Fremont, Nebraska

Fremont, Nebraska

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Fremont is a city in and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Dodge County
Dodge County, Nebraska
- History :Dodge County was formed in 1855. It was named after the US Senator Augustus Caesar Dodge.- Demographics :As of the census of 2000, there were 36,160 people, 14,433 households, and 9,756 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile . There were...

, Nebraska
Nebraska
Nebraska is a state on the Great Plains of the Midwestern United States. The state's capital is Lincoln and its largest city is Omaha, on the Missouri River....

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, near Omaha
Omaha, Nebraska
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska, United States, and is the county seat of Douglas County. It is located in the Midwestern United States on the Missouri River, about 20 miles north of the mouth of the Platte River...

 in the eastern part of the state. The population was 26,397 at the 2010 census.

On June 20, 2011 at around 8 pm local time, a large squall line of storms entered the Fremont area and dropped an EF1 tornado east of downtown causing a damage path 6 miles (9.7 km) long and 700 yards wide. There were no reported injuries or fatalities.

History


From the 1830s to the 1860s, the area saw a great deal of traffic due to the Mormon Trail
Mormon Trail
The Mormon Trail or Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868...

, which passed along the north bank of the Platte River
Platte River
The Platte River is a major river in the state of Nebraska and is about long. Measured to its farthest source via its tributary the North Platte River, it flows for over . The Platte River is a tributary of the Missouri River, which in turn is a tributary of the Mississippi River which flows to...

. A ferry connected the two banks of the Elkhorn River
Elkhorn River
The Elkhorn River originates in the eastern Sandhills of Nebraska and is one of the largest tributaries of the Platte River, flowing and joining the Platte just southwest of Omaha, approximately 1 mile south and 3 miles west of Gretna.Located in northeast and north-central Nebraska, the Elkhorn...

 near Fremont. It was a major overland route for emigrant settlers going to the West, the military and hunters.

Fremont was founded in 1856, and was named after the American explorer, politician and military official General John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont
John Charles Frémont , was an American military officer, explorer, and the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States. During the 1840s, that era's penny press accorded Frémont the sobriquet The Pathfinder...

. A colorful article about the early history of Fremont can be found in this article.

Due to the town's geographically central location, the First Transcontinental Telegraph
First Transcontinental Telegraph
The First Transcontinental Telegraph was a milestone in electrical engineering and in the formation of the United States of America. It served as the only method of near-instantaneous communication between the east and west coasts during the 1860s....

 line (1861), railroad (1866) and highway (1913) passed through or very near Fremont. Original brick portions of the "Old Lincoln Highway
Lincoln Highway
The Lincoln Highway was the first road across the United States of America.Conceived and promoted by entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher, the Lincoln Highway spanned coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park in San Francisco, originally through 13 states: New York, New Jersey,...

" located east of Fremont, on the way to Omaha
Omaha, Nebraska
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska, United States, and is the county seat of Douglas County. It is located in the Midwestern United States on the Missouri River, about 20 miles north of the mouth of the Platte River...

.

On January 10, 1976, in downtown Fremont, the Pathfinder Hotel exploded due to a natural gas
Natural gas
Natural gas is a naturally occurring gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, typically with 0–20% higher hydrocarbons . It is found associated with other hydrocarbon fuel, in coal beds, as methane clathrates, and is an important fuel source and a major feedstock for fertilizers.Most natural...

 leak in the basement. At the time the hotel was being used as apartments, mostly occupied by senior citizens. It also was a meeting place for philanthropic and business organizations, and had a drug store on the northwest corner. The explosion
Explosion
An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner, usually with the generation of high temperatures and the release of gases. An explosion creates a shock wave. If the shock wave is a supersonic detonation, then the source of the blast is called a "high explosive"...

 shattered windows around the city, and the ensuing fire killed 23 people and destroyed most of the city block of the hotel.
Fremont gained national attention in 2010 when residents approved a referendum that would ban illegal immigrants
Illegal immigration
Illegal immigration is the migration into a nation in violation of the immigration laws of that jurisdiction. Illegal immigration raises many political, economical and social issues and has become a source of major controversy in developed countries and the more successful developing countries.In...

 from renting and working in the town.

