Hamline University

Hamline University

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Red Wing location


Hamline was named in honor of Leonidas Lent Hamline
Leonidas Lent Hamline
Leonidas Lent Hamline was an American Methodist Episcopal bishop and a lawyer. He is the eponym of Hamline University in St. Paul, Minnesota, and also of Hamline Avenue and Hamline United Methodist Church, also in St. Paul.Hamline studied for the ministry, but afterward studied law, and practiced...

, a bishop of the Methodist Church whose interest in the frontier led him to donate $25,000 toward the building of an institution of higher learning in what was then the territory of Minnesota. Today, a statue of Bishop Hamline sculpted by the late professor of art Michael Price stands on campus. Hamline is also distinct for being founded as a coeducational institution
Coeducation
Mixed-sex education, also known as coeducation or co-education, is the integrated education of male and female persons in the same institution. It is the opposite of single-sex education...

, a rarity in 19th-century America. Hamline’s first home was in Red Wing, Minnesota
Red Wing, Minnesota
Red Wing is a city in Goodhue County, Minnesota, United States, on the Mississippi River. The population was 16,459 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Goodhue County....

. The school’s charter stipulated that Hamline be located "at some point on the Mississippi between St. Paul
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Saint Paul is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota. The city lies mostly on the east bank of the Mississippi River in the area surrounding its point of confluence with the Minnesota River, and adjoins Minneapolis, the state's largest city...

 and Lake Pepin." The city of Red Wing pledged about $10,000 to enable construction of a building and the beginning of an endowment, and it also donated a tract of land on a hillside overlooking the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
The Mississippi River is the largest river system in North America. Flowing entirely in the United States, this river rises in western Minnesota and meanders slowly southwards for to the Mississippi River Delta at the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains...

.

The University of Minnesota
University of Minnesota
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities is a public research university located in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota, United States. It is the oldest and largest part of the University of Minnesota system and has the fourth-largest main campus student body in the United States, with 52,557...

 is a disputably older institution (having been chartered in 1851), although it began as a college university-preparatory school
University-preparatory school
A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school is a secondary school, usually private, designed to prepare students for a college or university education...

 and did not begin enrolling students until 1857.

The first classes at Hamline were held in rooms housed on the second floor of the village general store while the construction of the classroom building was in progress. Students moved into the Red Wing building in January 1856. The original building contained a chapel, recitation rooms, a school room, a library, laboratory, reading rooms, and dormitory quarters. Seventy-three students enrolled at Hamline in the opening year. The catalog lists them separately as “Ladies and Gentlemen,” but most of them were children or adolescents. All were enrolled in either the primary or the preparatory department. There was no collegiate division – the frontier had not yet produced students ready for college. Tuition ranged from $4.00 to $6.66 per term. The collegiate program was introduced in 1857, and in 1859, Hamline graduated its first class.

With the start of the American Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

, enrollment in the college division dropped from 60 to 16 in one year. There was no graduating class in 1862. Records indicate that 119 Hamline men served in the Union armies during the war. In 1869, the university shut down. The first building at the Red Wing site was torn down in 1872.

Saint Paul campus (1880–1914)


It had been expected that Hamline would reopen on a new site within two years after the closing at Red Wing; however, indecision in the selection of a new site caused a delay. In the end, a 77 acres (31.2 ha) Saint Paul prairie plot halfway between the downtowns of Minneapolis and Saint Paul was selected. Construction began in 1873, but by then an economic depression had overtaken the planners, and there were repeated postponements and delays. University Hall, begun in 1873, was constructed in installments as money came in, and was not completed until the summer of 1880.

The doors opened on September 22, 1880, and Hamline’s history in Saint Paul began. The catalog for that year lists 113 students, with all but five of them being preparatory students. Tuition in the collegiate division was $30 per year. Two degrees were offered at the time: the B.A. and the B.S. In 1883, the bachelor of philosophy degree replaced the B.S., and remained in use until 1914, when the faculty dropped the PhB. and restored the B.S. degree.

On February 7, 1883, University Hall, barely two years old, burned to the ground. To replace the structure, plans for a new University Hall were prepared. Eleven months later, the new structure, the present Old Main, was completed. Emergency space for classrooms was provided by Ladies’ Hall, which had opened in 1882. Other new construction included Science Hall, which was completed in 1887, the Carnegie library in 1907, and the new gymnasium, which was completed in 1909.

World War I and postwar years (1915–1929)


When World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

 came in April 1917, track and baseball schedules for spring were cancelled as enlistments and applications of officers’ training depleted the teams. Hamline was designated one of 38 colleges in the country to supply men for ambulance work in France. Twenty-six men were selected for the unit and served in France with the 28th Division of the French Army
French Army
The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre , is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.As of 2010, the army employs 123,100 regulars, 18,350 part-time reservists and 7,700 Legionnaires. All soldiers are professionals, following the suspension of conscription, voted in...

. In the fall of 1918, a unit of the Students’ Army Training Corps was established at Hamline, and almost every male student became an enlisted member. The Science Hall was used for military purposes, with the basement becoming the mess hall and the museum and several classrooms being marked for squad rooms and sleeping quarters.

