Harare

Harare

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Harare is the largest city and capital of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three...

. It has an estimated population of 1,600,000, with 2,800,000 in its metropolitan area
Metropolitan area
The term metropolitan area refers to a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing. A metropolitan area usually encompasses multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, townships,...

 (2006). Administratively, Harare is an independent city equivalent to a province. It is Zimbabwe's largest city and its administrative, commercial, and communications centre. The city is a trade centre for tobacco
Tobacco
Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as a pesticide and, in the form of nicotine tartrate, used in some medicines...

, maize
Maize
Maize known in many English-speaking countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels. Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable...

, cotton
Cotton
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. The botanical purpose of cotton fiber is to aid in seed dispersal....

, and citrus
Citrus
Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae. Citrus is believed to have originated in the part of Southeast Asia bordered by Northeastern India, Myanmar and the Yunnan province of China...

 fruit
Fruit
In broad terms, a fruit is a structure of a plant that contains its seeds.The term has different meanings dependent on context. In non-technical usage, such as food preparation, fruit normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of certain plants that are sweet and edible in the raw state,...

s. Manufactures include textiles, steel
Steel
Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight, depending on the grade. Carbon is the most common alloying material for iron, but various other alloying elements are used, such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten...

, and chemicals
Chemical industry
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals. Central to the modern world economy, it converts raw materials into more than 70,000 different products.-Products:...

, and gold is mined in the area. Harare is situated at an elevation of 1483 metres (4865 feet) and its climate falls into the warm temperate category.

Harare is the site of the University of Zimbabwe
University of Zimbabwe
The University of Zimbabwe in Harare, is the oldest and largest university in Zimbabwe. It was founded through a special relationship with the University of London and it opened its doors to its first students in 1952. The university has ten faculties offering a wide variety of degree programmes...

, the largest institution of higher learning in Zimbabwe, which is situated in the suburb of Mount Pleasant, about 5 km north of the city centre. Numerous suburbs surround the city, retaining the names colonial administrators gave them during the 19th century, such as Warren Park, Borrowdale
Borrowdale, Harare
Borrowdale is a wealthy residential suburb in the north of Harare, Zimbabwe.-Controversy:In 2006 several residents of the predominantly wealthy white suburb were evicted from their homes because of their proximity to Mugabe's new home in the suburb...

, Mount Pleasant
Mount Pleasant, Harare
Mount Pleasant is the name of a residential suburb in the northern part of Harare, Zimbabwe. It is the home of the University of Zimbabwe and Mount Pleasant School....

, Marlborough, Tynwald and Avondale
Avondale, Harare
Avondale is a suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe, located about north of Harare city centre. It is the earliest suburb established in Harare, having been laid out in 1903. Prior to becoming a suburb Avondale was a dairy farm and was named after Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland the home of the 19th...

.

History



The Pioneer Column
Pioneer Column
The Pioneer Column was a force raised by Cecil Rhodes and his British South Africa Company in 1890 and used in his efforts to annex the territory of Mashonaland, later part of Southern Rhodesia ....

, a military volunteer force of settlers organised by Cecil Rhodes, founded the city on 12 September 1890 as a fort. They originally named the city Fort Salisbury after the 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, then British prime minister, and it subsequently became known simply as Salisbury. It was declared to be a municipality in 1897 and it became a city in 1935. Salisbury was the capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, also known as the Central African Federation , was a semi-independent state in southern Africa that existed from 1953 to the end of 1963, comprising the former self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia,...

 from 1953 to 1963. After that point, it was the capital of Southern Rhodesia
Southern Rhodesia
Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated north of the Limpopo River and the Union of South Africa. From its independence in 1965 until its extinction in 1980, it was known as Rhodesia...

. The government of Ian Smith
Ian Smith
Ian Douglas Smith GCLM ID was a politician active in the government of Southern Rhodesia, the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Rhodesia, Zimbabwe Rhodesia and Zimbabwe from 1948 to 1987, most notably serving as Prime Minister of Rhodesia from 13 April 1964 to 1 June 1979...

 declared Rhodesia independent from the United Kingdom on November 11, 1965, and proclaimed the Republic of Rhodesia in 1970. Subsequently, the nation became the short-lived state of Zimbabwe Rhodesia
Zimbabwe Rhodesia
Zimbabwe Rhodesia , officially the Republic of Zimbabwe Rhodesia, was an unrecognized state that existed from 1 June 1979 to 12 December 1979...

