Gospel harmony

Gospel harmony

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A Gospel harmony is an attempt to merge or harmonize the canonical gospels of the Four Evangelists
Four Evangelists
In Christian tradition the Four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, the authors attributed with the creation of the four Gospel accounts in the New Testament that bear the following titles:*Gospel according to Matthew*Gospel according to Mark...

 into a single gospel account, the earliest known example being the Diatesseron by Tatian
Tatian
Tatian the Assyrian was an Assyrian early Christian writer and theologian of the 2nd century.Tatian's most influential work is the Diatessaron, a Biblical paraphrase, or "harmony", of the four gospels that became the standard text of the four gospels in the Syriac-speaking churches until the...

 in the 2nd century
Christianity in the 2nd century
The 2nd century of Christianity was largely the time of the Apostolic Fathers who were the students of the apostles of Jesus, though there is some overlap as John the Apostle may have survived into the 2nd century and the early Apostolic Father Clement of Rome is said to have died at the end of the...

. A gospel harmony may also establish a chronology for the events
Chronology of Jesus
The chronology of Jesus aims to establish a historical order for some of the events of the life of Jesus in the four canonical gospels. The Christian gospels were primarily written as theological documents rather than historical chronicles and their authors showed little interest in an absolute...

 of the life of Jesus
Ministry of Jesus
In the Christian gospels, the Ministry of Jesus begins with his Baptism in the countryside of Judea, near the River Jordan and ends in Jerusalem, following the Last Supper with his disciples. The Gospel of Luke states that Jesus was "about 30 years of age" at the start of his ministry...

 depicted in the four canonical gospels and how they relate to each other. Under modern scholarship, the effort has waned to portray any one harmony of events as totally correct. The process can also be hindered by discrepancies between various Gospels accounts of certain events.

The unique material of each gospel complicates the discernment of one, harmonized chronology. However, some consider the unique material crucial to narrowing down the possible chronological order. Some scholars have questioned the historicity of events in the canonical gospels.

Approaches to harmony


The terms harmony and synopsis have been used to refer to approaches that aim to achieve Gospel harmony, although they are different approaches. Technically, a "harmony" weaves together sections of scripture into a narrative, merging the four Gospels. There are four main types of harmony: radical, synthetic, sequential and parallel. A "synopsis", much like a parallel harmony focuses on key events and brings together similar texts or accounts in parallel format, usually in columns.


Tatian
Tatian
Tatian the Assyrian was an Assyrian early Christian writer and theologian of the 2nd century.Tatian's most influential work is the Diatessaron, a Biblical paraphrase, or "harmony", of the four gospels that became the standard text of the four gospels in the Syriac-speaking churches until the...

's Diatesseron harmony which dates to about 160AD was perhaps the very first harmony. In the 3rd century the Christian Ammonius of Alexandria
Ammonius of Alexandria (Christian)
Ammonius of Alexandria was a Christian philosopher who lived in the 3rd century. He is not to be confused with Ammonius Saccas, the Neoplatonist philosopher, also from Alexandria....

 developed the forerunner of modern synopsis as the Ammonian Sections
Ammonian Sections
Eusebian canons or Eusebian sections, also known as Ammonian Sections, are the system of dividing the four Gospels used between late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. The divisions into chapters and verses used in modern texts date only from the 13th and 16th centuries, respectively...

 in which he started with the text of Matthew and copied along parallel events. In the 5th century, Saint Augustine wrote extensively on the subject in his book Harmony of the Gospels
Harmony of the Gospels (Augustine)
The Harmony of the Gospels is a book by the 5th century saint, Augustine of Hippo.In the book Augustine assumes that Matthew was the first Gospel, followed by Mark and that John was the last...

. No other major Gospel harmonies appeared thereafter until the 15th century.

The 16th century witnessed a major increase in the introduction of Gospel harmonies. In this period the parallel column structure was introduced, partly in response to the rise in Biblical criticism. This new format was used to emphasize the trustworthiness of the Gospels. It is not clear who produced the very first parallel harmony, but Charles Dumoulin
Charles Dumoulin
-Life:He was born in Paris. He began practice as an advocate before the parlement of Paris. Dumoulin turned Calvinist, and when the persecution of the Protestants began he went to Germany, where for a long time he taught law at Strasbourg, Besançon and elsewhere. He returned to France in 1557...

 in 1565 and Gerhard Mercator in 1569 had used similar approaches. In terms of content and quality, Johann Jacob Griesbach's 1776 synopsis was a notable example.