The Great Depression and World War II (1930–1945)


The Great Depression
Great Depression
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s...

 and World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 created significant challenges for Hamline. The most difficult were the years in the early 1930s, in which the repercussions of the depression were intensified by conflicts over internal reorganization. Increased enrollments reflected the belief that it was better for students to be in college than to be sitting at home in idleness and despair. The college tried to help by providing jobs and financial aid, and by lowering charges for tuition and room and board.
Jobs of any kind were at a premium, with the most prized being board jobs in the Manor House and at the Quality Tea Room on Snelling Avenue. Also in top demand were board and room jobs for women in private homes. In the meantime, the portion of the college endowment invested in farmlands turned unproductive, and the university's income fell following reductions in tuition. All of this led to annual deficits and substantial cuts in faculty salaries. It was not until 1935 that Hamline began to recover from the depression. During the war years, Hamline’s enrollment held above 600, except in 1943 and 1944. Although males registrations dropped as men entered the armed services, women's enrollment increased as nursing students arrived.
Hamline and the Asbury Methodist Hospital of Minneapolis launched a new venture in 1940 when they collaboratively established the Hamline-Asbury School of Nursing, which offered a five-year program leading to a bachelor of science in nursing. Hamline moved with a growing trend to provide academic training for women preparing for careers in nursing. A three-year program leading to a diploma in nursing was also offered. In 1949, the Mounds-Midway School of Nursing joined the school, and the newly-enlarged institution took the name of the Hamline University School of Nursing.

Post World War II (1946–1966)


A flood of veterans entered or returned to college after World War II under the G.I. Bill of Rights
G.I. Bill of Rights
The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 , known informally as the G.I. Bill, was an omnibus law that provided college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation...

. The first reached the campus in the fall of 1946, when registrations passed 1,000 for the first time. Enrollment reached a new high in 1949 when 1,452 students, including 289 in the nursing school. The nursing school, which had been an integral part of Hamline since 1940 and had won wide recognition for the excellence of its program, was discontinued in 1962 following a decision to concentrate resources and staff on liberal arts programs. The last class in the three-year program graduated in 1960 and the last class in the degree program graduated in 1962. A total of 447 women completed the degree program, and 758 women finished the three-year program.

After World War II, two new residence halls were built – Drew Residence for men and Sorin Hall for women. A new fine arts center was completed in 1950, and the Drew Hall of Science was dedicated in 1952. The old science building was taken over by the social science and other departments and was renamed Social Science Hall. In 1963, the A.G. Bush Student Center was completed, and at the time, its modern facilities made it at once the social, recreational, and cultural center of the campus. Throughout this period, buildings were enlarged or remodeled to keep pace with new needs and standards. Wings were added to the Manor House and Drew Residence. The seating capacity of the library was increased to 100 with the completion of a new periodical room, and the old student union was remodeled and turned into a laboratory with classrooms and office space for the language departments. In the summer of 1966, extensive alterations and improvements were made in Hutton Arena and in the theater of the fine arts center.

Between 1953 and 1966, faculty members received grants totaling more than $600,000 for special education and research programs.

New academic publications (1966–1987)


Hamline broke ground in May 1970 for the $2.6 million Bush Memorial Library. The library, a three-story, 83210 square feet (7,730.5 m²) building housing some 240,000 volumes, opened in the fall of 1971. The Paul Giddens Alumni Learning Center, linked to the Carnegie library and named for a former university president, opened in October 1972. The social science and humanities divisions and the department of education are now housed within the center, which also contains classrooms, study areas, and laboratories.

The university began construction on a new $4 million law school building in January 1979, which was dedicated in October 1980. The Hamline University School of Law
Hamline University School of Law
Hamline University School of Law is a private law school affiliated with Hamline University in Saint Paul, Minnesota. The School of Law was founded in 1972 as the Midwestern School of Law by a group of legal professionals. In 1976, it was absorbed by Hamline University as its own School of Law,...

 received accreditation from the American Bar Association in 1975. The law school began publishing the Hamline Law Review
Hamline Law Review
The Hamline Law Review is the flagship academic journal of the School of Law at Hamline University, St. Paul, Minnesota. The law review is published three times annually by the students of Hamline University School of Law. The Hamline Law Review was established in 1978. Today, it is in the top 20%...

 in 1978 and a second, student-edited, journal in the spring of 1980 – the Journal of Minnesota Public Law (since 1986, it has been known as the Hamline Journal of Public Law and Policy
Hamline Journal of Public Law and Policy
The Hamline Journal of Public Law and Policy is devoted to the discussion and analysis of contemporary legal and public policy issues. The journal provides a forum to engage in scholarly thought, analysis, and writing on a wide range of areas of law affecting national and international policy...

). In 1983, in collaboration with the Council on Religion and Law at Harvard University Divinity and Law Schools, the Hamline School of Law launched a faculty-edited journal, the Journal of Law and Religion.

After the Charles M. Drew Fine Arts Center opened in 1950, Hamline began to gradually acquire a permanent art collection, especially after Paul Smith became chair of the fine arts department in 1965. By 2003, the permanent collection included more than 600 original works.

New construction and discoveries (1988–2003)


The $1.3 million Sundin Music Hall opened in October 1989. The Orem Robbins Science Center was dedicated on May 9, 1991, and became the home of the biology, chemistry, and physics departments. Old Main, the campus landmark, was placed on the National Register of Historic Places; it was renovated during the summer of 1978 and again after a fire on September 2, 1985, caused $10,000 in damage. In October 1990, workers began a $290,000 renovation. They removed and rebuilt a 24 feet (7.3 m)-high section of the tower, covered the 106-year old building with new concrete shingles, and installed a four-sided clock in the tower. In 1993, an electric carillon was added to the tower that can ring a bell and play selected music.

Hamline broke ground on September 27, 1996, for the $5.6 million, 44000 square feet (4,087.7 m²) Law and Graduate Center/Conference Center, which was dedicated on October 10, 1997. Hamline began construction on a $7.7 million student apartment building at 1470 Englewood for 142 graduate and law students on September 29, 1998. The building was completed in 2000, in time for students to move in for the fall term.
After four years of planning, ground was broken on October 18, 1996, for an $8.5 million sports, recreation, and health complex—Lloyd W. D. Walker Fieldhouse—though construction did not begin until the following spring. The completed fieldhouse, at Snelling and Taylor, opened on September 10, 1998. Klas Center, a modern, $7.1 million multi-use facility which includes the football field and a track, was built in 2003 to replace the aging Norton Field.