; it was not until April 18, 1980, that the country was internationally recognized as independent as the Republic of Zimbabwe. The capital city retained the name Salisbury until 1982.

The name of the city was changed to Harare on April 18, 1982, the second anniversary of Zimbabwean independence, taking its name from the Shona
Shona people
Shona is the name collectively given to two groups of people in the east and southwest of Zimbabwe, north eastern Botswana and southern Mozambique.-Shona Regional Classification:...

 chieftain Neharawa. It is also said the name derived from the European corruption of "Haarari" ("He does not sleep"), the epithet of the chief whose citadel was located in the area known today as the Kopje . It was said that no enemy could ever launch a sneak attack on him. Prior to independence, "Harare" was the name of the Black residential area now known as Mbare.

The area at the time of founding of the city was poorly drained and earliest development was on sloping ground along the left bank of a stream that is now the course of a trunk road (Julius Nyerere Way). The first area to be fully drained was near the head of the stream and was named Causeway as a result. This area is now the site of many of the most important government buildings, including the Senate House and the Office of the Prime Minister, now renamed for the use of President Mugabe
Mugabe
Mugabe can refer to:*Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe.*Sally Mugabe, first wife of Robert Mugabe.*Grace Mugabe, second wife of Robert Mugabe.*Omugabe , a title given to kings of Ankole of Uganda.*Mugabe Were, a Kenyan politician....

 after the position was abolished in January 1988.

Climate


Harare has a pleasant Subtropical highland climate (Koppen
Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Crimea German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen himself, notably in 1918 and 1936...

 Cwb). The average annual temperature is 17.95 °C, rather low for the tropics, and this is due to its high altitude position and the prevalence of a cool south-easterly airflow.

There are three main seasons: a warm, wet season from November to March/April; a cool, dry season from May to August (corresponding to winter in the Southern Hemisphere); and a hot, dry season in September/October. Daily temperature ranges are about 7 °C (44.6 °F) to 20 °C (68 °F) in July (the coldest month), about 13 °C (55.4 °F) to 28 °C (82.4 °F) in October (the hottest month) and about 15.5 °C (59.9 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F) in January (midsummer). The hottest year on record was 1914 19.73 °C (67.5 °F) and the coldest year was 1965 17.13 °C (62.8 °F).

The average annual rainfall is about 825 mm in the southwest, rising to 855 mm on the higher land of the northeast (from around Borrowdale to Glen Lorne). Very little rain typically falls during the period May to September, although sporadic showers occur most years. Rainfall varies a great deal from year to year and follows cycles of wet and dry periods from 7 to 10 years long. Records begin in October 1890 but all three Harare stations stopped reporting in early 2004.

The climate supports a natural vegetation of open woodland. The most common tree of the local region is the Msasa Brachystegia spiciformis that colours the landscape wine red with its new leaves in late August. Two South American species of trees, the Jacaranda and the Flamboyant, which were introduced during the colonial era, contribute to the city's colour palette with streets lined with either the lilac blossoms of the Jacaranda or the flame red blooms from the Flamboyant. They flower in October/November and are planted on alternative streets in the capital. Also prevalent is Bougainvillea
Bougainvillea
Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina . Different authors accept between four and 18 species in the genus...

.

Suburbs



These are some of the suburbs of Harare.
Region Suburbs
Northern Alexandra Park
Alexandra Park, Harare
Alexandra Park is the name of a low density leafy residential suburb in the North of Harare, Zimbabwe. Located in Alexandra Park are: The National Botanic Garden and National Herbarium; National Parks and Wildlife services of Zimbabwe ; St...

; Avenues; Avondale
Avondale, Harare
Avondale is a suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe, located about north of Harare city centre. It is the earliest suburb established in Harare, having been laid out in 1903. Prior to becoming a suburb Avondale was a dairy farm and was named after Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland the home of the 19th...

, Belgravia; Groombridge; Gun Hill; Kensington; Mount Pleasant
Mount Pleasant, Harare
Mount Pleasant is the name of a residential suburb in the northern part of Harare, Zimbabwe. It is the home of the University of Zimbabwe and Mount Pleasant School....

