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Gloria Duffy

Gloria Duffy

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Gloria Charmian Duffy is a former US defense official and a non-profit executive. Currently she is the President and CEO of the Commonwealth Club of California
Commonwealth Club of California
The Commonwealth Club of California is a non-profit, non-partisan educational organization based in Northern California. Founded in 1903, it is the oldest and largest public affairs forum in the United States...

, the oldest and largest public affairs forum in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

.

Dismantling WMD in the Former Soviet Union


She served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, under Defense Secretaries Les Aspin
Les Aspin
Leslie "Les" Aspin, Jr. was a United States Representative from 1971 to 1993, and the United States Secretary of Defense under President Bill Clinton from January 21, 1993 to February 3, 1994.-Early life:...

 and William Perry
William Perry
William James Perry is an American businessman and engineer who was the United States Secretary of Defense from February 3, 1994, to January 23, 1997, under President Bill Clinton...

, in the Clinton Administration, and was responsible for negotiating the dismantlement and destruction of weapons of mass destruction
Weapons of mass destruction
A weapon of mass destruction is a weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans and/or cause great damage to man-made structures , natural structures , or the biosphere in general...

 in Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, Ukraine
Ukraine
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

, Belarus
Belarus
Belarus , officially the Republic of Belarus, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered clockwise by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital is Minsk; other major cities include Brest, Grodno , Gomel ,...

 and Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan , officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of is greater than Western Europe...

. She was involved in negotiating over 50 agreements with these countries for dismantling and disposal of their weapons of mass destruction, and received the Secretary of Defense Award for Outstanding Public Service in 1995.

Creation and Growth of The Civilian Research and Development Foundation


In 1995, while at the Defense Department, Duffy responded to a request from the White House to fund a newly created organization, the Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF Global), providing the initial $10 million for its budget from Defense Department funds. Its creation, through the U.S. National Science Foundation, was mandated by the U.S. Congress, led by the late House Science and Technology Committee Chairman George Brown. The initial purpose was to provide employment on civilian scientific research to former Soviet WMD scientists who were unemployed or underemployed, and whose skills might be in demand by countries or groups seeking to obtain weapons of mass destruction.

After leaving the U.S. government, Duffy served on, then chaired, the Board of Directors of the CRDF. She served on the Board from 1996–2009, and chaired the Board for ten years, from 1998 until 2008. During this time, the organization grew to raise and spend nearly $300 million in government and private funds, and expanded its operations worldwide. Currently, CRDF is a major funder for collaborative scientific research between American scientists and colleagues in other countries. It provides alternative employment for weapons scientists, promotes scientific collaboration on global problems like HIV/AIDS and tuburculosis, helps emerging countries to develop science and technology based economies, and helps the U.S. form scientific links in other countries.

Ploughshares Fund


In 1982, Duffy become the first Executive Director of a start-up organisation, Ploughshares Fund
Ploughshares Fund
The Ploughshares Fund is a public grantmaking foundation that supports initiatives to prevent the spread and use of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and other weapons of war, and to prevent conflicts that could lead to the use of weapons of mass destruction. Ploughshares is a 501...

, a public foundation initiated by San Francisco philanthropist Sally Lilienthal. Ploughshares Fund provides grants to individuals and institutions working to diminish the threats of nuclear war and nuclear proliferation. She served as Executive Director from 1982–1984, and today serves on the Ploughshares Fund Board of Directors.

Additional Boards of Directors and Advisory Boards


Duffy has served on numerous Boards of Directors and Advisory Boards of organizations nationally and locally in the Bay Area. These include the Boards of Directors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in Chicago and Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility
Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility
Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility is a global organization promoting the responsible use of computer technology. in 1983 . It educates policymakers and the public on a wide range of issues...

 in Palo Alto, California. She chaired the Board of the Friends of the Guadalupe River Park and Gardens, in San Jose, California and served on the Board of Directors of Los Gatos Community Hospital. She serves on the Board of Trustees of Occidental College
Occidental College
Occidental College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college located in the Eagle Rock neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1887, Occidental College, or "Oxy" as it is called by students and alumni, is one of the oldest liberal arts colleges on the West Coast...

 in Los Angeles, and has served on its Executive Committee and chaired the College's Academic Affairs Committee. She served on the Board of Trustees and the Executive Committee of Dominican University of California
Dominican University of California
Dominican University of California is a four year, accredited, private, Catholic-heritage, and co-educational institution located in San Rafael, California. Founded in 1890 as Dominican College, Dominican is one of the oldest universities in California. The U.S. News and World Report ranks...

, in San Rafael, California.

She also serves on the International Advisory Board of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University
Stanford University
The Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly referred to as Stanford University or Stanford, is a private research university on an campus located near Palo Alto, California. It is situated in the northwestern Santa Clara Valley on the San Francisco Peninsula, approximately northwest of San...

 and the International Advisory Board of the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Montery Institute of International Studies. She has served on the Arms Control and International Security Committee of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Association for the Advancement of Science
The American Association for the Advancement of Science is an international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the...

.

Education


She holds a doctorate, an M. Phil and an M.A. in Political Science
Political science
Political Science is a social science discipline concerned with the study of the state, government and politics. Aristotle defined it as the study of the state. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics, and the analysis of political systems and political behavior...

, from Columbia University
Columbia University
Columbia University in the City of New York is a private, Ivy League university in Manhattan, New York City. Columbia is the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York, the fifth oldest in the United States, and one of the country's nine Colonial Colleges founded before the...

, and an A.B. magna cum laude from Occidental College. She was awarded a Doctor of Humane Letters honoris causa from the University of San Francisco in 2006.

Writing


Duffy is the author or editor of a number of books and articles, including Blacker and Duffy, International Arms Control Issues and Agreements, Stanford University Press, 1984 and Duffy, et. al. Compliance and the Future of Arms Control, Ballinger, 1988. She writes a column, InSight, for The Commonwealth magazine, as well as op-ed pieces for the Huffington Post, The San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle
thumb|right|upright|The Chronicle Building following the [[1906 San Francisco earthquake|1906 earthquake]] and fireThe San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, but distributed throughout Northern and Central California,...

and other publications.