In the 19th century, other "extract and merge" attempts were made, which were not technical harmonies, e.g. the 1819 Jefferson Bible
Jefferson Bible
The Jefferson Bible, or The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth as it is formally titled, was Thomas Jefferson's effort to extract the doctrine of Jesus by removing sections of the New Testament containing supernatural aspects as well as perceived misinterpretations he believed had been added by...

 which placed selected verses in chronological order, but removed large sections of text that Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson was the principal author of the United States Declaration of Independence and the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom , the third President of the United States and founder of the University of Virginia...

 considered too supernatural.

W. G. Rushbrooke's 1880 Synopticon is at times considered a turning point in the history of the synopsis, for it was based on Markan priority
Markan priority
Markan priority is the hypothesis that the Gospel of Mark was the first written of the three Synoptic Gospels, and that the two other synoptic evangelists, Matthew and Luke, used Mark's Gospel as one of their sources. The theory of Markan priority is today accepted by the majority of New Testament...

, i.e. giving priority to the Gospel of Mark. Thirteen years later, John Broadus used historical accounts to assign priorities in his harmony, while previous approaches had used feasts as the major milestones for dividing the life of Christ.

Two separate books, both titled Synopsis of the Four Gospels, one by Kurt Aland
Kurt Aland
Kurt Aland was a German Theologian and Professor of New Testament Research and Church History. He founded the Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung in Münster and served as its first director for many years...

 and the other by John Bernard Orchard, are considered by some to be the standard texts in the field of Gospel harmony since the 20th century. In 2006, Gregg Zegarelli published a harmony with an extensive numbering reference system to track the harmonization process.

A parallel harmony presentation

For a visual representation of the events, please see: Gospel harmony gallery


The following table, mainly events for which there is also a Wikipedia article, is an example of a parallel harmony, based on the list of key episodes in the Canonical Gospels. The order of events, especially during the ministry period, has been the subject of speculation and scholarly debate. While this harmony compares the work of several scholars, other harmonies may differ substantially on the placement of some events. The episode structure within the table is based on Edward Robinson's A Harmony of the Gospels in Greek as well as Steven L. Cox and Kendell H Easley's Harmony of the Gospels.

Number Event Type Matthew Mark Luke John
1 Pre-existence of Christ
Pre-existence of Christ
The pre-existence of Christ refers to the doctrine of the ontological or personal existence of Christ before his conception. One of the relevant Bible passages is where, in the Trinitarian view, Christ is identified with a pre-existent divine hypostasis called the Logos or Word...

miscellaneous
2 Genealogy of Jesus
Genealogy of Jesus
The genealogy of Jesus is described in two passages of the Gospels: Luke 3:23–38 and Matthew 1:1–17.* Matthew's genealogy commences with Abraham and then from King David's son Solomon follows the legal line of the kings through Jeconiah, the king whose descendants were cursed, to Joseph, legal...

nativity
3 Birth of John the Baptist nativity
4 Annunciation
Annunciation
The Annunciation, also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary or Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to Virgin Mary, that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus the Son of God. Gabriel told Mary to name her...

nativity
5 Visitation of Mary nativity
6 Birth of Jesus nativity
7 Annunciation to the shepherds
Annunciation to the shepherds
The Annunciation to the shepherds is an episode in the Nativity of Jesus described in the Bible in Luke 2, in which angels tell a group of shepherds about the birth of Jesus...

nativity
8 Adoration of the shepherds
Adoration of the shepherds
The Adoration of the shepherds, in the Nativity of Jesus in art, is a scene in which shepherds are near witnesses to the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem. It is often combined with the Adoration of the Magi, in which case it is typically just referred to by the latter title...

nativity
9 Circumcision of Jesus
Circumcision of Jesus
The Circumcision of Jesus is an event from the life of Jesus of Nazareth according to the Gospel of Luke, which states in verse 2:21 that Jesus was circumcised eight days after his birth...

