The Gough-Calthorpe family
is descended from ancient and notable families who both held lands in the area around Birmingham
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. It is the most populous British city outside the capital London, with a population of 1,036,900 , and lies at the heart of the West Midlands conurbation, the second most populous urban area in the United Kingdom with a...
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...
Sir Henry Gough, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament, (1709 - 1774) was made a Baronet
in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1728. He married into the Calthorpe family, descendents of the Calthorpes who held the manors of Cockthorpe, Norfolk
Norfolk is a low-lying county in the East of England. It has borders with Lincolnshire to the west, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea coast and to the north-west the county is bordered by The Wash. The county...
, and Ampton, Suffolk, and who were also sometime Lords of the Manor
The Lordship of a Manor is recognised today in England and Wales as a form of property and one of three elements of a manor that may exist separately or be combined and may be held in moieties...
Edgbaston is an area in the city of Birmingham in England. It is also a formal district, managed by its own district committee. The constituency includes the smaller Edgbaston ward and the wards of Bartley Green, Harborne and Quinton....
. The Fess Ermine
Ermine has several uses:* A common name for the stoat * The white fur and black tail end of this animal, which is historically worn by and associated with royalty and high officials...
in Birmingham's coat of arms is a reference to the arms of the Calthorpe family.
The Calthorpe Barony (1796) became extinct in June 1997 when the last Baron died without a male heir. The Gough-Calthorpe family papers are held in Hampshire Record Office, Winchester
Winchester is a historic cathedral city and former capital city of England. It is the county town of Hampshire, in South East England. The city lies at the heart of the wider City of Winchester, a local government district, and is located at the western end of the South Downs, along the course of...
- Sir Henry Gough, Knt (1649-1724), of Perry Hall; son of John Gough (d. 1665), matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, 1666; was a student at Middle Temple in 1667; elected as a Tory MP
A Member of Parliament is a representative of the voters to a :parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, the term applies specifically to members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title, such as senate, and thus also have different titles for its members,...
Tamworth is a town and local government district in Staffordshire, England, located north-east of Birmingham city centre and north-west of London. The town takes its name from the River Tame, which flows through the town, as does the River Anker...
in 1685; became High Sheriff of Staffordshire
This is a list of the High Sheriffs of Staffordshire.The High Sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown. Formerly the High Sheriff was the principal law enforcement officer in the county but over the centuries most of the responsibilities associated with the post have been transferred...
in 1671. Knighted in 1678 for services his grandfather rendered to the King in 1642.
- Walter Gough (1677-1730); married Martha Harwood, a niece of Sir Richard Hill.
- Walter Gough Jr (died 1773), married Bridget Kempson, daughter of Willis Kempson of Bilston
Bilston is a town in the English county of West Midlands, situated in the southeastern corner of the City of Wolverhampton. Three wards of Wolverhampton City Council cover the town: Bilston East and Bilston North, which almost entirely comprise parts of the historic Borough of Bilston, and...
- Sir Richard Gough (died 1728); third son of Henry Gough; a merchant, who travelled to the Mediterranean, India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...
. In 1717 he purchased Edgbaston Hall
Edgbaston Hall is a country house in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham, England.Early in the Civil War, Edgbaston Hall, along with Hawkesley House, now the site of a council housing estate in Longbridge, was a stronghold of Colonel John Fox, the so-called "Jovial Tinker"...
from Thomas Belasyse, 3rd Viscount Fauconberg.
- Charles Gough thought to have rediscovered the island of Diego Alvarez, half way between the Cape of Good Hope
The Cape of Good Hope is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.There is a misconception that the Cape of Good Hope is the southern tip of Africa, because it was once believed to be the dividing point between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. In fact, the...
and Cape Horn
Cape Horn is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island...
, which became known as Gough Island
Gough Island , also known historically as Gonçalo Álvares or Diego Alvarez, is a volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is a dependency of Tristan da Cunha and part of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha...
, in 1731.
- Sir Henry Gough, 1st Baronet, M.P. (1709 - 1774); son of Sir Richard; was made a Baronet. His second wife (her first marriage) was Barbara (1716 - 1782), only daughter and heiress of Reynolds Calthorpe of Elvetham, Hampshire
Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom. The county town of Hampshire is Winchester, a historic cathedral city that was once the capital of England. Hampshire is notable for housing the original birthplaces of the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force...
, by his spouse Barbara (d. 1724), daughter of Henry Yelverton, 15th Baron Grey de Ruthyn, 1st Viscount Longueville. They had a son, Henry, 2nd Bt., and two daughters, Barbara and Charlotte, the latter marrying Sir John Palmer, 5th Baronet, MP for Leicestershire 1765-1780.
- Harry Gough, brother of Sir Henry, 1st Bt., purchased ancient burgages in the Bull Ring, an estate in Ladywood
Ladywood is an inner-city area in Birmingham, England. It is a council constituency, managed by its own district committee. The constituency includes the smaller Ladywood ward and the wards of Aston, Nechells and Soho. In June 2004, Birmingham City Council conducted a city-wide "Ward Boundary...