; Northwood; Newlands; Vainona
North-Eastern Ballantyne Park; Borrowdale
Borrowdale, Harare
Borrowdale is a wealthy residential suburb in the north of Harare, Zimbabwe.-Controversy:In 2006 several residents of the predominantly wealthy white suburb were evicted from their homes because of their proximity to Mugabe's new home in the suburb...

; Borrowdale Brooke; Borrowdale West; Chisipite; Mandara(Lichendale); Colne Valley; Colray; Dawn Hill; Donnybrook; Eastlea; Glen Lorne; Glenwood; The Grange; Greendale
Greendale, Harare
Greendale is the name of a residential suburb in the East of Harare, Zimbabwe....

; Greystone Park; Hatcliffe; Highlands; Helensvale; Hogerty Hill; Kambanji; Lewisam; Luna; Mandara; Philadelphia; Pomona; Quinnington; Rhodesville; Rietfontein; Rolf Valley; Runniville; Shawasha Hills; Umwinsdale
Eastern Amby; Athlone; Beverley; Beverley West; Chizhanje; Coronation Park; Green Grove; Hillside; Mabvuku
Mabvuku
Mabvuku is a high density suburb some 17 km east of Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe.Its classified as a suburb or township of Harare, with Harare City Council constituting local government....

; Manresa; Msasa; Letombo Park; Tafara
Southern (incl. South-Eastern and South-Western) Arcadia; Ardbennie; Aspindale Park; Braeside; Budiriro; Chadcombe; Cranborne; Epworth
Epworth, Zimbabwe
Epworth is a suburb in south-eastern Harare. It is home to some famous balancing rocks.- Background :The bustling suburb is located about twelve kilometers out of the Harare City Centre. It is a high density suburb populated by mainly poor residents of Harare. It is bisected by a stream into two...

; Glen Norah; Glen View; Graniteside; Grobbie Park; Harare Airport; Hatfield
Hatfield, Harare
Hatfield is a residential suburb in the South of Harare, Zimbabwe. The suburb was laid out in 1920.an old suburb with a rich history, little is known about what happened in the 1920s. 60s moving forward has more light. famous people from hatfield. Ronald Chinheya, Tawanda Kambadza...

; Highfield
Highfield, Harare
Highfield is a high density suburb in Harare, Zimbabwe. It is one of the oldest townships in Zimbabwe.- Geography :Highfield is a high density suburb to the south west of Harare the capital of Zimbabwe. Popularly known as Fio in local slang...

; Hopley; Houghton Park; Induna; Kutsaga; Lochinvar; Logan Park; Malvern; Mbare
Mbare, Harare
Mbare is a high-density, southern suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe. It is home to one of the country's largest soccer team, Dynamos, also known to its fans as "Dembare." It was the first high-density suburb , being established in 1907. At that time, it was located near the city cemetery, sewage works,...

; Midlands; Park Meadowlands; Parktown; Prospect; Queensdale; Rugare; Southerton; St. Martins; Sunningdale; Uplands; Waterfalls
Waterfalls, Harare
Waterfalls is the name of a residential suburb in the south of Harare, Zimbabwe. The neighbourhoods within Waterfalls are Derbyshire, Grobbie Park, Houghton Park, Induna Park, Midlands, Mainway Meadows, Malvern , Parktown, Uplands and Shortstone . It is bordered by Highfield, Glen Norah, Hatfield,...

; Willowvale
Willowvale
Willowvale is the name of an industrial suburb in the South West of Harare, Zimbabwe....

; Wilmington Park; Workington (Harare)
Workington (Harare)
Workington is the name of an industrial suburb in the South West of Harare, Zimbabwe....

Western (incl. North-Western) Adylinn; Ashbrittle; Ashdown Park; Avonlea; Avondale West; Belvedere North
Belvedere, Harare
Belvedere, Harare is a suburb of Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe and the country's largest metropolitan area.-Location:Belvedere lies to the west of Harare's central business district and connects the center of the city to the more western suburbs of Warren Park, where the National Sports...

; Belvedere South
Belvedere, Harare
Belvedere, Harare is a suburb of Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe and the country's largest metropolitan area.-Location:Belvedere lies to the west of Harare's central business district and connects the center of the city to the more western suburbs of Warren Park, where the National Sports...

; Bluff Hill; Bluff Hill Park; Cotswold Hills; Crowborough North; Dzivaresekwa; Emerald Hill
Emerald Hill, Zimbabwe
Emerald Hill is a north-western suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe, named so because of either the colour of the hill due to the large number of trees or an Irish connection: many of the roads in the suburb have Irish names....

