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Holbrook, Arizona

Holbrook, Arizona

Overview
  • During 1881 & 1882, railroad tracks were laid down and a railroad station was built. The community was then named Holbrook after the first engineer of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad
    Atlantic and Pacific Railroad
    The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad was a U.S. railroad that owned or operated two disjoint segments, one connecting St. Louis, Missouri with Tulsa, Oklahoma, and the other connecting Albuquerque, New Mexico with Southern California. It was incorporated by the U.S. Congress in 1866 as a...

    . This station was replaced by the Santa Fe Depot
    Holbrook, Arizona (Train station)
    Holbrook was a train station in Holbrook, Arizona, United States, formerly served by the trains of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway prior to the creation of Amtrak in 1971.- History :...

     in 1892.

  • Holbrook became the county seat of Navajo County in 1895 and was incorporated in 1917.

  • Many of the events that played out during the Pleasant Valley War
    Pleasant Valley War
    The Pleasant Valley War, sometimes called the Tonto Basin Feud, or Tonto Basin War, was commonly thought to be an Arizona range war between two feuding families, the cattle-herding Grahams and the sheep-herding Tewksburys...

     up to 1887 occurred in and around Holbrook.


After the appearance of a smoke trail in the sky on July 19, 1912, a meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kilograms exploded over the town of Holbrook, and a shower of stones fell from the sky, estimated to number more than 16,000 and varying in weight from 6.6 kilograms to less than 0.1 grams.

As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 4,917 people, 1,626 households, and 1,195 families residing in the city.
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Historical events

  • During 1881 & 1882, railroad tracks were laid down and a railroad station was built. The community was then named Holbrook after the first engineer of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad
    Atlantic and Pacific Railroad
    The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad was a U.S. railroad that owned or operated two disjoint segments, one connecting St. Louis, Missouri with Tulsa, Oklahoma, and the other connecting Albuquerque, New Mexico with Southern California. It was incorporated by the U.S. Congress in 1866 as a...

    . This station was replaced by the Santa Fe Depot
    Holbrook, Arizona (Train station)
    Holbrook was a train station in Holbrook, Arizona, United States, formerly served by the trains of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway prior to the creation of Amtrak in 1971.- History :...

     in 1892.

  • Holbrook became the county seat of Navajo County in 1895 and was incorporated in 1917.

  • Many of the events that played out during the Pleasant Valley War
    Pleasant Valley War
    The Pleasant Valley War, sometimes called the Tonto Basin Feud, or Tonto Basin War, was commonly thought to be an Arizona range war between two feuding families, the cattle-herding Grahams and the sheep-herding Tewksburys...

     up to 1887 occurred in and around Holbrook.

Holbrook meteorite


After the appearance of a smoke trail in the sky on July 19, 1912, a meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kilograms exploded over the town of Holbrook, and a shower of stones fell from the sky, estimated to number more than 16,000 and varying in weight from 6.6 kilograms to less than 0.1 grams.

Demographics


As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 4,917 people, 1,626 households, and 1,195 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 318.4 people per square mile (122.9/km²). There were 1,906 housing units at an average density of 123.4 per square mile (47.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.28% White
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 24.00% Native American
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 2.36% Black
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 or African American
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 1.04% Asian
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 8.38% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 4.94% from two or more races. 23.35% of the population were Hispanic
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 or Latino
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 of any race.

There were 1,626 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.47.

In the city the population was spread out with 35.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,746, and the median income for a family was $36,349. Males had a median income of $30,797 versus $24,088 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $13,912. About 16.6% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.7% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

  • Petrified Forest National Park
    Petrified Forest National Park
    Petrified Forest National Park is a United States national park in Navajo and Apache counties in northeastern Arizona. The park's headquarters are about east of Holbrook along Interstate 40 , which parallels a railroad line, the Puerco River, and historic U.S. Route 66, all crossing the park...

     is located 28 miles (45.1 km) east of Holbrook, the nearest city to the park.


  • The Historic Navajo County Courthouse and Museum in Downtown Holbrook. Built in 1898, the courthouse is now home to the Navajo County Historical Society and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
    National Register of Historic Places
    The National Register of Historic Places is the United States government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation...

    .
  • Wigwam Motel
    Wigwam Motel
    The Wigwam Motels, also known as the "Wigwam Villages", is a motel chain in the United States in which the rooms are built in the form of teepees, hence the name "wigwam". It originally had seven different locations: two locations in Kentucky, a location in Alabama, another location in Florida, one...

     on Hopi Drive. Built in 1950, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places
    National Register of Historic Places
    The National Register of Historic Places is the United States government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation...

     as Wigwam Village #6.
  • Historic U.S. Route 66
    U.S. Route 66
    U.S. Route 66 was a highway within the U.S. Highway System. One of the original U.S. highways, Route 66 was established on November 11, 1926 -- with road signs erected the following year...

     runs through Holbrook.
  • Bucket of Blood Street was named the sixth wackiest street name according to a 2006 poll by Car Connection website.

Primary and secondary schools


The city is served by the Holbrook Unified School District
Holbrook Unified School District
Holbrook Unified School District is a school district based in Holbrook, Arizona, United States.Holbrook serves the city of Holbrook and several unincorporated areas in Navajo County, Arizona .-High schools:...

 and serves 2324 students.

Three elementary schools: Park Elementary School (K-2) and Hulet Elementary School (3-5) serve the city and Indian Wells Elementary (K-6) serves the northern parts of the school district.

Holbrook Junior High School (6-8) and Holbrook High School
Holbrook High School (Arizona)
Holbrook High School is a high school in Holbrook, Arizona. It is the only high school under the jurisdiction of the Holbrook Unified School District. Adjacent to the school is a Bureau of Indian Affairs-operated dormitory, the Tiisyatin Residential Hall, housing a maximum of 128 students....

 (9-12) serve the city.

Colleges and universities


One of the four main campuses of Northland Pioneer College
Northland Pioneer College
Northland Pioneer College is a regionally accredited, publicly supported, comprehensive community college serving a large and diverse area in Navajo County, Arizona...

 community college is located in Holbrook. The other three main campuses are in Show Low
Show Low, Arizona
Winters in Show Low bring highs between 45°F and 55°F , with lows usually below freezing between November and March, averaging in the 20s December through February, and in the low 30s for November and March....

, Snowflake
Snowflake, Arizona
Snowflake is a town in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. It was founded in 1878 by Erastus Snow and William Jordan Flake, Mormon pioneers and colonizers. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the town is 4,958....

, and Winslow
Winslow, Arizona
-Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 9,520 people, 2,754 households, and 1,991 families residing in the city. The population density was 773.1 people per square mile . There were 3,198 housing units at an average density of 259.7 per square mile...

, all in Navajo County, Arizona.

Further reading

  • Ellis, Catherine H. (2007). Holbrook and The Petrified Forest, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC. ISBN 978-0-7385-4885-2.

External links