As the campus was transformed by construction projects, attention turned to Hamline's roots in the summer of 1996. An archaeological dig headed by John McCarthy of the Institute of Minnesota Archaeology and anthropology professor Skip Messenger began at the site of Hamline's original building in Red Wing. The three-story brick building, constructed in 1855 and open in time for classes to begin in January 1856, closed in 1869 and was demolished in 1871. Since few records exist from that time, the exact location and dimensions of the original building were unknown until the archaeological dig. The dig found that the original building's foundation was insufficient for its size, leading to speculation that structural problems might have contributed to the building's closing and eventual demolition.

A new era and schools (2004–present)


In 2004, Hamline celebrated its 150th anniversary. Throughout the year, every department held a public event related to the anniversary. The slogan for the event was "Looking back. Thinking forward."

College of Liberal Arts


The College of Liberal Arts houses Hamline’s undergraduate programs. College of Liberal Arts students can earn a bachelor of arts or bachelor of science degree in 38 areas of study. Hamline is one of only 276 Phi Beta Kappa institutions in the country. The majors offered are typical of a liberal arts college, and include the physical and social sciences, humanities and fine arts. Students may also minor in 35 areas of study within the college.

The foundation of Hamline’s undergraduate liberal arts program is the Hamline Plan, which is tied directly to graduation requirements and is designed to ensure that students receive a well-rounded education. The plan requires students to conduct independent studies, participate in internships and apprenticeships, and to develop their skills in such areas as writing, speaking, computing, and cultural awareness.

The student to faculty ratio is 14:1 and the median class size is 18. Almost all (94%) faculty hold the highest degree in their fields. Research opportunities are not restricted to the university’s graduate students, meaning the liberal arts students are afforded a chance to engage in research as well.

College of Liberal Arts students also have the option to participate in a variety of activities. Hamline competes in 19 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA Division III Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. In addition to sports, Hamline has over 70 clubs and organizations. Hamline also has an alliance with Hancock-Hamline Collaborative Magnet School, which is a public elementary located across the street from the university.

School of Education


Hamline University’s School of Education houses only graduate programs. Undergraduate students interested in licensing in Minnesota are tracked through the undergraduate education department within the College of Liberal Arts.

The school offers the following programs:
  • Master of Arts
    Master of Arts (postgraduate)
    A Master of Arts from the Latin Magister Artium, is a type of Master's degree awarded by universities in many countries. The M.A. is usually contrasted with the M.S. or M.Sc. degrees...

     in Education
    Education
    Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

  • Master of Arts in Education
    Education
    Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

    : Natural Science
    Natural science
    The natural sciences are branches of science that seek to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world by using empirical and scientific methods...

     & Environmental
    Natural environment
    The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species....

     Education
    Education
    Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

  • Master of Arts in English as a Second Language (ESL
    ESL
    ESL is a common abbreviation for English as a Second Language, see English language learning and teaching.ESL may also refer to:-Companies:...

    )
  • Master of Arts in Literacy Education
  • Master of Arts in Teaching
    Master of Arts in Teaching
    The Master of Arts in Teaching degree is generally a pre-service degree that usually requires a minimum of 30 semester hours beyond the Bachelor's degree. While the program often requires education classes in order to meet state licensure requirements, it emphasizes advanced course work in a...

  • Doctorate
    Doctorate
    A doctorate is an academic degree or professional degree that in most countries refers to a class of degrees which qualify the holder to teach in a specific field, A doctorate is an academic degree or professional degree that in most countries refers to a class of degrees which qualify the holder...

     in Education
    Education
    Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...



The graduate programs are designed to accommodate professionals who are already teaching and are interested furthering their educations, and those who are looking to meet Minnesota licensing laws.

Graduate School of Liberal Studies


The Graduate School of Liberal Arts (GLS) offers three degrees:
  • Master of Arts in Liberal Studies
    Master of Arts in Liberal Studies
    The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies is a graduate degree that aims to provide both depth and breadth of study in the liberal arts. It is by nature an interdisciplinary program, generally pulling together coursework from a number of the humanities and social sciences...

     (MALS)
  • Master of Fine Arts
    Master of Fine Arts
    A Master of Fine Arts is a graduate degree typically requiring 2–3 years of postgraduate study beyond the bachelor's degree , although the term of study will vary by country or by university. The MFA is usually awarded in visual arts, creative writing, filmmaking, dance, or theatre/performing arts...

     in Writing
    Writing
    Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium through the use of a set of signs or symbols . It is distinguished from illustration, such as cave drawing and painting, and non-symbolic preservation of language via non-textual media, such as magnetic tape audio.Writing most likely...

     (MFA)
  • Master of Fine Arts
    Master of Fine Arts
    A Master of Fine Arts is a graduate degree typically requiring 2–3 years of postgraduate study beyond the bachelor's degree , although the term of study will vary by country or by university. The MFA is usually awarded in visual arts, creative writing, filmmaking, dance, or theatre/performing arts...

     in Writing
    Writing
    Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium through the use of a set of signs or symbols . It is distinguished from illustration, such as cave drawing and painting, and non-symbolic preservation of language via non-textual media, such as magnetic tape audio.Writing most likely...

     for Children and Young Adults.


The GLS attempts to create a meaningful dialogue and inquiry across disciplinary boundaries, enabling students to gain a deeper understanding of the human cultural heritage and the issues of contemporary life. The school also prepares students who wish to specialize in creative writing and to teach writing at the college level.

