[Mahican]] and [[Munsee]] [[Native Americans in the United States|Native American]] people, known collectively as River Indians. The first [[Dutch Republic|Dutch]] settlement was in the 1610s with the establishment of [[Fort_Nassau_(North_River)|Fort Nassau]], a trading post (''[[Factory (trading post)|factorij]]'') south of modern-day Albany, with the purpose of exchanging European goods for [[American Beaver|beaver]] pelts.
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{{About|the region|the magazine|Hudson Valley (magazine)}} [[Image:Wpdms ev26188 hudson valley.jpg|thumb|right|250px|The Hudson Valley]] {{Regions of New York}} The '''Hudson Valley''' comprises the [[valley]] of the [[Hudson River]] and its adjacent communities in [[New York]] State, United States, from northern [[Westchester County, New York|Westchester County]] northward to the cities of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] and [[Troy, New York|Troy]]. ==History== At the time of the arrival of the first Europeans in the 17th century, the area of Hudson Valley was inhabited primarily by the [[Algonquian languages|Algonquian-speaking]] [[Mahican]] and [[Munsee]] [[Native Americans in the United States|Native American]] people, known collectively as River Indians. The first [[Dutch Republic|Dutch]] settlement was in the 1610s with the establishment of [[Fort_Nassau_(North_River)|Fort Nassau]], a trading post (''[[Factory (trading post)|factorij]]'') south of modern-day Albany, with the purpose of exchanging European goods for [[American Beaver|beaver]] pelts. Fort Nassau was later replaced by [[Fort Orange (New Netherland)|Fort Orange]]. During the rest of the 17th century, the Hudson Valley formed the heart of the [[New Netherland]] colony operations, with the [[New Amsterdam]] settlement on [[Manhattan]] serving as a post for supplies and defense of the upriver operations. During the [[French and Indian War]] in the 1750s, the northern end of the valley became the bulwark of the [[Great Britain|British]] defense against [[France|French]] invasion from [[Canada]] via [[Lake Champlain]] The valley became one of the major regions of conflict during the [[American Revolution]]. Part of the early strategy of the [[Great Britain|British]] was to sever the colonies in two by maintaining control of the river. Following the building of the [[Erie Canal]], the area became an important industrial center. The canal opened the Hudson Valley and [[New York City]] to commerce with the Midwest and [[Great Lakes]] regions. However, in the mid 20th century, many of the industrial towns went into decline. [[Image:Catskills beyond Hudson.jpg|thumb|left|300px|The Catskills seen from across the river.]] In the early 19th century, popularized by the stories of [[Washington Irving]], the Hudson Valley gained a reputation as a somewhat gothic region inhabited by the remnants of the early days of the Dutch colonization of New York (see, e.g., ''[[The Legend of Sleepy Hollow]]''). The area is associated with the [[Hudson River School]], a group of American [[romanticism|Romantic]] painters who worked from about 1830 to 1870. The natural beauty of the Hudson Valley has earned the Hudson River the nickname "America's Rhineland", a comparison to the famous 40 mile (65 km) stretch of Germany's [[Rhine|Rhine River]] valley between the cities of [[Bingen am Rhein|Bingen]] and [[Koblenz]]. A similar 30-mile (48 km) [[Hudson River Historic District|stretch of the east bank in Dutchess and Columbia counties]] has been designated a [[National Historic