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Hernando de Talavera

Hernando de Talavera

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Hernando de Talavera, is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

, 1428 - Granada
Granada
Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain. Granada is located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, at the confluence of three rivers, the Beiro, the Darro and the Genil. It sits at an elevation of 738 metres above sea...

, Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

, 14 May 1507), a Spanish Converso
Converso
A converso and its feminine form conversa was a Jew or Muslim—or a descendant of Jews or Muslims—who converted to Catholicism in Spain or Portugal, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. Mass conversions once took place under significant government pressure...

 origins monk of the Order of Saint Hyeronimus since about 1458, a University graduate in Theology from Salamanca University, a prior of the Monastery of Prado, near Valladolid
Valladolid
Valladolid is a historic city and municipality in north-central Spain, situated at the confluence of the Pisuerga and Esgueva rivers, and located within three wine-making regions: Ribera del Duero, Rueda and Cigales...

, Royal Confessor of regnant Queen on her own rights Isabel I of Castile, (1452–1504), (1480–1504), a financial Administrator of Salamanca
Salamanca
Salamanca is a city in western Spain, in the community of Castile and León. Because it is known for its beautiful buildings and urban environment, the Old City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. It is the most important university city in Spain and is known for its contributions to...

 Bishopry, (1483–1485), Bishop of Avila, (1485–1492), Archbishop of Granada, (1493–1507) the last conquered Moorish Kingdom of Granada till January 1492, was most probably, according to the proceedings raised against him by the Spanish Inquisition
Spanish Inquisition
The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition , commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition , was a tribunal established in 1480 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. It was intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms, and to replace the Medieval...

 while he was an Archbishop there, the son of the Lord of Oropesa
Oropesa
An Oropesa is a streamlined towed body used in the process of minesweeping. The role of the Oropesa is to keep the towed sweep at a determined depth and position from the sweeping ship....

, province of Toledo, Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 Garcia Alvarez de Toledo y Ayala, deceased after 1429, related to Great Master of the Military Order of Santiago, and the bastard woman born before 1370 out of a Jewish mother put pregnant by a Royal bastard of king Alfonso XI of Castile
Alfonso XI of Castile
Alfonso XI was the king of Castile, León and Galicia.He was the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. Upon his father's death in 1312, several disputes ensued over who would hold regency, which were resolved in 1313...

, and generally known as Leonor Téllez Alfonso de Castilla - de Guzman y de Haro, the parents around 1390 of a Fernando Alvarez de Toledo y Tellez Alfonso de Guzman, who is postulated sometimes by some people as the father of the archbishop Don Hernando de Talavera.

Therefore Hernando de Talavera might have been the son of Don Garcia, Lord of Talavera de la Reina, born around 1370 and deceased after 1429 and with Royal hebraic blood, or even the son of Don Garcia, Fernando, born around or after 1390, who would have had moreover a relationship with an Hebraic woman from Oropesa
Oropesa
An Oropesa is a streamlined towed body used in the process of minesweeping. The role of the Oropesa is to keep the towed sweep at a determined depth and position from the sweeping ship....

, near Talavera de la Reina and would have even been promoted to 1st Count of Oropesa
Oropesa
An Oropesa is a streamlined towed body used in the process of minesweeping. The role of the Oropesa is to keep the towed sweep at a determined depth and position from the sweeping ship....

 after around 1475 by Queen Isabel I of Castile.

In other words, the Archbishop and Royal Confessor amount of Hebraic genes would be less or more depending on who was the father, either Don Garcia, Lord of Oropesa or Don Fernando, son of Don Garcia and later promoted to first Count of Oropesa by the Queen of Castile, , accordiong to slander documents sent by the Spanish Inquisition to Rome
Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

 to be revised by Popes from the famous della Rovere
Della Rovere
Della Rovere is a noble family of Italy. Coming from modest beginnings in Savona, Liguria, the family rose to prominence through nepotism and ambitious marriages arranged by two Della Rovere popes, Francesco della Rovere, who ruled as Pope Sixtus IV and his nephew Giuliano...

 family.

