Global Gender Gap Report

Global Gender Gap Report

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The Global Gender Gap Report was first published in 2006 by the World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
The World Economic Forum is a Swiss non-profit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, best known for its annual meeting in Davos, a mountain resort in Graubünden, in the eastern Alps region of Switzerland....

. The 2010 report covers 134 major and emerging economies.

The Report’s Gender Gap Index ranks countries according to their gender gaps and their scores can be interpreted as the percentage of the inequality between women and men that has been closed. Information about gender imbalances to the advantage of women is explicitly prevented from affecting the score. The three highest ranking countries have closed a little over 80% of their gender gaps, while the lowest ranking country has closed only a little over 45% of its gender gap. It “assesses countries on how well they are dividing their resources and opportunities among their male and female populations, regardless of the overall levels of these resources and opportunities,” the Report says. “By providing a comprehensible framework for assessing and comparing global gender gaps and by revealing those countries that are role models in dividing these resources equitably between women and men, the Report serves as a catalyst for greater awareness as well as greater exchange between policymakers.”

The Report examines four critical areas of inequality between men and women in 130 economies around the globe, over 92% of the world’s population:
  • 1. Economic participation and opportunity – outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment

  • 2. Educational attainment – outcomes on access to basic and higher level education

  • 3. Political empowerment – outcomes on representation in decision-making structures

  • 4. Health and survival – outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratio


  • Thirteen out of the 14 variables used to create the Index are from publicly available “hard data” indicators from international organizations, such as the International Labour Organization
    International Labour Organization
    The International Labour Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues pertaining to international labour standards. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. Its secretariat — the people who are employed by it throughout the world — is known as the...

    , the United Nations Development Programme
    United Nations Development Programme
    The United Nations Development Programme is the United Nations' global development network. It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. UNDP operates in 177 countries, working with nations on their own solutions to...

     and the World Health Organization
    World Health Organization
    The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April 1948, with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health...

    .

