or officially, Harari People's National Regional State
(Amharic:የሐረሪ ሕዝብ ክልል) is one of the nine ethnic divisions
||Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnically-based administrative regions and two chartered cities...
) of Ethiopia
Ethiopia , officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with over 82 million inhabitants, and the tenth-largest by area, occupying 1,100,000 km2...
, covering the homeland of the Harari people
The Harari people, also called geyusu , are a Semitic-speaking ethnic group originating from the Harari Region located in the eastern Ethiopia.- Harari Language :...
. Formerly named Region 13
, its capital is Harar
Harar is an eastern city in Ethiopia, and the capital of the modern Harari ethno-political division of Ethiopia...
Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency
The Central Statistical Agency is an agency of the government of Ethiopia designated to provide all surveys and censuses for that country used to monitor economic and social growth, as well as to act as an official training center in that field. It is part of the Ethiopian Ministry of Finance and...
of Ethiopia (CSA), Harari has a total population of 183,344, of whom 92,258 were men and 91,086 women. This region is the only one in Ethiopia where the majority of its population lives in urban area: 99,321 or 54.17% of the population are urban inhabitants. With an estimated area of 311.25 square kilometers, this region has an estimated density of 589.05 people per square kilometer. For the entire region 46,169 households were counted, which results in an average for the Region of 3.9 persons to a household, with urban households having on average 3.4 and rural households 4.6 people. Ethnic groups in the region include the Oromo
The Oromo are an ethnic group found in Ethiopia, northern Kenya, .and parts of Somalia. With 30 million members, they constitute the single largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and approximately 34.49% of the population according to the 2007 census...
(56.41%), Amhara (22.77%), Harari (8.65%), Gurage
Gurage is an ethnic group in Ethiopia. According to the 2007 national census, its population is 1,867,377 people , of whom 792,659 are urban dwellers. This is 2.53% of the total population of Ethiopia, or 7.52% of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region...
Somalis are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa, also known as the Somali Peninsula. The overwhelming majority of Somalis speak the Somali language, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family...
Tigray-Tigrinya are an ethnic group who live in the southern, central and northern parts of Eritrea and the northern highlands of Ethiopia's Tigray province. They also live in Ethiopia's former provinces of Begemder and Wollo, which are today mostly part of Amhara Region, though a few regions...
(1.53%), and Argobba
The Argobba are a Muslim people group that is spread out through isolated village networks and towns in the northeast and east of Ethiopia. The Argobba have typically been astute traders and merchants, and have adjusted to the economic trends in their area...
(1.26%). Languages spoke include Oromiffa
Oromo, also known as Afaan Oromo, Oromiffa, Afan Boran, Afan Orma, and sometimes in other languages by variant spellings of these names , is an Afro-Asiatic language, and the most widely spoken of the Cushitic family. Forms of Oromo are spoken as a first language by more than 25 million Oromo and...
Amharic is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. It is the second most-spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic, and the official working language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Thus, it has official status and is used nationwide. Amharic is also the official or working...
The Somali language is a member of the East Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Its nearest relatives are Afar and Oromo. Somali is the best documented of the Cushitic languages, with academic studies beginning before 1900....
(3.70%), and Gurage (2.91%). The religion with the most believers in the region is Muslim
According to the latest 2007 national census, Islam is the second most widely practised religion in Ethiopia after Christianity, with over 25 million of Ethiopians adhering to Islam according to the 2007 national census, having arrived in Ethiopia in 615...
with 68.99%, 27.1% are Ethiopian Orthodox, 3.4% Protestant
P'ent'ay or Pentay is a slang term widely used in modern Ethiopia, and among Ethiopians living abroad, to describe Ethiopian Christians who are not members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo, Ethiopian Orthodox Tehadeso, Roman Catholic or Ethiopian Catholic churches...
, 0.3% Catholic
The Catholic Church in Ethiopia is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.The Ethiopian Catholic Church, the primary organization of Catholicism in the country, is especially close to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, whose doctrine and...
, and 0.2% followers of other religions. The Harari language
is the official language of the Region.
In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the Region's population was reported to be 131,139, of whom 65,550 were men and 65,589 women. At the time of that census, 76,378 or 58.24% of the population lived in urban areas. Ethnic groups in the region recorded in the earlier census included the Oromo (52.3%), Amhara (32.6%), Harari (7.1%), Gurage (3.2%), Tigray (1.71%), and Somali (1.68%). Languages recorded included Oromiffa (49.79%), Amharic (36.97%), Harari (7.61%), Gurage (1.13%) and Tigrinya
Tigrinya , also spelled Tigrigna, Tigrnia, Tigrina, Tigriña, less commonly Tigrinian, Tigrinyan, is a Semitic language spoken by the Tigrinya people in central Eritrea , where it is one of the two main languages of Eritrea, and in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia , where it...
(1.13%) The religious composition of the population of the region indicated that 60.28% were Muslim, 38.09% Ethiopian Orthodox, 0.94% Protestant, and 0.46% Catholic.
According to the CSA, , 73.28% of the total population had access to safe drinking water
Access to water supply and sanitation in Ethiopia is amongst the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa and the entire world. While access has increased substantially with funding from external aid, much still remains to be done to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of halving the share of people...
, of whom 39.83% were rural inhabitants and 95.28% were urban. Values for other reported common indicators of the standard of living
Standard of living is generally measured by standards such as real income per person and poverty rate. Other measures such as access and quality of health care, income growth inequality and educational standards are also used. Examples are access to certain goods , or measures of health such as...
for the Afar Region include the following: 5.7% of the inhabitants fall into the lowest wealth quintile; adult literacy for men is 78.4% and for women 54.9%; and the Regional infant mortality rate is 66 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, which is less than the nationwide average of 77; at least half of these deaths occurred in the infants’ first month of life.
There are 19 numbered kebele
A kebele is the smallest administrative unit of Ethiopia similar to ward, a neighbourhood or a localized and delimited group of people...
s in Harar and a further 17 rural kebeles:
- Dire Teyara
- Aboker Muti
Aboker Muti is a kebele, a small town, in Harari Region, Ethiopia. It is a few km from the city of Harar. As of the May 2007 Population and Housing Census, there were 6,268 people and 1,275 households in the town....
- Erer Weldya
- Erer Ulanula
- Erer Hawaye
- Erer Dodota
- Awu Umer
The CSA of Ethiopia estimated in 2005 that farmers in Harari had a total
31,730 head of cattle (representing less than 0.1% of Ethiopia's total cattle), 3,440 sheep (less than 0.1%), 26,910 goats (0.21%), 6,320 asses (0.25%), 31,430 poultry of all species (0.1%), and 670 beehives (less than 0.1%).
Presidents of the Executive Committee
- Haji Gotu 1990s
- Abdulahi Idris Ibrahim 199x - September 1999
- Ghazali Mohammed September 1999 - September 2000
- Nuria Abdulahi (female president) September - October 2000
- Fuad Ibrahim (HNL
The Harari National League is a political party in Ethiopia. Its chairman, Murad Abdullahi, is also president of the Harari Region.The party celebrated its tenth anniversary 25 August 2001, under the leadership of chairman Fuad Ibrahim...
) October 2000 - 3 October 2005
- Murad Abdulhadi (HNL) 3 October 2005 - Present
(This list is based on information from Worldstatesmen.org