Recreation


Fremont has 21 city-owned parks, with a combined area of over 400 acres (1.6 km²). Located in the northwest corner of Fremont near the "Washington Heights" neighborhood is the Fremont Golf Club (FGC). The FGC was completed in 1930 and features 6390 yards (5,843 m) of golf from the longest tees for a par of 71.

In 2007 construction of the "Splash Station" water park was completed. The park cost an estimated $5.1 million and features an interactive train slide, combination lap pool and wave pool, body slide and speed slide. Maximum water depth is 6'.

Geography and climate


Fremont is located in the northeastern portion of Nebraska, at 41°26′23"N 96°29′24"W, along the Platte River
Platte River
The Platte River is a major river in the state of Nebraska and is about long. Measured to its farthest source via its tributary the North Platte River, it flows for over . The Platte River is a tributary of the Missouri River, which in turn is a tributary of the Mississippi River which flows to...

, Fremont is approximately 35 miles (56.3 km) northwest of the largest city in the area, Omaha
Omaha, Nebraska
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska, United States, and is the county seat of Douglas County. It is located in the Midwestern United States on the Missouri River, about 20 miles north of the mouth of the Platte River...

, and 50 miles (80.5 km) northeast of the state capitol, Lincoln
Lincoln, Nebraska
The City of Lincoln is the capital and the second-most populous city of the US state of Nebraska. Lincoln is also the county seat of Lancaster County and the home of the University of Nebraska. Lincoln's 2010 Census population was 258,379....

.

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total land area of 9.0 p square miles (20.5  km²). Fremont is quite flat, lying in the river plain between the Platte and Elkhorn rivers, at an elevation of approximately 366 meters (1,203 ft) above sea level.

Fremont has its own hospital, the Fremont Area Medical Center. As the county seat, it is the location of the county courthouse.
Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 69 79 89 97 99 105 114 110 104 96 83 72
Norm High °F 31.7 37.9 50.4 63.2 73.7 83.7 87.4 85.2 77.3 65.2 47.8 34.8
Norm Low °F 11.6 18 28.1 39.6 50.7 60.6 65.9 63.8 53.3 41.1 28.1 16.4
Rec Low °F -23 -21 -16 5 27 38 44 43 25 13 -9 -23
Precip (in) 0.77 0.8 2.13 2.94 4.44 3.95 3.86 3.21 3.17 2.21 1.82 0.92
Snowfall (in) 7.5 7 6.3 1.1 .1 0 0 0 0 .3 2.6 5.7
Source: USTravelWeather.com http://www.ustravelweather.com/weather-nebraska/Omaha-weather.asp

Arts, culture and attractions


The Louis E. May Historical Museum
Museum
A museum is an institution that cares for a collection of artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic, cultural, or historical importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary. Most large museums are located in major cities...

 is housed in a Victorian
Victorian architecture
The term Victorian architecture refers collectively to several architectural styles employed predominantly during the middle and late 19th century. The period that it indicates may slightly overlap the actual reign, 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901, of Queen Victoria. This represents the British and...

 house built by Fremont's first mayor, Theron Nye, in 1874. A log cabin
Log cabin
A log cabin is a house built from logs. It is a fairly simple type of log house. A distinction should be drawn between the traditional meanings of "log cabin" and "log house." Historically most "Log cabins" were a simple one- or 1½-story structures, somewhat impermanent, and less finished or less...

 on the site is an example of the type of dwelling in which the earliest pioneers lived who moved to Nebraska as part of the Homestead Act
Homestead Act
A homestead act is one of three United States federal laws that gave an applicant freehold title to an area called a "homestead" – typically 160 acres of undeveloped federal land west of the Mississippi River....

. Fremont's railroad history is preserved in the Fremont & Elkhorn Valley Railroad (FEVR), weekend trips on the historical Fremont Dinner Train, and at the Nebraska Railroad Museum. Historic downtown
Downtown
Downtown is a term primarily used in North America by English speakers to refer to a city's core or central business district ....

 Fremont is known for its numerous antique stores, and a collection of historical buildings.

Several local buildings are on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation...

 (NRHP). Among these is the Love-Larson Opera House on Broad Street, built in 1888. Later used as apartments and a grocery store, it was restored for theatre use by a non-profit group in the 1970s, and again in 2003 by the Fremont High Drama Club. The county courthouse is the center of justice for the area.

Each summer, in July, Fremont spends a long weekend celebrating John C. Fremont
John C. Frémont
John Charles Frémont , was an American military officer, explorer, and the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States. During the 1840s, that era's penny press accorded Frémont the sobriquet The Pathfinder...