    Global Gender Gap Index rankings


    The table is initially sorted according to the 2011 ranking. The highest possible score is 1 (equality) and the lowest possible score is 0 (inequality). Data for some countries is unavailable.
    Rank Country 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
    1  Iceland 0.7813 0.7836 0.7999 0.8276 0.8496 0.8530
    2  Norway 0.7994 0.8059 0.8239 0.8227 0.8404 0.8404
    3  Finland 0.7958 0.8044 0.8195 0.8252 0.8260 0.8383
    4  Sweden 0.8133 0.8146 0.8139 0.8139 0.8024 0.8044
    5  Republic of Ireland 0.7335 0.7457 0.7518 0.7597 0.7773 0.7830
    6  New Zealand 0.7509 0.7649 0.7859 0.7880 0.7808 0.7810
    7  Denmark 0.7462 0.7519 0.7538 0.7628 0.7719 0.7778
    8  Philippines 0.7516 0.7629 0.7568 0.7579 0.7654 0.7685
    9  Lesotho 0.6807 0.7078 0.7320 0.7495 0.7678 0.7666
    10  Switzerland 0.6997 0.6924 0.7360 0.7426 0.7562 0.7627
    11  Germany 0.7524 0.7618 0.7394 0.7449 0.7530 0.7590
    12  Spain 0.7319 0.7444 0.7281 0.7345 0.7554 0.7580
    13  Belgium 0.7078 0.7198 0.7163 0.7165 0.7509 0.7531
    14  South Africa 0.7125 0.7194 0.7232 0.7709 0.7535 0.7478
    15  Netherlands 0.7250 0.7383 0.7399 0.7490 0.7444 0.7470
    16  United Kingdom 0.7365 0.7441 0.7366 0.7402 0.7460 0.7462
    17  United States 0.7042 0.7002 0.7179 0.7173 0.7411 0.7412
    18  Canada 0.7165 0.7198 0.7136 0.7196 0.7372 0.7407
    19  Latvia 0.7091 0.7333 0.7397 0.7416 0.7429 0.7399
    20  Cuba n/a 0.7169 0.7195 0.7176 0.7253 0.7394
    21  Trinidad and Tobago 0.6797 0.6859 0.7245 0.7298 0.7353 0.7372
    22  The Bahamas n/a n/a n/a 0.7179 0.7128 0.7340
    23  Australia 0.7163 0.7204 0.7241 0.7282 0.7271 0.7291
    24  Burundi n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.7270
    25  Costa Rica 0.6936 0.7014 0.7111 0.7180 0.7194 0.7266
    26  Mozambique n/a 0.6883 0.7266 0.7195 0.7329 0.7251
    27  Nicaragua 0.6566 0.6458 0.6747 0.7002 0.7176 0.7245
    28  Argentina 0.6829 0.6982 0.7209 0.7211 0.7187 0.7236
    29  Uganda 0.6797 0.6833 0.6981 0.7067 0.7169 0.7220
    30  Luxembourg 0.6671 0.6786 0.6802 0.6889 0.7231 0.7216
    31  Sri Lanka 0.7199 0.7230 0.7371 0.7402 0.7458 0.7212
    32  Namibia 0.6864 0.7012 0.7141 0.7167 0.7238 0.7177
    33  Barbados n/a n/a 0.7188 0.7236 0.7176 0.7170
    34  Austria 0.6986 0.7060 0.7153 0.7031 0.7091 0.7165
    35  Portugal 0.6922 0.6959 0.7051 0.7013 0.7171 0.7144
    36  Mongolia 0.6821 0.6731 0.7049 0.7221 0.7194 0.7140
    37  Lithuania 0.7077 0.7234 0.7222 0.7175 0.7132 0.7131
    38  Guyana n/a n/a n/a 0.7108 0.7090 0.7084
    39  Moldova 0.7128 0.7172 0.7244 0.7104 0.7160 0.7083
    40  Panama 0.6935 0.6954 0.7095 0.7024 0.7072 0.7042
    41  Slovenia 0.6745 0.6842 0.6937 0.6982 0.7047 0.7041
    42  Poland 0.6802 0.6756 0.6951 0.6998 0.7037 0.7038
    43  Russia 0.6770 0.6866 0.6994 0.6987 0.7036 0.7037
    44  Kyrgyzstan 0.6742 0.6653 0.7045 0.7058 0.6973 0.7036
    45  Ecuador 0.6433 0.6881 0.7091 0.7220 0.7072 0.7035
    46  Chile 0.6455 0.6482 0.6818 0.6884 0.7013 0.7030
    47  Jamaica 0.7014 0.6925 0.6980 0.7013 0.7037 0.7028
    48  Early Modern France 0.6520 0.6824 0.7341 0.7331 0.7025 0.7018
    49  Kazakhstan 0.6928 0.6983 0.6976 0.7013 0.7055 0.7010
    50  Independent State of Croatia 0.7145 0.7210 0.6967 0.6944 0.6939 0.7006
    51  Kingdom of Bulgaria 0.6870 0.7085 0.7077 0.7072 0.6983 0.6987
    52  Estonia 0.6944 0.7008 0.7076 0.7094 0.7018 0.6983
    53  Republic of Macedonia 0.6983 0.6967 0.6914 0.6950 0.6996 0.6966
    54  Honduras 0.6483 0.6661 0.6960 0.6893 0.6927 0.6945
    55  Israel 0.6889 0.6965 0.6900 0.7019 0.6957 0.6926
    56  Greece 0.6540 0.6648 0.6727 0.6662 0.6908 0.6916
    57  Singapore 0.6550 0.6609 0.6625 0.6664 0.6914 0.6914
    58  Uruguay 0.6549 0.6608 0.6907 0.6936 0.6897 0.6907
    59  Tanzania 0.7038 0.6969 0.7068 0.6797 0.6829 0.6904
    60  Thailand 0.6831 0.6815 0.6917 0.6907 0.6910 0.6892
    61  Mainland China 0.6561 0.6643 0.6878 0.6907 0.6881 0.6866
    62  Bolivia 0.6335 0.6574 0.6667 0.6693 0.6751 0.6862
    63  Venezuela 0.6664 0.6797 0.6875 0.6839 0.6863 0.6861
    64  Ukraine 0.6797 0.6790 0.6856 0.6896 0.6869 0.6861