The MALS program is designed to offer students opportunities to range freely among academic, spiritual, artistic, and professional issues and ideas. Students learn basic concepts in a range of disciplines such as literature, art, philosophy, history, psychology, sociology, and science, and learn how to relate these concepts to the broader world.

In contrast, the MFA program provides a terminal degree for students who wish to pursue careers as writers or want to teach writing at the college level. Despite their differences, the two programs share some common themes. They both require interdisciplinary study, elective courses and capstone projects, as well as significant amounts of writing.

Hamline University School of Law


Hamline University School of Law
Hamline University School of Law
Hamline University School of Law is a private law school affiliated with Hamline University in Saint Paul, Minnesota. The School of Law was founded in 1972 as the Midwestern School of Law by a group of legal professionals. In 1976, it was absorbed by Hamline University as its own School of Law,...

 offers full and part-time legal education in pursuit of the Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor is a professional doctorate and first professional graduate degree in law.The degree was first awarded by Harvard University in the United States in the late 19th century and was created as a modern version of the old European doctor of law degree Juris Doctor (see etymology and...

 (J.D.) degree, as well as the Master of Laws
Master of Laws
The Master of Laws is an advanced academic degree, pursued by those holding a professional law degree, and is commonly abbreviated LL.M. from its Latin name, Legum Magister. The University of Oxford names its taught masters of laws B.C.L...

 (LL.M.) degree for international lawyers. The law school is well-recognized for its Alternative Dispute Resolution
Alternative dispute resolution
Alternative Dispute Resolution includes dispute resolution processes and techniques that act as a means for disagreeing parties to come to an agreement short of litigation. ADR basically is an alternative to a formal court hearing or litigation...

 (ADR) program. The program, founded in 1991, offers courses in both domestic and international dispute resolution. The program is ranked second in the nation, just above Harvard Law. The general law school is placed in the third tier by U.S. News and World Report. The four-year average of first-time bar passage rate
Bar examination
A bar examination is an examination conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given jurisdiction.-Brazil:...

 is over 90%.

Hamline University School of Business


Hamline University School of Business
Hamline University School of Business
Hamline School of Business is a new business education school.In April 2008, Hamline University announced the launch of its School of Business. It also unveiled a new site in St...

 contains both the undergraduate and graduate business programs. The undergraduate program offers degrees in Business Administration (B.B.A.) and Economics
Economics
Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek from + , hence "rules of the house"...

. The B.A. also allows students to hold an emphasis in any of the following areas: general business
Business
A business is an organization engaged in the trade of goods, services, or both to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, where most of them are privately owned and administered to earn profit to increase the wealth of their owners. Businesses may also be not-for-profit...

, international business
International Business
International business is a term used to collectively describe all commercial transactions that take place between two or more regions, countries and nations beyond their political boundary...

, finance
Finance
"Finance" is often defined simply as the management of money or “funds” management Modern finance, however, is a family of business activity that includes the origination, marketing, and management of cash and money surrogates through a variety of capital accounts, instruments, and markets created...

, management
Management
Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively...

, or marketing
Marketing
Marketing is the process used to determine what products or services may be of interest to customers, and the strategy to use in sales, communications and business development. It generates the strategy that underlies sales techniques, business communication, and business developments...

.
The graduate program offers the following degrees:
  • Master in Business Administration
  • Master
    Master's degree
    A master's is an academic degree granted to individuals who have undergone study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice...

     in Nonprofit Management
    Management
    Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively...

  • Master in Public Administration
  • Doctorate
    Doctorate
    A doctorate is an academic degree or professional degree that in most countries refers to a class of degrees which qualify the holder to teach in a specific field, A doctorate is an academic degree or professional degree that in most countries refers to a class of degrees which qualify the holder...

     in Public Administration
    Public administration
    Public Administration houses the implementation of government policy and an academic discipline that studies this implementation and that prepares civil servants for this work. As a "field of inquiry with a diverse scope" its "fundamental goal.....


Associated Colleges of the Twin Cities


Hamline is a member of the Associated Colleges of the Twin Cities
Associated Colleges of the Twin Cities
The Associated Colleges of the Twin Cities is a consortium of private liberal arts institutions dedicated to providing cooperative programs, services, and opportunities for their respective students, faculty, staff, and administrators. The ACTC is located in Saint Paul, Minnesota. The five members...

 (ACTC), which is a consortium of five private liberal arts colleges, all located in either Minneapolis or Saint Paul. This program allows students to take classes at any of the associated campuses, as long as the class is not offered at their home university. Students are limited to one ACTC course per semester.

Bilateral exchange programs


Hamline also has partnerships with four foreign universities (Universität Trier in Germany, Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso in Chile, Universite Gaston Berger
Gaston Berger University
Gaston Berger University , or L'Université Gaston Berger , located some outside Saint-Louis, was the second university established in Senegal...

 in Senegal, and Akita International University
Akita International University
, or AIU, is a public university located in Akita City, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Established in 2004 and modeled on American liberal arts colleges, AIU is one of the few universities in Japan offering all of its courses in English...

 in Japan) which allow students to study abroad and pay the same rate that they would at Hamline. These programs also guarantee that credits earned abroad will transfer back to Hamline.

Student life


Hamline students have the opportunity to partake in various on-campus activities. All clubs, intermural teams, and student events are run through the Office of Residential Life. Hamline’s clubs include organizations with focuses on various academic subjects, the arts, journalism, culture, advocacy/social justice, recreation, and spirituality. Hamline also has two Greek organizations: Delta Tau sorority and Theta Chi fraternity
Theta Chi
Theta Chi Fraternity is an international college fraternity. It was founded on April 10, 1856 as the Theta Chi Society, at Norwich University, Norwich, Vermont, U.S., and was the 21st of the 71 North-American Interfraternity Conference men's fraternities.-Founding and early years at Norwich:Theta...

