Hebei

Hebei

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{{distinguish2|the unrelated province of [[Hubei]] or the city of [[Hebi]]}} {{Other uses}} {{Audio|zh-Hebei.ogg|Hebei}} ({{zh|c=河北 |p=Héběi}}; [[Chinese Postal Map Romanization|Postal map spelling]]: Hopeh) is a [[province of China|province]] of the [[People's Republic of China]] in the [[North China]] region. Its one-[[Chinese character|character]] abbreviation is "{{lang|zh|冀}}" (jì), named after Ji Province, a [[Han Dynasty]] province ([[zhou (political division)|zhou]]) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei means "north of the river", referring to its location completely above the [[Yellow River]]. In 1928, Hebei was formed after the central government dissolved the province of [[Zhili|Chih-li]] (直隸), which means "Directly Ruled (by the Imperial Court)". [[Beijing]] and [[Tianjin]] Municipalities, which border each other, were carved out of Hebei. The province borders [[Liaoning]] to the northeast, [[Inner Mongolia]] to the north, [[Shanxi]] to the west, [[Henan]] to the south, and [[Shandong]] to the southeast. [[Bohai Bay]] of the [[Yellow Sea]] is to the east. A small part of Hebei, an [[exclave]] disjointed from the rest of the province, is wedged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin. A common alternate name for Hebei is Yānzhào ({{lang|zh|燕趙}}), after the [[state of Yan]] and [[state of Zhao]] that existed here during the [[Warring States Period]] of early Chinese history.