    65  Malawi 0.6437 0.6480 0.6664 0.6738 0.6824 0.6850
    66  Botswana 0.6897 0.6797 0.6839 0.7071 0.6876 0.6832
    67  Paraguay 0.6556 0.6659 0.6379 0.6868 0.6804 0.6818
    68  Kingdom of Romania 0.6797 0.6859 0.6763 0.6805 0.6826 0.6812
    69  Bangladesh 0.6270 0.6314 0.6531 0.6526 0.6702 0.6812
    70  Ghana 0.6653 0.6725 0.6679 0.6704 0.6782 0.6811
    71  Madagascar 0.6385 0.6461 0.6736 0.6732 0.6713 0.6797
    72  Slovakia 0.6757 0.6797 0.6824 0.6845 0.6778 0.6797
    73  Peru 0.6619 0.6624 0.6959 0.7024 0.6895 0.6796
    74  Italy 0.6456 0.6498 0.6788 0.6798 0.6765 0.6796
    75  Czech Republic 0.6712 0.6718 0.6770 0.6789 0.6850 0.6789
    76  Brunei n/a n/a 0.6392 0.6524 0.6748 0.6787
    77 0.6448 0.6421 0.6622 0.6752 0.6762 0.6763
    78  Albania 0.6607 0.6685 0.6591 0.6601 0.6726 0.6748
    79  Vietnam n/a 0.6889 0.6778 0.6802 0.6776 0.6732
    80  Colombia 0.7049 0.7090 0.6944 0.6939 0.6927 0.6714
    81  Dominican Republic 0.6639 0.6705 0.6744 0.6859 0.6774 0.6682
    82  Brazil 0.6543 0.6637 0.6737 0.6695 0.6655 0.6679
    83  Malta 0.6518 0.6615 0.6634 0.6635 0.6695 0.6658
    84  Armenia n/a 0.6651 0.6677 0.6619 0.6669 0.6654
    85  Hungary 0.6698 0.6731 0.6867 0.6879 0.6720 0.6642
    86  Georgia (country) 0.6700 0.6665 0.6654 0.6680 0.6598 0.6624
    87  Angola 0.6039 0.6034 0.6032 0.6353 0.6712 0.6624
    88  Zimbabwe 0.6461 0.6464 0.6485 0.6518 0.6574 0.6607
    89  Mexico 0.6462 0.6441 0.6441 0.6503 0.6577 0.6604
    90  Indonesia 0.6541 0.6550 0.6473 0.6580 0.6615 0.6594
    91  Azerbaijan n/a 0.6781 0.6856 0.6626 0.6446 0.6577
    92  Senegal n/a n/a n/a 0.6427 0.6414 0.6573
    93  Cyprus 0.6430 0.6522 0.6694 0.6706 0.6642 0.6567
    94  El Salvador 0.6837 0.6853 0.6875 0.6939 0.6596 0.6567
    95  Mauritius 0.6328 0.6487 0.6466 0.6513 0.6520 0.6529
    96  Tajikistan n/a 0.6578 0.6541 0.6661 0.6598 0.6526
    97  Malaysia 0.6509 0.6444 0.6442 0.6467 0.6479 0.6525
    98  Japan 0.6447 0.6455 0.6434 0.6447 0.6524 0.6514
    99  Kenya 0.6486 0.6508 0.6547 0.6512 0.6499 0.6493
    100  Belize n/a 0.6426 0.6610 0.6636 0.6536 0.6489
    101  Maldives n/a 0.6350 0.6501 0.6482 0.6452 0.6480
    102  Cambodia 0.6291 0.6353 0.6469 0.6410 0.6482 0.6464
    103  United Arab Emirates 0.5919 0.6184 0.6220 0.6198 0.6397 0.6454
    104  Suriname n/a 0.6794 0.6674 0.6726 0.6407 0.6395
    105  Kuwait 0.6341 0.6409 0.6358 0.6356 0.6318 0.6322
    106  Zambia 0.6360 0.6288 0.6205 0.6310 0.6293 0.6300
    107  South Korea 0.6157 0.6409 0.6154 0.6146 0.6342 0.6281
    108  Tunisia 0.6288 0.6283 0.6295 0.6233 0.6266 0.6255
    109  Fiji n/a n/a n/a 0.6414 0.6256 0.6255
    110  Bahrain 0.5894 0.5931 0.5927 0.6136 0.6217 0.6232
    111  Qatar n/a 0.6041 0.5948 0.5907 0.6059 0.6230
    112  Guatemala 0.6067 0.6144 0.6072 0.6209 0.6238 0.6229
    113  India 0.6011 0.5936 0.6060 0.6151 0.6155 0.6190
    114  Mauritania 0.5835 0.6022 0.6117 0.6103 0.6152 0.6164
    115  Burkina Faso 0.5854 0.5912 0.6029 0.6081 0.6162 0.6153
    116  Ethiopia 0.5946 0.5991 0.5867 0.5948 0.6019 0.6136
    117  Jordan 0.6109 0.6203 0.6275 0.6182 0.6048 0.6117
    118  Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.6084 0.6083
    119  Cameroon 0.5865 0.5919 0.6017 0.6108 0.6110 0.6073
    120  Nigeria 0.6104 0.6122 0.6339 0.6280 0.6055 0.6011
    121  Algeria 0.6018 0.6068 0.6111 0.6119 0.6052 0.5991
    122  Turkey 0.5850 0.5768 0.5853 0.5828 0.5876 0.5954
    123  Egypt 0.5786 0.5809 0.5832 0.5862 0.5899 0.5933
    124  Syria n/a 0.6216 0.6181 0.6072 0.5926 0.5896
    125  Iran 0.5803 0.5903 0.6021 0.5839 0.5933 0.5894
    126  Nepal 0.5478 0.5575 0.5942 0.6213 0.6084 0.5888
    127  Oman n/a 0.5903 0.5960 0.5938 0.5950 0.5873
    128  Benin 0.5780 0.5656 0.5582 0.5643 0.5719 0.5832
    129  Morocco 0.5827 0.5676 0.5757 0.5926 0.5767 0.5804
    130  Côte d'Ivoire n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.5691 0.5773
    131  Saudi Arabia 0.5242 0.5647 0.5537 0.5651 0.5713 0.5753
    132  Mali 0.5996 0.6019 0.6117 0.5860 0.5680 0.5752
    133  Pakistan 0.5434 0.5509 0.5549 0.5458 0.5465 0.5583
    134  Chad 0.5247 0.5381 0.5290 0.5417 0.5330 0.5334
    135  Yemen 0.4595 0.4510 0.4664 0.4609 0.4603 0.4873