, both of which are located a block west of campus. The two largest on-campus organizations are the Hamline University Student Congress (HUSC) and Hamline Entertainment and Activities Team (HEAT).

HUSC is the governing body of the undergraduate students, with the stated purpose of providing an organized medium for expressing student concerns to the administration. It is also responsible for overseeing and funding the majority of student organizations on campus. HEAT plans student events, such as the homecoming dance, End of the Semester Party, and a battle of the bands.

Dormitories


Drew Hall houses 200 undergraduate men and women. The hall is staffed by resident advisors on each floor, an assistant hall director and one area coordinator. Drew was built in 1946 as a men’s residence after a donation by Charles M. Drew.

Manor Hall is the oldest dormitory on the campus. It was built in 1922 as a women’s dormitory, although today it is co-ed.
Manor is home to second-, third- and fourth-year undergraduates, graduate students, and law students.

Sorin Hall was built in 1958 and houses just over 100 men and women on single-gender floors, including two female floors and one male floor. Hamline’s main dining service is located on the first floor of the building.

Osborn, Peterson and Schilling Residence Halls collectively known as the Heights, are identical buildings built in the late 1960s. Each houses nearly 100 first-year men and women.

Dining facilities


The primary dining hall is located on the first floor of Sorin Hall. The facility is operated by a private food management firm, ARAMARK
Aramark
Aramark Corporation, known commonly as Aramark, is an American foodservice, facilities, and clothing provider supplying businesses, educational institutions, sports facilities, federal and state prisons, and health care institutions. It is headquartered at the Aramark Tower in Center City,...

. The dining hall charges a flat rate for entry, regardless of how much food is consumed. Meal plans are available for students. Included in the purchase of a meal plan is a certain amount of money that can be used at other facilities on campus. This money can be spent by using the student ID card like a debit card.

The Klas Center has a deli and a coffee shop, and is open longer than Sorin. Unlike Sorin, it does not accept meal plans. Instead, declining balance or a traditional form of payment must be used.

A food cart located in the law school basement sells sandwiches, hot soups, fresh salads, beverages and snack items, and it also does not accept meal plans.

Declining balance can also be spent at a convenience store located on the first floor of Sorin Hall. The store sells some food items, an assortment of toiletry items, and laundry soap.

Newspaper and other publications


Hamline's student newspaper is the Oracle. The Oracle was founded in 1888 and has been published regularly ever since. The paper began as a monthly journal of letters and evolved into a modern weekly college newspaper over the years. The Oracle receives its funding from and is published by the Student Media Board, which serves as an umbrella organization for the Liner, the university's yearbook, the Fulcrum, the university's literary magazine, and Hamline University Radio.

Men's basketball


Hamline University calls itself the "birthplace of intercollegiate basketball." In 1893, then-Athletic Director Ray Kaighn, who had played on James Naismith's
James Naismith
The first game of "Basket Ball" was played in December 1891. In a handwritten report, Naismith described the circumstances of the inaugural match; in contrast to modern basketball, the players played nine versus nine, handled a soccer ball, not a basketball, and instead of shooting at two hoops,...

 very first basketball team, brought the sport to the university when it was barely a year old. A women's program was organized two years later. On February 9, 1895, Hamline hosted the first intercollegiate basketball game in history, when the Minnesota State School of Agriculture (now the St. Paul campus of the University of Minnesota
University of Minnesota
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities is a public research university located in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota, United States. It is the oldest and largest part of the University of Minnesota system and has the fourth-largest main campus student body in the United States, with 52,557...

) defeated Hamline by a score of 9–3. The game was played in the basement of the university's old science building using Naismith's original "peach basket" rules, and featured nine players to each side.

Hamline was once known for the strength of its basketball program, with the university considered to be a national power in the sport from the 1930s to the 1950s. Hamline produced a number of NBA
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in North America. It consists of thirty franchised member clubs, of which twenty-nine are located in the United States and one in Canada...

 players during this time, including Hall of Famer Vern Mikkelsen
Vern Mikkelsen
Arild Verner Agerskov "Vern" Mikkelsen is an American former professional basketball player. He was one of the NBA's first power forwards in the 1950s and was known for his tenacious defense.-Early life:...

. Then-head coach Joe Hutton, Sr. (1931–65) was once offered and turned down a chance to coach the Minneapolis Lakers.

The men's basketball program, which has 1,154 total victories, ranks as the 23rd most winning team in NCAA Division III history (as of the 2004–05 season).

Hamline appeared in the NAIA National Tournament
NAIA national men's basketball championship
The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics Men's Basketball National Championship has been held annually since 1937 . The tournament was established by James Naismith to crown a national champion for smaller colleges and universities...

 12 times from 1940
1940 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
The 1940 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament was held in March at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri. The 4th annual NAIA basketball tournament featured 32 teams playing in a single-elimination format...

 to 1960
1960 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
The 1960 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament was held in March at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri. The 23rd annual NAIA basketball tournament featured 32 teams playing in a single-elimination format ....

  • NAIA National Champions: 1942
    1942 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
    The 1942 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament was held in March at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri. The 6th annual NAIA basketball tournament featured 32 teams playing in a single-elimination format ....

    , 1949
    1949 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
    The 1949 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament was held in March at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri. The 12th annual NAIA basketball tournament featured 32 teams playing in a single-elimination format . The championship game featured Hamline University defeating Regis College...

     and 1951
    1951 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
    The 1951 NAIA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament was held in March at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri. The 14th Annual NAIA basketball tournament featured 32 teams playing in a single-elimination format . The championship game featured Hamline University and Millikin University ....