; Greencroft; Kambuzuma; Haig Park; Kuwadzana
Kuwadzana
Kuwadzana is a residential suburb and national assembly constituency in Harare, Zimbabwe. It lies on the city's western border, just south of the main Harare-Bulawayo road.-References:...

; Lincoln Green; Mabelreign
Mabelreign, Harare
Mabelreign is a north-western suburb of Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe. There are a number of shopping centres in the area. The Mabelreign post office, Mabelreign Police Station, municipality offices, and a local clinic are located on Stortford parade in Mabelreign shopping centre...

; Marimba Park; Marlborough; Meyrick Park; Milton Park; Monovale; Mufakose; New Marlborough; Ridgeview; Sentosa; Sherwood Park; St. Andrews Park; Strathaven; Sunridge; Sunrise; Tynwald; Tynwald South; Warren Park; Warren Park D; Warren Park North; Westgate;

The Northern and North Eastern Suburbs of Harare are home to the more affluent population of the city including president Robert Mugabe
Robert Mugabe
Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the President of Zimbabwe. As one of the leaders of the liberation movement against white-minority rule, he was elected into power in 1980...

 who lives in Borrowdale Brooke. These northern suburbs are often referred to as 'dales' because of the common suffix -dale found in some suburbs such as Avondale, Greendale and Borrowdale.

International venue


Harare has been the location of several international summits such as the 8th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement (6 September 1986) and Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1991
Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1991
The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1991 was the twelfth Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations. It was held in Harare, Zimbabwe, between 16 October 1991 and 21 October 1991, and was hosted by that country's President, Robert Mugabe.The Harare Declaration was...

. The latter produced the Harare Declaration
Harare Declaration
The Harare Commonwealth Declaration was a declaration of the Commonwealth of Nations, setting out the Commonwealth's core principles and values, detailing the Commonwealth's membership criteria, and redefining and reinforcing its purpose. The Declaration was issued in Harare, Zimbabwe, on 20...

, dictating the membership criteria of the Commonwealth
Commonwealth of Nations
The Commonwealth of Nations, normally referred to as the Commonwealth and formerly known as the British Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of fifty-four independent member states...

. In 1998 Harare was the host city of the 8th Assembly of the World Council of Churches
World Council of Churches
The World Council of Churches is a worldwide fellowship of 349 global, regional and sub-regional, national and local churches seeking unity, a common witness and Christian service. It is a Christian ecumenical organization that is based in the Ecumenical Centre in Geneva, Switzerland...

.

In 1995, Harare hosted most of the 6th All-Africa Games
All-Africa Games
The All-Africa Games, sometimes called the African Games or the Pan African Games, are a regional multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the Supreme Council for Sport in Africa...

, sharing the event with other Zimbabwean cities such as Bulawayo
Bulawayo
Bulawayo is the second largest city in Zimbabwe after the capital Harare, with an estimated population in 2010 of 2,000,000. It is located in Matabeleland, 439 km southwest of Harare, and is now treated as a separate provincial area from Matabeleland...

 and Chitungwiza
Chitungwiza
Chitungwiza — known colloquially as Chi Town — is a high-density dormitory town in Zimbabwe. The town is approximately 30 kilometres south of the capital, Harare. It was formed in 1978 from three townships: Seke, Zengeza, and St Marys.- Background :...

. It has hosted some of the matches of 2003 Cricket World Cup
2003 Cricket World Cup
-Group stage tables and results:The top three teams from each pool qualify for the next stage, carrying forward the points already scored against fellow qualifiers, plus a quarter of the points scored against the teams that failed to qualify.-Pool A:...

 which was hosted jointly by Kenya
Kenya
Kenya , officially known as the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator, with the Indian Ocean to its south-east...

, South Africa
South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

 and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three...

. Other venue used here was Bulawayo
Bulawayo
Bulawayo is the second largest city in Zimbabwe after the capital Harare, with an estimated population in 2010 of 2,000,000. It is located in Matabeleland, 439 km southwest of Harare, and is now treated as a separate provincial area from Matabeleland...

.