    Africa


    5 highest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2009 data Change compared to 2008 data
    1  South Africa 0.7709 +0.0337
    2  Lesotho 0.7495 +0.0175
    3  Mozambique 0.7195 -0.0071
    4  Namibia 0.7167 +0.0026
    5  Botswana 0.7071 +0.0232


    5 lowest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
    1  Chad 0.5417 +0.0127
    2  Benin 0.5643 +0.0061
    3  Mali 0.5860 -0.0257
    4  Ethiopia 0.5948 +0.0081
    5  Burkina Faso 0.6081 +0.0052


    North America


    5 highest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2010 data Change compared to 2009 data
    1  United States 0.7411 +0.0238
    2  Canada 0.7372 +0.0176
    3  Trinidad and Tobago 0.7353 +0.0055
    4  Costa Rica 0.7194 +0.0014
    5  The Bahamas 0.7128 -0.0051


    5 lowest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2010 data Change compared to 2009 data
    1  Guatemala 0.6238 +0.0029
    2  Belize 0.6536 -0.0100
    3  Mexico 0.6577 +0.0074
    4  El Salvador 0.6596 -0.0343
    5  Dominican Republic 0.6774 -0.0085


    South America


    5 highest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2011 data Change compared to 2010 data
    1  Argentina 0.7238 +0.0051
    2  Guyana 0.7084 -0.0006
    3  Ecuador 0.7035 -0.0037
    4  Chile 0.7030 +0.0017
    5  Uruguay 0.6907 +0.0010


    5 lowest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2011 data Change compared to 2010 data
    1  Suriname 0.6395 -0.0012
    2  Brazil 0.6679 +0.0024
    3  Colombia 0.6714 -0.0213
    4  Peru 0.6796 -0.0099
    5  Paraguay 0.6818 +0.0014


    Asia


    5 highest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2009 data Change compared to 2008 data
    1  Philippines 0.7579 +0.0011
    2  Sri Lanka 0.7402 +0.0031
    3  Mongolia 0.7221 +0.0172
    4  Thailand 0.6907 -0.0010
    5  Mainland China 0.6907 +0.0029


    5 lowest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
    1  Pakistan 0.5458 -0.0091
    2  South Korea 0.6146 +0.0008
    3  India 0.6151 +0.0091
    4  Nepal 0.6213 +0.0271
    5  Cambodia 0.6410 -0.0059


    Europe


    5 highest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2010 data Change compared to 2009 data
    1  Iceland 0.8496 +0.0220
    2  Norway 0.8404 +0.0177
    3  Finland 0.8260 +0.0008
    4  Sweden 0.8024 –0.0116
    5  Republic of Ireland 0.7773 +0.0177


    5 lowest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
    1  Albania 0.6601 +0.0010
    2  Malta 0.6635 +0.0001
    3  Greece 0.6662 -0.0065
    4  Czech Republic 0.6789 +0.0019
    5  Italy 0.6798 +0.0010


    North Africa & the Middle East


    5 highest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2011 data Change compared to 2010 data
    1  Israel 0.6926 -0.0031
    2  Armenia 0.6654 -0.0015
    3  Georgia (country) 0.6624 +0.0026
    4  Azerbaijan 0.6577 -0.0075
    5  Cyprus 0.6567 +0.0131


    5 lowest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2011 data Change compared to 2010 data
    1  Yemen 0.4873 +0.0270
    2  Saudi Arabia 0.5753 +0.0040
    3  Morocco 0.5804 +0.0037
    4  Oman 0.5873 -0.0077
    5  Iran 0.5894 -0.0039


    Oceania


    5 highest GGIs
    Rank Country GGI
    2009 data Change compared to 2008 data
    1  New Zealand 0.7880 +0.0021
    2  Australia 0.7282 +0.0041
    3  Fiji 0.6414 NA
    4 NA
    5 NA