  • NAIA runner-ups: 1953
    1953 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
    The 1953 NAIA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament was held in March at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri. The 16th annual NAIA basketball tournament featured 32 teams playing in a single-elimination format . The championship game would feature Southwest Missouri State University,...

  • NCAA Division III Semifinalist: 1977 (Finished in fourth place)
  • NCAA Division III Quarterfinalist: 1975
  • NCAA Division III All-Tournament Selection: Phil Smyczek, 1977
  • NCAA Division III Academic All-Americans: Paul Westling, 1986; John Banovetz, 1989

  • University is a member of the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
    Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
    The Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference is a college athletic conference which competes in the NCAA's Division III. As the name implies, member schools are located in the state of Minnesota...

     (MIAC).

Conference championships


This table displays the number of Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
The Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference is a college athletic conference which competes in the NCAA's Division III. As the name implies, member schools are located in the state of Minnesota...

 (MIAC) conference championships that have been won by Hamline sports teams. If a sport is not listed, then a championship has not been won in that competition. Hamline fields teams in the following men's sports: baseball, basketball, cross country, football, hockey, indoor track and field, soccer, swimming and diving, tennis, and outdoor track & field. Hamline also fields teams in the following women's sports: basketball, cross country, hockey, indoor track and field, soccer, softball, swimming and diving, tennis, outdoor track and field, and volleyball. All records were compiled from the MIAC website and are up to date as of November 2011.

Men's sports Number of championships Last Title
Baseball 2 2011
Basketball 19 1959–60
Cross country 7 2011
Golf 2 1947
Hockey 5 2010–11
Swimming and diving 7 1978–79
Tennis 5 1964
Outdoor track and field 14 1982

Women's sports Number of championships Last title
Swimming and diving 4 1985–86

Politicians/public servants

  • Patricia Anderson
    Patricia Anderson
    Patricia "Pat" Anderson is a Minnesota politician and current national committeewoman for Minnesota to the Republican National Committee. She served as the 17th State Auditor of Minnesota, from 2003 to 2007. Prior to this, she was mayor of Eagan, Minnesota for four years after serving as a city...

     – former Minnesota
    Minnesota
    Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...

     state auditor
    State auditor
    State auditors are executive officers of U.S. states who serve as auditors and comptrollers for state funds....

     and mayor
    Mayor
    In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

     of Eagan, MN.
  • Matt Bostrom
    Matt Bostrom
    Matthew D. "Matt" Bostrom is currently Sheriff of Ramsey County, a totally urban county encompassing Saint Paul, the state capital city of Minnesota. Bostrom was elected Sheriff in 2010 by winning over four-term incumbent Bob Fletcher by a 14% margin. In an earlier role as St...

     - sheriff of Ramsey County
    Ramsey County
    There are two places in the United States named Ramsey County:*Ramsey County, Minnesota, the seat of the state capital, Saint Paul*Ramsey County, North Dakota...

    .
  • Burnett M. Chiperfield
    Burnett M. Chiperfield
    Burnett Mitchell Chiperfield was a U.S. Representative from Illinois, father of Robert Bruce Chiperfield.-Early life:...

     – former member of U.S. House of Representatives representing Illinois
    Illinois
    Illinois is the fifth-most populous state of the United States of America, and is often noted for being a microcosm of the entire country. With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in central and northern Illinois, and natural resources like coal,...

    .
  • Alan D. Clemmons
    Alan D. Clemmons
    Alan D. Clemmons is a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives, where he has served since 2002. He is a Republican....

     – current member of South Carolina House of Representatives
    South Carolina House of Representatives
    The South Carolina House of Representatives is the lower house of the South Carolina General Assembly, the upper house being the South Carolina Senate. It consists of 124 Representatives elected to two year terms at the same time as US Congressional elections...

    .
  • Bill Frenzel
    Bill Frenzel
    William Eldridge "Bill" Frenzel is a former Republican Congressman from Minnesota, representing Minnesota's Third District, which included the southern and western suburbs of Minneapolis.- Early life and career :...

     – former member of U.S. House of Representatives representing Minnesota
    Minnesota
    Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...

    .
  • Barb Goodwin
    Barb Goodwin
    Barbara J. "Barb" Goodwin is a Minnesota politician, a current member of the Minnesota Senate representing District 50, and a former member of the Minnesota House of Representatives who represented District 50A. The district includes portions of Anoka and Ramsey counties in the northern Twin...

     - current member of Minnesota State Senate.
  • Martin Maginnis
    Martin Maginnis
    Martin Maginnis was a nineteenth century politician, publisher, editor and miner from Minnesota and the Montana Territory.-Biography:...

     – former member of U.S. House of Representatives.
  • Adolphus Peter Nelson
    Adolphus Peter Nelson
    Adolphus Peter Nelson represented Wisconsin in the United States House of Representatives from 1918 to 1923.-Biography:...

     – former member of U.S. House of Representatives representing Wisconsin
    Wisconsin
    Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States and is part of the Midwest. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin's capital is...

    .
  • Anthony Sertich
    Anthony Sertich
    Anthony 'Tony' Sertich is a Minnesota politician and the current commissioner of the Iron Range Resources and Rehabilitation Board. A Democrat, he served in the Minnesota House of Representatives from 2001 to 2011, representing District 5B, which includes portions of the Iron Range in St. Louis...

     – former Majority Leader of Minnesota House of Representatives
    Minnesota House of Representatives
    The Minnesota House of Representatives is the lower house in the Minnesota State Legislature. There are 134 members elected to two-year terms, twice the number of members in the Minnesota Senate. Each senate district is divided in half and given the suffix A or B...

    .
  • Van Tran
    Van Tran
    Van Thai Tran , born October 19, 1964) is an attorney and politician in California, formerly serving as a Republican member of the California State Assembly, representing portions of Orange County. Tran and Texas State Representative Hubert Vo were the highest-ranking Vietnamese American elected...