nativity
10 Infant Jesus at the Temple nativity
11 Star of Bethlehem
Star of Bethlehem
In Christian tradition, the Star of Bethlehem, also called the Christmas Star, revealed the birth of Jesus to the magi, or "wise men", and later led them to Bethlehem. The star appears in the nativity story of the Gospel of Matthew, where magi "from the east" are inspired by the star to travel to...

nativity
12 Adoration of the Magi nativity
13 Flight into Egypt
Flight into Egypt
The flight into Egypt is a biblical event described in the Gospel of Matthew , in which Joseph fled to Egypt with his wife Mary and infant son Jesus after a visit by Magi because they learn that King Herod intends to kill the infants of that area...

nativity
14 Massacre of the Innocents
Massacre of the Innocents
The Massacre of the Innocents is an episode of infanticide by the King of Judea, Herod the Great. According to the Gospel of Matthew Herod orders the execution of all young male children in the village of Bethlehem, so as to avoid the loss of his throne to a newborn King of the Jews whose birth...

nativity
15 Herod the Great
Herod the Great
Herod , also known as Herod the Great , was a Roman client king of Judea. His epithet of "the Great" is widely disputed as he is described as "a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis." He is also known for his colossal building projects in Jerusalem and elsewhere, including his...

's death
miscellaneous
16 Return of young Jesus to Nazareth
Return of young Jesus to Nazareth
The return of young Jesus to Nazareth is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in the Gospel of Luke. It relates the return to Nazareth by St. Joseph and Mary after the birth of Jesus....

youth
17 Finding Jesus in the Temple youth
18 John the Baptist
John the Baptist
John the Baptist was an itinerant preacher and a major religious figure mentioned in the Canonical gospels. He is described in the Gospel of Luke as a relative of Jesus, who led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River...

miscellaneous
19 Ministry of John the Baptist miscellaneous
20 Baptism of Jesus
Baptism of Jesus
The baptism of Jesus marks the beginning of Jesus Christ's public ministry. This event is recorded in the Canonical Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke. In John 1:29-33 rather than a direct narrative, the Baptist bears witness to the episode...

miscellaneous
21 Temptation of Jesus miscellaneous
22 Marriage at Cana
Marriage at Cana
In Christianity, the transformation of water into wine at the Marriage at Cana or Wedding at Cana is the first miracle of Jesus in the Gospel of John....

miracle
23 First Temple Cleansing ministry
24 Jesus & Nicodemus
Nicodemus
Saint Nicodemus was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, who, according to the Gospel of John, showed favour to Jesus...

ministry
25 Return of Jesus to Galilee
Return of Jesus to Galilee
The Return of Jesus to Galilee is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in three of the Canonical Gospels: , and . It relates the return of Jesus to Galillee upon the imprisonment of John the Baptist.According to the Gospel of John:...

ministry
26 Exorcism at the Synagogue in Capernaum
Exorcism at the Synagogue in Capernaum
The Exorcism at the Synagogue in Capernaum is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels, i.e. Mark 1:21-28 and Luke 4:31-37.According to the Gospels, on the Sabbath Jesus and his disciples went to Capernaum, and Jesus began to teach. People were amazed at his teaching, because he taught them as...

miracle
27 The Growing Seed parable
28 Hometown rejection of Jesus ministry
29 First disciples of Jesus
First disciples of Jesus
The call of the First disciples of Jesus is a key episode in the life of Jesus in the New Testament. It appears in , and on the Sea of Galilee. reports the first encounter with two of the disciples a little earlier in the presence of John the Baptist...

ministry
30 Miraculous draught of fishes miracle
31 Beatitudes
Beatitudes
In Christianity, the Beatitudes are a set of teachings by Jesus that appear in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. The term Beatitude comes from the Latin adjective beatus which means happy, fortunate, or blissful....

sermon
32 Young Man from Nain miracle
33 The Two Debtors
The Two Debtors
The Parable of the Two Debtors is a parable of Jesus. It appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament. According to Luke Jesus uses the story of two debtors to explain that a woman loves him more than his host, because she has been forgiven of greater sins. This parable is...

parable
34 The Lamp under a Bushel parable
35 Expounding of the Law
Expounding of the Law
The Expounding of the Law is a highly structured part of the Sermon on the Mount in the New Testament...