 Days, which is a celebration of Fremont's history through a parade
Parade
A parade is a procession of people, usually organized along a street, often in costume, and often accompanied by marching bands, floats or sometimes large balloons. Parades are held for a wide range of reasons, but are usually celebrations of some kind...

, Chautauqua
Chautauqua
Chautauqua was an adult education movement in the United States, highly popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Chautauqua assemblies expanded and spread throughout rural America until the mid-1920s. The Chautauqua brought entertainment and culture for the whole community, with...

, rodeo
Rodeo
Rodeo is a competitive sport which arose out of the working practices of cattle herding in Spain, Mexico, and later the United States, Canada, South America and Australia. It was based on the skills required of the working vaqueros and later, cowboys, in what today is the western United States,...

, classic car show and local vendors selling their hand-made crafts. It draws attendees from around the area for both historical and social reasons.

The local AM radio
AM broadcasting
AM broadcasting is the process of radio broadcasting using amplitude modulation. AM was the first method of impressing sound on a radio signal and is still widely used today. Commercial and public AM broadcasting is carried out in the medium wave band world wide, and on long wave and short wave...

 station, KHUB 1340, and KFMT-FM 105.5, is where many of the residents get their news and entertainment. KFMT-FM is currently a Classic Rock format.

For recreation, the Fremont Lakes State Recreation Area (also known as "the State Lakes") attracts boaters, skiers, fishermen and beachgoers from the area to the group of 20 man-made tree-lined lakes which cover nearly 700 acres (2.8 km²), along the Platte River
Platte River
The Platte River is a major river in the state of Nebraska and is about long. Measured to its farthest source via its tributary the North Platte River, it flows for over . The Platte River is a tributary of the Missouri River, which in turn is a tributary of the Mississippi River which flows to...

. Two regional Boy Scout
Scouting in Nebraska
Scouting in Nebraska has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live.-Early history :The first Eagle Scout in Nebraska was Alva R. Fitch of Norfolk....

 camps
Camping
Camping is an outdoor recreational activity. The participants leave urban areas, their home region, or civilization and enjoy nature while spending one or several nights outdoors, usually at a campsite. Camping may involve the use of a tent, caravan, motorhome, cabin, a primitive structure, or no...

, Camp Cedars and Camp Eagle, are located near Fremont, along the Platte River.

Fremont forms part of the Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
The Nebraska Statewide Arboretum is an arboretum and botanical garden composed of 44 arboretums, parks, and other public landscapes in 33 communities across Nebraska, and supported by the arboretum office at the University of Nebraska campus in Lincoln, Nebraska...

 collection.

Education


Fremont is the home of the undergraduate liberal arts college
Liberal arts college
A liberal arts college is one with a primary emphasis on undergraduate study in the liberal arts and sciences.Students in the liberal arts generally major in a particular discipline while receiving exposure to a wide range of academic subjects, including sciences as well as the traditional...

, Midland University, which houses the Musbach Art Center, among other attractions. The Metropolitan Community College
Metropolitan Community College (Omaha)
Metropolitan Community College is a public community college with multiple campuses located throughout the Omaha, Nebraska metro area.- About :...

 system has a community college
Community college
A community college is a type of educational institution. The term can have different meanings in different countries.-Australia:Community colleges carry on the tradition of adult education, which was established in Australia around mid 19th century when evening classes were held to help adults...

 campus in Fremont as well.

There is one public high school
High school
High school is a term used in parts of the English speaking world to describe institutions which provide all or part of secondary education. The term is often incorporated into the name of such institutions....

, Fremont Senior High
Fremont Senior High School (Nebraska)
Fremont Senior High is the sole public high school for the City of Fremont, Nebraska. FHS operates grades 9-12 with an average population of 951 students at one time. Fremont's mascot is the Tigers and the school's colors are Black and Gold....

 (part of the Fremont Public School System), one private K-12 school, Archbishop Bergan Catholic School
Archbishop Bergan High School
Archbishop Bergan High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Fremont, Nebraska, United States. It is located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Omaha.-Background:...

 (currently K, 1-5, middle/high school), and one private elementary/middle school, Trinity Lutheran School.

The Masonic Home for Children is located in Fremont.