There are other "Alvarez de Toledo" families, related to the actual Duchess of Alba
Alba
Alba is the Scottish Gaelic name for Scotland. It is cognate to Alba in Irish and Nalbin in Manx, the two other Goidelic Insular Celtic languages, as well as similar words in the Brythonic Insular Celtic languages of Cornish and Welsh also meaning Scotland.- Etymology :The term first appears in...

 however who seem to escape such amount of "family genes" slander brought about at the time concerning Archbishop Don Hernando de Talavera, a.k.a. Hernando de Oropesa.

Apparently, either in newly conquered Granada
Granada
Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain. Granada is located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, at the confluence of three rivers, the Beiro, the Darro and the Genil. It sits at an elevation of 738 metres above sea...

, as in heavily populated with former Moorish and Jewish Converso
Converso
A converso and its feminine form conversa was a Jew or Muslim—or a descendant of Jews or Muslims—who converted to Catholicism in Spain or Portugal, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. Mass conversions once took place under significant government pressure...

´s for over two centuries, Seville
Seville
Seville is the artistic, historic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain. It is the capital of the autonomous community of Andalusia and of the province of Seville. It is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir, with an average elevation of above sea level...

 he was not keen about "miracolous" conversions of thousands of persons to Christianity , men and women, but he was rather a believer in allowing time to time and reinforcing the "reasoned" preaching and appropriate schooling of children, a line strongly disapproved by the established Inquisitors and many of the new Lords of the new conquered lands, hence the suspicions on his background and in his attachement , (????), to his ancestors.

There was Cardinal Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros, (1436–1517), much interested than him on achieving quick and miracoulous results from the losers of the battles leading to the disintegration and conquer of the last Moorish Kingdom of Granada.

By 1499, Cisneros forced conversions against the Royal truce agreements on respecting the beliefs of the submitted non-Christian peoples, mainly traders and agricultural farmers, constituting an armed opposition quickly militarly crushed down again and again.

It was famous and conflicting Diego Rodriguez Lucero, Inquisitor at Cordoba
Córdoba, Spain
-History:The first trace of human presence in the area are remains of a Neanderthal Man, dating to c. 32,000 BC. In the 8th century BC, during the ancient Tartessos period, a pre-urban settlement existed. The population gradually learned copper and silver metallurgy...

, continuously brought to contention by Archbishop Hernando who sent orders of prison and/with genealogical enquiries on Don Hernando ancestors in 1505, one year after Queen Isabel I died, to Rome
Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

, but Pope Julius II
Pope Julius II
Pope Julius II , nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope" , born Giuliano della Rovere, was Pope from 1503 to 1513...

 della Rovere, (1443 - Pope 1503 - 1513), ordered the release and the stopping of harassments to the Archbishop Hernando family in 1507, just the same year when this energetic religious man died, but which has criticized the Queen Regnant Isabel I of Castile, deceased 1504, and her husband the Regnant King Fernando II of Aragon, deceased 1516, when the Treaty of Granada, 1493, had been signed with the French Crown.

Some references

  • Fernández de Madrid, A ; Martínez Medina, Fco J. ; Olmedo, Félix G. "Vida de Fray Fernando de Talavera: primer Arzobispo de Granada". [Granada]: Universidad de Granada, 1992

  • Fradejas Lebrero, J. “Bibliografía crítica de fray Hernando de Talavera”. En: Pensamiento medieval hispano: homenaje a Horacio Santiago-Otero / coord. por Jose María Soto Rábanos, v. 2, 1998, pp. 1347–1358.

  • Herrero del Collado, T. “El proceso inquisitorial por delito de herejía contra Hernando de Talavera”. En: Anuario de historia del derecho español, núm. 39, 1969, pp. 671–706

  • Iannuzzi, I. “La biografía del reformista fray Hernando de Talavera en tiempos de Carlos V”. En: Carlos V europeísmo y universalidad: [congreso internacional,Granada mayo 2000] / coord. por Francisco Sánchez-Montes González, Juan Luis Castellano Castellano, v. 5, 2001, pp. 315–328

  • Kamen, Henry, (1965), The Spanish Inquisition, (London: White Lion Press) ISBN : 9780300078800