sermon
36 Seventy Disciples
Seventy Disciples
The seventy disciples or seventy-two disciples were early followers of Jesus mentioned in the Gospel of Luke . According to Luke, the only gospel in which they appear, Jesus appointed them and sent them out in pairs on a specific mission which is detailed in the text...

ministry
37 Discourse on ostentation sermon
38 Parable of the Good Samaritan
Parable of the Good Samaritan
The parable of the Good Samaritan is a parable told by Jesus and is mentioned in only one of the Canonical gospels. According to the Gospel of Luke a traveller is beaten, robbed, and left half dead along the road. First a priest and then a Levite come by, but both avoid the man. Finally, a...

parable
39 Jesus at the home of Martha and Mary
Jesus at the home of Martha and Mary
Jesus at the home of Martha and Mary is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears only in the Gospel of Luke, after the Parable of the Good Samaritan:.According to the Gospel of Luke:...

ministry
40 The Lord's Prayer ministry
41 The Friend at Night
The Friend at Night
The Parable of the Friend at Night , is a parable of Jesus, which appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament. According to the Luke , a friend eventually agrees to help his neighbor due to his persistent demands.This parable demonstrates the need to pray and never give up...

parable
42 The Rich Fool
The Rich Fool
The Parable of the Rich Fool is a parable of Jesus which appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament. According to Luke , the parable reflects the foolishness of attaching too much importance to wealth....

parable
43 Samaritan Woman at the Well
Samaritan Woman at the Well
The Samaritan woman at the well is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears only in the Gospel of John, in . In Eastern Orthodox Church tradition, she is known as Photina.According to the John 4:...

ministry
44 The Birds of Heaven
The Birds of Heaven
The Birds of Heaven" was given by Jesus in the New Testament books of . It was considered important to the ancient Gnostics.From Matthew 6:24–33 : From :...

ministry
45 Discourse on judging sermon
46 Discourse on holiness sermon
47 The Test of a Good Person
The Test of a Good Person
The Parable of the Tree and its Fruits is a parable of Jesus about testing a person. Similar passages appear in the New Testament in Matthew and Luke....

sermon
48 The Wise and the Foolish Builders
The Wise and the Foolish Builders
The Parable of the Wise and the Foolish Builders, , is one of the well known parables of Jesus. It appears in two of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament...

parable
49 Cleansing a leper miracle
50 The Centurion's Servant miracle
51 Healing the mother of Peter's wife
Healing the mother of Peter's wife
Healing the mother of Peter's wife is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels, namely in Mark 1:29-31, Luke 4:38-41 and Matthew 8:14-15.In the Gospels of Mark and Luke this episode takes place after the exorcism at the Synagogue in Capernaum. Jesus goes to Apostle Peter's house. There he sees...

miracle
52 Exorcising at sunset miracle
53 Calming the storm
Calming the storm
thumb|240px|[[The Storm on the Sea of Galilee]] by [[Rembrandt]], 1632.Calming the storm is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels, namely in Mark 4:35-41, Luke 8:22-25 and Matthew 8:23-27....

miracle
54 Gerasenes demonic miracle
55 Paralytic at Capernaum miracle
56 Calling of Matthew
Calling of Matthew
The Calling of Matthew is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels, , and and relates the initial encounter between Jesus and St. Matthew.According to the Gospel of Matthew:...

ministry
57 New Wine into Old Wineskins
New Wine into Old Wineskins
New Wine into Old Wineskins is one of a pair of parables told by Jesus in the New Testament, found in Matthew , Mark , and Luke . A version of the parables also appears in the Gnostic Gospel of Thomas .-Passage:...

parable
58 Daughter of Jairus
Daughter of Jairus
The record of the daughter of Jairus is a combination of miracles of Jesus in the Gospels .The story immediately follows the exorcism at Gerasa. Jairus, a patron of the synagogue, asks Jesus to heal his dying daughter. However, according to Matthew, his daughter is already dead, not dying...

miracle
59 The Bleeding Woman miracle
60 Two Blind Men at Galilee miracle
61 Exorcising a mute miracle
62 Commissioning the twelve Apostles
Commissioning the twelve Apostles
Commissioning the twelve Apostles is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels: , and but not in the Canonical Gospel of John. It relates the initial selection of the twelve Apostles among the disciples of Jesus....