History

Plains in Hebei were the home of [[Peking man]], a group of [[Homo erectus]] that lived in the area around 200,000 to 700,000 years ago. [[Neolithic]] findings at the [[prehistoric Beifudi site]] date back to 7000 and 8000 BC. During the [[Spring and Autumn Period]] (722 BC – 476 BC), Hebei was under the rule of the states of [[State of Yan|Yan]] (燕) in the north and [[Jin (Chinese state)|Jin]] (晉) in the south. Also during this period, a nomadic people known as [[Dí]] (狄) invaded the plains of northern China and established [[State of Zhongshan|Zhongshan]] (中山) in central Hebei. During the [[Warring States Period]] (403 BC–221 BC), Jin was partitioned, and much of its territory within Hebei went to [[State of Zhao|Zhao]] (趙). The [[Qin Dynasty]] unified China in 221 BC. The [[Han Dynasty]] (206 BC – AD 220) ruled the area under two provinces ([[zhou (political division)|zhou]]), [[Youzhou Province]] (幽州) in the north and [[Jizhou Province]] ({{lang|zh|冀州}} Jì Zhōu) in the south. At the end of the Han Dynasty, most of Hebei came under the control of [[warlord]]s [[Gongsun Zan]] in the north and [[Yuan Shao]] further south; Yuan Shao emerged victorious of the two, but he was soon defeated by rival [[Cao Cao]] (based further south, in modern-day [[Henan]]) in the [[Battle of Guandu]] in 200. Hebei then came under the rule of the [[Kingdom of Wei]] (one of the [[Three Kingdoms]]), established by the descendants of Cao Cao. [[File:IronLion.jpg|thumb|left|1500-year-old iron lion in [[Cangzhou]]]] After the invasions of northern nomadic peoples at the end of the [[Western Jin Dynasty]], the chaos of the [[Sixteen Kingdoms]] and the [[Northern and Southern Dynasties]] ensued. Hebei, firmly in North China and right at the northern frontier, changed hands many times, being controlled at various points in history by the [[Later Zhao]], [[Former Yan]], [[Former Qin]], and [[Later Yan]]. The [[Northern Wei]] reunified northern China in 440, but split in half in 534, with Hebei coming under the eastern half (first the [[Eastern Wei]]; then the [[Northern Qi]]), which had its capital at Ye (鄴), near modern [[Linzhang]], Hebei. The [[Sui Dynasty]] again unified China in 589. During the [[Tang Dynasty]] (618–907) the area was formally designated "Hebei" (north of the Yellow River) for the first time. During the earlier part of the [[Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period]], Hebei was fragmented among several regimes, though it was eventually unified by [[Li Cunxu]], who established the [[Later Tang Dynasty]] (923–936). The next dynasty, the [[Later Jin Dynasty (Five Dynasties)|Later Jin Dynasty]] under Shi Jingtang, posthumously known as Emperor [[Gaozu of Later Jin]], ceded much of modern-day northern Hebei to the [[Khitan people|Khitan]] [[Liao Dynasty]] in the north; this territory, called The Sixteen Prefectures of Yanyun, became a major weakness in [[China]]'s defense against the Khitans for the next century, since it lay within the [[Great Wall]]. During the [[Northern Song Dynasty]] (960–1127), the sixteen ceded prefectures continued to be an area of hot contention between Song China and the Liao Dynasty. The [[Southern Song Dynasty]] that came after abandoned all of [[North China]], including Hebei, to the [[Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)|Jurchen Jin Dynasty]] in 1127. [[File:Budala5.jpg|thumb|230px|right|The [[Putuo Zongcheng Temple]] of [[Chengde]], Hebei, built in 1771 during the reign of the [[Qianlong Emperor]].]] [[File:Saihanba5.jpg|thumb|Saihanba National Park in Inner Mongolian plateau grassland border, north Chengde, Hebei Province]] The [[Mongol]] [[Yuan Dynasty]] divided China into provinces but did not establish Hebei as a province. The [[Ming Dynasty]] ruled Hebei as "Beizhili" (北直隸, [[pinyin]]: Běizhílì), meaning "Northern Directly Ruled", because the area contained and was directly ruled by the imperial capital, [[Beijing]]; the "Northern" designation was used because there was a southern counterpart covering present-day [[Jiangsu]] and [[Anhui]]. When the [[Manchu]] [[Qing Dynasty]] came to power in 1644, they abolished the southern counterpart, and Hebei became known as "Zhili", or simply "Directly Ruled". During the Qing Dynasty, the northern borders of Zhili extended deep into what is now [[Inner Mongolia]], and overlapped in jurisdiction with the [[league (Inner Mongolia)|league]]s of Inner Mongolia. The Qing Dynasty collapsed in 1912 and was replaced by the [[Republic of China]]. Within a few years, China descended into civil war, with regional warlords vying for power. Since Zhili was so close to Peking ([[Beijing]]), the capital, it was the site of frequent wars, including the [[Zhiwan War]], the [[First Zhifeng War]] and the [[Second Zhifeng War]]. With the success of the [[Northern Expedition (1926–1927)|Northern Expedition]], a successful campaign by the [[Kuomintang]] to end the rule of the warlords, the capital was moved from Peking (Beijing) to Nanking ([[Nanjing]]). As a result, the name of Zhili was changed to Hebei to reflect that fact that it had a standard provincial administration, and that the capital had been relocated elsewhere. The founding of the [[People's Republic of China]] saw several changes: the region around [[Chengde]], previously part of [[Rehe (province)|Rehe]] Province (historically part of [[Manchuria]]), and the region around [[Zhangjiakou]], previously part of [[Chahar (province)|Chahar]] Province (historically part of [[Inner Mongolia]]), were merged into Hebei, extending its borders northwards beyond the Great Wall. The capital was also moved from [[Baoding]] to the upstart city of [[Shijiazhuang]], and, for a short period, to [[Tianjin]]. On July 28, 1976, [[Tangshan]] was struck by a powerful [[earthquake]], the [[Tangshan earthquake]], the deadliest of the 20th century with over 240,000 killed. A series of smaller earthquakes struck the city in the following decade. In 2005, Chinese archaeologists unearthed what is being called the Chinese equivalent of [[Italy]]'s [[Pompeii]]. The find in question, located near Liumengchun Village (柳孟春村) in [[Cang County]] in east-central Hebei, is a buried settlement destroyed nearly 700 years ago by a major earthquake. Another possible explanation may be the four successive floods which hit the area around the time when the settlement met its sudden end. The settlement appears to have been a booming commercial center during the [[Song Dynasty]].{{Citation needed|date=August 2008}}

