Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture of northeastern Qinghai
Qinghai
Qinghai ; Oirat Mongolian: ; ; Salar:) is a province of the People's Republic of China, named after Qinghai Lake...

 Province in Western China. The prefecture has an area of 45895 square kilometres (17,720.2 sq mi) and its seat is located in Gonghe County
Gonghe County
Gonghe County is a county of Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture....

. Its name literally means "south of Qinghai Lake
Qinghai Lake
Qinghai Lake , is a saline lake situated in the province of Qinghai, and is the largest lake in China. The names Qinghai and Kokonor both mean "Blue/Teal Sea/Lake" in Chinese and Mongolian. It is located about west of the provincial capital of Xining at 3,205 m above sea level in a depression...

."

Demographics


According to the 2000 census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

, the prefecture has 375,426 inhabitants with a population density of 8.18 inhabitants/km².

The following is a list of ethnic groups in the prefecture, as of the 2000 census.
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Tibetan
Tibetan people
The Tibetan people are an ethnic group that is native to Tibet, which is mostly in the People's Republic of China. They number 5.4 million and are the 10th largest ethnic group in the country. Significant Tibetan minorities also live in India, Nepal, and Bhutan...

235,663 62.77%
Han
Han Chinese
Han Chinese are an ethnic group native to China and are the largest single ethnic group in the world.Han Chinese constitute about 92% of the population of the People's Republic of China , 98% of the population of the Republic of China , 78% of the population of Singapore, and about 20% of the...

105,337 28.06%
Hui
Hui people
The Hui people are an ethnic group in China, defined as Chinese speaking people descended from foreign Muslims. They are typically distinguished by their practice of Islam, however some also practice other religions, and many are direct descendants of Silk Road travelers.In modern People's...

26,152 6.97%
Tu
Tu people
The Monguor or Tu people , White Mongol/Chagan Mongol are one of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in the People's Republic of China. The "Tu" ethnic category was created in the 1950s....

3,750 1%
Mongol
Mongols
Mongols ) are a Central-East Asian ethnic group that lives mainly in the countries of Mongolia, China, and Russia. In China, ethnic Mongols can be found mainly in the central north region of China such as Inner Mongolia...

2.637 0.7%
Salar 1,231 0.33%
Others 656 0.17%

Subdivisions


The prefecture is subdivided into 5 county-level divisions (5 counties):
Map
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan
Tibet
Tibet is a plateau region in Asia, north-east of the Himalayas. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpas, Qiang, and Lhobas, and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han and Hui people...

Wylie
Wylie transliteration
The Wylie transliteration scheme is a method for transliterating Tibetan script using only the letters available on a typical English language typewriter. It bears the name of Turrell V. Wylie, who described the scheme in an article, A Standard System of Tibetan Transcription, published in 1959...

Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Gonghe County
Gonghe County
Gonghe County is a county of Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture....

共和县 Gònghé Xiàn kung ho rdzong 120,000 16,050 7
2 Tongde County
Tongde County
Tongde County is a county of Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture....

同德县 Tóngdé Xiàn thung te rdzong 50,000 6,494 8
3 Guide County
Guide County
Guide County is a county of Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.-Economics:* Laxiwa Dam...

贵德县 Guìdé Xiàn ku'e te rdzong 100,000 3,600 28
4 Xinghai County
Xinghai County
Xinghai County is county under the jurisdiction of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, People's Republic of ChinaXinghai has an area of 13,158 square kilometers, and a 2001 population of 60,000....

兴海县 Xīnghǎi Xiàn shin ha'e rdzong 60,000 13,158 5
5 Guinan County
Guinan County
Guinan County is a county of Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture....

贵南县 Guìnán Xiàn ku'e nan rdzong 70,000 6,593 11

Further reading

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

External links