ministry
63 But to bring a sword
But to bring a sword
"I come not to bring peace, but to bring a sword" , part of the Lesser Commission, is one of the controversial statements reported of Jesus in the Bible. The saying has been interpreted in several ways...

ministry
64 Messengers from John the Baptist
Messengers from John the Baptist
The Messengers from John the Baptist is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in and .In the New Testament this episode takes place after the Baptism of Jesus when John the Baptist is in prison and hears of the works performed by Jesus...

ministry
65 Paralytic at Bethesda miracle
66 Lord of the Sabbath
Lord of the Sabbath
The Lord of the Sabbath is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels, , and . It relates an encounter between Jesus, his Apostles and the Pharisees and is the first of the "four Sabbath controversies"....

ministry
67 Man with withered Hand miracle
68 The Lord's Prayer ministry
69 Exorcising the blind and mute man
Exorcising the blind and mute man
Exorcising the blind and mute man is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels, i.e. Matthew 12:22-32, Luke 11:14-23 and Mark 3:20-30.According to the Gospels, Jesus healed a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute, so that he could both talk and see...

miracle
70 Parable of the strong man
Parable of the strong man
The Parable of the strong man is a parable told by Jesus in the New Testament, found in Matthew , Mark , and Luke...

parable
71 Eternal sin
Eternal sin
Eternal sins or unforgivable sins or unpardonable sins, are a concept in Christian theology of sins which cannot or will not be forgiven, whereby salvation becomes impossible...

ministry
72 Jesus' True Relatives
Jesus' True Relatives
The saying of Jesus concerning his true relatives is found in the Canonical gospels of Mark and Matthew.-In the Bible:From : There came then his brethren and his mother, and, standing without, sent unto him, calling him....

ministry
73 Parable of the Sower
Parable of the Sower
The Parable of the Sower is one of the parables of Jesus found in three out of the four Canonical gospels and in the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas In this story, a sower dropped seed on the path, on rocky ground, and among thorns, and the seed was lost; but when seed fell on good earth, it...

parable
74 The Birds of Heaven
The Birds of Heaven
The Birds of Heaven" was given by Jesus in the New Testament books of . It was considered important to the ancient Gnostics.From Matthew 6:24–33 : From :...

ministry
75 The Tares parable
76 The Barren Fig Tree parable
77 An Infirm Woman miracle
78 Parable of the Mustard Seed
Parable of the Mustard Seed
The Parable of the Mustard Seed is one of the shorter parables of Jesus. It appears in three of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament. The differences between Gospels of Matthew , Mark , and Luke , are minor...

parable
79 The Leaven parable
80 Parable of the Pearl
Parable of the Pearl
The Parable of the Pearl is a parable of Jesus. It appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament...

parable
81 Drawing in the Net parable
82 The Hidden Treasure parable
83 Rejection of Jesus
Rejection of Jesus
The Canonical Gospels of the New Testament include some accounts of the rejection of Jesus in the course of his ministry. Judaism's view of Jesus, Jesus in Islam, and the view of the Historical Jesus all differ from Christian views of Jesus.-Hometown rejection:...

ministry
84 Beheading of St. John the Baptist
Beheading of St. John the Baptist
The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist is a holy day observed by various Christian churches which follow liturgical traditions...

ministry
85 Feeding the 5000 miracle
86 Walking on water
Walking on water
Jesus' walks on water, or Jesus walking on water, is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels. Accounts of the miracle appear in three Gospels: Matthew 14:22-33, Mark 6:45-52 and...

miracle
87 Healing in Gennesaret miracle
88 Discourse on Defilement
Discourse on Defilement
The Discourse on Defilement is an episode in the life of Jesus in the New Testament. It appears in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark ....

sermon
89 Canaanite woman's daughter miracle
90 Deaf mute of Decapolis miracle
91 Feeding the 4000 miracle
92 Blind Man of Bethsaida miracle
93 Confession of Peter ministry
94 Transfiguration of Jesus
Transfiguration of Jesus
The Transfiguration of Jesus is an event reported in the New Testament in which Jesus is transfigured and becomes radiant upon a mountain. The Synoptic Gospels describe it, and 2 Peter 1:16-18 refers to it....