Geography

[[File:LangYaShan5.jpg|thumb|right|[[Langyashan]] (Wolf Tooth Mount), in Yi County, Hebei.]] Most of central and southern Hebei lies within the [[North China Plain]]. The western part of Hebei rises into the [[Taihang Mountains]] (Taihang Shan), while the [[Yan Mountains]] (Yan Shan) run through northern Hebei, beyond which lie the grasslands of [[Inner Mongolia]]. The [[Great Wall of China]] cuts through northern Hebei from east to west as well, briefly entering the border of Beijing Municipality, and terminates at the seacoast of [[Shanhaiguan District|Shanhaiguan]] in northeastern Hebei. The highest peak is [[Mount Xiaowutai]] in northwestern Hebei, with an altitude of 2882 m. Hebei borders [[Bohai Sea]] on the east. The [[Hai He]] [[drainage basin|watershed]] covers most of the province's central and southern parts, and the [[Luan He]] watershed covers the northeast. Not counting the numerous reservoirs to be found in Hebei's hills and mountains, the largest lake in Hebei is [[Baiyangdian]], located mostly in [[Anxin County]]. Hebei has a [[continental climate|continental]] [[monsoon]] climate, with cold, dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Temperatures average {{convert|−16|to|−3|°C|°F}} in January and {{convert|20|to|27|°C|°F}} in July; the annual [[Precipitation (meteorology)|precipitation]] ranges from {{convert|400|to|800|mm|in|0abbr=on}}, concentrated heavily in summer. Major cities: * [[Shijiazhuang]] * [[Baoding]] * [[Tangshan]] * [[Qinhuangdao]] * [[Handan]] * [[Zhangjiakou]]

Administrative divisions

Hebei is made up of 11 prefecture-level divisions, which are all [[prefecture-level cities]]: NEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINE
Map # Name [[Hanzi]] [[Hanyu Pinyin]] Administrative Seat Population ([[Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China|2010]])
[[File:Hebei prfc map.png|450px]]
— [[Prefecture-level city]] —
1[[Shijiazhuang]]石家庄市Shíjiāzhuāng Shì[[Chang'an District, Shijiazhuang|Chang'an District]]10,163,788
2[[Baoding]]保定市Bǎodìng Shì[[Xinshi District, Baoding|Xinshi District]]11,194,379
3[[Cangzhou]]沧州市Cāngzhōu Shì[[Yunhe District]]7,134,053
4[[Chengde]]承德市Chéngdé Shì[[Shuangqiao District, Chengde|Shuangqiao District]]3,473,197
5[[Handan]]邯鄲市Hándān Shì[[Hanshan District]]9,174,679
6[[Hengshui]]衡水市Héngshǔi Shì[[Taocheng District]]4,340,773
7[[Langfang]]廊坊市Lángfāng Shì[[Anci District]]4,358,839
8[[Qinhuangdao]]秦皇島市Qínhuángdǎo Shì[[Haigang District]]2,987,605
9[[Tangshan]]唐山市Tángshān Shì[[Lunan District]]7,577,284
10[[Xingtai]]邢台市Xíngtái Shì[[Qiaodong District, Xingtai|Qiaodong District]]7,104,114
11[[Zhangjiakou]]张家口市Zhāngjiākǒu Shì[[Qiaoxi District, Zhangjiakou|Qiaoxi District]]4,345,491
NEWLINENEWLINE These are subdivided into 172 county-level divisions (22 [[county-level cities]], 108 [[County (People's Republic of China)|counties]], 6 [[autonomous counties]] and 36 [[district of China|district]]s). Those are, in turn, divided into 2207 township-level divisions (1 [[district public office]], 937 [[town of China|town]]s, 979 [[township of China|township]]s, 55 [[ethnic township]]s, and 235 [[subdistrict]]s). For a complete list of the county-level divisions of Hebei, see [[List of administrative divisions of Hebei]].

New cities

Hebei is planning to re-organise the administrative divisions with an addition of three new prefecture-level cities, all to be located adjacent to Beijing and named in regard to their position with respect to the national capital: *Jingbei (京北市, meaning "North of Beijing") will be carved from two counties in [[Zhangjiakou]]: [[Huailai County|Huailai]] and [[Zhuolu County|Zhuolu]] *Jingnan (京南市, meaning "South of Beijing") will compose of a county-level city in [[Baoding]]: [[Zhuozhou]] *Jingdong (京东市 meaning "East of Beijing") will consist of three county-level administrative divisions in today's [[Langfang]]: [[Sanhe, Hebei|Sanhe]], [[Xianghe County|Xianghe]], and [[Dachang Hui Autonomous County|Dachang (Hui)]]. They currently comprise the exclave situated between Beijing and Tianjin.