     – current member of California State Assembly
    California State Assembly
    The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. There are 80 members in the Assembly, representing an approximately equal number of constituents, with each district having a population of at least 420,000...

    .
  • Kerry Trask
    Kerry Trask
    Kerry A. Trask is an American historian and author. Trask has worked as a history professor at the University of Wisconsin Manitowoc for more than thirty years...

     – current candidate for Wisconsin State Assembly
    Wisconsin State Assembly
    The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin Legislature. Together with the smaller Wisconsin Senate, the two constitute the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Wisconsin....

    .
  • Oscar Youngdahl
    Oscar Youngdahl
    Oscar Ferdinand Youngdahl was an American lawyer and politician from Minnesota. He was the older brother of Minnesota Governor and United States federal judge Luther Youngdahl....

     – former member of U.S. House of Representatives.
  • Tom Dooher
    Tom Dooher
    Tom Dooher is a teacher and labor union activist in the United States, and president of the 70,000-member teachers union, Education Minnesota, AFT, NEA, AFL-CIO.-Early life:...

     – current president of Education Minnesota
    Education Minnesota
    Education Minnesota is an American trade union representing preK-12 teachers, school support staff and higher education faculty in Minnesota. It is affiliated with both the National Education Association and the American Federation of Teachers , and is affiliated with the AFL-CIO.The union's...

    , AFT
    American Federation of Teachers
    The American Federation of Teachers is an American labor union founded in 1916 that represents teachers, paraprofessionals and school-related personnel; local, state and federal employees; higher education faculty and staff, and nurses and other healthcare professionals...

    , NEA
    National Education Association
    The National Education Association is the largest professional organization and largest labor union in the United States, representing public school teachers and other support personnel, faculty and staffers at colleges and universities, retired educators, and college students preparing to become...

    , AFL-CIO
    AFL-CIO
    The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, commonly AFL–CIO, is a national trade union center, the largest federation of unions in the United States, made up of 56 national and international unions, together representing more than 11 million workers...

    .
  • Anna Arnold Hedgeman
    Anna Arnold Hedgeman
    Anna Arnold Hedgeman an African American civil rights leader, politician, educator, and writer.Anna Arnold was born in Marshalltown, Iowa, to William James Arnold II and Marie Ellen Arnold. She moved with her family to Anoka, Minnesota when she was very young. The Methodist church and the...

     – Civil rights
    Civil rights
    Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from unwarranted infringement by governments and private organizations, and ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the state without discrimination or repression.Civil rights include...

     leader and Hamline's first African-American graduate.
  • Gordon Hintz
    Gordon Hintz
    Gordon N. Hintz is a Democratic Party member of the Wisconsin State Assembly, representing the 54th Assembly District since his election in 2006....

     - current member of Wisconsin State Assembly
    Wisconsin State Assembly
    The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin Legislature. Together with the smaller Wisconsin Senate, the two constitute the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Wisconsin....

  • Yi Gang
    Yi Gang
    Yi Gang is the Director of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange and Deputy Governor of the People's Bank of China.-Biography:...

     - Deputy Governor of the People's Bank of China
    People's Bank of China
    The People's Bank of China is the central bank of the People's Republic of China with the power to control monetary policy and regulate financial institutions in mainland China...


Athletes

  • Duane Benson
    Duane Benson
    Dean Duane Benson is a former American football linebacker. He played college football at Hamline University...

     – American football
    American football
    American football is a sport played between two teams of eleven with the objective of scoring points by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone. Known in the United States simply as football, it may also be referred to informally as gridiron football. The ball can be advanced by...

     linebacker
    Linebacker
    A linebacker is a position in American football that was invented by football coach Fielding H. Yost of the University of Michigan. Linebackers are members of the defensive team, and line up approximately three to five yards behind the line of scrimmage, behind the defensive linemen...

     formerly of the Oakland Raiders
    Oakland Raiders
    The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football team based in Oakland, California. They currently play in the Western Division of the American Football Conference in the National Football League...

    , Atlanta Falcons
    Atlanta Falcons
    The Atlanta Falcons are a professional American football team based in Atlanta, Georgia. They are a member of the South Division of the National Football Conference in the National Football League...

    , and Houston Oilers.
  • Carl Cramer
    Carl Cramer
    Carl H. Cramer was a professional football player with the Akron Pros and the Cleveland Tigers of the National Football League. In 1923 Carl served as a player-coach for the Pros. He split coaching duties that season with Dutch Hendrian.-Notes:...

     – former professional football player.
  • Lew Drill
    Lew Drill
    Lewis L. Drill was a Major League Baseball catcher who played four seasons with the Washington Senators , New York Yankees and Detroit Tigers . Born in Browerville, Minnesota, Drill attended Georgetown University and Hamline University. In 293 major league games, Drill had a .258 batting average...

     – former professional baseball player.
  • Vern Mikkelsen
    Vern Mikkelsen
    Arild Verner Agerskov "Vern" Mikkelsen is an American former professional basketball player. He was one of the NBA's first power forwards in the 1950s and was known for his tenacious defense.-Early life:...

     – former professional basketball player.
  • Marty Norton
    Marty Norton
    Marty Norton was a player in the National Football League. He first played for the Minneapolis Marines during the 1922 NFL season. After a season away from the NFL, he re-joined the Marines for the 1924 NFL season. The next season he played with the Green Bay Packers. He was also a member of the...

     – former professional football player.

Actors, directors, playwrights

  • William Fawcett (actor)
    William Fawcett (actor)
    William "Bill" Fawcett was a character actor in Hollywood B-films and in television. His career extended from 1946 until the early 1970s. He is probably best remembered for his role as the cantankerous, rusty-voiced Pete Wilkey of the Broken Wheel Ranch on the NBC series Fury, co-starring Peter...

