House of Aviz

House of Aviz

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The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. In 1385, the Interregnum
Interregnum
An interregnum is a period of discontinuity or "gap" in a government, organization, or social order...

 of the 1383-1385 crisis ended with the acclamation of the Master of the Order of Aviz
Order of Aviz
The Military Order of Aviz , previously to 1910 Royal Military Order of Aviz , previously to 1789 Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz , previously Knights of St. Benedict of Aviz or Friars of Santa Maria of Évora, is a Portuguese Order of Chivalry...

, John
John I of Portugal
John I KG , called the Good or of Happy Memory, more rarely and outside Portugal the Bastard, was the tenth King of Portugal and the Algarve and the first to use the title Lord of Ceuta...

, natural son of king Peter I
Peter I of Portugal
Peter I , called the Just , was the eighth King of Portugal and the Algarve from 1357 until his death. He was the third but only surviving son of Afonso IV of Portugal and his wife, princess Beatrice of Castile....

 and Dona Teresa Lourenço as king. The descendants of king John I were still nominal masters of Aviz, though they were often replaced by other priests. With the death of John II, some claimed that a new branch of the House is inaugurated, with his cousin Manuel, Duke of Beja
Manuel I of Portugal
Manuel I , the Fortunate , 14th king of Portugal and the Algarves was the son of Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, , by his wife, Infanta Beatrice of Portugal...

 - hence, the branch of Aviz-Beja.

The House of Aviz was a branch of Afonsine Royal House
House of Burgundy
The House of Burgundy was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, descending from Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, a younger son of Robert II of France....

. The house of Aviz ended with the death of king Henry I in 1580. After a short struggle for the throne of Portugal
Struggle for the throne of Portugal
The 1580 Portuguese succession crisis came about as a result of the 1578 death of young King Sebastian I of Portugal in the Battle of Ksar El Kebir...

 the Crown of Portugal was taken by Philippine Royal House
Philippine Dynasty
The Portuguese House of Habsburg, commonly known as the Philippine Dynasty, is the third royal dynasty of Portugal. It was named after the three Spanish kings who ruled Portugal between 1580 and 1640 in a dynastic union of the two crowns...

, though only in a personal union that did not formally end Portuguese independence. The Crown would return to a Portuguese dynasty in 1640 with the House of Braganza
House of Braganza
The Most Serene House of Braganza , an important Portuguese noble family, ruled the Kingdom of Portugal and its colonial Empire, from 1640 to 1910...

, itself a branch of the House of Aviz.

Kings of the House of Aviz

  • John I
    John I of Portugal
    John I KG , called the Good or of Happy Memory, more rarely and outside Portugal the Bastard, was the tenth King of Portugal and the Algarve and the first to use the title Lord of Ceuta...

    , The Good or The One of Happy Memory 1385 - 1433
  • Edward, The Philosopher or The Eloquent 1433 - 1438
  • Afonso V
    Afonso V of Portugal
    Afonso V KG , called the African , was the twelfth King of Portugal and the Algarves. His sobriquet refers to his conquests in Northern Africa.-Early life:...

    , The African Conqueror 1438 - 1481
  • John II
    John II of Portugal
    John II , the Perfect Prince , was the thirteenth king of Portugal and the Algarves...

    , The Perfect Prince 1481 - 1495
  • Manuel I
    Manuel I of Portugal
    Manuel I , the Fortunate , 14th king of Portugal and the Algarves was the son of Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, , by his wife, Infanta Beatrice of Portugal...

    , The Fortunate 1495 - 1521
  • John III
    John III of Portugal
    John III , nicknamed o Piedoso , was the fifteenth King of Portugal and the Algarves. He was the son of King Manuel I and Maria of Aragon, the third daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile...

    , the Pious 1521 - 1557
  • Sebastian, the Desired 1557 - 1578
  • Henry, The Chaste 1578 - 1580
  • Anthony, The Determined 1580


King Anthony I was succeeded by half-Portuguese king Philip I of Portugal
Philip II of Spain
Philip II was King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and, while married to Mary I, King of England and Ireland. He was lord of the Seventeen Provinces from 1556 until 1581, holding various titles for the individual territories such as duke or count....

, also Philip II of Spain. Portugal and Spain would share a common monarch until 1640, upon the acclamation of the Duke of Bragança as John IV of Portugal
John IV of Portugal
|-|John IV was the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1640 to his death. He was the grandson of Catherine, Duchess of Braganza, who had in 1580 claimed the Portuguese crown and sparked the struggle for the throne of Portugal. John was nicknamed John the Restorer...

.

See also

  • List of Portuguese monarchs
  • Kings of Portugal family tree
    Kings of Portugal family tree
    This is a collection of the family trees of the kingdom of Portugal.See also: Portugal - History of Portugal - List of Portuguese monarchs...

  • Portugal in the period of discoveries
  • Afonsine Royal House
    House of Burgundy
    The House of Burgundy was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, descending from Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, a younger son of Robert II of France....

  • Philippine Dynasty
    Philippine Dynasty
    The Portuguese House of Habsburg, commonly known as the Philippine Dynasty, is the third royal dynasty of Portugal. It was named after the three Spanish kings who ruled Portugal between 1580 and 1640 in a dynastic union of the two crowns...

  • House of Braganza
    House of Braganza
    The Most Serene House of Braganza , an important Portuguese noble family, ruled the Kingdom of Portugal and its colonial Empire, from 1640 to 1910...

  • Timeline of Portuguese history
    Timeline of Portuguese history
    This is a historical timeline of Portugal.*Timeline of Iberian prehistory*Pre-Roman Iberia *Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia *Germanic Kingdoms...


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