Politics

{{main|Politics of Hebei}} The politics of Hebei is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in [[mainland China]]. The [[Governor of Hebei]] is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Hebei. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Hebei [[Communist Party of China]] Provincial Committee Secretary ([[CPC Party Chief]]).

Economy

[[File:Shijiazhuang central.jpg|thumb|240px|Downtown [[Shijiazhuang]].]] In 2010, Hebei's [[Gross domestic product|GDP]] was 2.01 trillion yuan (US$303 billion), an increase of 10.1% over the previous year and ranked 6th in the PRC. [[GDP per capita]] reached 24,428 [[Renminbi]]. [[Disposable income]] per capita in urban areas was 13,441 RMB, while rural pure income per capita was 4,795 RMB. The [[primary sector of industry|primary]], [[secondary sector of industry|secondary]], and [[tertiary sector of industry|tertiary]] sectors of industry contributed 203.46 billion, 877.74 billion, and 537.66 billion RMB respectively. The registered urban [[unemployment rate]] was 3.96%.{{Citation needed|date=August 2008}} [[File:20060416050427.jpg|right|240px|thumbnail|A corner in downtown [[Zhangjiakou]].]] 40% of Hebei's labor force works in the agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry sectors, with the majority of production from these industries going to [[Beijing]] and [[Tianjin]] Hebei's main agricultural products are [[cereal]] crops including [[wheat]], [[maize]], [[millet]], and [[sorghum]]. [[Cash crop]]s like [[cotton]], [[peanut]], [[soya bean]] and [[sesame]] are also produced. [[Kailuan]], with a history of over 100 years, is one of China's first modern [[coal]] mines, and remains a major mine with an annual production of over 20 million metric tonnes. Much of the [[North China Oilfield]] is found in Hebei, and there are also major iron mines at [[Handan]] and [[Qian'an, Hebei|Qian'an]]. Iron, as well as steel, manufacturing are the largest industries in Hebei, and are likely to remain so as these industries consolidate and Hebei continues to grow as a manufacturing and transportation center for the region. Hebei's industries include [[textiles]], [[coal]], [[steel]], [[iron]], engineering, chemical production, petroleum, power, [[ceramic]]s and food.

Economic and Technological Development Zones

* [[Baoding]] Hi-Tech Industry Development Zone * [[Langfang]] Export Processing Zone * [[Qinhuangdao]] Economic & Technological Development Zone * Qinhuangdao Export Processing Zone * [[Shijiazhuang]] Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Demographics

[[File:Zhengding Lingxiao Pagoda 3.jpg|thumb|right|The [[Lingxiao Pagoda]] of [[Zhengding]], Hebei Province, built in AD 1045 during the [[Song Dynasty]].]] The population is mostly [[Han Chinese]] with [[List of Chinese ethnic groups|minorities]] of [[Mongol]], [[Manchu]], and [[Hui people|Hui]] Chinese. NEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINENEWLINE
Ethnic groups in Hebei, 2000 census
[[Nationalities of China|Nationality]] Population Percentage
[[Han Chinese]] 63,781,603 95.65%
[[Manchu]] 2,118,711 3.18%
[[Hui people|Hui]] 542,639 0.78%
[[Mongol]] 169,887 0.26%
[[Zhuang people|Zhuang]] 20,832 0.031%
NEWLINENEWLINE Excludes members of the [[People's Liberation Army]] in active service.
Source: Department of Population, Social, Science and Technology Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics of China and Department of Economic Development of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission of China, eds. Tabulation on Nationalities of 2000 Population Census of China. 2 vols. Beijing: Nationalities Publishing House (民族出版社), 2003. (ISBN 7-105-05425-5) In 2004, the [[birth rate]] was 11.98 births per 1,000 people, while the [[death rate]] was 6.19 deaths per 1,000 people. The [[human sex ratio|sex ratio]] was 104.52 males to 100 females.{{Citation needed|date=August 2008}}