miracle
95 Boy possessed by a demon miracle
96 Coin in the fish's mouth
Coin in the fish's mouth
Coin in the fish's mouth is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels .According to the Gospel, after Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum, the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Apostle Peter and asked, "Doesn't your teacher pay the temple tax?" And Peter replied: "Yes, he...

miracle
97 Bread of Life Discourse
Bread of Life Discourse
The Bread of Life Discourse is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in the Gospel of John 6:22-59.The title Bread of Life for Jesus is based on this Biblical episode which takes place in the Gospel of John shortly after the Feeding the multitude episode after which the crowds follow...

sermon
98 The Little Children
The Little Children
The Little Children was a saying given by Jesus in the New Testament.From Matthew 18:1-6 Another saying referencing small children can be found in the Gospel of Thomas. The two passages are different in tone. However, both start by comparing those who enter the Kingdom of Heaven to children, and...

ministry
99 Man with dropsy miracle
100 Counting the Cost
Counting the cost
Counting the cost is a name often given to a pair of parables told by Jesus in the New Testament, and found in Luke . The name comes from the phrase "count the cost" which occurs in the King James Version of the passage, as well as some other versions....

parable
101 The Lost Sheep parable
102 The Unforgiving Servant parable
103 The Little Children
The Little Children
The Little Children was a saying given by Jesus in the New Testament.From Matthew 18:1-6 Another saying referencing small children can be found in the Gospel of Thomas. The two passages are different in tone. However, both start by comparing those who enter the Kingdom of Heaven to children, and...

ministry
104 The Lost Coin parable
105 Parable of the Prodigal Son
Parable of the Prodigal Son
The Prodigal Son, also known as the Lost Son and the Prodigal Father, is one of the parables of Jesus. It appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament. According to the Gospel of Luke a father extravagantly gives his sons their inheritance before he dies...

parable
106 The Unjust Steward
The Unjust Steward
The Parable of the Unjust Steward is a parable of Jesus which appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament...

parable
107 Rich man and Lazarus parable
108 The Master and Servant
The Master and Servant
The Parable of the Master and Servant is a parable told by Jesus in the New Testament, found in Luke . The parable teaches that when somebody "has done what God expects, he or she is only doing his or her duty."- Narrative :The parable is as follows:...

parable
109 Cleansing ten lepers
Cleansing ten lepers
Christ cleansing ten lepers is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels .According to the Gospel, on his way to Jerusalem, Jesus traveled along the border between Samaria and Galilee. As he was going into a village, ten men who had leprosy met him...

miracle
110 The Unjust Judge
The Unjust Judge
The Parable of the Unjust Judge , is one of the parables of Jesus which appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament...

parable
111 Pharisees and the Publican parable
112 Jesus and the rich young man
Jesus and the rich young man
Jesus and the rich young man is an episode in the life of Jesus in the New Testament that deals with eternal life. It appears in the Gospel of Matthew , the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Luke ....

ministry
113 Jesus and the woman taken in adultery ministry
114 The Workers in the Vineyard parable
115 Jesus predicts his death
Jesus predicts his death
Jesus predicts his death three times in the New Testament, the first two occasions building up to the final prediction of his crucifixion. The final prediction episode appears in all three Synoptic Gospels, in the Gospel of Matthew , the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Luke...

ministry
116 The Blind at Birth miracle
117 Son of man came to serve
Son of man came to serve
Son of man came to serve refers to a specific episode in the New Testament.In the Gospel of Matthew , and the Gospel of Mark Jesus explains that he "came as Son of man to give his life as ransom".The ransom paid by the Son of man is an element of a common doctrine of atonement in Christianity.In...

ministry
118 The Good Shepherd
Good Shepherd
Good Shepherd may refer to:In Christianity:* The Good Shepherd , pericope found in John 10:1-21, and a popular image in which the Good Shepherd represents Jesus...

ministry
119 Blind near Jericho miracle
120 Raising of Lazarus
Raising of Lazarus
The Raising of Lazarus or the Resurrection of Lazarus is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels in which Jesus brings Lazarus of Bethany back to life four days after his burial....

miracle
121 Jesus and Zacchaeus ministry
122 Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday is a Christian moveable feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter. The feast commemorates Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem, an event mentioned in all four Canonical Gospels. ....

