is a neighbourhood in Northern Tehran,a part of Shemiran
Shemiran is the capital of Shemiranat County, Tehran Province, Iran, but is actually located just north of the borders of Tehran County along Chamran Expressway and Sadr Expressway and it is the northernmost district of the city of Tehran....
, located between Zargandeh/Elahiyeh
Elahieh is an affluent and upper-class district in northern Tehran. The area is a residential and commercial locale and is filled with the homes and businesses of many politicians, diplomats, expatriates, and artists...
to the west and Ekhtiarieh/Dolat to the east and is served by Shariati St., which in the old times was known as "Shemiran Road" and later with the construction of highways, "Old Shemiran Road".
Previously during the Qajar era,it had a rural structure and was considered as a suburb of Tehran.
Its ownership was granted by Mohammad Shah Qajar
Mohammad Shah Qajar was king of Persia from the Qajar dynasty .- Rise to power :...
to the British government, while the neighbouring Zargandeh was given to the Russian empire, and the rural people of the area were considered British subjects, exempt from the Iranian rule.
The British built an extensive 200,000 square meter complex, Gholhak Garden
Gholhak Garden is a British diplomatic compound in the northern Tehran neighborhood of Gholhak in Iran. The sprawling tree-lined site, bordered by high walls, measures 200,000-square-metre and houses British diplomats and their families. The compound is also home to the Tehran War Cemetery...
, comprising an ambassadorial residence
An ambassadorial residence is where an ambassador lives, often an official residence. In many cases it is in the same building as the chancery, which houses the embassy . Like embassies, such residences are considered inviolable and, in most cases, extraterritorial.The residences of high...
, office space and a chapel, to be used during the summer, when the court moved to Shemiran.
The ownership by the British came to an end during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi and later on Shemiran was incorporated into the city of Tehran, however the complex continued to serve as a summer residence and currently is the year round residence of the British ambassador.
A war memorial in the honor of British soldiers and those of the British empire is built inside the campus and the British Council
The British Council is a United Kingdom-based organisation specialising in international educational and cultural opportunities. It is registered as a charity both in England and Wales, and in Scotland...
, together with the British school of Tehran are also located there.