Transport



City and its environs: The public transport system within the city includes both public and private sector operations. The former consist of ZUPCO
Zimbabwe United Passenger Company
Zimbabwe United Passenger Company is a parastatal in Zimbabwe, which operates urban and long-distance bus routes. ZUPCO came into existence soon after Zimbabwean Independence from the former name Harare United Omnibus Company...

 buses and National Railways of Zimbabwe
National Railways of Zimbabwe
The National Railways of Zimbabwe is the parastatal railway of Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwe railway system was largely constructed during the time of British colonial rule, and part of it represents a segment of the Cape-Cairo railway...

 commuter trains. Privately-owned public transport comprised licensed station wagon
Station wagon
A station wagon is a body style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door , instead of a trunk lid...

s, nicknamed emergency taxis until the mid-1990s, when they were replaced by licensed buses and minibuses, referred to officially as commuter omnibuses.

Inter-City: The National Railways of Zimbabwe
National Railways of Zimbabwe
The National Railways of Zimbabwe is the parastatal railway of Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwe railway system was largely constructed during the time of British colonial rule, and part of it represents a segment of the Cape-Cairo railway...

 operates a daily overnight passenger train service that runs from Harare to Mutare
Mutare
Mutare is the fourth largest city in Zimbabwe, with a population of around 170,000. It is the capital of Manicaland province.-History:...

 and another one from Harare to Bulawayo
Bulawayo
Bulawayo is the second largest city in Zimbabwe after the capital Harare, with an estimated population in 2010 of 2,000,000. It is located in Matabeleland, 439 km southwest of Harare, and is now treated as a separate provincial area from Matabeleland...

. Harare is linked by long distance bus services to most parts of Zimbabwe.

Air: Harare International Airport
Harare International Airport
Harare International Airport is an airport in Harare, Zimbabwe. The airport is operated by the Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe and is the hub of Air Zimbabwe. The airport's runway, at , is one of the longest in Africa. It compares with OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg, South...

 serves Harare.

News & information


Residents are exposed to a variety of sources for information. In the print media, there is the Herald
The Herald (Zimbabwe)
The Herald is a government owned daily newspaper published in Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe.-Origins:The newspaper's origins date back to the 19th century. Its forerunner was launched on June 27 1891 by W E Fairbridge for the Argus group of South Africa...

, Financial Gazette, Zimbabwe Independent
Zimbabwe Independent
Zimbabwe Independent is a private weekly published from Harare, Zimbabwe, by Alpha Media Holdings. The company also publishes The Standard and NewsDay.-External links:**...

, Standard, NewsDay
NewsDay
NewsDay is Zimbabwe's first independent daily newspaper since 2003, which started circulation on June 4th 2010....

, Daily News
Daily News (Harare)
The Daily News was a Zimbabwean independent newspaper published in Harare. Its presses were bombed and it was banned in 2003.-History:The Daily News was first launched on July 31, 1999, and controversially banned in defiance of a court ruling in 2003. Its founder, Geoffrey Nyarota, was a journalist...

and Kwayedza. Since there has been an explosion of online media outlets. These include ZimOnline, ZimDaily, Guardian, NewZimbabwe, Times, Harare Tribune
Harare Tribune
The Harare Tribune is an online daily newspaper publishing stories by Zimbabweans for Zimbabwe. It is based in Harare and has a staff of 16.- Background :...

, Zimbabwe Metro
Zimbabwe Metro
Zimbabwe Metro is an internet newspaper published in Zimbabwe. It has a strong focus on events in Zimbabwe's major cities. The newspaper was first published independently in 2007....

, The Zimbabwean,The Zimbabwe Mail and many others; however, a number of factors have combined to effectively eliminate all media except those controlled by the state.

The government controls all the electronic media, though Voice of America
Voice of America
Voice of America is the official external broadcast institution of the United States federal government. It is one of five civilian U.S. international broadcasters working under the umbrella of the Broadcasting Board of Governors . VOA provides a wide range of programming for broadcast on radio...

, Voice of the people and SW Radio Africa
SW Radio Africa
SW Radio Africa is an independent Zimbabwe radio station broadcasting from London in the United Kingdom. With the government of Robert Mugabe keeping a tight rein on the airwaves, the station produces and presents news and current affairs programmes for broadcast in Zimbabwe on short wave and on...

 beam broadcasts into the country without the clearance of the regulatory authority.

