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Hormuzan

Hormuzan

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Hormuzan was the satrap
Satrap
Satrap was the name given to the governors of the provinces of the ancient Median and Achaemenid Empires and in several of their successors, such as the Sassanid Empire and the Hellenistic empires....

 of Susiana, a noble and a Marzban
Marzban
Marzban were a class of margraves or military commanders in charge of border provinces of the Sassanid Empire of Persia between the 3rd and 7th centuries CE....

 as well as one of the spahbod
Spahbod
Spahbod or Spahbed , is derived from the words Spah and bod ; or "Aspah'Paeity" , and means commander of cavaliers/ knights; alternatively Spah Salar was a rank used in the Parthian empire and more widely in the Sassanid Empire of Persia...

s at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah
Battle of al-Qadisiyyah
The Battle of al-Qādisiyyah was fought in 636; it was the decisive engagement between the Arab muslim army and the Sassanid Persian army during the first period of Muslim expansion. It resulted in the Islamic conquest of Persia, and was key to the conquest of Iraq...

. He was taken as prisoner by the Muslims.

Life


Hormuzan was a wealthy satrap of Susiana. Form one of the seven houses. He was related to the Parthians. Being proud of this rich heritage Hormuzan was permitted to wear a crown upon his head. However, it was smaller than the Kings. During the advent of Islam, Hormuzan was checking if his province was safe (due to the fact that it was one of the richest in Iran). At the battle of al-Qādisiyyah he commanded the right flank of the army. Homuzan however regrouped and fought at the battle of Jaula. He then fought and escaped capture in the region, while many of his forces were killed by the Arab Muslims
Arab Muslims
Arab Muslims are adherents of the religion of Islam who identify linguistically, culturally, or genealogically as Arabs. They greatly outnumber other ethnic groups in the Middle East. Muslims who are not Arabs are called mawali by Arab Muslims....

. He finally surrendered in 642 AD and was taken to Medina where he tricked the Caliph Omar into sparing his life. He embraced Islam and was given a pension. While in Medina he advised Caliph Umar in making important fiscal and institutional changes. He was killed by the son of Umar after involvement in a plot to kill Umar Caliph. His killing was ignored by Uthman, but Ali
Ali
' |Ramaḍān]], 40 AH; approximately October 23, 598 or 600 or March 17, 599 – January 27, 661).His father's name was Abu Talib. Ali was also the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and ruled over the Islamic Caliphate from 656 to 661, and was the first male convert to Islam...

strongly protested to Uthman and threatened that he would carry out legal punishment for murder if he ever gained the position to do so.