, and a 25 acres (101,171.5 m²) farm, now marked by Gough Street.
- Sir Henry Gough, 2nd Baronet (1748-1798), was created Baron Calthorpe in 1796 having assumed the additional surname of Calthorpe upon inheriting, in 1788, the Elvetham and Norfolk estates of his maternal uncle, Sir Henry Calthorpe, K.B.. He left two sons, George, Lord Calthorpe, and Frederick Gough of Perry Hall.
- Henry Gough-Calthorpe, 1st Baron Calthorpe ( 1749 - 1798), married in 1783, Frances (d. 1827), second daughter of General Benjamin Carpenter, with issue, eleven children.
- Charles Gough-Calthorpe, 2nd Baron Calthorpe (1786-1807), no issue.
- George Gough-Calthorpe, 3rd Baron Calthorpe (1787-1851), succeeded his brother Charles, 2nd Lord, but died without issue.
- Frederick Gough, 4th Baron Calthorpe (1790-1868) succeeded his brothers George, 3rd Lord, and Charles, 2nd Lord. He was a Counsellor of King's College London
King's College London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom and a constituent college of the federal University of London. King's has a claim to being the third oldest university in England, having been founded by King George IV and the Duke of Wellington in 1829, and...
, and married in 1823, Lady Charlotte Sophia, daughter of Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort, with issue: ten children.
- Frederick Henry William Gough-Calthorpe, 5th Baron Calthorpe
Frederick Henry William Gough-Calthorpe, 5th Baron Calthorpe was a British Liberal Party politician.-Background and education:...
- Augustus Cholmondeley Gough-Calthorpe, 6th Baron Calthorpe (1829-1810)
- Rachel Gough-Calthorpe, daughter of Sir Augustus Cholmondeley Gough-Calthorpe married FitzRoy Hamilton Anstruther in 1898, creating the Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe family.
- Somerset John Gough-Calthorpe, 7th Baron Calthorpe (1831-1912)
- Somerset Frederick Gough-Calthorpe, 8th Baron Calthorpe (1862-1940)
- Ronald Arthur Somerset Gough-Calthorpe, 9th Baron Calthorpe (1924-1945)
- Peter Waldo Somerset Gough-Calthorpe, 10th Baron Calthorpe (1927-1997)
- The Hon Sir. Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe; (1864–1937); Admiral of the Fleet
Admiral of the fleet is the highest rank of the British Royal Navy and other navies, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-10. The rank still exists in the Royal Navy but routine appointments ceased in 1996....
The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...
- The Hon. Frederick ("Freddie") Somerset Gough Calthorpe
Frederick Somerset Gough Calthorpe , styled The Honourable from 1912, was an English cricketer....
; (1892–1935); cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...
- Sir Fitzroy Hamilton Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, 1st Baronet (1872–1957; son of Robert Hamilton Lloyd-Anstruther)
- Sir Richard Hamilton Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, 2nd Baronet (1908–1985)
- Niall Hamilton Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (1940-1970)
- Sir Euan Hamilton Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, 3rd Baronet (22 June 1966–) and his family regularly appear in the Sunday Times Rich List
The Sunday Times Rich List is a list of the 1,000 wealthiest people or families in the United Kingdom, updated annually in April and published as a magazine supplement by British national Sunday newspaper The Sunday Times since 1989...
- Michael Richard Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 30 October 1943, died September 1990)
- John Austen Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe
John Austen Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe is a property magnate and former Chairman of the Watermark Group, son of Sir Richard Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, 2nd Baronet and Namcy Moireach Malcolmson.He married twice...
(born 14 July 1947), property magnate
- Georgiana Moireach Gay Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 14 October 1978), artist.
- Isabella Amaryllis Charlotte Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe
Isabella Amaryllis Charlotte Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, who uses the stage name Isabella Calthorpe , is an English actress and model, daughter of John Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe and Lady Mary-Gaye Georgiana Lorna Curzon.Primarily a stage actress, she has also appeared in the films Stage Beauty and...
(born 3 March 1980), an actress who uses the stage name Isabella Calthorpe.
- Jacobi Richard Penn Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 10 May 1983), property developer.
- Gabriella Zanna Vanessa Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 1989), a model (and actress as 'Gabriella Wilde
Gabriella Wilde is an English actress.Wilde was born in Hampshire. Her parents are businessman John Austen Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe and Vanessa Mary Theresa Hubbard, the former wife of socialite Sir Dai Llewellyn, 4th Baronet...
'), sister of Octavia, half-sister of Georgiana, Isabella and Jacobi.
- Octavia Elsa Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe (born 27 October 1991), sister of Gabriella, half-sister of Georgiana, Isabella and Jacobi.
- Calthorpe Park
- Perry Hall Mansion
The Perry Hall Mansion is a historic structure located in the area to which it gave its name, Perry Hall, Baltimore County, Maryland, United States...
- home of Harry Dorsey Gough (died 8 May 1808)
- Perry Hall Park
Perry Hall Park is a park in Perry Barr, Birmingham, England, at . It was in Staffordshire until 1924....
- Perry Hall, Maryland
Perry Hall is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 28,705 at the 2000 census...