Landmark]]. ==Geology and physiography== The Hudson Valley is a [[Physiographic regions of the world|physiographic section]] of the larger [[Ridge-and-valley Appalachians|Valley And Ridge]] province, which in turn is part of the larger [[Appalachian Mountains|Appalachian]] physiographic division. ==Hudson river pollution== The numerous factories that at one time lined the Hudson River poured [[Waste|garbage]] and [[industrial waste]] directly into the river.This pollution was not assessed in a comprehensive fashion until the 1970s. By that time, the largest company still operating factories in the area was [[General Electric]], which became primarily responsible for cleaning the Hudson River. In 2009 dredging was started to remove contaminated sediments from the river bed and in 2010 General Electric agreed to finance and conduct a second dredging campaign at the Upper Hudson River between Fort Edward and Troy. These works will be supervised by the [[United States Environmental Protection Agency]]. ==Sports== The [[Hudson Valley Renegades]] is a minor league baseball team affiliated with the [[Tampa Bay Rays]]. The team is a member of the [[New York - Penn League]] and plays at [[Dutchess Stadium]] in [[Fishkill, New York|Fishkill]]. The Hudson Valley Rebels are the Hudson Valley's Premiere [[Rugby union]] club. The Hudson Valley Rebels are members of the [[Metropolitan New York Rugby Football Union]] and were established in 2001. Their home pitch is Beacon Memorial Park, in [[Beacon, New York|Beacon]]. The [[Hudson Valley Highlanders]] of the [[North American Football League]] play their home games at Dietz Stadium in [[Kingston, New York|Kingston]]. The Hudson Valley Horrors are the region's first non-urban [[Roller Derby|flat track women's roller derby team]] and are part of the grass-roots derby revival. They currently practice and host bouts at Hyde Park Roller Magic in Hyde Park. The Rockland Boulders of the Can-Am Professional Baseball League play in Rockland County. ==Regions== The Hudson Valley is divided into three regions: Lower, Middle and Upper. The following is a list of the counties within the Hudson Valley sorted by region. {| width="100%" | |- | width="25%" | '''Lower Hudson''' *[[Westchester, New York|Westchester]] *[[Rockland County, New York|Rockland]] *[[Putnam County, New York|Putnam]] *[[Bergen County, New Jersey|Bergen]]
||| width="25%" | '''Mid-Hudson''' *[[Dutchess County, New York|Dutchess]] *[[Orange County, New York|Orange]] *[[Ulster County, New York|Ulster]] ||| width="25%" | '''Upper Hudson/[[Capital District]]''' *[[Columbia County, New York|Columbia]] *[[Greene County, New York|Greene]] *[[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer]] *[[Albany County, New York|Albany]] |} ==Cities and towns== {{See also|Timeline of town creation in the Hudson Valley}} {{See also|Timeline of town creation in New York's Capital District}} {| width="100%" | |- | width="25%" | *[[Airmont, New York|Airmont]] *[[Albany, New York|Albany]] *[[Ancram, New York|Ancram]] *[[Annandale-on-Hudson, New York|Annandale-on-Hudson]] *[[Athens, New York|Athens]] *[[Beacon, New York|Beacon]] *[[Brewster, New York|Brewster]] *[[Carmel, New York|Carmel]] *[[Catskill (town), New York|Catskill]] *[[Chester (village), New York|Chester]] *[[Chestnut Ridge, New York|Chestnut Ridge]] *[[Coeymans, New York|Coeymans]] *[[Cohoes, New York|Cohoes]] *[[Cold Spring, New York|Cold Spring]] *[[Congers, New York|Congers]] *[[Copake, New York|Copake]] *[[Cornwall, New York|Cornwall]] *[[Cortlandt Manor, New York|Cortlandt