Industry and business


Fremont has its roots in agriculture
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

 and is still an agribusiness
Agribusiness
In agriculture, agribusiness is a generic term for the various businesses involved in food production, including farming and contract farming, seed supply, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesale and distribution, processing, marketing, and retail sales....

 community, with the typical skyline of grain
Cereal
Cereals are grasses cultivated for the edible components of their grain , composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran...

 silos
Storage silo
A silo is a structure for storing bulk materials. Silos are used in agriculture to store grain or fermented feed known as silage. Silos are more commonly used for bulk storage of grain, coal, cement, carbon black, woodchips, food products and sawdust. Three types of silos are in widespread use...

 and elevators. It is also home to several industries; the nationally known meat-packing company, Hormel (the maker of SPAM
Spam (food)
Spam is a canned precooked meat product made by the Hormel Foods Corporation, first introduced in 1937. The labeled ingredients in the classic variety of Spam are chopped pork shoulder meat, with ham meat added, salt, water, modified potato starch as a binder, and sodium nitrite as a preservative...

), is the largest employer in town. The city also has Jayhawk boxes, Magnus Metals. Other large employers include the Fremont Area Medical Center
Hospital
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment by specialized staff and equipment. Hospitals often, but not always, provide for inpatient care or longer-term patient stays....

 and the local newspaper
Newspaper
A newspaper is a scheduled publication containing news of current events, informative articles, diverse features and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint. By 2007, there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world selling 395 million copies a...

, the Fremont Tribune. The three major industrial sectors in Fremont are food processing, metal fabrication, and teleservices.

In 2012 the city expects construction to begin on a 25000 square feet (2,322.6 m²) planned development of retail and restaurant space. The complex will include a 135-room hotel, 15000 square feet (1,393.5 m²) of office space, 250 multiple-family units, 119 lots for single-family homes and 150 senior-living units surrounding 23.5 acres (95,101.2 m²) of a community park around a lake. Some stores will open in 2013.

Demographics



Fremont is the county seat of Dodge County
Dodge County, Nebraska
- History :Dodge County was formed in 1855. It was named after the US Senator Augustus Caesar Dodge.- Demographics :As of the census of 2000, there were 36,160 people, 14,433 households, and 9,756 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile . There were...

, Nebraska
Nebraska
Nebraska is a state on the Great Plains of the Midwestern United States. The state's capital is Lincoln and its largest city is Omaha, on the Missouri River....

, and is likewise the financial and social center of the area. Facilitated by the completion of the US Highway 275 and Highway 30 bypass around Fremont, from Omaha
Omaha, Nebraska
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska, United States, and is the county seat of Douglas County. It is located in the Midwestern United States on the Missouri River, about 20 miles north of the mouth of the Platte River...

, eastern Fremont is growing rapidly as a bedroom community for Omaha (see links to air photos below).

As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 25,174 people, 10,171 households, and 6,672 families residing in the city, which makes it the 6th largest city in Nebraska. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 3,393.3 people per square mile (1,309.9/km²). There were 10,576 housing units at an average density of 1,425.6 per square mile (550.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.28% White, 0.57% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 2.29% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.31% of the population.

There were 10,171 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,700, and the median income for a family was $45,259. Males had a median income of $31,865 versus $21,035 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $18,006. About 5.1% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

  • Gutzon Borglum
    Gutzon Borglum
    Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum was an American artist and sculptor famous for creating the monumental presidents' heads at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota, the famous carving on Stone Mountain near Atlanta, as well as other public works of art.- Background :The son of Mormon Danish immigrants, Gutzon...

    , sculptor
  • Harold Eugene Edgerton
    Harold Eugene Edgerton
    Harold Eugene "Doc" Edgerton was a professor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

    , pioneer in stroboscopic
    Stroboscope
    A stroboscope, also known as a strobe, is an instrument used to make a cyclically moving object appear to be slow-moving, or stationary. The principle is used for the study of rotating, reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating objects...

     photography
  • Marg Helgenberger
    Marg Helgenberger
    Mary Marg Helgenberger is an American film and television actress known for her roles as Catherine Willows in the CBS drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, and as K.C...

    , film and television actress
  • Zach Wiegert
    Zach Wiegert
    Zach Wiegert was an American football offensive tackle. He started 37 consecutive games at right tackle for the Cornhuskers, helping the University of Nebraska to a national championship as a senior.- College career :...

    , American football player

External links