ministry
123 Second Temple Cleansing ministry
124 Cursing the fig tree
Cursing the fig tree
Cursing the fig tree is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels. It is included in the gospels of Mark and Matthew, but not in Luke or John...

miracle
125 Authority of Jesus Questioned
Authority of Jesus Questioned
The Authority of Jesus Questioned is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels: , and .According to the Gospel of Matthew:...

ministry
126 The Two Sons
The Two Sons
The Parable of the Two Sons is a parable told by Jesus in the New Testament, found in Matthew . It contrasts the tax collectors and prostitutes who accepted the message taught by John the Baptist with the "religious" people who did not.- Narrative :...

parable
127 The Wicked Husbandmen
The Wicked Husbandmen
The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen is a parable of Jesus found in three of the four Canonical gospels , and in the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas...

parable
128 The Great Banquet parable
129 Render unto Caesar...
Render unto Caesar...
"Render unto Caesar…" is the beginning of a phrase attributed to Jesus in the synoptic gospels, which reads in full, "Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's" ....

ministry
130 Woes of the Pharisees
Woes of the Pharisees
The Woes of the Pharisees is a list of criticisms by Jesus against Scribes and Pharisees and Lawyers that is present in the Gospel of Luke and Gospel of Matthew...

ministry
131 Widow's mite sermon
132 Second Coming Prophecy
Second Coming Prophecy
The Second Coming Prophecy is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels: , and . In this episode Jesus explains to his Apostles the concept of his return from Heaven. This episode forms the basis for the Christian belief in the Second Coming of Christ.According to...

ministry
133 The Budding Fig Tree parable
134 The Faithful Servant parable
135 The Ten Virgins parable
136 The Talents or Minas parable
137 The Sheep and the Goats
The Sheep and the Goats
The Sheep and the Goats or "The Judgment of the Nations" was a discourse of Jesus recorded in the New Testament. It is sometimes characterized as a parable, although unlike most parables it does not purport to relate a story of events happening to other characters.One explanation is that it tells...

parable
138 Anointing of Jesus
Anointing of Jesus
The anointing of Jesus is an event reported by each of the Canonical gospels, in which a woman pours the entire contents of an alabastron of very expensive perfume over the head or feet of Jesus....

ministry
139 Bargain of Judas
Bargain of Judas
The Bargain of Judas is a biblical episode related to the life of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels, , and . It relates how Judas Iscariot made a bargain with the chief Jewish priests to betray Jesus....

miscellaneous
140 The Grain of Wheat
The Grain of Wheat
Parable of the Grain of Wheat is an allegory on resurrection given by Jesus in the New Testament .- Narrative :From John 12:24-26...

ministry
141 Last Supper
Last Supper
The Last Supper is the final meal that, according to Christian belief, Jesus shared with his Twelve Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion. The Last Supper provides the scriptural basis for the Eucharist, also known as "communion" or "the Lord's Supper".The First Epistle to the Corinthians is...

ministry
142 Promising a Paraclete
Paraclete
Paraclete means advocate or helper. In Christianity, the term most commonly refers to the Holy Spirit.-Etymology:...

ministry
143 Gethsemane
Gethsemane
Gethsemane is a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem most famous as the place where, according to Biblical texts, Jesus and his disciples are said to have prayed the night before Jesus' crucifixion.- Etymology :...

miscellaneous
144 The kiss of Judas
The Kiss of Judas
According to the Synoptic Gospels, Judas identified Jesus to the soldiers by means of a kiss. This is the kiss of Judas, also known as the Betrayal of Christ, which occurs in the Garden of Gethsemane after the Last Supper, and leads directly to the arrest of Jesus by the police force of the...

passion
145 Healing the ear of a servant
Healing the ear of a servant
Healing the ear of a servant is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels.The Gospel of Luke describes Jesus healing the ear of the servant of a high priest during the Arrest of Jesus after one the followers of Jesus had cut it off:...

miracle
146 Arrest of Jesus
Arrest of Jesus
The arrest of Jesus is a pivotal event recorded in the Canonical gospels. The event ultimately leads, in the Gospel accounts, to Jesus' crucifixion...