Culture

[[File:Dafuo2.jpg|left|210px|thumb|The giant [[Bodhisattva]] statue of [[Puning Temple]], [[Chengde]], Hebei province, built in 1755 under the [[Qianlong Emperor]].]] Dialects of [[Mandarin Chinese|Mandarin]] are spoken over most of the province, and most Mandarin dialects in Hebei are in turn classified as part of the [[Ji Lu Mandarin]] subdivision. Regions along the western border with [[Shanxi]], however, have dialects that are distinct enough for linguists to consider them as part of [[Jin Chinese|Jin]], another subdivision of Chinese, rather than Mandarin. In general, the dialects of Hebei are quite similar to and readily intelligible with the [[Beijing dialect]], which forms the basis for [[Standard Chinese]], the official language of the nation. However, there are also some distinct differences, such as differences in the pronunciation of certain words that derive from [[entering tone]] syllables (syllables ending on a [[plosive consonant|plosive]]) in [[Middle Chinese]]. Traditional forms of [[Chinese opera]] in Hebei include [[Pingju]], [[Hebei Bangzi]] (also known as [[Hebei Clapper Opera]]), and [[Cangzhou Kuaiban Dagu]]. Pingju is especially popular: it tends to be colloquial in language and hence easy to understand for audiences. Originating from northeastern Hebei, Pingju has been influenced by other forms of Chinese opera like [[Beijing opera]]. Traditionally Pingju makes use of just a [[Sheng (Chinese opera)|xiaosheng]] (young male lead), a [[Dan (Chinese opera)|xiaodan]] (young female lead), and a [[Chou (Chinese opera)|xiaohualian]] (young comic character), though it has since diversified with the use of other roles as well. [[File:Dingzhou Liaodi Pagoda 3.jpg|thumb|The [[Liaodi Pagoda]], built in 1055 during the [[Song Dynasty]]]] [[Quyang County]], in central Hebei, is famous for its [[Dingzhou porcelain]], which includes various vessels such as bowls, plates, vases, and cups, as well as figurines. Dingzhou porcelain is usually creamy white, though it is also made in other colours. [[Hebei cuisine]] is typically based on wheat, mutton and beans. Famous people born in Hebei Province include: *[[Feng Dao]] (881-954), Confucian minister *[[Yan Yuan]] (1635–1704), Confucian philosopher *[[Chi Jushan]] (1876–1962), playwright and scholar

Transportation

Hebei surrounds Beijing, so many important railway lines radiating out of Beijing pass through Hebei. The [[Jingguang Railway]] (Beijing-Guangzhou) is one of the most important: it passes through many major cities like [[Baoding]], [[Shijiazhuang]], [[Xingtai]] and [[Handan]] on its way through Hebei from north to south. Other important railways include the [[Jingjiu Railway]] (Beijing-Kowloon), the [[Jinghu Railway]] (Beijing-Shanghai), the [[Jingha Railway]] (Beijing-Harbin), and the [[Jingbao Railway]] (Beijing-Baotou). During the [[Eleventh Five-Year Plan (People's Republic of China)|Eleventh Five-Year Plan]], Beijing and Hebei were collaborating on a new passenger railway. The RMB 82.6 billion network will add 844 kilometers to the system. Current railway systems for Hebei trains are also being upgraded and will soon be able to travel at speeds of between 160 and 200 kilometers per hour. The recent expressway boom in China has not left Hebei behind. There are expressways to every prefecture-level city of Hebei except [[Chengde]], totalling to approximately 2,000 kilometers. The total length of highways within Hebei is around 40,000 kilometers. There are a number of ports along the [[Bohai Sea]], including [[Qinhuangdao]] (the second busiest in China with a capacity of over 100 million tons), [[Huanghua, Hebei|Huanghua]], and [[Jingtang]]. Shijiazhuang's [[Zhengding Airport]] is the province's center of air transportation, with domestic and international flights. Parts of Hebei will also be served by the new [[Beijing Daxing International Airport]] in [[Beijing]], which is currently under construction and expected to be completed by 2017.

