Haigerloch

Haigerloch

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Geography



Geographical situation


Haigerloch lies at between 430 and 550 metres elevation in the valley of the Eyach
Eyach (Neckar)
Eyach is a river of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It flows for 49.8 kilometres....

, which forms two loops in a steep shelly limestone valley. It calls itself the 'Felsenstädtchen' (rocky small town).

Neighbouring municipalities


The municipalities are specified in clockwise order from the north, and belong to the Zollernalbkreis
Zollernalbkreis
The Zollernalbkreis is a district in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The district is located in the Swabian Alb, and contains the second highest elevation of this mountains, the 1011 meter high Oberhohenberg...

 unless indicated.

Starzach
Starzach
Starzach is a municipality in the district of Tübingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....

 ¹, Rangendingen
Rangendingen
Rangendingen is a town in the Zollernalbkreis district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.- References :...

, Grosselfingen
Grosselfingen
Grosselfingen is a town in the Zollernalbkreis district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.- References :Grosselfingen gained recognition when fellow townsman Christov Grosselfinger left in pursuit to fulfill his dream as a dancer on Broadway in New York City...

, Balingen
Balingen
Balingen is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, capital of the district of Zollernalbkreis. It is located nearby the Swabian Alb, approx. 35 km to the south of Tübingen, 35 km northeast of Villingen-Schwenningen, and 60 km southwest of Stuttgart.It is home to the Bizerba and Ideal...

, Geislingen
Geislingen, Zollernalbkreis
Geislingen is a town in the Zollernalbkreis district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 4 km northwest of Balingen. Current population is at around 6,000 people. Geislingen consists of three smaller towns, Geislingen , Erlaheim and Binsdorf Geislingen is a town in the...

, Rosenfeld
Rosenfeld
Rosenfeld is a German name meaning "field of roses" and may refer to:* Rosenfeld, Germany, a town in Baden-WürttembergRosenfeld is the surname of:* Albert Rosenfeld, Australian rugby league footballer...

, Sulz am Neckar
Sulz am Neckar
Sulz am Neckar is a town in the district of Rottweil, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the river Neckar, 22 km north of Rottweil, and 19 km southeast of Freudenstadt....

 ², Empfingen
Empfingen
Empfingen is a municipality in the district Freudenstadt in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.Empfingen itself comprises two local districts, Wiesenstetten and Dommelsberg. Empfingen is close to the federal motorway 81 Stuttgart – Singen ....

 ³ and Horb am Neckar
Horb am Neckar
Horb am Neckar is a town in the southwest of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is located on the Neckar river, between Offenburg to the west and Tübingen to the east . It has around 25,000 inhabitants, of whom about 6,000 live in the main town of Horb, and the remainder in 18 associated...

 ³.

¹ Landkreis Tübingen, ² Landkreis Rottweil, ³ Landkreis Freudenstadt

City arrangement


Haigerloch consists of the nine districts:
  • Bad Imnau
  • Bittelbronn
  • Gruol
  • Hart
  • Haigerloch
  • Owingen
  • Stetten
  • Trillfingen
  • Weildorf

History


The first documented mention of Haigerloch was in the year 1095. In the thirteenth century, Haigerloch received Stadtrecht (town status). In the last months of World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, Haigerloch was the location of part of the German nuclear programme
German nuclear energy project
The German nuclear energy project, , was an attempted clandestine scientific effort led by Germany to develop and produce the atomic weapons during the events involving the World War II...

, researching nuclear fission
Nuclear fission
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is a nuclear reaction in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts , often producing free neutrons and photons , and releasing a tremendous amount of energy...

 towards building an atom bomb. This was unsuccessful by the end of the war.

Local council


In the local council election of 13 June 2004, the result was:
  • CDU
    Christian Democratic Union (Germany)
    The Christian Democratic Union of Germany is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Germany. It is regarded as on the centre-right of the German political spectrum...

     - 15 seats
  • FWV - 9 seats
  • Social Ecologist List - 4 seats

Culture and objects of interest



Haigerloch lies on the Ferienstraße (holiday road) and on the Hohenzollernstraße.

Museums

  • 'Atomkeller' (Atomic cellar), former research reactor
    Research reactor
    Research reactors are nuclear reactors that serve primarily as a neutron source. They are also called non-power reactors, in contrast to power reactors that are used for electricity production, heat generation, or maritime propulsion.-Purpose:...

     during World War II.
  • former synagogue

Notable buildings

  • Atomic cellar in the rock under the castle church
  • Roman tower (Römerturm)
  • Lower part of town church
  • Jewish cemetery in the Hague
  • Kreisligist sports association Haigerloch in the ascent
  • Hotel Krone, upper city street
  • Synagogue

Roads


The L410 connects the city with Rangendingen to the east. The L360 forms the feeder, along with the federal highway B463, to the A81 motorway.

Local industry


One of the few rock salt mines still active in Germany is in the Stetten quarter. Salt has been extracted here since 1854.