passion
147 Sanhedrin Trial of Jesus
Sanhedrin Trial of Jesus
The Sanhedrin trial of Jesus refers to the Canonical Gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus before the Jewish Council, or Sanhedrin, following his arrest and prior to his trial before Pontius Pilate...

passion
148 Blood curse
Blood curse
The blood curse is a New Testament passage from the verse .- Versions of the scriptural quotation :* Ιδων δε ο Πιλατος οτι ουδεν ωφελει αλλα μαλλον θορυβος γινεται, λαβων υδωρ απενιψατο τας χειρας απεναντι του οχλου, λεγων αθωος ειμι απο του αιματος του δικαιου τουτου; υμεις οψεσθε. Και αποκριθεις...

passion
149 Crucifixion of Jesus
Crucifixion of Jesus
The crucifixion of Jesus and his ensuing death is an event that occurred during the 1st century AD. Jesus, who Christians believe is the Son of God as well as the Messiah, was arrested, tried, and sentenced by Pontius Pilate to be scourged, and finally executed on a cross...

passion
150 Myrrhbearers
Myrrhbearers
In Eastern Orthodoxy the Myrrhbearers are the individuals mentioned in the New Testament who were directly involved in the burial or who discovered the empty tomb following the resurrection of Jesus...

resurrection appearance
151 Empty tomb
Empty tomb
Empty tomb most often refers to the tomb of Jesus which was found to be empty by the women who were present at Jesus’ crucifixion. They had come to his tomb to anoint his body with spices...

resurrection appearance
152 Resurrection of Jesus
Resurrection of Jesus
The Christian belief in the resurrection of Jesus states that Jesus returned to bodily life on the third day following his death by crucifixion. It is a key element of Christian faith and theology and part of the Nicene Creed: "On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures"...

resurrection appearance
153 Noli me tangere
Noli me tangere
Noli me tangere, meaning "don't touch me" / "touch me not", is the Latin version of words spoken, according to , by Jesus to Mary Magdalene when she recognizes him after his resurrection....

resurrection appearance
154 Road to Emmaus appearance
Road to Emmaus appearance
The Road to Emmaus appearance refers to one of the early resurrection appearances of Jesus after his crucifixion and the discovery of the empty tomb...

resurrection appearance
155 Resurrected Jesus appears to Apostles resurrection appearance
156 Great Commission
Great Commission
The Great Commission, in Christian tradition, is the instruction of the resurrected Jesus Christ to his disciples, that they spread his teachings to all the nations of the world. It has become a tenet in Christian theology emphasizing missionary work, evangelism, and baptism...

resurrection appearance
157 Doubting Thomas
Doubting Thomas
A Doubting Thomas is someone who will refuse to believe something without direct, physical, personal evidence; a skeptic.-Origin:The term is based on the Biblical account of Thomas the Apostle, a disciple of Jesus who doubted Jesus' resurrection and demanded to feel Jesus' wounds before being...

resurrection appearance
158 Catch of 153 fish
Catch of 153 fish
The miraculous catch of fish is either of two miracles attributed to Jesus in the early Christian canonical literature known as the Gospels. The miracles are reported as taking place years apart from each other, but in both miracles apostles are fishing unsuccessfully in the Sea of Galilee when...

miracle
159 Ascension of Jesus resurrection appearance

See also

  • Chronology of Jesus
    Chronology of Jesus
    The chronology of Jesus aims to establish a historical order for some of the events of the life of Jesus in the four canonical gospels. The Christian gospels were primarily written as theological documents rather than historical chronicles and their authors showed little interest in an absolute...

  • Life of Christ
    Life of Christ
    The Life of Christ as a narrative cycle in Christian art comprises a number of different subjects, which were often grouped in series or cycles of works in a variety of media, narrating the life of Jesus on earth, as distinguished from the many other subjects in art showing the eternal life of...

  • List of key episodes in the Canonical Gospels
  • List of New Testament stories
  • Ministry of Jesus
    Ministry of Jesus
    In the Christian gospels, the Ministry of Jesus begins with his Baptism in the countryside of Judea, near the River Jordan and ends in Jerusalem, following the Last Supper with his disciples. The Gospel of Luke states that Jesus was "about 30 years of age" at the start of his ministry...

  • Timeline of the Bible

External links