     – film
    Film
    A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still or moving images. It is produced by recording photographic images with cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or visual effects...

     and television
    Television
    Television is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochrome or colored, with accompanying sound...

     actor
    Actor
    An actor is a person who acts in a dramatic production and who works in film, television, theatre, or radio in that capacity...

    .
  • Coleen Gray
    Coleen Gray
    Coleen Gray is an American movie and television actress born in Staplehurst, Nebraska. She is known for her roles in the films Nightmare Alley , Red River , in which she played John Wayne's fiancée, and Stanley Kubrick's The Killing .-Early career:Born Doris Jensen, Gray was a farmer's daughter...

     – American
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     movie and television
    Television
    Television is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochrome or colored, with accompanying sound...

     actress
  • Paul Magers
    Paul Magers
    Paul Magers is a television news anchor for the CBS owned and operated television station KCBS in Los Angeles, California. He was born in Santa Maria, California, but grew up in Ellensburg, Washington...

     – television
    Television
    Television is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochrome or colored, with accompanying sound...

     news anchor

Academics

  • John Bessler
    John Bessler
    John Bessler is a visiting professor of law at the University of Baltimore School of Law and the spouse of U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar.Bessler attended Mankato Loyola High School and received his B.A. from the University of Minnesota, J.D. from Indiana University School of Law, M.F.A. from Hamline...

     – professor of law and husband of U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar
    Amy Klobuchar
    Amy Jean Klobuchar is the senior United States Senator from Minnesota. She is a member of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, an affiliate of the Democratic Party...

    .
  • Arthur Gillette
    Arthur Gillette
    Arthur Jay Gillette was an American orthopedic and paediatric surgeon, after whom the Gillette State Hospital for Crippled Children in St. Paul, Minnesota was named....

     – surgeon and namesake of Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
    Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
    Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare is a non-profit hospital located in St. Paul, Minnesota. Its focus is pediatric medical treatment and research. It was founded by Dr...

  • John Kenneth Hilliard
    John Kenneth Hilliard
    John Kenneth Hilliard was an American acoustical and electrical engineer who pioneered a number of important loudspeaker concepts and designs. He helped develop the practical use of recording sound for film, and won an Academy Award in 1935...

     – academic and Academy Award recipient.
  • Robert LeFevre
    Robert LeFevre
    Robert LeFevre was an American libertarian businessman, radio personality, and primary theorist of autarchism.-Early life:...

     – libertarian theorist
  • Deane Montgomery
    Deane Montgomery
    Deane Montgomery was a mathematician specializing in topology who was one of the contributors to the final resolution of Hilbert's fifth problem in the 1950s. He served as President of the American Mathematical Society from 1961 to 1962....

     - prominent mathematician and recipient of the Leroy P. Steele Prize

Business and finance

  • Dwight D. Opperman
    Dwight D. Opperman
    Dwight D. Opperman is currently chairman of Key Investments, a privately held venture capital firm focusing on high-tech ventures. Previously, Opperman was the CEO of West Publishing Company and while he was CEO the company moved into technology products with the creation of the Westlaw legal...

     – chairmen of Key investments and one of Forbes 400
    Forbes 400
    The Forbes 400 or 400 Richest Americans is a list published by Forbes Magazine magazine of the wealthiest 400 Americans, ranked by net worth. The list is published annually in September, and 2010 marks the 29th issue. The 400 was started by Malcom Forbes in 1982 and treats those in the list like...

     richest Americans
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

  • Max Winter
    Max Winter
    Max Winter was a Minneapolis businessman and sport executive. Winter was born in Austria-Hungary and his family emigrated to the United States in 1913 and settled in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Winter graduated from high school in 1922...

     – former part owner of Minneapolis Lakers and Minnesota Vikings
    Minnesota Vikings
    The Minnesota Vikings are a professional American football team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Vikings joined the National Football League as an expansion team in 1960...


Veterans

  • Robert M. Hanson
    Robert M. Hanson
    Robert Murray Hanson was a Marine Corps aviator who shot down 25 Japanese planes from the South Pacific skies. He posthumously received the Medal of Honor.-World War II flying ace:...

     – Medal of Honor
    Medal of Honor
    The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government. It is bestowed by the President, in the name of Congress, upon members of the United States Armed Forces who distinguish themselves through "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his or her...

     recipient
  • Edwin W. Rawlings
    Edwin W. Rawlings
    General Edwin William Rawlings, USAF , A Milroy, Minnesota native, Rawlings graduated with an economics degree from Hamline University in Saint Paul, Minnesota....

     – one of the USAF's youngest generals.

Religious leaders

  • James Newbury FitzGerald – former American
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     bishop
    Bishop
    A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox Churches, in the Assyrian Church of the East, in the Independent Catholic Churches, and in the...

  • Lester Mondale
    Lester Mondale
    The Reverend Robert Lester Mondale was an American Unitarian minister and Humanist. He was the only person to sign each of the three Humanist Manifestos of 1933, 1973, and 2003.- Biography :...

     – former American
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     Humanist
    Humanism
    Humanism is an approach in study, philosophy, world view or practice that focuses on human values and concerns. In philosophy and social science, humanism is a perspective which affirms some notion of human nature, and is contrasted with anti-humanism....

     and Unitarian
    Unitarianism
    Unitarianism is a Christian theological movement, named for its understanding of God as one person, in direct contrast to Trinitarianism which defines God as three persons coexisting consubstantially as one in being....

    , and only person to sign all three Humanist Manifesto
    Humanist Manifesto
    Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a Humanist worldview. They are the original Humanist Manifesto , the Humanist Manifesto II , and Humanism and Its Aspirations...

    s.

External links