is a town
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size a settlement must be in order to be called a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world, so that, for example, many American "small towns" seem to British people to be no more than villages, while...
in Livingston County
As of the census of 2000, there were 64,328 people, 22,150 households, and 15,349 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile . There were 24,023 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile...
, New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 3,853 at the 2000 census.
The Town of Groveland
is centrally located in the county, south of Geneseo.
The Sullivan Expedition
The Sullivan Expedition, also known as the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition, was an American campaign led by Major General John Sullivan and Brigadier General James Clinton against Loyalists and the four nations of the Iroquois who had sided with the British in the American Revolutionary War.The...
(1779) reached its farthest extent here. Groveland was the site of the Boyd and Parker ambush
The Boyd and Parker ambush was a minor military engagement in Groveland, New York on September 13, 1779, during the American Revolutionary War...
The first settlement occurred in 1792 and was called "Willamsburgh." The town was formed in 1789 before the creation of Livingston County. Part of Groveland was used to form parts of the Towns of Conesus
Conesus is a town in Livingston County, New York , United States. The population was 2,353 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from a native word meaning "Berry place."...
(1819) and Sparta
Sparta is a town in Livingston County, New York, United States. The population was 1,627 at the 2000 census.The Town of Sparta is in the southeast part of the county and is north of Dansville, NY.- History :...
There was formerly a Shaker settlement near present-day Sonyea.
Famous current and past residents
- James C. Adamson
James Craig Adamson is a former NASA astronaut and retired colonel of the United States Army. He is married with 3 children...
- John Vance Cheney
John Vance Cheney was an American poet, essayist and librarian. Educated in Geneseo, New York, Cheney practiced law briefly in Woodstock, Vermont and New York City before moving to California with his first wife Abigail Perkins Vance Cheney, teaching music, lecturing, and working as a postal clerk...
- poet, essayist and librarian was born in Groveland.
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the town has a total area of 39.9 square miles (103.3 km²), of which, 39.2 square miles (101.5 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) of it (1.85%) is water.
Conesus Lake is one of the minor Finger Lakes in western New York. It is western-most of eleven total Finger Lakes. The lake's outlet is in Lakeville, New York a hamlet in the Town of Livonia, New York in Livingston County, south of Rochester, New York. The lake's inlet is in the Town of Conesus,...
, one of the Finger Lakes
The Finger Lakes are a pattern of lakes in the west-central section of Upstate New York in the United States. They are a popular tourist destination. The lakes are long and thin , each oriented roughly on a north-south axis. The two longest, Cayuga Lake and Seneca Lake, are among the deepest in...
, forms part of the eastern boundary.
Interstate 390 is a north–south auxiliary Interstate Highway located entirely within New York in the United States. The southern terminus of the route is at the Southern Tier Expressway in the town of Avoca. Its northern terminus is at I-490 in Rochester...
passes north-to-south through the town. New York State Route 36
New York State Route 36 is a north–south state highway in the western part of New York in the United States. The highway extends for from the Pennsylvania state line at Troupsburg, Steuben County northward to Ogden, Monroe County, where it ends at an intersection with NY 31...
, New York State Route 63
New York State Route 63 is a state highway in the western part of New York in the United States. The southern terminus of the route is at an intersection with NY 15 and NY 21 in the village of Wayland in Steuben County. Its northern end is at a junction with NY 18 in the town...
, and New York State Route 256
New York State Route 256 is a north–south state highway located within Livingston County, New York, in the United States. It extends for across mostly rural terrain from an intersection with NY 63 in the village of Dansville to a junction with NY 15 on the Geneseo–Livonia town line...
are north-south highways through the town. New York State Route 408
New York State Route 408 is a state highway located entirely within Livingston County, New York, in the United States. It runs north–south from an intersection with NY 70 near the hamlet of Dalton in the town of Nunda to a junction with NY 63 in the town of Groveland near...
is a highway terminating in the western part of the town at NY-63.
Groveland is on the Rochester-to-Dansville line of the Rochester & Southern Railroad. From 1882-1963, Groveland was on the Main Line of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad (DL&W) and successor Erie-Lackawanna Railroad. In 1963, the Main Line over Dansville Hill from Groveland to Wayland was abandoned by order of the U. S. Interstate Commerce Commission to promote highway usage. That portion of today's R&S line west and north of Groveland was originally part of the DL&W, while that portion between Groveland and Dansville was part of the Dansville & Mount Morris Railroad and predecessors.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 3,853 people, 555 households, and 396 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 98.4 people per square mile (38.0/km²). There were 649 housing units at an average density of 16.6 per square mile (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 60.06% White, 32.44% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 6.46% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.23% of the population.
There were 555 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 9.9% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 54.2% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 411.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 529.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,797, and the median income for a family was $48,828. Males had a median income of $24,353 versus $26,477 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $13,433. About 7.7% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Groveland
- Cottonwood Point – A hamlet on the shore of Conesus Lake and on NY-256.
- East Groveland – A hamlet
A hamlet is usually a rural settlement which is too small to be considered a village, though sometimes the word is used for a different sort of community. Historically, when a hamlet became large enough to justify building a church, it was then classified as a village...
in the northeast part of the town.
- Gray Corners – A location south of Maple Beach.
- Groveland Station – The hamlet of Groveland is by the south town line on NY-63.
- Groveland Corners – A hamlet in the central part of the town, north of Groveland village.
- Groveland Correctional Facility
Groveland Correctional Facility is a high end-security New York State Department of Correctional Services prison located in the Town of Groveland in Livingston County, New York, in the United States. The facility is located next to the community of Sonyea in Groveland on the site of a former Shaker...
– A state prison
A prison is a place in which people are physically confined and, usually, deprived of a range of personal freedoms. Imprisonment or incarceration is a legal penalty that may be imposed by the state for the commission of a crime...
by the west town line, near Sonyea.
- Hampton Corners – A location in the northwest part of the town on NY-63.
- Hunts Corners – A former community in the northeast part of the town.
- Maple Beach – A location on Conesus Lake, south of Cottonwood Point on NY-256.
- Ross Corners – A location by the south town line.
- Sonyea – A hamlet in the southwest part of the town on NY-36.
- Williamsburgh – A former community in the town that was the site of the first settlement, although it was soon abandoned.