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is a ridge on the cerebral cortex
The cerebral cortex is a sheet of neural tissue that is outermost to the cerebrum of the mammalian brain. It plays a key role in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness. It is constituted of up to six horizontal layers, each of which has a different...
. It is generally surrounded by one or more sulci
In neuroanatomy, a sulcus is a depression or fissure in the surface of the brain.It surrounds the gyri, creating the characteristic appearance of the brain in humans and other large mammals....
- Superior frontal gyrus
The superior frontal gyrus makes up about one-third of the frontal lobe of the human brain. It is bounded laterally by the superior frontal sulcus....
, lat. gyrus frontalis superior
- Middle frontal gyrus
The middle frontal gyrus makes up about one-third of the frontal lobe of the human brain....
, lat. gyrus frontalis medius
- Inferior frontal gyrus
The inferior frontal gyrus is a gyrus of the frontal lobe . It is labelled gyrus frontalis inferior, its Latin name...
, lat. gyrus frontalis inferior with 3 parts: pars opercularis, pars triangularis, and pars orbitalis
- Superior temporal gyrus
The superior temporal gyrus is one of three gyri in the temporal lobe of the human brain, which is located laterally to the head, situated somewhat above the external ear.The superior temporal gyrus is bounded by:* the lateral sulcus above;...
, lat. gyrus temporalis superior
Middle temporal gyrus, lat
. gyrus temporalis medius
Inferior temporal gyrus, lat
. gyrus temporalis inferior
- Fusiform gyrus
The fusiform gyrus is part of the temporal lobe in Brodmann Area 37. It is also known as the occipitotemporal gyrus. Other sources have the fusiform gyrus above the occipitotemporal gyrus and underneath the parahippocampal gyrus....
, lat. gyrus occipitotemporalis medius
- Parahippocampal gyrus
The parahippocampal gyrus is a grey matter cortical region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus. This region plays an important role in memory encoding and retrieval....
, lat. gyrus parahippocampalis
- Transverse temporal gyrus
The transverse temporal gyri are found in the area of primary auditory cortex in the superior temporal gyrus of the human brain, occupying Brodmann areas 41 and 42. It is the first cortical structure to process incoming auditory information...
Precentral gyrus, lat
. gyrus praecentralis
- Postcentral gyrus
The lateral postcentral gyrus is a prominent structure in the parietal lobe of the human brain and an important landmark. It is the location of primary somatosensory cortex, the main sensory receptive area for the sense of touch...
, lat. gyrus postcentralis
Supramarginal gyrus, lat
. gyrus supramarginalis
- Angular gyrus
The angular gyrus is a region of the brain in the parietal lobe, that lies near the superior edge of the temporal lobe, and immediately posterior to the supramarginal gyrus; it is involved in a number of processes related to language, mathematics and cognition...
, lat. gyrus angularis
- Cingulate gyrus lat. gyrus cinguli
- Fornicate gyrus
. gyrus lingualis