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GAZ-53

GAZ-53

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Encyclopedia
GAZ-53 is a 3.5 tonne 4x2 truck
Truck
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration, with the smallest being mechanically similar to an automobile...

 from GAZ
GAZ
GAZ or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod , translated as Gorky Automobile Plant , started in 1932 as NAZ, a cooperation between Ford and the Soviet Union. It is one of the largest companies in the Russian automotive industry....

, introduced first as GAZ-53F in 1961. Powered by old 75 hp 6-cylinder engine from the GAZ-51
GAZ-51
The GAZ-51 is the best known, most popular, and longest produced Soviet truck. Its first prototypes were produced before the end of World War II, and mass production started in 1946....

 it was joined in 1962 by the virtually identical 2.5 ton GAZ-52, produced until 1997. In 1964 there appeared main variant (with no suffix letter), manufactured until 1993. It featured a brand-new 4254 cc light-alloy V8 ZMZ-53 engine producing 120 hp@ 3200 RPM giving a top speed of 90 km/h (56 mph). Payload was increased to 4 tons in later model, called GAZ-53A. All variants use four speed gearbox, synchronised on third and fourth.

Giving the long production run variants of GAZ-52/53 family are commonly spotted in eastern Europe, although they shouldn't be mistaken for broadly similar 5-6 ton ZIL-130
ZIL-130
ZIL-130 is a Soviet/Russian truck designed and developed by ZIL, Moscow, Russia. It replaced the older ZIL-164. First prototypes were built in 1958. Produced since 1962, mass produced since 1964. Was one of the most popular cargo trucks in the USSR and Russia, in total ZIL made 3,380,000 up to 1994...

, usually also painted light blue with white front. GAZ grille is fluted vertically and the direction indicators are located above the headlamps. ZIL has flashers below the headlamps and its grille is horizontally slated.