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The '''Garden District''' is a residential neighborhood located in [[Baton Rouge, Louisiana|Baton Rouge]]'s Mid-City area where Park Boulevard intersects Government Street. The Garden District is an established historic area with many upscale homes and an active civic association [http://gdcabr.org/].
The Garden District is actually a conglomerate of three historic districts as defined by the [[Louisiana]] [[National Register of Historic Places]]. They are Roseland Terrace, Drehr Place, and Kleinert Terrace.
== Roseland Terrace Historic District==
Roseland Terrace is bounded by Government, 18th, Myrtle, and 22nd Streets. Placed on the National Register in 1982, it dates from between 1911 and 1930.
[[Baton Rouge]]'s first subdivision, Roseland Terrace, was "staked out" in 1911 by the Zadok Realty Company, which had bought the land in 1910 for the sum of $50,000. Prior to this time, the area had been a racetrack and had a decidedly rural character. The fence surrounding the track was covered with wild Cherokee roses. Stories are told that people warned Zadok Realty that the lots would never sell because they were too far out in the country.
A citywide contest was held to name the development, and the winning entry was Roseland Terrace, in honor of the [[Cherokee rose]]s in the area. To continue this theme, the streets were given flower names. The Zadok Realty Company made a deliberate effort to preserve and enhance the bucolic nature of the area by, for example, planting trees and hiding the telephone poles in the back [[alley]]ways. The company's ads boasted that there would be no telephone poles in the streets, but instead that they would be placed in the alleyways behind the residences so that everyone would be spared from "an unsightly conglomeration of poles and wires." Another ad guaranteed prospective buyers freedom from "a century's haphazard, careless growth."
Zadok Realty Company's promotional campaign was obviously successful because after two years they had sold 408 lots at prices ranging from $150 to $500. As can be seen in the extant houses in the district, Roseland Terrace hit its peak of popularity in the late teens and the 1920s. By around 1930 development was virtually complete.
=== Architecture and planning===
The earliest houses reflect the [[Queen Anne Style architecture|Queen Anne Colonial Revival]] influence of the late nineteenth century. These houses have features such as small fluted columns, curved galleries, semioctagonal bays, and relatively elaborate rooflines.
Building in Roseland Terrace underwent a boom between about 1917 and 1930. During this period large numbers of bungalows were constructed. The basic [[bungalow]] is a raised, pitched roof, frame structure, 2 rooms wide and 3 rooms deep. The plan is hall less and has wide openings between the public rooms. In all but a few cases there is some sort of front porch. Some have half porches and some have full porches.
The Roseland Terrace Historic District is significant in the area of architecture as an example of an early twentieth century residential neighborhood. It retains 88% of its pre-1930 housing stock. Moreover, with close to 300 well developed bungalows in a concentrated area, Roseland Terrace is one of the best preserved early-twentieth century neighborhoods in [[Louisiana]].The overwhelming majority of the structures in the district exemplify the classic [[bungalow]] style. These houses are characterized by broad openness, elaborate transfer of weight, massing that hugs the ground, and the bold expression of structural members. Because of this, Roseland Terrace is an excellent representation of the bungalow period, which is an important chapter in the history of American domestic architecture.
Roseland Terrace is also significant in the area of community planning. It was Baton Rouge's first [[Subdivision (land)|subdivision]], and as such it began a trend in suburban growth which has come to characterize the sprawling city. It is also a fine representative example of the type of early twentieth century bedroom [[suburb]] which sprang up around major eastern cities in the early twentieth century. These were designed to give working men in the cities a more rural domestic life. Roseland Terrace exemplifies the early twentieth century "garden suburb" with its small lots, liberal planting of trees along streets, and rear alleyways. In addition, it is finer than most because utility poles were deliberately placed (and are still located) along the rear alleyways. Thus, the bucolic atmosphere is preserved and enhanced. Roseland Terrace was Baton Rouge's first planned subdivision as well as its most significant reflection of the ideas and concepts which ultimately led to the [[Garden city movement|Garden City Movement]].
== Drehr Place Historic District ==
Drehr Place is roughly bounded by Government, 22nd, Myrtle and St. Rose Streets. Placed on the National Register in 1997, it dates from 1921. The East Baton Rouge Parish Historic Preservation Commission [http://www.brgov.com/dept/planning/historic/historic.htm] declared Drehr Place a local historic district in October 2005. The Drehr Place Historic Building Survey [http://www.brgov.com/dept/planning/historic/pdf/DrehrBuildingInventory.pdf] contains photographs of Drehr Place homes.
== Kleinert Terrace Historic District ==
Kleinert Terrace is roughly bounded by Myrtle Avenue, Perkins Road, Broussard Avenue, and Eugene Street. Placed on the National Register in 1998, it dates from 1927.
== The Garden District in popular culture ==
[[Steven Soderbergh]], a former longtime resident who considers Baton Rouge his hometown, shot his first feature film, [[Sex, Lies and Videotape]], on location in the Garden District (Laura San Giacomo's character lives in a Garden District home) and other Baton Rouge neighborhoods; although not overtly set in Baton Rouge, the characters do speak of renting in the Garden District.
* [http://gdcabr.org/ Garden District Civic Association]
* [http://www.bayou.com/~suelynn/gdna.html Garden District Neighborhood Alliance]
* [http://www.thedazetgroup.com/ Garden District Real Estate]