Manor]] *[[Coxsackie, New York|Coxsackie]] *[[Croton-on-Hudson, New York|Croton-on-Hudson]] *[[East Fishkill, New York|East Fishkill]] *[[Fishkill, New York|Fishkill]] *[[Fort Montgomery, New York|Fort Montgomery]] *[[Garrison, New York|Garrison]] *[[Gardiner, New York|Gardiner]] *[[Goshen (village), New York|Goshen]] ||| width="25%" | *[[Grand View-on-Hudson, New York|Grand View-On-Hudson]] *[[Hannacroix, New York|Hannacroix]] *[[Hastings-on-Hudson, New York|Hastings-on-Hudson]] *[[Haverstraw, New York|Haverstraw]] *[[Highland, Ulster County, New York|Highland]] *[[Highland Falls, New York|Highland Falls]] *[[Highland Mills, New York|Highland Mills]] *[[Hillburn, New York|Hillburn]] *[[Hillcrest, Rockland County, New York|Hillcrest of Rockland]] *[[Hillsdale, New York|Hillsdale]] *[[Hudson, New York|Hudson]] *[[Hyde Park, New York|Hyde Park]] *[[Kingston, New York|Kingston]] *[[Mahopac, New York|Mahopac]] *[[Monsey, New York|Monsey]] *[[Montgomery, New York|Montgomery]] *[[Marlboro, New York|Marlboro]] *[[Middletown, Orange County, New York|Middletown]] *[[Millbrook, New York|Millbrook]] *[[Milton, New York|Milton]] *[[Monroe (town), New York|Monroe]] *[[Mount Ivy, New York|Mount Ivy]] *[[Nanuet, New York|Nanuet]] *[[New Baltimore, New York|New Baltimore]] *[[Newburgh (town), New York|Newburgh, Town of]] ||| width="25%" | *[[Newburgh (city), New York|Newburgh, City of]] *[[New City, New York|New City]] *[[New Paltz (town), New York|New Paltz]] *[[New Windsor, New York|New Windsor]] *[[Nyack, New York|Nyack]] *[[Ossining (town), New York|Ossining]] *[[Palisades, New York|Palisades]] *[[Patterson, New York|Patterson]] *[[Pawling (village), New York|Pawling]] *[[Pearl River, New York|Pearl River]] *[[Peekskill, New York|Peekskill]] *[[Piermont, New York|Piermont]] *[[Pleasant Valley (town), New York|Pleasant Valley]] *[[Pomona, New York|Pomona]] *[[Poughkeepsie (city), New York|Poughkeepsie]] *[[Putnam Valley, New York|Putnam Valley]] *[[Ravena, (village) New York|Ravena]] *[[Red Hook, New York|Red Hook]] *[[Rhinebeck, New York|Rhinebeck]] *Rye,Town of *Rye,City of *[[Saugerties (village), New York|Saugerties]] *[[Selkirk, New York|Selkirk]] *[[Sleepy Hollow, New York|Sleepy Hollow]] ||| width="25%" | *[[Sloatsburg, New York|Sloatsburg]] *[[South Nyack, New York|South Nyack]] *[[Sparkill, New York|Sparkill]] *[[Spring Valley, New York|Spring Valley]] *[[Staatsburg, New York|Staatsburg]] *[[Stony Point, New York|Stony Point]] *[[Suffern, New York|Suffern]] *[[Taghkanic, New York|Taghkanic]] *[[Tarrytown, New York|Tarrytown]] *[[Tivoli, New York|Tivoli]] *[[Troy, New York|Troy]] *[[Upper Nyack, New York|Upper Nyack]] *[[Valhalla, New York|Valhalla]] *[[Valley Cottage, New York|Valley Cottage]] *[[Wawarsing, New York]] *[[Wappinger, New York|Wappinger]] *[[Warwick, New York|Warwick]] *[[Washingtonville, New York|Washingtonville]] *[[West Haverstraw, New York|West Haverstraw]] *[[West Nyack, New York|West Nyack]] *[[West Point, New York|West Point]] *[[Yonkers, New York|Yonkers]] *[[Yorktown, New York|Yorktown]] |} ==External links== * [http://www.hudsonrivervalley.com/ Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area] * [http://www.hudsongreenway.state.ny.us/ Hudson River Valley Greenway] * [http://www.hrvh.org/ Hudson River Valley Heritage]: digital collection of historical materials * [http://dfl.highlands.com/lisa/lisa.html Livingston-Svirsky Archive (LiSA)] * [http://www.greatnortherncatskills.com/ Greene County, New York] {{New York}} {{Capital District}} {{New York metropolitan area}} {{coord missing|New York}}