Tourism

[[File:Xumipagodazhengding.jpg|thumb|right|200px|The [[Xumi Pagoda]] of [[Zhengding]], Hebei province, built in 636 AD during the [[Tang Dynasty]].]] The east end of the Ming [[Great Wall of China|Great Wall]] is located on the coast at [[Shanhaiguan]] (Shanhai Pass), near [[Qinhuangdao]]. Informally known as the "First Pass of The World" (天下第一關), Shanhaiguan was the place where Ming general [[Wu Sangui]] opened the gates to Manchu forces in 1644, beginning nearly 300 years of Manchu rule; Shanhai Pass also marks the psychological entrance / exit of Manchuria, so that for centuries Manchuria was known as "outside the Pass" or "east of the Pass". [[Beidaihe]], located near Shanhaiguan, is a popular beach resort well known as a former meeting place for top governmental officials. The Ming Great Wall crosses the northern part of Hebei. The [[Chengde]] [[Mountain Resort]] and its outlying temples are a [[World Heritage Site]]. Also known as the Rehe Palace, this was the summer resort of the Manchu [[Qing Dynasty]] emperors. The Chengde Resort was built between 1703 and 1792, and consists of a palace complex, a large park area consisting of lakes, pavilions, causeways, bridges, etc., and a number of Tibetan Buddhist and Han Chinese temples in the surrounding area. There are Qing Dynasty imperial [[tomb]]s at [[Zunhua]] ([[Eastern Qing Tombs]]) and [[Yi County, Hebei|Yixian]] ([[West Qing Tombs]]). The Eastern Qing Tombs are the resting place of 161 Qing emperors, empresses, and other members of the Qing imperial family, while the West Qing Tombs have 76. These are also part of a [[World Heritage Site]]. The [[Zhao County|Zhaozhou]], or [[Anji Bridge]], built by Li Chun during the [[Sui Dynasty]], is the oldest stone [[arch bridge]] in China, and one of the most significant examples of pre-modern Chinese [[civil engineering]]. [[Baoding]], the old provincial capital, contains the historical [[Zhili Governor's Residence]]. [[Xibaipo]], a village about 90 km from [[Shijiazhuang]], in [[Pingshan County, Hebei|Pingshan County]] was the location of the Central Committee of the [[Communist Party of China]] and the headquarters of the [[People's Liberation Army]] during the decisive stages of the [[Chinese Civil War]] between May 26, 1948 and March 23, 1949, at which point they were moved to [[Beijing]]. Today, the area houses a memorial site.

Sports

Sports teams based in Hebei include: [[Chinese Basketball Association]]
There are no teams based in Hebei. [[Chinese Football Association]]
There are no teams based in Hebei.

Education

{{seealso|List of universities and colleges in Hebei}} Under the national Ministry of Education: * [[North China Electric Power University]] (華北電力大學) Under other national agencies: * [[Central Institute for Correctional Police]] (中央司法警官學院) * [[Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy]] (中國人民武裝警察部隊學院) * [[North China Institute of Science and Technology]] (華北科技學院) Under the provincial government: * [[Chengde Medical College]] (承德醫學院) * [[Handan College]] (邯鄲學院) * [[Hebei Agricultural University]] (河北農業大學) * [[Hebei Engineering University]] (河北工程大學) * [[Hebei Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering]] (河北建築工程學院) * [[Hebei Medical University]] (河北醫科大學) * [[Hebei Normal University]] (河北師範大學) * [[Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology]] (河北科技師範學院) * [[Hebei North University]] (河北北方學院) * [[Hebei Physical Educational Institute]] (河北體育學院) * [[Hebei Polytechnic University]] (河北理工大學) * [[Hebei University]] (河北大學) * [[Hebei University of Economics and Business]] (河北經貿大學) * [[Hebei University of Technology]] (河北工業大學) * [[Hebei University of Science and Technology]] (河北科技大學) * [[Hengshui University]] (衡水學院) * [[Langfang Teacher's College]] (廊坊師範學院) * [[North China Coal Medical College]] (華北煤炭醫學院) * [[Shijiazhuang College]] (石家莊學院) * [[Shijiazhuang Railway Institute]] (石家莊鐵道學院) * [[Shijiazhuang University of Economics]] (石家莊經濟學院) * [[Tangshan College]] (唐山學院) * [[Tangshan Teacher's College]] (唐山師範學院) * [[Xingtai University]] (邢台學院) * [[Yanshan University]] (燕山大學)

External links

{{commons|Hebei}} * [http://www.hebei.gov.cn Hebei Government website] {{Geographic location |Centre = Hebei (surrounds [[Beijing]] and [[Tianjin]]) |North = [[Inner Mongolia]] |Northeast = [[Liaoning]] |East = [[Bohai Sea]] |Southeast = [[Shandong]] |South = [[Henan]] |Southwest = |West = [[Shanxi]] |Northwest = }} {{Hebei topics}} {{Hebei}} {{Province-level divisions of the People's Republic of China}}