In General


In the early 21st century Harare has been adversely affected by the political and economic crisis that is currently plaguing Zimbabwe, after the contested 2002 presidential election and 2005 parliamentary elections. The elected council was replaced by a government-appointed commission for alleged inefficiency, but essential services such as rubbish collection and street repairs have rapidly worsened, and are now virtually non-existent. In May 2006 the Zimbabwean newspaper the Financial Gazette, described the city in an editorial as a "sunshine city-turned-sewage farm".

Operation Murambatsvina
Operation Murambatsvina
Operation Murambatsvina , also officially known as Operation Restore Order, is a large-scale Zimbabwean government campaign to forcibly clear slum areas across the country...


In May 2005 the Zimbabwean government demolished shanties and backyard cottages in Harare and the other cities in the country in Operation Murambatsvina
Operation Murambatsvina
Operation Murambatsvina , also officially known as Operation Restore Order, is a large-scale Zimbabwean government campaign to forcibly clear slum areas across the country...

 ("Drive Out Trash"). This caused a sharp reaction in the international community because it took place without prior warning and no advance plans were made to provide alternative housing. It was widely alleged that the true purpose of the campaign was to punish the urban poor for supporting the opposition Movement for Democratic Change and to reduce the likelihood of mass action against the government by driving people out of the cities. The government claimed it was necessitated by a rise of criminality and disease. This was followed by Operation Garikayi/Hlalani Kuhle (Operation "Better Living") a year later which consisted of building concrete housing.

Harare Index


In 2009, Harare was voted to be the toughest city to live in according to the Economist Intelligence Unit's liveability poll.

Joina City



In late March of 2010, Harare's Joina City was finally opened after its completion took very long to complete, almost 14 years. It has since changed the city skyline and has been dubbed Harare's new Pride

Notable landmarks and institutions

  • CBZ Holdings
    CBZ Holdings
    CBZ Holdings, whose full name is CBZ Holdings Limited, is a financial services conglomerate in Zimbabwe. It owns subsidiaries in banking, insurance, investments, wealth management, mortgages and retail finance.-Overview:...

  • Cairns Holdings
    Cairns Holdings
    Cairns Holdings is a company of Zimbabwe. It is principally a food company, and is based in Harare. Cairns produces a wide variety of groceries, and produces wine...

  • Data Control & Systems
    Data Control & Systems
    Data Control & Systems was a company formed by Rob Nursten in Zimbabwe.The company set out to provide Internet access to the whole nation from 1994 onwards. Its domain name was http://harare.iafrica.com. Eventually it changed names to Internet Unlimited and was then bought out by Econet Wireless...

  • Dynamos F.C.
  • CAPS United F.C.
  • Gwanzura
    Gwanzura
    Gwanzura is a football stadium in Highfield, Harare. It is bordered by Mushandirapamwe Hotel, Machipisa council bar, bus station, Jerusalem suburb and by a BP station owned by the Tawengwas. In history, it has been the home ground of CAPS united, Blue line aces and Lions...

  • 44 Harvest House
    44 Harvest House
    44 Harvest House, also known simply as Harvest House, is a six storey building in Harare, Zimbabwe, located at 44 Nelson Mandela Avenue and Angwa Street. It serves as the National Headquarters of the Movement for Democratic Change party in Zimbabwe....

  • Mbare Musika
    Mbare Musika
    Mbare Musika is the major trading market for vegetables and fruits in Mbare suburb of Harare Zimbabwe. It acts as the distribution centre for agricultural produce in Zimbabwe with Millions of dollars worth of trade happening daily. It is also the major bus station for rural bound and incoming...

  • Mushandirapamwe Hotel
    Mushandirapamwe Hotel
    Mushandirapamwe Hotel is a hotel at Machipisa Shopping Centre in Highfield, Harare Zimbabwe. It is owned by the Tawengwa family, sons of George Tawengwa. The first manager was Solomon and Charles being the current....

  • National Gallery of Zimbabwe
    National Gallery of Zimbabwe
    The National Gallery of Zimbabwe is a gallery in Harare, Zimbabwe, dedicated to the presentation and conservation of Zimbabwe’s contemporary art and visual heritage...

  • Net*One
  • Parirenyatwa Hospital
    Parirenyatwa Hospital
    Parirenyatwa General Hospital is the largest medical centre in Zimbabwe. Located in Harare, the hospital was formerly known as the Andrew Fleming Hospital, and was named after the principal medical officer to the British South Africa Company....

  • Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
    Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
    The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe is the central bank of Zimbabwe.-History:The bank traces its history to the Bank of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, founded in March 1956, which in turn was the successor to the Central Currency Board....

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Harare
  • Rufaro Stadium
    Rufaro Stadium
    Rufaro Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Harare, Zimbabwe. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium has a capacity of 35,000 people....

  • Sam Nujoma Street
    Sam Nujoma Street
    Sam Nujoma Street is one of the main streets of Harare, Zimbabwe. It was originally called Second Street but was renamed to Sam Nujoma Street to honor Sam Nujoma, the first President of neighboring Namibia....

  • University of Zimbabwe
    University of Zimbabwe
    The University of Zimbabwe in Harare, is the oldest and largest university in Zimbabwe. It was founded through a special relationship with the University of London and it opened its doors to its first students in 1952. The university has ten faculties offering a wide variety of degree programmes...

  • Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
    Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
    The Zimbabwe Stock Exchange, or ZSE, is the official stock exchange of Zimbabwe. It has been open to foreign investment since 1993. The exchange has about a dozen members and over 65 listed securities...

  • Zimbabwe Grounds
    Zimbabwe grounds
    The Zimbabwe grounds are an area within Highfield Suburb on the south of Zimbabwe's Capital, Harare. It is surrounded by Old Highfield section on the greater part and share borders with Takashinga cricket ground , Zimbabwe Hall, Highfield Library, a Nursery School, Anglican Church and Chipemebere...

  • Zimbabwe Museum of Human Sciences
    Zimbabwe Museum of Human Sciences
    The Zimbabwe Museum of Human Sciences, formerly the Queen Victoria Museum is a museum in Harare, Zimbabwe....

  • National Sports Stadium
  • Heroes Acre
    National Heroes Acre (Zimbabwe)
    National Heroes Acre or simply Heroes Acre is a burial ground and national monument in Harare, Zimbabwe. The site is situated on a ridge seven kilometres from Harare along the main Harare-Bulawayo Road. The shrine is a national monument of Zimbabwe...

  • Borrowdale Race Course
  • Sam Levy Village
  • Eastgate Centre
    Eastgate Centre, Harare
    The Eastgate Centre is a shopping centre and office block in central Harare, Zimbabwe whose architect is Mick Pearce. Designed to be ventilated and cooled by entirely natural means, it was probably the first building in the world to use natural cooling to this level of sophistication...

  • Westgate
    Westgate
    -Companies:* Westgate Resorts, a real estate company and timeshare company* Westgate Department Stores, the Department store division of Anglia Regional Co-operative Society in the United Kingdom-United Kingdom:* Westgate, County Durham* Westgate, Gloucester...

  • Zanu Pf Headquarters
  • KG6
  • Munhumatapa Hotel
  • Livingstone House
  • Karigamombe Centre
  • ICL Building
  • NSSA House

Sister cities


Nottingham
Nottingham
Nottingham is a city and unitary authority in the East Midlands of England. It is located in the ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire and represents one of eight members of the English Core Cities Group...

, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 Munich
Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 Prato
Prato
Prato is a city and comune in Tuscany, Italy, the capital of the Province of Prato. The city is situated at the foot of Monte Retaia , the last peak in the Calvana chain. The lowest altitude in the comune is 32 m, near the Cascine di Tavola, and the highest is the peak of Monte Cantagrillo...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 Lago
Lago (commune)
Lago is a comune in the province of Cosenza, Calabria, in southern Italy. It is located 42 kilometers from Cosenza....

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...


See also


Suburbs of Harare
  • Place names in Zimbabwe
    Place names in Zimbabwe
    Following independence in 1980, Zimbabwe began renaming cities, towns and streets, in an attempt to eradicate symbols of British colonialism and white minority rule, starting in 1982, on the second anniversary of independence...

  • Provinces of Zimbabwe
    Provinces of Zimbabwe
    |Zimbabwe is divided into 8 provinces and 2 cities with provincial status:-See also:*Districts of Zimbabwe*Municipalities of Zimbabwe*List of provincial governors of Zimbabwe*ISO 3166-2:ZW-External links:*...

  • Districts of Zimbabwe
    Districts of Zimbabwe
    The provinces of Zimbabwe are divided into 59 districts and 1,200 municipalities. The districts are listed below, by province:-Bulawayo :* Bulawayo-Harare :* Harare-Manicaland Province:* Buhera* Chimanimani* Chipinge* Makoni* Mutare...



External links